version

GO Slim

Organism Oryza sativa
Total Category Count 74
Namespace Component
Function
Process



Component (13 categories)

GO ID Name Entry (#) Description
GO:0005575 cellular_component 64716 The part of a cell of which a gene product is a component; for purpose of GO includes the extracellular environment of cells; a gene product may be a component of one or more parts of a cell; this term includes gene products that are parts of macromolecular complexes, by the definition that all members of a complex normally copurify under all except extreme conditions.
GO:0005576 extracellular 2936 The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
GO:0005578 extracellular matrix 14 A layer consisting mainly of proteins (especially collagen) and glycosaminoglycans (mostly as proteoglycans) that forms a sheet underlying cells such as endothelial and epithelial cells. The proteins are secreted by cells in the vicinity.
GO:0005615 extracellular space 1507 That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid.
GO:0005623 cell 62458 The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms. Includes the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
GO:0005622 intracellular 46416 The living contents of a cell; the matter contained within (but not including) the plasma membrane, usually taken to exclude large vacuoles and masses of secretory or ingested material. In eukaryotes it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm.
GO:0005634 nucleus 12064 A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells that contains the chromosomes. It is the primary site of DNA replication and RNA synthesis in the cell.
GO:0005694 chromosome 1098 A structure composed of a very long molecule of DNA and associated proteins (e.g. histones) that carries hereditary information.
GO:0005737 cytoplasm 28827 All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
GO:0009986 cell surface 1 The external part of the cell wall and/or cell membrane.
GO:0016020 membrane 23537 Double layer of lipid molecules that encloses all cells, and, in eukaryotes, many organelles; may be a single or double lipid bilayer, also includes associated proteins.
GO:0030312 external encapsulating structure 1965 A structure that lies outside the plasma membrane and surrounds the entire cell.
GO:0005941 unlocalized 0 Used as a holding place for cellular components whose precise localization is, as yet, unknown, or has not been determined by GO (the latter is the major reason for nodes to have this parent); this term should not be used for annotation of gene products.
GO:0008372 cellular_component unknown 0 Used for the annotation of gene products whose localization is not known or cannot be inferred.

Function (31 categories)

GO ID Name Entry (#) Description
GO:0003674 molecular_function 117848 Elemental activities, such as catalysis or binding, describing the actions of a gene product at the molecular level. A given gene product may exhibit one or more molecular functions.
GO:0003774 motor activity 280 Catalysis of movement along a polymeric molecule such as a microfilament or microtubule, coupled to the hydrolysis of a nucleoside triphosphate.
GO:0003824 catalytic activity 64995 Catalysis of a biochemical reaction at physiological temperatures. In biologically catalyzed reactions, the reactants are known as substrates, and the catalysts are naturally occurring macromolecular substances known as enzymes. Enzymes possess specific binding sites for substrates, and are usually composed wholly or largely of protein, but RNA that has catalytic activity (ribozyme) is often also regarded as enzymatic.
GO:0004386 helicase activity 1274 Catalysis of the unwinding of a DNA or RNA duplex.
GO:0008402 aromatase activity 0 Catalysis of the reaction: R-H + reduced flavoprotein + O2 = R-OH + oxidized flavoprotein + H2O.
GO:0008907 integrase activity 3 Catalysis of the integration of lambdoid phage DNA during establishment, probably by forming a transient DNA-protein link.
GO:0016301 kinase activity 10029 Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity 13014 Catalysis of an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction, a reversible chemical reaction in which the oxidation state of an atom or atoms within a molecule is altered. One substrate acts as a hydrogen or electron donor and becomes oxidized, while the other acts as hydrogen or electron acceptor and becomes reduced.
GO:0016740 transferase activity 20722 Catalysis of the transfer of a group, e.g. a methyl group, glycosyl group, acyl group, phosphorus-containing, or other groups, from one compound (generally regarded as the donor) to another compound (generally regarded as the acceptor). Transferase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 2.
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity 21140 Catalysis of the hydrolysis of various bonds, e.g. C-O, C-N, C-C, phosphoric anhydride bonds, etc. Hydrolase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 3.
GO:0016829 lyase activity 3492 Catalysis of the cleavage of C-C, C-O, C-N and other bonds by other means than by hydrolysis or oxidation, or conversely adding a group to a double bond. They differ from other enzymes in that two substrates are involved in one reaction direction, but only one in the other direction. When acting on the single substrate, a molecule is eliminated and this generates either a new double bond or a new ring.
GO:0016853 isomerase activity 1982 Catalysis of the geometric or structural changes within one molecule. Isomerase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 5.
GO:0016874 ligase activity 3059 Catalysis of the ligation of two substances with concomitant breaking of a diphosphate linkage, usually in a nucleoside triphosphate. Ligase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 6.
GO:0004871 signal transducer activity 2907 Mediates the transfer of a signal from the outside to the inside of a cell by means other than the introduction of the signal molecule itself into the cell.
GO:0004872 receptor activity 1897 Combining with an extracellular or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell activity.
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity 6866 The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a complex or assembly within or outside a cell.
GO:0005215 transporter activity 8040 Enables the directed movement of substances (such as macromolecules, small molecules, ions) into, out of, within or between cells.
GO:0005386 carrier activity 0 Catalysis of the transfer of a specific substance or related group of substances from one side of the membrane to the other.
GO:0005489 electron transporter activity 0 Enables the directed movement of electrons into, out of, within or between cells.
GO:0008565 protein transporter activity 586 Enables the directed movement of proteins into, out of, within or between cells.
GO:0015075 ion transporter activity 3511 Enables the directed movement of charged atoms or small charged molecules into, out of, within or between cells.
GO:0015267 channel or pore class transporter activity 368 Allows facilitated diffusion (by an energy-independent process) by passage through a transmembrane aqueous pore or channel without a carrier-mediated mechanism. They do not exhibit stereospecificity but may be specific for a particular molecular species or class of molecules.
GO:0015646 permease activity 0 Catalysis of the stereospecific transfer of a substrate across a biological membrane.
GO:0005488 binding 78757 The selective and stoichiometric interaction of a molecule with one or more specific sites on another molecule.
GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding 20883 Interacting selectively with any nucleic acid.
GO:0005515 protein binding 14383 Interacting selectively with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
GO:0005554 molecular_function unknown 0 Used for the annotation of gene products whose function is not known or cannot be inferred.
GO:0016209 antioxidant activity 2086 Inhibition of the reactions brought about by dioxygen (O2) or peroxides. Usually the antioxidant is effective because it can itself be more easily oxidized than the substance protected. The term is often applied to components that can trap free radicals, thereby breaking the chain reaction that normally leads to extensive biological damage.
GO:0030188 chaperone regulator activity 0 Modulates the activity of a molecular chaperone.
GO:0030234 enzyme regulator activity 2429 Modulates the activity of an enzyme.
GO:0030528 transcription regulator activity 4979 Plays a role in regulating transcription; may bind a promoter or enhancer DNA sequence or interact with a DNA-binding transcription factor.
GO:0045182 translation regulator activity 2448 Any substance involved in the initiation, activation, perpetuation, repression or termination of polypeptide synthesis at the ribosome.

Process (30 categories)

GO ID Name Entry (#) Description
GO:0008150 biological_process 96491 A phenomenon marked by changes that lead to a particular result, mediated by one or more gene products.
GO:0000004 biological_process unknown 0 Used for the annotation of gene products whose process is not known or cannot be inferred.
GO:0007275 development 751 Biological processes specifically aimed at the progression of an organism over time from an initial condition (e.g. a zygote, or a young adult) to a later condition (e.g. a multicellular animal or an aged adult).
GO:0030154 cell differentiation 356 The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells, tissues, or organs of the mature organism or some other relatively stable phase of the organism's life history.
GO:0007582 physiological process 86649 Those processes specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms.
GO:0008152 metabolism 70035 The totality of the chemical reactions and physical changes that occur in living organisms, comprising anabolism and catabolism; may be qualified to mean the chemical reactions and physical processes undergone by a particular substance, or class of substances, in a living organism.
GO:0006118 electron transport 0 The transport of electrons from an electron donor to an electron acceptor.
GO:0006139 nucleobase, nucleoside, nucleotide and nucleic acid metabolism 10556 The chemical reactions and physical changes involving nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids.
GO:0006519 amino acid and derivative metabolism 4251 The chemical reactions and physical changes involving amino acids, organic acids containing one or more amino substituents, and compounds derived from amino acids.
GO:0009056 catabolism 10179 Any metabolic process involving the breakdown of complex substances into smaller products, including the breakdown of carbon compounds with the liberation of energy for use by the cell or organism.
GO:0009058 biosynthesis 23728 The energy-requiring part of metabolism in which simpler substances are transformed into more complex ones, as in growth and other biosynthetic processes.
GO:0043170 macromolecule metabolism 36234 The chemical reactions and physical changes involving macromolecules, large molecules including proteins, nucleic acids and carbohydrates.
GO:0008219 cell death 1073 The specific activation or halting of processes within a cell so that its vital functions markedly cease, rather than simply deteriorating gradually over time, which culminates in cell death.
GO:0009405 pathogenesis 7 The specific processes that generate the ability of an organism to cause disease in another.
GO:0043062 extracellular structure organization and biogenesis 0 The assembly and arrangement of structures in the space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane, and also covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
GO:0046903 secretion 340 The regulated release of a substance by a cell or group of cells.
GO:0050875 cellular physiological process 13998 The processes pertinent to the integrated function of a cell.
GO:0006928 cell motility 73 Any process involved in the controlled movement of a cell.
GO:0008151 cell growth and/or maintenance 13925 Any process required for the survival and growth of a cell.
GO:0006810 transport 13925 The directed movement of substances (such as macromolecules, small molecules, ions) into, out of, within or between cells.
GO:0050896 response to stimulus 10900 A change in state or activity of a cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of the perception of a stimulus.
GO:0007610 behavior 0 The specific actions or reactions of an organism in response to external or internal stimuli. Patterned activity of a whole organism in a manner dependent upon some combination of that organism's internal state and external conditions.
GO:0009987 cellular process 69710 Processes that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
GO:0006944 membrane fusion 0 The joining of two lipid bilayers to form a single membrane.
GO:0007154 cell communication 3689 Any process that mediates interactions between a cell and its surroundings. Encompasses interactions such as signaling or attachment between one cell and another cell, between a cell and an extracellular matrix, or between a cell and any other aspect of its environment.
GO:0030154 cell differentiation 356 The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells, tissues, or organs of the mature organism or some other relatively stable phase of the organism's life history.
GO:0050875 cellular physiological process 13998 The processes pertinent to the integrated function of a cell.
GO:0006928 cell motility 73 Any process involved in the controlled movement of a cell.
GO:0008151 cell growth and/or maintenance 13925 Any process required for the survival and growth of a cell.
GO:0006810 transport 13925 The directed movement of substances (such as macromolecules, small molecules, ions) into, out of, within or between cells.
GO:0050789 regulation of biological process 14242 Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a biological process. Biological processes are regulated by many means; examples include the control of gene expression, protein modification or interaction with a protein or substrate molecule.


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