version

Summary of GO:0007275 (All List)

Organism Arabidopsis thaliana
GO ID GO:0007275
Namespace Process
Name development
Description Biological processes specifically aimed at the progression of an organism over time from an initial condition (e.g. a zygote, or a young adult) to a later condition (e.g. a multicellular animal or an aged adult).

Entry Genes (1367 entries)

LocusGene modelDescription
AT1G01030AT1G01030.1NGATHA3 (NGA3); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: flower development, leaf development, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 7 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcriptional factor B3 (InterPro:IPR003340); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: NGA1 (NGATHA1); transcription factor (TAIR:AT2G46870.1); Has 730 Blast hits to 729 proteins in 47 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 730; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G01040AT1G01040.1Encodes a Dicer homolog. Dicer is a RNA helicase involved in microRNA processing. Mutations in this locus can result in embryo lethality. Embryo shape at seed maturity is globular-elongate. Other mutants convert the floral meristems to an indeterminate state, others yet show defects in ovule development. mRNA is expressed in all shoot tissues. DCL1 is able to produce miRNAs and siRNAs. 
AT1G01060AT1G01060.1LHY encodes a myb-related putative transcription factor involved in circadian rhythm along with another myb transcription factor CCA1 
AT1G01060.2LHY encodes a myb-related putative transcription factor involved in circadian rhythm along with another myb transcription factor CCA1 
AT1G01060.3LHY encodes a myb-related putative transcription factor involved in circadian rhythm along with another myb transcription factor CCA1 
AT1G01060.4LHY encodes a myb-related putative transcription factor involved in circadian rhythm along with another myb transcription factor CCA1 
AT1G01280AT1G01280.1member of CYP703A CYP703A2 is expressed specifically in anthers of land plants, catalyzing the in-chain hydroxylation at the C-7 position of medium-chain saturated fatty acids (lauric acid in-chain hydroxylase) which is involved in pollen development (sporopollenin synthesis). 
AT1G01480AT1G01480.1a member of the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (S-adenosyl-L-methionine methylthioadenosine-lyase, EC 4.4.1.14) gene family, isolated from a flower-specific cDNA library. 
AT1G01480.2a member of the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (S-adenosyl-L-methionine methylthioadenosine-lyase, EC 4.4.1.14) gene family, isolated from a flower-specific cDNA library. 
AT1G01510AT1G01510.1Encodes a homolog of human CtBP. Mutant has longer and thicker leaves than wild type. Involved in controlling polar cell expansion in the leaf width direction. 
AT1G01950AT1G01950.1Encodes a member of the armadillo/beta-catenin repeat kinesin motor family. Mutants have twisted roots due to abnormal cell file rotation; the phenotype is dependent on microtubules. 
AT1G01950.2Encodes a member of the armadillo/beta-catenin repeat kinesin motor family. Mutants have twisted roots due to abnormal cell file rotation; the phenotype is dependent on microtubules. 
AT1G01950.3Encodes a member of the armadillo/beta-catenin repeat kinesin motor family. Mutants have twisted roots due to abnormal cell file rotation; the phenotype is dependent on microtubules. 
AT1G01960AT1G01960.1embryo sac development arrest 10 (EDA10); FUNCTIONS IN: binding, ARF guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity, guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: cytosol, nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: SEC7-like (InterPro:IPR000904), Armadillo-type fold (InterPro:IPR016024), Protein of unknown function DUF1981, SEC7 associated (InterPro:IPR015403); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: guanine nucleotide exchange family protein (TAIR:AT3G60860.1); Has 2204 Blast hits to 1991 proteins in 178 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 26; Metazoa - 1252; Fungi - 425; Plants - 143; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 358 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G02065AT1G02065.1Encodes an SBP-box gene, a member of the SPL gene family. Mutants are affected in micro- and megasporogenesis, trichome formation on sepals, and stamen filament elongation. 
AT1G02065.2Encodes an SBP-box gene, a member of the SPL gene family. Mutants are affected in micro- and megasporogenesis, trichome formation on sepals, and stamen filament elongation. 
AT1G02090AT1G02090.1encodes a phosphoprotein that is a subunit of the COP9 signalosome. Mutants exhibit constitutive photomorphogenic phenotype. 
AT1G02090.2encodes a phosphoprotein that is a subunit of the COP9 signalosome. Mutants exhibit constitutive photomorphogenic phenotype. 
AT1G02090.3encodes a phosphoprotein that is a subunit of the COP9 signalosome. Mutants exhibit constitutive photomorphogenic phenotype. 
AT1G02140AT1G02140.1MAGO NASHI (MAGO); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen tube guidance, sex determination; LOCATED IN: in 6 components; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Mago nashi protein (InterPro:IPR004023); Has 348 Blast hits to 348 proteins in 146 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 176; Fungi - 64; Plants - 47; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 61 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G02580AT1G02580.1Encodes a putative transcription factor MEDEA (MEA) that negatively regulates seed development in the absence of fertilization. Mutations in this locus result in embryo lethality. MEA is a Polycomb group gene that is imprinted in the endosperm. The maternal allele is expressed and the paternal allele is silent. MEA is controlled by DEMETER (DME), a DNA glycosylase required to activate MEA expression, and METHYLTRANSFERASE I (MET1), which maintains CG methylation at the MEA locus. MEA is involved in the negative regulation of its own imprinted gene expression; the effect is not only allele-specific but also dynamically regulated during seed development. In the ovule, the MEA transcripts are accumulated at their highest level before fertilization and gradually decrease after fertilization 
AT1G02730AT1G02730.1Encodes a gene similar to cellulose synthase. Knock-out mutant has reduced growth, reduced xylan level and reduced xylan synthase activity in stems. 
AT1G02800AT1G02800.1Encodes a protein with similarity to endo-1,4-b-glucanases and is a member of Glycoside Hydrolase Family 9. CEL2 is induced by nemotodes and is expressed in syncitia induced by Heterodera schachtii.May be involved in the development and function of syncitia. 
AT1G03120AT1G03120.1Atrab28 plays a role in the ion cell balance during late embryogenesis and germination. 
AT1G04020AT1G04020.1Encodes a protein containing two tandem BRCA1 C-Terminal (BRCT) domains, which function in phosphorylation-dependent protein–protein interactions.Loss of function mutations cause defects in meristem organization due to failure to repress WUS. BARD1 binds to WUS promoter and over expression of BARD reduces the extent of WUS expression. 
AT1G04020.2Encodes a protein containing two tandem BRCA1 C-Terminal (BRCT) domains, which function in phosphorylation-dependent protein–protein interactions.Loss of function mutations cause defects in meristem organization due to failure to repress WUS. BARD1 binds to WUS promoter and over expression of BARD reduces the extent of WUS expression. 
AT1G04110AT1G04110.1Initially identified as a mutation affecting stomatal development and distribution. Encodes a protein similar to serine proteases. 
AT1G04400AT1G04400.1Blue light receptor mediating blue-light regulated cotyledon expansion and flowering time. Positive regulator of the flowering-time gene CONSTANS. This gene possesses a light-induced CNT2 N-terminal homodimerisation domain.Involved in blue-light induced stomatal opening. Involved in triggering chromatin decondensation. An 80-residue motif (NC80) is sufficient to confer CRY2's physiological function. It is proposed that the PHR domain and the C-terminal tail of the unphosphorylated CRY2 form a "closed" conformation to suppress the NC80 motif in the absence of light. In response to blue light, the C-terminal tail of CRY2 is phosphorylated and electrostatically repelled from the surface of the PHR domain to form an "open" conformation, resulting in derepression of the NC80 motif and signal transduction to trigger photomorphogenic responses. Cry2 phosphorylation and degradation both occur in the nucleus. 
AT1G04400.2Blue light receptor mediating blue-light regulated cotyledon expansion and flowering time. Positive regulator of the flowering-time gene CONSTANS. This gene possesses a light-induced CNT2 N-terminal homodimerisation domain.Involved in blue-light induced stomatal opening. Involved in triggering chromatin decondensation. An 80-residue motif (NC80) is sufficient to confer CRY2's physiological function. It is proposed that the PHR domain and the C-terminal tail of the unphosphorylated CRY2 form a "closed" conformation to suppress the NC80 motif in the absence of light. In response to blue light, the C-terminal tail of CRY2 is phosphorylated and electrostatically repelled from the surface of the PHR domain to form an "open" conformation, resulting in derepression of the NC80 motif and signal transduction to trigger photomorphogenic responses. Cry2 phosphorylation and degradation both occur in the nucleus. 
AT1G04550AT1G04550.1IAA12/BDL plays a role in auxin-mediated processes of apical-basal patterning in the embryo. bdl mutants lack a primary root meristem 
AT1G04550.2IAA12/BDL plays a role in auxin-mediated processes of apical-basal patterning in the embryo. bdl mutants lack a primary root meristem 
AT1G04630AT1G04630.1maternal effect embryo arrest 4 (MEE4); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, photorespiration; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, mitochondrial membrane, respiratory chain complex I; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: GRIM-19 (InterPro:IPR009346); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT2G33220.1); Has 226 Blast hits to 226 proteins in 98 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 125; Fungi - 53; Plants - 38; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 10 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G04870AT1G04870.1Encodes a type I protein arginine methyltransferase based on the At1g04870.2 gene model. PRMT10 can catalyze the asymmetric dimethylation of arginine 3 on histone 4 and can also methylate myelin basic protein in vitro. Mutants lacking PRMT10 flower late due to defects in the autonomous pathway and they have elevated levels of FLC transcripts. 
AT1G04870.2Encodes a type I protein arginine methyltransferase based on the At1g04870.2 gene model. PRMT10 can catalyze the asymmetric dimethylation of arginine 3 on histone 4 and can also methylate myelin basic protein in vitro. Mutants lacking PRMT10 flower late due to defects in the autonomous pathway and they have elevated levels of FLC transcripts. 
AT1G04950AT1G04950.1Encodes one of two Arabidopsis proteins with significant similarity to the histone fold TBP-associated factor TAF6. Mutants are embryo lethal and transmission of the mutant allele through the male gametophyte is significantly reduced. This is due to reduced pollen tube growth of the mutant. 
AT1G04950.2Encodes one of two Arabidopsis proteins with significant similarity to the histone fold TBP-associated factor TAF6. Mutants are embryo lethal and transmission of the mutant allele through the male gametophyte is significantly reduced. This is due to reduced pollen tube growth of the mutant. 
AT1G04950.3Encodes one of two Arabidopsis proteins with significant similarity to the histone fold TBP-associated factor TAF6. Mutants are embryo lethal and transmission of the mutant allele through the male gametophyte is significantly reduced. This is due to reduced pollen tube growth of the mutant. 
AT1G05010AT1G05010.1Encodes 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase 
AT1G05180AT1G05180.1Encodes a subunit of the RUB1 activating enzyme that regulates the protein degradation activity of Skp1-Cullin-Fbox complexes, primarily, but not exclusively, affecting auxin responses. Acts alongside AS1 to exclude BP expression from leaves. 
AT1G05180.2Encodes a subunit of the RUB1 activating enzyme that regulates the protein degradation activity of Skp1-Cullin-Fbox complexes, primarily, but not exclusively, affecting auxin responses. Acts alongside AS1 to exclude BP expression from leaves. 
AT1G05180.3Encodes a subunit of the RUB1 activating enzyme that regulates the protein degradation activity of Skp1-Cullin-Fbox complexes, primarily, but not exclusively, affecting auxin responses. Acts alongside AS1 to exclude BP expression from leaves. 
AT1G05470AT1G05470.1Encodes an inositol polyphosphate 5' phosphatase (5PTase) that is required for the proper recruitment of cells into developing vascular tissue in leaves and cotyledons. It is most similar to Type I 5PTases that are known to cleave a phosphate from IP3 or IP4. cvp2 mutants have elevated levels of IP3 and are hypersensitive to ABA in seed germination assays. 
AT1G05850AT1G05850.1Encodes an endo chitinase-like protein AtCTL1. Essential for tolerance to heat, salt and drought stresses. Also involved in root hair development, cell expansion and response to cytokinin. Allelic to erh2. 11 alleles described in Hauser (1995). Mutant is defective in acquired thermotolerance, appears semidwarf throughout its life cycle and has extra lateral branches. There are two EMS alleles. Expression of AtHSP101 is not affected in the mutants. 
AT1G06040AT1G06040.1Encodes salt tolerance protein (STO) which confers salt tolerance to yeast cells. Fully complements calcineurin deficient yeast but does not encode a phosphoprotein phosphatase. Sequence has similarities to CONSTANS. STO co-localizes with COP1 and plays a role in light signaling. 
AT1G06040.2Encodes salt tolerance protein (STO) which confers salt tolerance to yeast cells. Fully complements calcineurin deficient yeast but does not encode a phosphoprotein phosphatase. Sequence has similarities to CONSTANS. STO co-localizes with COP1 and plays a role in light signaling. 
AT1G06220AT1G06220.1Encodes a protein with similarity to splicing factor Snu114. Snu114 is thought to be involved in activation of the splicosome. Loss of GFA1 function results in reduced female fertility. Approximately 50% of ovules abort due to defects in the female gametophyte. In mutant gametophytes antipodal cells express egg cell markers suggesting a defect in specification of cell fate.GFA1 is also required to restrict the expression of LIS. 
AT1G06220.2Encodes a protein with similarity to splicing factor Snu114. Snu114 is thought to be involved in activation of the splicosome. Loss of GFA1 function results in reduced female fertility. Approximately 50% of ovules abort due to defects in the female gametophyte. In mutant gametophytes antipodal cells express egg cell markers suggesting a defect in specification of cell fate.GFA1 is also required to restrict the expression of LIS. 
AT1G06430AT1G06430.1encodes a FtsH protease that is localized to the chloroplast 
AT1G06520AT1G06520.1Encodes a membrane associated mitochondrial localized protein with glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase activity.Expressed in flower buds and siliques. Homozygous mutant plants are male sterile and have abnormal glycerolipid levels. 
AT1G07340AT1G07340.1SUGAR TRANSPORTER 2 (ATSTP2); FUNCTIONS IN: carbohydrate transmembrane transporter activity, sugar:hydrogen symporter activity, monosaccharide transmembrane transporter activity; INVOLVED IN: pollen development, monosaccharide transport; LOCATED IN: integral to plasma membrane, membrane; EXPRESSED IN: leaf whorl, petal, sepal, flower, tetrad of microspores; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, F microspore release stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Sugar transporter, conserved site (InterPro:IPR005829), General substrate transporter (InterPro:IPR005828), Sugar/inositol transporter (InterPro:IPR003663), Major facilitator superfamily, general substrate transporter (InterPro:IPR016196); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: STP6 (SUGAR TRANSPORTER 6); carbohydrate transmembrane transporter/ monosaccharide transmembrane transporter/ sugar:hydrogen symporter (TAIR:AT3G05960.1); Has 13776 Blast hits to 13717 proteins in 1005 species: Archae - 188; Bacteria - 4275; Metazoa - 3015; Fungi - 4403; Plants - 1103; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 792 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G07630AT1G07630.1Encodes a protein phosphatase 2C like gene, similar to POL. Involved in leaf development. Knockout mutants have abnormally shaped leaves. 
AT1G07890AT1G07890.1Encodes a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase APX1. Ascorbate peroxidases are enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Eight types of APX have been described for Arabidopsis: three cytosolic (APX1, APX2, APX6), two chloroplastic types (stromal sAPX, thylakoid tAPX), and three microsomal (APX3, APX4, APX5) isoforms. At least part of the induction of heat shock proteins during light stress in Arabidopsis is mediated by H2O2 that is scavenged by APX1. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT1G07890.2Encodes a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase APX1. Ascorbate peroxidases are enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Eight types of APX have been described for Arabidopsis: three cytosolic (APX1, APX2, APX6), two chloroplastic types (stromal sAPX, thylakoid tAPX), and three microsomal (APX3, APX4, APX5) isoforms. At least part of the induction of heat shock proteins during light stress in Arabidopsis is mediated by H2O2 that is scavenged by APX1. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT1G07890.3Encodes a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase APX1. Ascorbate peroxidases are enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Eight types of APX have been described for Arabidopsis: three cytosolic (APX1, APX2, APX6), two chloroplastic types (stromal sAPX, thylakoid tAPX), and three microsomal (APX3, APX4, APX5) isoforms. At least part of the induction of heat shock proteins during light stress in Arabidopsis is mediated by H2O2 that is scavenged by APX1. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT1G07890.4Encodes a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase APX1. Ascorbate peroxidases are enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Eight types of APX have been described for Arabidopsis: three cytosolic (APX1, APX2, APX6), two chloroplastic types (stromal sAPX, thylakoid tAPX), and three microsomal (APX3, APX4, APX5) isoforms. At least part of the induction of heat shock proteins during light stress in Arabidopsis is mediated by H2O2 that is scavenged by APX1. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT1G07890.5Encodes a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase APX1. Ascorbate peroxidases are enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Eight types of APX have been described for Arabidopsis: three cytosolic (APX1, APX2, APX6), two chloroplastic types (stromal sAPX, thylakoid tAPX), and three microsomal (APX3, APX4, APX5) isoforms. At least part of the induction of heat shock proteins during light stress in Arabidopsis is mediated by H2O2 that is scavenged by APX1. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT1G07890.6Encodes a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase APX1. Ascorbate peroxidases are enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Eight types of APX have been described for Arabidopsis: three cytosolic (APX1, APX2, APX6), two chloroplastic types (stromal sAPX, thylakoid tAPX), and three microsomal (APX3, APX4, APX5) isoforms. At least part of the induction of heat shock proteins during light stress in Arabidopsis is mediated by H2O2 that is scavenged by APX1. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT1G07890.7Encodes a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase APX1. Ascorbate peroxidases are enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Eight types of APX have been described for Arabidopsis: three cytosolic (APX1, APX2, APX6), two chloroplastic types (stromal sAPX, thylakoid tAPX), and three microsomal (APX3, APX4, APX5) isoforms. At least part of the induction of heat shock proteins during light stress in Arabidopsis is mediated by H2O2 that is scavenged by APX1. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT1G07890.8Encodes a cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase APX1. Ascorbate peroxidases are enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide in plant cells. Eight types of APX have been described for Arabidopsis: three cytosolic (APX1, APX2, APX6), two chloroplastic types (stromal sAPX, thylakoid tAPX), and three microsomal (APX3, APX4, APX5) isoforms. At least part of the induction of heat shock proteins during light stress in Arabidopsis is mediated by H2O2 that is scavenged by APX1. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT1G08090AT1G08090.1High-affinity nitrate transporter. Up-regulated by nitrate. Functions as a repressor of lateral root initiation independently of nitrate uptake. 
AT1G08100AT1G08100.1Encodes a high-affinity nitrate transporter. 
AT1G08465AT1G08465.1Member of the YABBY family of Arabidopsis proteins involved in the abaxial cell fate specification in lateral organs 
AT1G09000AT1G09000.1NPK1-related protein kinase 1S 
AT1G09100AT1G09100.1Encodes RPT5b (Regulatory Particle 5b), one of the six AAA-ATPases of the proteasome regulatory particle. Essential for gametophyte development. In Arabidopsis, the RPT5 subunit is encoded by two highly homologous genes, RPT5a and RPT5b. RPT5a and RPT5b show accession-dependent functional redundancy. In Wassilewskija (Ws) accession: mutant alleles of RPT5a displayed 50% pollen lethality, indicating that RPT5a is essential for male gametophyte development. In the Columbia (Col) accession, a rpt5a mutant allele did not display such a phenotype because the RPT5b Col allele complements the rpt5a defect in the male gametophyte, whereas the RPT5b Ws allele does not. Double rpt5a rpt5b mutants in Col background showed a complete male and female gametophyte lethal phenotype. 
AT1G09530AT1G09530.1Transcription factor interacting with photoreceptors phyA and phyB. Forms a ternary complex in vitro with G-box element of the promoters of LHY, CCA1. Acts as a negative regulator of phyB signalling. It degrades rapidly after irradiation of dark grown seedlings in a process controlled by phytochromes. Does not play a significant role in controlling light input and function of the circadian clockwork. Binds to G- and E-boxes, but not to other ACEs. Binds to anthocyanin biosynthetic genes in a light- and HY5-independent fashion. PIF3 function as a transcriptional activator can be functionally and mechanistically separated from its role in repression of PhyB mediated processes. 
AT1G09530.2Transcription factor interacting with photoreceptors phyA and phyB. Forms a ternary complex in vitro with G-box element of the promoters of LHY, CCA1. Acts as a negative regulator of phyB signalling. It degrades rapidly after irradiation of dark grown seedlings in a process controlled by phytochromes. Does not play a significant role in controlling light input and function of the circadian clockwork. Binds to G- and E-boxes, but not to other ACEs. Binds to anthocyanin biosynthetic genes in a light- and HY5-independent fashion. PIF3 function as a transcriptional activator can be functionally and mechanistically separated from its role in repression of PhyB mediated processes. 
AT1G10130AT1G10130.1Encodes a golgi localized P2A-type Ca2+ ATPase involved in Mn nutrition and homeostasis. 
AT1G10270AT1G10270.1GLUTAMINE-RICH PROTEIN23 (GRP23); FUNCTIONS IN: binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development, cell division; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 26 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885), Tetratricopeptide-like helical (InterPro:IPR011990); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: emb1796 (embryo defective 1796); ATP binding (TAIR:AT3G49240.1); Has 29136 Blast hits to 12633 proteins in 643 species: Archae - 23; Bacteria - 1240; Metazoa - 6890; Fungi - 2367; Plants - 11880; Viruses - 167; Other Eukaryotes - 6569 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G10470AT1G10470.1Encodes a two-component response regulator. Acts redundantly with ARR3 in the control of circadian period in a cytokinin-independent manner. 
AT1G10570AT1G10570.1Encodes a deSUMOylating enzyme. In vitro it has both peptidase activity and isopeptidase activity: it can cleave the C-terminal residues from SUMO to activate it for attachment to a target protein and it can also act on the isopeptide bond between SUMO and another protein. sYFP:OTS2 protein accumulates in nuclei in a punctate pattern. Double mutant analysis with ULP1D/OTS1 indicates that these genes are involved in salt stress responses and flowering time regulation. 
AT1G10570.2Encodes a deSUMOylating enzyme. In vitro it has both peptidase activity and isopeptidase activity: it can cleave the C-terminal residues from SUMO to activate it for attachment to a target protein and it can also act on the isopeptide bond between SUMO and another protein. sYFP:OTS2 protein accumulates in nuclei in a punctate pattern. Double mutant analysis with ULP1D/OTS1 indicates that these genes are involved in salt stress responses and flowering time regulation. 
AT1G10670AT1G10670.1One of the three genes encoding subunit A of the trimeric protein ATP Citrate Lyase. Antisense ACLA-1 plants cause a reduction in cytosolic acetyl-CoA metabolism and have upregulation of stress-related genes and down-regulation of primary metabolism and growth genes, suggesting the mutation restricts normal growth and developmental processes and puts the plant into a state of stress. 
AT1G10670.2One of the three genes encoding subunit A of the trimeric protein ATP Citrate Lyase. Antisense ACLA-1 plants cause a reduction in cytosolic acetyl-CoA metabolism and have upregulation of stress-related genes and down-regulation of primary metabolism and growth genes, suggesting the mutation restricts normal growth and developmental processes and puts the plant into a state of stress. 
AT1G11130AT1G11130.1Encodes a receptor-like kinase protein with a predicted extracellular domain of six leucine-rich repeats and an intracellular serine-threonine kinase domain expressed throughout the developing root. Regulates expression of GLABRA2, CAPRICE, WEREWOLF, and ENHANCER OF GLABRA3. 
AT1G11870AT1G11870.1Seryl-tRNA synthetase targeted to chloroplasts and mitochondria. Its inactivation causes developmental arrest of chloroplasts and mitochondria in Nicotiana benthamiana. 
AT1G11870.2Seryl-tRNA synthetase targeted to chloroplasts and mitochondria. Its inactivation causes developmental arrest of chloroplasts and mitochondria in Nicotiana benthamiana. 
AT1G11870.3Seryl-tRNA synthetase targeted to chloroplasts and mitochondria. Its inactivation causes developmental arrest of chloroplasts and mitochondria in Nicotiana benthamiana. 
AT1G12040AT1G12040.1encodes a a chimeric leucine-rich repeat/extensin protein that regulates root hair morphogenesis and elongation. Null mutants develop root hairs that frequently abort, swell, or branch. Gene is expressed in root hair cells and protein is specifically localized in the wall of the hair proper. 
AT1G12820AT1G12820.1AUXIN SIGNALING F-BOX 3 (AFB3); FUNCTIONS IN: auxin binding, ubiquitin-protein ligase activity; INVOLVED IN: stamen development, pollen maturation, response to molecule of bacterial origin; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cyclin-like F-box (InterPro:IPR001810); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: AFB2 (AUXIN SIGNALING F-BOX 2); auxin binding / ubiquitin-protein ligase (TAIR:AT3G26810.1); Has 1735 Blast hits to 1177 proteins in 116 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 2; Metazoa - 751; Fungi - 96; Plants - 802; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 84 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G12860AT1G12860.1Encodes ICE2 (Inducer of CBF Expression 2), a transcription factor of the bHLH family that participates in the response to deep freezing through the cold acclimation-dependent pathway. Overexpression of ICE2 results in increased tolerance to deep freezing stress after cold acclimation. 
AT1G12910AT1G12910.1Encodes a protein with similarity to the petunia WD repeat protein an11. 
AT1G12980AT1G12980.1Encodes an AP2/ERF protein, is expressed in a subdomain of meristem stem cells, in lateral organ anlagen, and transiently in the distal domain of organ primordia. It is a member of the ERF (ethylene response factor) subfamily B-1 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family (ESR1). The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are 15 members in this subfamily including ATERF-3, ATERF-4, ATERF-7, and leafy petiole. Can confer cytokinin-independent shoot formation and causes severe meristem defects when overexpressed in Arabidopsis root explants. Involved in controlling embryogenesis and embryo patterning by interaction with PHAVOLUTA. 
AT1G13180AT1G13180.1Mutant has defect in trichome cell expansion and actin organization resulting in a distorted trichome phenotype. 
AT1G13245AT1G13245.1ROTUNDIFOLIA LIKE 17 (RTFL17); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: shoot development; EXPRESSED IN: stem, flower, root, leaf; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: DVL (InterPro:IPR012552); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: RTFL15 (ROTUNDIFOLIA LIKE 15) (TAIR:AT1G68825.2); Has 68 Blast hits to 68 proteins in 7 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 68; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G13260AT1G13260.1Encodes an AP2/B3 domain transcription factor which is upregulated in response to low temperature. It contains a B3 DNA binding domain. It has circadian regulation and may function as a negative growth regulator. 
AT1G13290AT1G13290.1Encodes a putative zinc finger protein (C2H2 family, type IIIA, subclass A1d) that has a WIP domain. Seedlings with mutations in DOT5 have a misaligned venation defect in their leaves and cotyledons. Additional developmental abnormalities, such as elongated petioles and aberrant phyllotaxy suggest that DOT5 is required for normal shoot and root development. 
AT1G13590AT1G13590.1Encodes a phytosulfokine-alpha (PSK) precursor, a unique plant peptide growth factor first described in Asparagus. 
AT1G13870AT1G13870.1Encodes a homolog of the yeast TOT4/KTI12 protein. Yeast TOT4/KTI12 associates with Elongator, a multisubunit complex that binds the RNA polymerase II transcription elongation complex. Ds insertion mutant has enlarged shoot apical region, 4 to 6 long slender leaves followed by spike-like structures, short roots. 
AT1G13950AT1G13950.1Encodes eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (EIF-5A).In mammalian cells it functions as a shuttle protein that translocates mRNA from the nucleus to cytoplasmic ribosomes. Overexpression results in an increase in both primary and secondary xylem formation. In RNAi suppressed lines, xylem formation is reduced. 
AT1G13980AT1G13980.1Encodes a GDP/GTP exchange factor for small G-proteins of the ADP ribosylation factor (RAF) class, and as regulator of intracellular trafficking. Homologous to Sec7p and YEC2 from yeast. Involved in the specification of apical-basal pattern formation. Essential for cell division, expansion and adhesion. It appears that heteotypic binding between the DCB and C-terminal domains of two GNOM proteins is required for membrane association, however, GNOM appears to exist predominantly as a heterodimer formed through DCB-DCB interactions. 
AT1G14000AT1G14000.1Encodes a protein with similarity to members of the C1 subgroup of MAP kinase kinase kinases. Interacts physically with the receptor kinase BRL2/VH1 and appears to be involved in auxin and brassinosteriod signaling. 
AT1G14290AT1G14290.1Encodes one of the two redundant sphingoid base hydroxylases (SBH). Involved in sphingolipid trihydroxy long-chain base (4-hydroxysphinganine) biosynthesis. Double mutants of SBHs were dwarfed and not able to progress from vegetative to reproductive growth. 
AT1G14350AT1G14350.1Encodes a putative MYB transcription factor involved in stomata development, loss of FLP activity results in a failure of guard mother cells (GMCs) to adopt the guard cell fate, thus they continue to divide resulting in abnormal stomata consisting of clusters of numerous guard cell-like cells. This phenotype is enhanced in double mutants with MYB88. 
AT1G14350.2Encodes a putative MYB transcription factor involved in stomata development, loss of FLP activity results in a failure of guard mother cells (GMCs) to adopt the guard cell fate, thus they continue to divide resulting in abnormal stomata consisting of clusters of numerous guard cell-like cells. This phenotype is enhanced in double mutants with MYB88. 
AT1G14400AT1G14400.1ubiquitin carrier protein 
AT1G14400.2ubiquitin carrier protein 
AT1G14610AT1G14610.1Required for proper proliferation of basal cells. 
AT1G14830AT1G14830.1Encodes a dynamin-like protein that is involved in mitochondrial morphogenesis and pollen development. Protein is localized as speckles in the cytoplasm, partially co-localizes with mitochondrial markers, cell plate of dividing cells, and the tip of root hairs, root cap cells, and expanding part of trichoblasts. 
AT1G14920AT1G14920.1Similar to a putative transcription factor and transcriptional coactivators. Repressor of GA responses and involved in gibberellic acid mediated signaling. Member of the DELLA proteins that restrain the cell proliferation and expansion that drives plant growth. The protein undergoes degradation in response to GA via the 26S proteasome. GAI may be involved in reducing ROS accumulation in response to stress by up-regulating the transcription of superoxide dismutases. Represses GA-induced vegetative growth and floral initiation. Rapidly degraded in response to GA. 
AT1G15220AT1G15220.1Encodes a protein with oxidoreductase activity present in the inner membrane of mitochondria. CCMH is postulated to play a central role in mitochondrial cytochrome c maturation, probably as part of a heme lyase complex that also holds activity of reducing apocytochrome c. CCMH interacts with apocytochrome AtCYTc-a and is shown to be present in a 500 kDa-complex along with CcmFN2. 
AT1G15220.2Encodes a protein with oxidoreductase activity present in the inner membrane of mitochondria. CCMH is postulated to play a central role in mitochondrial cytochrome c maturation, probably as part of a heme lyase complex that also holds activity of reducing apocytochrome c. CCMH interacts with apocytochrome AtCYTc-a and is shown to be present in a 500 kDa-complex along with CcmFN2. 
AT1G15750AT1G15750.1Encodes a protein with several WD40 repeats at the C-terminus and predicted protein-protein interaction domains at the N-terminus. Together with the TOPLESS-RELATED PROTEINS (TPRs), it is thought to be involved in transcriptional repression of root-promoting genes in the top half of the embryo during the transition stage of embryogenesis. It can also interact with IAA12 through the EAR domain of IAA12 and the CTLH domain of TPL. The ability of IAA12 to repress transcription is diminished in a tpl-1 mutant background. 
AT1G15750.2Encodes a protein with several WD40 repeats at the C-terminus and predicted protein-protein interaction domains at the N-terminus. Together with the TOPLESS-RELATED PROTEINS (TPRs), it is thought to be involved in transcriptional repression of root-promoting genes in the top half of the embryo during the transition stage of embryogenesis. It can also interact with IAA12 through the EAR domain of IAA12 and the CTLH domain of TPL. The ability of IAA12 to repress transcription is diminished in a tpl-1 mutant background. 
AT1G15750.3Encodes a protein with several WD40 repeats at the C-terminus and predicted protein-protein interaction domains at the N-terminus. Together with the TOPLESS-RELATED PROTEINS (TPRs), it is thought to be involved in transcriptional repression of root-promoting genes in the top half of the embryo during the transition stage of embryogenesis. It can also interact with IAA12 through the EAR domain of IAA12 and the CTLH domain of TPL. The ability of IAA12 to repress transcription is diminished in a tpl-1 mutant background. 
AT1G15750.4Encodes a protein with several WD40 repeats at the C-terminus and predicted protein-protein interaction domains at the N-terminus. Together with the TOPLESS-RELATED PROTEINS (TPRs), it is thought to be involved in transcriptional repression of root-promoting genes in the top half of the embryo during the transition stage of embryogenesis. It can also interact with IAA12 through the EAR domain of IAA12 and the CTLH domain of TPL. The ability of IAA12 to repress transcription is diminished in a tpl-1 mutant background. 
AT1G16710AT1G16710.1Encodes an enzyme with histone acetyltransferase activity that can use both H3 and H4 histones as substrates. No single prior lysine acetylation is sufficient to block HAC12 acetylation of the H3 or H4 peptides, suggesting that HAC12 can acetylate any of several lysines present in the peptides. 
AT1G17110AT1G17110.1Encodes a ubiquitin-specific protease, and its activity has been confirmed in an in vitro assay. ubp15 mutants have defects in cell proliferation, and the associated processes of leaf, root, stem, flower, and silique development. UBP15 can be found in the nucleus and cytoplasm in transient assays. Though UBP15 is expressed in many tissues, UBP15 transcript levels are higher in rosette leaves and inflorescences than in other parts of the plant. 
AT1G17580AT1G17580.1Encodes a member of the type XI myosin protein family involved in organelle trafficking and overall plant development. 
AT1G17920AT1G17920.1Encodes a homeobox-leucine zipper family protein belonging to the HD-ZIP IV family. Together with HDG11, it is involved in trichome branching. 
AT1G18450AT1G18450.1Encodes a gene similar to actin-related proteins in other organisms. Member of nuclear ARP family of genes. Component of chromatin remodeling complexes, involved in chromatin-mediated gene regulation. Phenotype of the arp4-1 mutant allele revealed partial sterility due to defects in anther development. Targeting the distinct, 3' UTR of AtARP4 transcripts with RNA interference caused a drastic reduction in the level of AtARP4 protein expression, and resulted in strong pleiotropic phenotypes such as altered organization of plant organs, early flowering, delayed flower senescence and high levels of sterility. Western blot analysis and immunolabelling demonstrated a clear correlation between reductions in the level of AtARP4 expression and severity of the phenotypes. 
AT1G18750AT1G18750.1Encodes a member of the MIKC (MADS box, Keratin binding domain, and C terminal domain containing )family of transcriptional regulators. AGL65 is expressed in pollen.It forms heterodimers with other MICK family members (AGL104). Involved in late stages of pollen development and pollen tube growth. 
AT1G18750.2Encodes a member of the MIKC (MADS box, Keratin binding domain, and C terminal domain containing )family of transcriptional regulators. AGL65 is expressed in pollen.It forms heterodimers with other MICK family members (AGL104). Involved in late stages of pollen development and pollen tube growth. 
AT1G19050AT1G19050.1Encodes a member of the Arabidopsis response regulator (ARR) family, most closely related to ARR15. A two-component response regulator protein containing a phosphate accepting domain in the receiver domain but lacking a DNA binding domain in the output domain. Involved in response to cytokinin and meristem stem cell maintenance. Arr7 protein is stabilized by cytokinin. 
AT1G19180AT1G19180.1JAZ1 is a nuclear-localized protein involved in jasmonate signaling. JAZ1 transcript levels rise in response to a jasmonate stimulus. JAZ1 can interact with the COI1 F-box subunit of an SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase in a yeast-two-hybrid assay only in the presence of jasmonate-isoleucine (JA-ILE) or coronatine. Application of jasmonate methyl ester to Arabidopsis roots reduces the levels of a JAZ1:GUS fusion protein, presumably by stimulating ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated degradation. The Jas domain appears to be important for JAZ1-COI1 interactions in the presence of coronatine. Two positive residues (R205 and R206) in the Jas domain shown to be important for coronatine -dependent COI1 binding are not required for binding AtMYC2. 
AT1G19180.2JAZ1 is a nuclear-localized protein involved in jasmonate signaling. JAZ1 transcript levels rise in response to a jasmonate stimulus. JAZ1 can interact with the COI1 F-box subunit of an SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase in a yeast-two-hybrid assay only in the presence of jasmonate-isoleucine (JA-ILE) or coronatine. Application of jasmonate methyl ester to Arabidopsis roots reduces the levels of a JAZ1:GUS fusion protein, presumably by stimulating ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated degradation. The Jas domain appears to be important for JAZ1-COI1 interactions in the presence of coronatine. Two positive residues (R205 and R206) in the Jas domain shown to be important for coronatine -dependent COI1 binding are not required for binding AtMYC2. 
AT1G19220AT1G19220.1Encodes an auxin response factor that contains the conserved VP1-B3 DNA-binding domain at its N-terminus and the Aux/IAA-like domains III and IV present in most ARFs at its C-terminus. The protein interacts with IAA1 (yeast two hybrid) and other auxin response elements such as ER7 and ER9 (yeast one hybrid). ARF19 protein can complement many aspects of the arf7 mutant phenotype and , together with ARF7, is involved in the response to ethylene. In the arf7 arf19 double mutant, several auxin-responsive genes (e.g. IAA5, LBD16, LBD29 and LBD33) are no longer upregulated by auxin. 
AT1G19300AT1G19300.1The PARVUS/GLZ1 gene encodes a putative family 8 glycosyl transferase that contributes to xylan biosynthesis. Its gene expression shows good co-variance with the IRX3 gene involved in secondary cell wall synthesis. PARVUS/GLZ1 is predicted to have galacturonosyltransferase activity and may be involved in the formation of the complex oligosaccharide sequence present at the reducing end of xylan. PARVUS is expressed in cells undergoing secondary wall thickening, and parvus mutants have thinner cell walls. 
AT1G19850AT1G19850.1Encodes a transcription factor (IAA24) mediating embryo axis formation and vascular development. Similar to AUXIN RESPONSIVE FACTOR 1 (ARF1) shown to bind to auxin responsive elements (AREs), and to the maize transcriptional activator VIVIPAROUS 1( VP1). In situ hybridization shows expression in provascular tissue of embryos, the emerging shoot primordia, then is restricted to provascular tissue, and in the root central vascular cylinder. 
AT1G20090AT1G20090.1Member of the Rho GTPase family. Functions to organize the microtubular cytoskeleton in combination with RIC1 and RIC4. These interactions affect pavement cell morphogenesis and pollen tube growth. ROP2 expression is stimulated by brassinosteroid treatment. Inhibit light-induced stomatal opening. 
AT1G20330AT1G20330.1Encodes a sterol-C24-methyltransferases involved in sterol biosynthesis. Mutants display altered sterol composition, serrated petals and sepals and altered cotyledon vascular patterning as well as ectopic endoreduplication. This suggests that suppression of endoreduplication is important for petal morphogenesis and that normal sterol composition is required for this suppression. 
AT1G20700AT1G20700.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. Functions in the shoot meristem organizing center to maintain the stem cells in an undifferentiated state. 
AT1G20710AT1G20710.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. 
AT1G20850AT1G20850.1xylem cysteine peptidase 2 (XCP2); FUNCTIONS IN: peptidase activity, cysteine-type peptidase activity; INVOLVED IN: proteolysis, developmental programmed cell death; LOCATED IN: cell wall; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Peptidase C1A, papain (InterPro:IPR013128), Proteinase inhibitor I29, cathepsin propeptide (InterPro:IPR013201), Peptidase C1A, papain C-terminal (InterPro:IPR000668), Peptidase, cysteine peptidase active site (InterPro:IPR000169); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: XCP1 (XYLEM CYSTEINE PEPTIDASE 1); cysteine-type endopeptidase/ cysteine-type peptidase (TAIR:AT4G35350.1); Has 6049 Blast hits to 6003 proteins in 574 species: Archae - 29; Bacteria - 92; Metazoa - 2825; Fungi - 4; Plants - 1220; Viruses - 118; Other Eukaryotes - 1761 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G20900AT1G20900.1Encodes an AT hook domain containing protein that acts redundantly with SOB3 to modulate hypocotyl growth inhibition in response to light. 
AT1G21210AT1G21210.1cell wall-associated ser/thr kinase involved in cell elongation and lateral root development 
AT1G21700AT1G21700.1a member of the Arabidopsis SWI3 gene family. Protein physically interacts with ATSWI3B and ATSWI3A, the other two members of the SWI3 family. Homologous to yeast SWI3 & RSC8, components of the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes. Referred to as CHB3 in Zhou et al (2003). 
AT1G21750AT1G21750.1Encodes a protein disulfide isomerase-like (PDIL) protein, a member of a multigene family within the thioredoxin (TRX) superfamily; isoform contains non-consensus GA donor splice site at intron 9. Transcript levels for this gene are up-regulated in response to three different chemical inducers of ER stress (dithiothreitol, beta-mercaptoethanol, and tunicamycin). Neither AtIRE1-2 nor AtbZIP60 appear to be required for this response. 
AT1G21750.2Encodes a protein disulfide isomerase-like (PDIL) protein, a member of a multigene family within the thioredoxin (TRX) superfamily; isoform contains non-consensus GA donor splice site at intron 9. Transcript levels for this gene are up-regulated in response to three different chemical inducers of ER stress (dithiothreitol, beta-mercaptoethanol, and tunicamycin). Neither AtIRE1-2 nor AtbZIP60 appear to be required for this response. 
AT1G21970AT1G21970.1Transcriptional activator of genes required for both embryo maturation and cellular differentiation. Sequence is similar to HAP3 subunit of the CCAAT-box binding factor. HAP3 subunit is divided into three domains: an amino-terminal A domain, a central B domain, and a carboxyl-terminal C domain. LEC1 shared high similarity with other HAP3 homologs only in central, B domain. LEC1 is required for the specification of cotyledon identity and the completion of embryo maturation. It was sufficient to induce embryogenic programs in vegetative cells, suggesting that LEC1 is a major embryonic regulator that mediates the switch between embryo and vegetative development. Mutants are desiccation intolerant, have trichomes on cotyledons and exhibit precocious meristem activation. Levels of the ABI3 and FUS3 transcripts were significantly reduced in developing siliques of the lec1-1 mutants, indicating that LEC1 down-regulates FUS3 and ABI3.When LEC1 is overexpressed from an inducible promoter, the expression of numerous genes involved in fatty acid biosynthesis is increased suggesting a role in positive regulation of FA biosynthesis. 
AT1G22090AT1G22090.1embryo defective 2204 (emb2204); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein of unknown function DUF626, Arabidopsis thaliana (InterPro:IPR006462); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT1G02770.1); Has 74 Blast hits to 73 proteins in 1 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 74; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G22130AT1G22130.1Encodes a member of the MIKC (MADS box, Keratin binding domain, and C terminal domain containing )family of transcriptional regulators. AGL104 is expressed in pollen.It forms heterodimers with other MICK family members (AGL65 and AGL30). Involved in late stages of pollen development and pollen tube growth. 
AT1G22770AT1G22770.1Together with CONSTANTS (CO) and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), GIGANTEA promotes flowering under long days in a circadian clock-controlled flowering pathway. GI acts earlier than CO and FT in the pathway by increasing CO and FT mRNA abundance. Located in the nucleus. Regulates several developmental processes, including photoperiod-mediated flowering, phytochrome B signaling, circadian clock, carbohydrate metabolism, and cold stress response. The gene's transcription is controlled by the circadian clock and it is post-transcriptionally regulated by light and dark. Forms a complex with FKF1 on the CO promoter to regulate CO expression. 
AT1G22920AT1G22920.1AJH1 encodes a protein similar to JAB1, a specific mammalian coactivator of AP-1 transcription. Encodes a subunit of the COP9 complex that is involved in protein deneddylation. Plants with mutations in CSN5A and CSN5B have a de-etiolated phenotype. 
AT1G22920.2AJH1 encodes a protein similar to JAB1, a specific mammalian coactivator of AP-1 transcription. Encodes a subunit of the COP9 complex that is involved in protein deneddylation. Plants with mutations in CSN5A and CSN5B have a de-etiolated phenotype. 
AT1G23080AT1G23080.1Encodes a novel component of auxin efflux that is located apically in the basal cell and is involved during embryogenesis in setting up the apical-basal axis in the embryo. It is also involved in pattern specification during root development. In roots, it is expressed at lateral and basal membranes of provascular cells in the meristem and elongation zone, whereas in the columella cells it coincides with the PIN3 domain. Plasma membrane-localized PIN proteins mediate a saturable efflux of auxin. PINs mediate auxin efflux from mammalian and yeast cells without needing additional plant-specific factors. The action of PINs in auxin efflux is distinct from PGPs, rate-limiting, specific to auxins and sensitive to auxin transport inhibitors. PINs are directly involved of in catalyzing cellular auxin efflux. 
AT1G23080.2Encodes a novel component of auxin efflux that is located apically in the basal cell and is involved during embryogenesis in setting up the apical-basal axis in the embryo. It is also involved in pattern specification during root development. In roots, it is expressed at lateral and basal membranes of provascular cells in the meristem and elongation zone, whereas in the columella cells it coincides with the PIN3 domain. Plasma membrane-localized PIN proteins mediate a saturable efflux of auxin. PINs mediate auxin efflux from mammalian and yeast cells without needing additional plant-specific factors. The action of PINs in auxin efflux is distinct from PGPs, rate-limiting, specific to auxins and sensitive to auxin transport inhibitors. PINs are directly involved of in catalyzing cellular auxin efflux. 
AT1G23080.3Encodes a novel component of auxin efflux that is located apically in the basal cell and is involved during embryogenesis in setting up the apical-basal axis in the embryo. It is also involved in pattern specification during root development. In roots, it is expressed at lateral and basal membranes of provascular cells in the meristem and elongation zone, whereas in the columella cells it coincides with the PIN3 domain. Plasma membrane-localized PIN proteins mediate a saturable efflux of auxin. PINs mediate auxin efflux from mammalian and yeast cells without needing additional plant-specific factors. The action of PINs in auxin efflux is distinct from PGPs, rate-limiting, specific to auxins and sensitive to auxin transport inhibitors. PINs are directly involved of in catalyzing cellular auxin efflux. 
AT1G23420AT1G23420.1Essential for formation and asymmetric growth of the ovule outer integument. Member of the YABBY protein family of putative transcription factors that contain apparent Cys(2)-Cys(2) zinc-finger domains and regions of similarity to the high mobility group (HMG) transcription factors. INO may be required for polarity determination in the central part of the ovule. 
AT1G24260AT1G24260.1Member of the MADs box transcription factor family. SEP3 is redundant with SEP1 and 2. Flowers of SEP1/2/3 triple mutants show a conversion of petals and stamens to sepals.SEP3 forms heterotetrameric complexes with other MADS box family members and binds to the CArG box motif. 
AT1G24260.2Member of the MADs box transcription factor family. SEP3 is redundant with SEP1 and 2. Flowers of SEP1/2/3 triple mutants show a conversion of petals and stamens to sepals.SEP3 forms heterotetrameric complexes with other MADS box family members and binds to the CArG box motif. 
AT1G24590AT1G24590.1Encodes a member of the ERF (ethylene response factor) subfamily B-1 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family. The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are 15 members in this subfamily including ATERF-3, ATERF-4, ATERF-7, and LEAFY PETIOLE. This gene functions in the regeneration of shoots in tissue culture, probably through transcriptional regulation of CUC1. May also be involved in activation of the cell cycle via CycD1;1. 
AT1G25220AT1G25220.1Catalyzes the first step of tryptophan biosynthesis: Chorismate L-Glutamine = Anthranilate Pyruvate L-Glutamate. Functions as a heterocomplex with anthranilate synthase alpha subunit (ASA1 or ASA2). 
AT1G25310AT1G25310.1maternal effect embryo arrest 8 (MEE8); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: nucleus; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092); Has 68 Blast hits to 68 proteins in 5 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 68; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G25350AT1G25350.1ovule abortion 9 (OVA9); FUNCTIONS IN: glutamine-tRNA ligase activity; INVOLVED IN: glutamyl-tRNA aminoacylation, translation, ovule development; LOCATED IN: cytosol; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), Glutamyl/glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ic (InterPro:IPR000924), Glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ic, non-specific RNA-binding region part 1 (InterPro:IPR007639), Ribosomal protein L25/Gln-tRNA synthetase, anti-codon-binding (InterPro:IPR011035), Glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ic, non-specific RNA-binding region part 2 (InterPro:IPR007638), Glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ic (InterPro:IPR004514); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: tRNA synthetase class I (E and Q) family protein (TAIR:AT5G19720.1); Has 8783 Blast hits to 8778 proteins in 1656 species: Archae - 170; Bacteria - 4659; Metazoa - 349; Fungi - 257; Plants - 97; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3251 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G25450AT1G25450.1Encodes KCS5, a member of the 3-ketoacyl-CoA synthase family involved in the biosynthesis of VLCFA (very long chain fatty acids). 
AT1G25560AT1G25560.1Encodes a member of the RAV transcription factor family that contains AP2 and B3 binding domains. Involved in the regulation of flowering under long days. Loss of function results in early flowering. Overexpression causes late flowering and repression of expression of FT. 
AT1G26310AT1G26310.1Floral homeotic gene encoding a MADS domain protein homologous to AP1. Enhances the flower to shoot transformation in ap1 mutants. 
AT1G26830AT1G26830.1Cullin, putative, similar to Cullin homolog 3 (CUL-3) SP:Q13618, GI:3639052 from (Homo sapiens); contains Pfam profile PF00888: Cullin family. Interacts with other components of E3 ligase complex suggesting it functions in RUB-modification. Forms complexes with BTB domain proteins forming a novel class of E3-based ubiquitin protein-ligase complexes. Mutant is early flowering and has a reduced sensitivity to far-red light. cul3a/cul3b homozygous/heterozygous plants are embryo lethal. 
AT1G26870AT1G26870.1FEZ (FEZ); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, response to auxin stimulus, root cap development, somatic stem cell division, positive regulation of asymmetric cell division; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: lateral root cap, columella root cap initial cell, root, leaf; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 leaf senescence stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: No apical meristem (NAM) protein (InterPro:IPR003441); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: anac094 (Arabidopsis NAC domain containing protein 94); transcription factor (TAIR:AT5G39820.1); Has 1608 Blast hits to 1604 proteins in 54 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 1608; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G27650AT1G27650.1U2 auxiliary factor small subunit. The atU2AF35a protein and its homolog, atU2AF35b, contain most of the conserved domains of hsU2AF35, including the psiRRM, one RS domain, two zinc fingers, and the two regions for interacting with U2AF large subunit. Both proteins lack the stretch of glycines present in human U2AF35. The sequences are overall 83% identical, and each Arabidopsis homolog shows approximately 70% similarity to hsU2AF35. U2AF(35) homologs were also identified from maize, rice and other plants with large-scale EST projects. Both genes are expressed in all major tissues, with atU2AF(35)a expressed at a higher level than atU2AF(35)b in most tissues. The expression patterns were different in roots: atU2AF(35)b expressed strongly in whole young roots and root tips and atU2AF(35)a limited to root vascular regions. 
AT1G27650.2U2 auxiliary factor small subunit. The atU2AF35a protein and its homolog, atU2AF35b, contain most of the conserved domains of hsU2AF35, including the psiRRM, one RS domain, two zinc fingers, and the two regions for interacting with U2AF large subunit. Both proteins lack the stretch of glycines present in human U2AF35. The sequences are overall 83% identical, and each Arabidopsis homolog shows approximately 70% similarity to hsU2AF35. U2AF(35) homologs were also identified from maize, rice and other plants with large-scale EST projects. Both genes are expressed in all major tissues, with atU2AF(35)a expressed at a higher level than atU2AF(35)b in most tissues. The expression patterns were different in roots: atU2AF(35)b expressed strongly in whole young roots and root tips and atU2AF(35)a limited to root vascular regions. 
AT1G28300AT1G28300.1Transcription factor that contains a B3 domain, a DNA-binding motif unique to plants and characteristic of several transcription factors. Plays critical roles both early and late during embryo development. LEC2 RNA accumulates primarily during seed development. LEC2 is required for the maintenance of suspensor morphology, specification of cotyledon identity, progression through the maturation phase, and suppression of premature germination. It establishes a cellular environment sufficient to initiate embryo development - ectopic, postembryonic expression of LEC2 in transgenic plants induces the formation of somatic embryos and other organ-like structures and often confers embryonic characteristics to seedlings and to reproductive and vegetative organs of mature plants. 
AT1G28560AT1G28560.1Encodes a protein similar to human SNAP50. Mutants display different temperature sensitivities in the dedifferentiation of cells from different organs. Mutation inhibits the dedifferentiation-associated accumulation of U-snRNAs and some other small RNA species encoded by independent-type genes carrying the USE and TATA box. Required for the elevation of cell proliferation competence in hypocotyl dedifferentiation. 
AT1G28560.2Encodes a protein similar to human SNAP50. Mutants display different temperature sensitivities in the dedifferentiation of cells from different organs. Mutation inhibits the dedifferentiation-associated accumulation of U-snRNAs and some other small RNA species encoded by independent-type genes carrying the USE and TATA box. Required for the elevation of cell proliferation competence in hypocotyl dedifferentiation. 
AT1G29410AT1G29410.1Encodes phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase which catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis. 
AT1G29410.2Encodes phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase which catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis. 
AT1G30210AT1G30210.1TCP family protein involved in heterochronic regulation of leaf differentiation. 
AT1G30210.2TCP family protein involved in heterochronic regulation of leaf differentiation. 
AT1G30330AT1G30330.1Encodes a member of the auxin response factor family. Mediates auxin response via expression of auxin regulated genes. Acts redundantly with ARF8 to control stamen elongation and flower maturation. Expression of ARF6 is controlled by miR167. 
AT1G30330.2Encodes a member of the auxin response factor family. Mediates auxin response via expression of auxin regulated genes. Acts redundantly with ARF8 to control stamen elongation and flower maturation. Expression of ARF6 is controlled by miR167. 
AT1G30490AT1G30490.1Dominant PHV mutations cause transformation of abaxial leaf fates into adaxial leaf fates. Has overlapping functions with PHABULOSA, REVOLUTA and CORONA/ATHB15 in patterning the apical portion of the embryo. Encodes a member of HD-Zip family which contains homeodomain-leucine zipper domains and domain similar to a mammalian sterol binding domain. 
AT1G30610AT1G30610.1embryo defective 2279 (emb2279); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: DG1 (DELAYED GREENING 1) (TAIR:AT5G67570.1); Has 7842 Blast hits to 3381 proteins in 140 species: Archae - 1; Bacteria - 6; Metazoa - 162; Fungi - 38; Plants - 7154; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 481 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G30825AT1G30825.1Involved in trichome maturation. mutant displays enlarged trichomes 
AT1G30950AT1G30950.1Required for the proper identity of the floral meristem. Involved in establishing the whorled pattern of floral organs, in the control of specification of the floral meristem, and in the activation of APETALA3 and PISTILLATA. UFO is found at the AP3 promoter in a LFY-dependent manner, suggesting that it works with LFY to regulate AP3 expression. UFO may also promote the ubiquitylation of LFY. 
AT1G31814AT1G31814.1family member of FRI-related genes that is required for the winter-annual habit. Genbank accession BK004885 
AT1G31930AT1G31930.1Encodes XLG3 (extra-large G protein 3) that shows significant similarity to the G protein alpha subunit in its C terminal region. Involved in the regulation of root morphological and growth responses. 
AT1G31930.2Encodes XLG3 (extra-large G protein 3) that shows significant similarity to the G protein alpha subunit in its C terminal region. Involved in the regulation of root morphological and growth responses. 
AT1G32240AT1G32240.1Encodes a member of the KANADI family of putative transcription factors. Together with KAN1, this gene appears to be involved in the development of the carpel and the outer integument of the ovule.Along with KAN1 and KAN4 appears to regulate the proper localization of PIN1 in early embryogenesis. 
AT1G32500AT1G32500.1Encodes a member of a heterogenous group of non-intrinsic ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins. Members of this group bear no close resemblance to each other nor to representatives of specific ABC protein subfamilies from other organisms. This grouping is arbitrary and will likely change upon acquisition of further data. 
AT1G32560AT1G32560.1late embryogenesis abundant group 1 domain-containing protein / LEA group 1 domain-containing protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, embryonic development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: stem; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) group 1 (InterPro:IPR005513); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: late embryogenesis abundant group 1 domain-containing protein / LEA group 1 domain-containing protein (TAIR:AT2G35300.1); Has 190 Blast hits to 190 proteins in 38 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 41; Fungi - 0; Plants - 145; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 4 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G33140AT1G33140.1Encodes ribosomal protein L9. Identified in a screen for enhancers of as1. as1/pgy double mutants show defects in leaf vascular patterning and adaxial cell fate. Double mutant analysis indicates pgy genes function in the same pathway as REV, KAN1 and KAN2. 
AT1G34210AT1G34210.1Plasma membrane LRR receptor-like serine threonine kinase expressed during embryogenesis in locules until stage 6 anthers, with higher expression in the tapetal cell layer. SERK1 and SERK2 receptor kinases function redundantly as an important control point for sporophytic development controlling male gametophyte production. 
AT1G43850AT1G43850.1Encodes a transcriptional co-regulator of AGAMOUS, that functions with LEUNIG to repress AG in the outer floral whorls. 
AT1G43850.2Encodes a transcriptional co-regulator of AGAMOUS, that functions with LEUNIG to repress AG in the outer floral whorls. 
AT1G45050AT1G45050.1member of ubiquitin-conjugating E2-proteins 
AT1G46480AT1G46480.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. This protein also contains an acidic domain approximately 10 residues upstream of the WUS box. 
AT1G47200AT1G47200.1WPP family members contains an NE targeting domain. This domain, called the WPP domain after a highly conserved Trp-Pro-Pro motif, is necessary for NE targeting of WPP1. RNAi suppression of WPP2 resulted in reduced mitotic activity. 
AT1G47260AT1G47260.1Encodes mitochondrial gamma carbonic anhydrase. Component of the NADH dehydrogenase complex. 
AT1G47485AT1G47485.1Encodes CEP1, a 15-amino-acid peptide, which is mainly expressed in the lateral root primordia. When overexpressed or externally applied, CEP1 arrests root growth. CEP1 is a candidate for a novel peptide plant hormone. 
AT1G48020AT1G48020.1Pectin methylesterase inhibitor AtPMEI1. Inactivates AtPPME1 in vitro. Localized to pollen tube cell tip. 
AT1G48270AT1G48270.1encodes a protein similar to G-coupled receptor with 7 transmembrane regions. Overexpression studies suggest this gene is involved in dormancy and flowering. Reduction of expression results in decreased sensitivity to cytokinin. 
AT1G48410AT1G48410.1Encodes an RNA Slicer that selectively recruits microRNAs and siRNAs. There is currently no evidence that AGO1 Slicer is in a high molecular weight RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). Mutants are defective in post-transcriptional gene silencing and have pleiotropic developmental and morphological defects. Through its action on the regulation of ARF17 expression, the protein regulates genes involved at the cross talk between auxin and light signaling during adventitious root development. AGO1 seems to be targeted for degradation by silencing suppressor F-box-containing proteins from Turnip yellow virus and Cucurbit aphid-borne yellow virus. 
AT1G48410.2Encodes an RNA Slicer that selectively recruits microRNAs and siRNAs. There is currently no evidence that AGO1 Slicer is in a high molecular weight RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). Mutants are defective in post-transcriptional gene silencing and have pleiotropic developmental and morphological defects. Through its action on the regulation of ARF17 expression, the protein regulates genes involved at the cross talk between auxin and light signaling during adventitious root development. AGO1 seems to be targeted for degradation by silencing suppressor F-box-containing proteins from Turnip yellow virus and Cucurbit aphid-borne yellow virus. 
AT1G48630AT1G48630.1Encodes a protein with similarity to mammalian RACKs. RACKs function to shuttle activated protein kinase C to different subcellular sites and may also function as a scaffold through physical interactions with other proteins. RACK1B has no phenotype on its own and probably acts redundantly with RACK1A and RACK1C. 
AT1G48920AT1G48920.1Encodes the predominant form of the two nucleolin proteins found in Arabidopsis. This protein is involved in rRNA processing, ribosome biosynthesis, and vascular pattern formation. PARL1 localizes to the nucleolus and parl1 mutants accumulate elevated levels of the unspliced 35S pre-rRNA. parl1 mutants also have defects in cotyledon, leaf, sepal, and petal vein patterning and have reduced stature, reduced fertility, increased bushiness, and reduced root length. The sugar-induced expression of ribosome proteins is also reduced in parl1 mutants. 
AT1G49040AT1G49040.1Encodes soluble protein containing N-terminal DENN domain and eight C-terminal WD-40 repeats. Involved in cytokinesis of guard mother cells and leaf epidermal cells. The overall growth and development of mutant plants is severely affected, they are smaller than wt, with defects in seedling development, leaf expansion and flower morphology which renders the mutant conditionally sterile. 
AT1G49040.2Encodes soluble protein containing N-terminal DENN domain and eight C-terminal WD-40 repeats. Involved in cytokinesis of guard mother cells and leaf epidermal cells. The overall growth and development of mutant plants is severely affected, they are smaller than wt, with defects in seedling development, leaf expansion and flower morphology which renders the mutant conditionally sterile. 
AT1G49240AT1G49240.1Member of a subclass of actins composed of ACT2 and ACT8. Its mRNA is strongly expressed in strongly expressed in leaves, roots, stems, flowers, pollen, and siliques. However, protein expression, assayed by a ACT8:GUS fusion reporter, is very low in pollen. 
AT1G49430AT1G49430.1Encodes a long chain acyl-CoA synthetase that catalyzes the synthesis of omega-hydroxy fatty acyl-CoA intermediates in the pathway to cutin synthesis. Required for repression of lateral root formation. 
AT1G49770AT1G49770.1Encodes a member of the basic helix loop helix family of transcription factors. Loss of RGE1 function causes shriveled seeds that contain small embryos. The cuticle in the embryos does not develop normally, possible due to the adeherence of the endosperm to the developing embryo. RGE1 is expressed in the endosperm surrounding region which directly surrounds the developing embryo, however it exerts its effect non autonomously- in the developing embryo. Mutant seedlings are extremely sensitive to dessication due to the abnormal cuticle. 
AT1G50030AT1G50030.1Related to TOR proteins from yeast and mammals, regulators of cell growth in response to nutrient availability. TOR proteins belong to the family of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and are targets of the antiproliferative drug rapamycin. AtTOR binds the yeast FKBP12 protein in the presence of Rapamycin, is involved in embryogenesis and is expressed in embryos, endosperm and meristems. 
AT1G50030.2Related to TOR proteins from yeast and mammals, regulators of cell growth in response to nutrient availability. TOR proteins belong to the family of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and are targets of the antiproliferative drug rapamycin. AtTOR binds the yeast FKBP12 protein in the presence of Rapamycin, is involved in embryogenesis and is expressed in embryos, endosperm and meristems. 
AT1G50250AT1G50250.1encodes an FTSH protease that is localized to the chloroplast. Involved in the D1 repair cycle of Photosystem II. FtsH1 and FtsH5 are interchangeable in thylakoid membranes. 
AT1G51190AT1G51190.1Encodes a member of the AINTEGUMENTA-like (AIL) subclass of the AP2/EREBP family of transcription factors and is essential for quiescent center (QC) specification and stem cell activity. It is a key effector for establishment of the stem cell niche during embryonic pattern formation. It is transcribed in response to auxin accumulation and is dependent on auxin response transcription factors. 
AT1G51660AT1G51660.1Encodes a mitogen-activated map kinase kinase (there are nine in Arabidopsis) involved in innate immunity. This protein activates MPK3/MPK6 and early-defense genes redundantly with MKK5. In plants with both MKK5 and MKK6 levels reduced by RNAi plants, floral organs do not abscise suggestion a role for both proteins in mediating floral organ abscission. 
AT1G52030AT1G52030.1Similar to myrosinase binding proteins which may be involved in metabolizing glucosinolates and forming defense compounds to protect against herbivory. Also similar to lectins and other agglutinating factors. Expressed only in flowers. 
AT1G52030.2Similar to myrosinase binding proteins which may be involved in metabolizing glucosinolates and forming defense compounds to protect against herbivory. Also similar to lectins and other agglutinating factors. Expressed only in flowers. 
AT1G52150AT1G52150.1Member of the class III HD-ZIP protein family. Contains homeodomain and leucine zipper domain. Critical for vascular development and negatively regulates vascular cell differentiation. 
AT1G52150.2Member of the class III HD-ZIP protein family. Contains homeodomain and leucine zipper domain. Critical for vascular development and negatively regulates vascular cell differentiation. 
AT1G52150.3Member of the class III HD-ZIP protein family. Contains homeodomain and leucine zipper domain. Critical for vascular development and negatively regulates vascular cell differentiation. 
AT1G52830AT1G52830.1An extragenic dominant suppressor of the hy2 mutant phenotype. Also exhibits aspects of constitutive photomorphogenetic phenotype in the absence of hy2. Mutants have dominant leaf curling phenotype shortened hypocotyls and reduced apical hook. Induced by indole-3-acetic acid. 
AT1G53230AT1G53230.1Encodes a member of a recently identified plant transcription factor family that includes Teosinte branched 1, Cycloidea 1, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) factors, PCF1 and 2. Regulated by miR319. Involved in heterchronic regulation of leaf differentiation. 
AT1G53330AT1G53330.1encodes a member of the pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) gene family. T-DNA insertion mutants had a complex phenotypic expression, ranging from embryo lethal to seedling lethal, to just subtle changes. 
AT1G53700AT1G53700.1The WAG1 and its homolog, WAG2 each encodes a protein-serine/threonine kinase that are nearly 70% identical to PsPK3 protein. All three together with CsPK3 belong to PsPK3-type kinases. At the N-terminus, all four possess a serine/threonine-rich domain. They are closely related to Arabidopsis kinases PINOID. wag1/wag2 double mutants exhibit a pronounced wavy root phenotype when grown vertically on agar plates (while wild-type plants develop wavy roots only on plates inclined to angles less than 90 degrees), indicating an overlapping role for WAG1 and WAG2 as suppressors of root waving. Simultaneous disruption of PID(AT2G34650) and its 3 closest homologs (PID2/AT2G26700, WAG1/AT1G53700, and WAG2/AT3G14370) abolishes the formation of cotyledons. 
AT1G55020AT1G55020.1lipoxygenase, a defense gene conferring resistance Xanthomonas campestris 
AT1G55180AT1G55180.1member of C2-PLD. subfamily Represents a phospholipase D (PLD) gene with four exons, hence it is a member of the alpha class. Its amino acid sequence is quite different from other PLDs, therefore it might possess unique structural and/or catalytic properties. 
AT1G55350AT1G55350.1Similar to maize DEK1, a gene encoding a membrane protein of the calpain gene superfamily required for aleurone cell development in the endosperm of maize grains. A key component of the embryonic L1 cell-layer specification pathway. 
AT1G55350.2Similar to maize DEK1, a gene encoding a membrane protein of the calpain gene superfamily required for aleurone cell development in the endosperm of maize grains. A key component of the embryonic L1 cell-layer specification pathway. 
AT1G55350.3Similar to maize DEK1, a gene encoding a membrane protein of the calpain gene superfamily required for aleurone cell development in the endosperm of maize grains. A key component of the embryonic L1 cell-layer specification pathway. 
AT1G55350.4Similar to maize DEK1, a gene encoding a membrane protein of the calpain gene superfamily required for aleurone cell development in the endosperm of maize grains. A key component of the embryonic L1 cell-layer specification pathway. 
AT1G55420AT1G55420.1embryo sac development arrest 11 (EDA11); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: DC1 (InterPro:IPR004146), Zinc finger, PHD-type (InterPro:IPR001965), C1-like (InterPro:IPR011424); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: DC1 domain-containing protein (TAIR:AT1G55380.1); Has 29039 Blast hits to 2516 proteins in 223 species: Archae - 49; Bacteria - 24586; Metazoa - 959; Fungi - 240; Plants - 1146; Viruses - 58; Other Eukaryotes - 2001 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G55580AT1G55580.1Encodes a member of the GRAS family of putative transcriptional regulators. It is involved in the initiation of axillary meristems during both the vegetative and reproductive growth phases and functions upstream of REV and AXR1 in the regulation of shoot branching. 
AT1G55600AT1G55600.1member of WRKY Transcription Factor; Group I. It has WRKY domain at its N terminal end and zinc-finger like motif. 
AT1G56010AT1G56010.1Encodes a transcription factor involved in shoot apical meristem formation and auxin-mediated lateral root formation. The gene is thought not to be involved in stress responses (NaCl, auxins, ethylene). NAC1 (NAC1) 
AT1G56010.2Encodes a transcription factor involved in shoot apical meristem formation and auxin-mediated lateral root formation. The gene is thought not to be involved in stress responses (NaCl, auxins, ethylene). NAC1 (NAC1) 
AT1G59640AT1G59640.1A basic helix-loop-helix encoding gene (BIGPETAL, BPE) involved in the control of petal size. BPE is expressed via two mRNAs derived from an alternative splicing event. The BPEub (AT1G59640.1)transcript is expressed ubiquitously, whereas the BPEp (AT1G59640.2) transcript is preferentially expressed in petals. Plants that lack the petal-expressed variant BPEp have larger petals as a result of increased cell size. BPEp is positively regulated downstream of APETALA3, PISTILLATA, APETALA1 and PISTILLATA3 and is negatively regulated downstream of AGAMOUS. 
AT1G59640.2A basic helix-loop-helix encoding gene (BIGPETAL, BPE) involved in the control of petal size. BPE is expressed via two mRNAs derived from an alternative splicing event. The BPEub (AT1G59640.1)transcript is expressed ubiquitously, whereas the BPEp (AT1G59640.2) transcript is preferentially expressed in petals. Plants that lack the petal-expressed variant BPEp have larger petals as a result of increased cell size. BPEp is positively regulated downstream of APETALA3, PISTILLATA, APETALA1 and PISTILLATA3 and is negatively regulated downstream of AGAMOUS. 
AT1G59820AT1G59820.1Encodes a phospholipid translocase. Involved in secretory vesicle formation from trans-Golgi in peripheral columella cells at the root tip. Mutants have short primary roots and grow slower. 
AT1G60490AT1G60490.1Encodes a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase that is expressed in most plant tissues. Defects in VPS34 affect a number of celluar processes. Loss of function mutations are not transmitted through the male gametophyte due to defects in microgametogenesis therefore it is difficult to assess the effects of loss of VPS34 function in the whole plant. 
AT1G60870AT1G60870.1maternal effect embryo arrest 9 (MEE9); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen development; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; Has 156 Blast hits to 80 proteins in 36 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 17; Metazoa - 12; Fungi - 19; Plants - 13; Viruses - 85; Other Eukaryotes - 10 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G62360AT1G62360.1Class I knotted-like homeodomain protein that is required for shoot apical meristem (SAM) formation during embryogenesis and for SAM function throughout the lifetime of the plant. Functions by preventing incorporation of cells in the meristem center into differentiating organ primordia. 
AT1G62750AT1G62750.1Nuclear encoded protein consists of the five domains conserved in EF-G proteins, with two GTP-binding sites in the first domain, and an additional transit peptide at the N-terminus. Localized in chloroplasts. Point mutation results in a delay in the onset of germination. At early developmental stage embryos still contain undifferentiated proplastids. The greening of cotyledons is severely impaired in light-grown mutant sco1 seedlings, whereas the following true leaves develop normally as in wild-type plants. 
AT1G62830AT1G62830.1Encodes a homolog of human Lysine-Specific Demethylase1. Involved in H3K4 methylation of target genes including the flowering time loci FLC and FWA. Located in nucleus. Negatively regulates root elongation. Involved in repression of LRP1 via histone deacetylation. 
AT1G62990AT1G62990.1Encodes a homeodomain transcription factor of the Knotted family. May be involved in secondary cell wall biosynthesis. Mutants have moderately irregular xylem development. Expression of this gene is upregulated by SND1 and MYB46. 
AT1G63180AT1G63180.1Encodes a protein with UDP-D-glucose 4-epimerase activity. Involved in pollen development. 
AT1G63650AT1G63650.1Mutant has reduced trichomes, anthocyanin, and seed coat mucilage and abnormally patterned stomates. Encodes a bHLH Transcription Factor 1. The protein is functionally redundant with GL3 and TT8 and interacts with TTG1, the myb proteins GL1, PAP1 and 2, CPC and TRY, and it will form heterodimers with GL3. Expression in N (non-hair cell forming) cell layers is negatively regulated by WER. Expression in H cells (hair cell forming) is promoted by CPC/TRY. 
AT1G63650.2Mutant has reduced trichomes, anthocyanin, and seed coat mucilage and abnormally patterned stomates. Encodes a bHLH Transcription Factor 1. The protein is functionally redundant with GL3 and TT8 and interacts with TTG1, the myb proteins GL1, PAP1 and 2, CPC and TRY, and it will form heterodimers with GL3. Expression in N (non-hair cell forming) cell layers is negatively regulated by WER. Expression in H cells (hair cell forming) is promoted by CPC/TRY. 
AT1G63700AT1G63700.1member of MEKK subfamily, a component of the stomatal development regulatory pathway. 
AT1G63990AT1G63990.1Encodes AtSPO11-2, one of the three Arabidopsis homologues of the archaeal DNA topoisomerase VIA subunit (topo VIA). Required for meiotic recombination. Plants homozygous for atspo11-2 exhibit a severe sterility phenotype. Both male and female meiosis are severely disrupted in the atspo11-2 mutant, and this is associated with severe defects in synapsis during the first meiotic division and reduced meiotic recombination. AtSPO11-1 and AtSPO11-2 have overlapping functions (i.e. both required for meiotic recombination) whereas AtSPO11-3 functions in DNA replication. Required for double-strand break induction. 
AT1G64440AT1G64440.1Encodes a protein with UDP-D-glucose 4-epimerase activity. Mutants in RHD1 have abnormally shaped root hairs with a bulbous region at the base. Allelic to REB1 encoding a UDP-D-glucose 4-epimerase involved in cell wall biosynthesis.Involved in growth and cell wall carbohydrate biosynthesis. 
AT1G64520AT1G64520.1Regulatory Particle non-ATPase 12a (RPN12a); FUNCTIONS IN: peptidase activity; INVOLVED IN: in 14 processes; LOCATED IN: proteasome complex, nucleus, proteasome regulatory particle, lid subcomplex, chloroplast envelope; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: 26S proteasome non-ATPase regulatory subunit Rpn12 (InterPro:IPR006746), SAC3/GANP/Nin1/mts3/eIF-3 p25 (InterPro:IPR005062); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: RPN12b (Regulatory Particle Non-ATPase 12b); peptidase (TAIR:AT5G42040.1); Has 353 Blast hits to 353 proteins in 144 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 167; Fungi - 84; Plants - 39; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 63 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G65330AT1G65330.1Type I MADS-box protein, regulated by MEA and FIE, expressed transiently after fertilization in embryo and endosperm. 
AT1G65360AT1G65360.1Encodes AGL23, a Type I MADS-box gene that controls female gametophyte development and the biogenesis of organelles during embryo development. 
AT1G65380AT1G65380.1Receptor-like protein containing leucine-rich repeats. Regulates both meristem and organ development in Arabidopsis. 
AT1G65470AT1G65470.1Chromatin Assembly Factor-1 (CAF-1) p150 subunit. Mutants have reduced heterochromatin content. In Arabidopsis, the three CAF-1 subunits are encoded by FAS1, FAS2 and, most likely, MSI1, respectively. Mutations in FAS1 or FAS2 lead to increased frequency of homologous recombination and T-DNA integration in Arabidopsis. 
AT1G65480AT1G65480.1FT, together with LFY, promotes flowering and is antagonistic with its homologous gene, TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1). FT is expressed in leaves and is induced by long day treatment. Either the FT mRNA or protein is translocated to the shoot apex where it induces its own expression. Recent data suggests that FT protein acts as a long-range signal. FT is a target of CO and acts upstream of SOC1. 
AT1G65620AT1G65620.1required for formation of a symmetric flat leaf lamina, encodes a member of a family of proteins characterized by cysteine repeats and a leucine zipper; involved in KNOX gene regulation. Acts together with ASL1 in proximal-distal symmetry determination. Forms a complex with AS1 that binds to the BP promoter and leads to silencing of BP. 
AT1G65620.2required for formation of a symmetric flat leaf lamina, encodes a member of a family of proteins characterized by cysteine repeats and a leucine zipper; involved in KNOX gene regulation. Acts together with ASL1 in proximal-distal symmetry determination. Forms a complex with AS1 that binds to the BP promoter and leads to silencing of BP. 
AT1G65620.3required for formation of a symmetric flat leaf lamina, encodes a member of a family of proteins characterized by cysteine repeats and a leucine zipper; involved in KNOX gene regulation. Acts together with ASL1 in proximal-distal symmetry determination. Forms a complex with AS1 that binds to the BP promoter and leads to silencing of BP. 
AT1G65620.4required for formation of a symmetric flat leaf lamina, encodes a member of a family of proteins characterized by cysteine repeats and a leucine zipper; involved in KNOX gene regulation. Acts together with ASL1 in proximal-distal symmetry determination. Forms a complex with AS1 that binds to the BP promoter and leads to silencing of BP. 
AT1G65650AT1G65650.1UCH2; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-specific protease activity, ubiquitin thiolesterase activity; INVOLVED IN: protein deubiquitination, shoot development, shoot morphogenesis, leaf development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus, intracellular, cytoplasm; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Peptidase C12, ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1 (InterPro:IPR001578), Ubiquitinyl hydrolase, UCH37 type (InterPro:IPR017390); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: UCH1; ubiquitin thiolesterase (TAIR:AT5G16310.1); Has 910 Blast hits to 903 proteins in 171 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 511; Fungi - 215; Plants - 72; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 112 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G66350AT1G66350.1Negative regulator of GA responses, member of GRAS family of transcription factors. Also belongs to the DELLA proteins that restrain the cell proliferation and expansion that drives plant growth. RGL1 may be involved in reducing ROS accumulation in response to stress by up-regulating the transcription of superoxide dismutases. Rapidly degraded in response to GA. Involved in flower and fruit development. 
AT1G66370AT1G66370.1Encodes a member of the MYB family of transcription factors. Involved in regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis. Affects the expression of enzymes involved in later steps of anthocyanin biosynthesis. 
AT1G66380AT1G66380.1Encodes a member of the MYB family of transcription factors. Involved in regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis. Affects the expression of enzymes involved in later steps of anthocyanin biosynthesis 
AT1G66610AT1G66610.1seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, protein ubiquitination, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: sperm cell; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative (TAIR:AT1G66620.1); Has 597 Blast hits to 523 proteins in 74 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 300; Fungi - 3; Plants - 277; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 17 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G66620AT1G66620.1seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, protein ubiquitination, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 19 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 11 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) family protein (TAIR:AT1G66630.1); Has 34526 Blast hits to 7282 proteins in 849 species: Archae - 6; Bacteria - 1338; Metazoa - 18701; Fungi - 3093; Plants - 1504; Viruses - 845; Other Eukaryotes - 9039 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G66630AT1G66630.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: nucleus; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative (TAIR:AT1G66620.1); Has 1314 Blast hits to 1308 proteins in 637 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1003; Fungi - 18; Plants - 237; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 56 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G66650AT1G66650.1seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, protein ubiquitination, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: intracellular, nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 8 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, F mature embryo stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage, D bilateral stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, C2H2-like (InterPro:IPR015880), Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) family protein (TAIR:AT5G37930.1); Has 1175 Blast hits to 1172 proteins in 622 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 902; Fungi - 2; Plants - 232; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 39 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G66660AT1G66660.1seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative (TAIR:AT1G66650.1); Has 20347 Blast hits to 8550 proteins in 946 species: Archae - 39; Bacteria - 412; Metazoa - 11708; Fungi - 1422; Plants - 838; Viruses - 569; Other Eukaryotes - 5359 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G66660.2seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative (TAIR:AT1G66650.1); Has 20347 Blast hits to 8550 proteins in 946 species: Archae - 39; Bacteria - 412; Metazoa - 11708; Fungi - 1422; Plants - 838; Viruses - 569; Other Eukaryotes - 5359 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G67260AT1G67260.1Encodes protein with TCP (TB1,CYC,PCF) domain which is likely to be involved in DNA binding and protein-protein interactions. Based on genome analysis, there is a 9-member gene family that possesses this domain in Arabidopsis. Orthologue of Antirrhinum gene CYCLOIDEA. 
AT1G67260.2Encodes protein with TCP (TB1,CYC,PCF) domain which is likely to be involved in DNA binding and protein-protein interactions. Based on genome analysis, there is a 9-member gene family that possesses this domain in Arabidopsis. Orthologue of Antirrhinum gene CYCLOIDEA. 
AT1G68800AT1G68800.1Encodes a TCP transcription factor, closely related to teosinte branched1, arrests axillary bud development and prevents axillary bud outgrowth. Transcription level and mutant phenotype are weaker than its homolog BRC1 (At3G18550). 
AT1G69120AT1G69120.1Floral homeotic gene encoding a MADS domain protein homologous to SRF transcription factors. Specifies floral meristem and sepal identity. Required for the transcriptional activation of AGAMOUS. Interacts with LEAFY.Binds to promoter and regulates the expression of flowering time genes SVP, SOC1 and AGL24. 
AT1G69180AT1G69180.1Putative transcription factor with zinc finger and helix-loop-helix domains, the later similar to HMG boxes. Involved in specifying abaxial cell fate in the carpel. Four putative LFY binding sites (CCANTG) and two potential binding sites for MADS box proteins known as CArG boxes (CC(A/T)6GG) were found in the region spanning 3.8 Kb upstream of the CRC coding region. 
AT1G69440AT1G69440.1Encodes ARGONAUTE7, a member of the ARGONAUTE family, characterised by the presence of PAZ and PIWI domains. Involved in the regulation of developmental timing. Required for the accumulation of TAS3 ta-siRNAs but not for accumulation of miR171, miR173, miR390 or mi391. Localized in mature rosette leaves and floral buds. 
AT1G69490AT1G69490.1Encodes a member of the NAC transcription factor gene family. It is expressed in floral primordia and upregulated by AP3 and PI. Its expression is associated with leaf senescence. 
AT1G69640AT1G69640.1Encodes one of the two redundant sphingoid base hydroxylases (SBH). Involved in sphingolipid trihydroxy long-chain base (4-hydroxysphinganine) biosynthesis. Double mutants of SBHs were dwarfed and not able to progress from vegetative to reproductive growth. 
AT1G69770AT1G69770.1Encodes a chromomethylase involved in methylating cytosine residues at non-CG sites. Involved in preferentially methylating transposon-related sequences, reducing their mobility. CMT3 interacts with an Arabidopsis homologue of HP1 (heterochromatin protein 1), which in turn interacts with methylated histones. Involved in gene silencing. 
AT1G69780AT1G69780.1Encodes a homeodomain leucine zipper class I (HD-Zip I) protein. 
AT1G69940AT1G69940.1Encodes a protein with pectin methylesterase activity. The protein expression was shown to be highly restricted to the pollen grain (no detection in any other tissues or in the pollen grains' surrounding cells of the anthers. 
AT1G70510AT1G70510.1A member of class I knotted1-like homeobox gene family (together with KNAT1). Similar to the knotted1 (kn1) homeobox gene of maize. KNAT2 acts synergistically with cytokinins and antagonistically with ethylene based on ectopic expression studies in different mutant backgrounds and hormone treatments. In addition, KNAT2 is negatively regulated by AS and YABBY genes. KNAT2 is strongly expressed in the shoot apex of seedlings, while in mature plants the gene is primarily expressed in flowers and inflorescence stems. 
AT1G70540AT1G70540.1embryo sac development arrest 24 (EDA24); FUNCTIONS IN: enzyme inhibitor activity, pectinesterase inhibitor activity, pectinesterase activity; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: male gametophyte, sepal, flower, pollen tube; EXPRESSED DURING: L mature pollen stage, M germinated pollen stage, 4 anthesis; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pectinesterase inhibitor (InterPro:IPR006501); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: invertase/pectin methylesterase inhibitor family protein (TAIR:AT1G23350.1); Has 40 Blast hits to 40 proteins in 8 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 40; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G70560AT1G70560.1TAA1 is involved in the shade-induced production of indole-3-pyruvate (IPA), a precursor to IAA, a biologically active auxin. It is also involved in regulating many aspects of plant growth and development from embryogenesis to flower formation and plays a role in ethylene-mediated signaling. This enzyme can catalyze the formation of IPA from L-tryptophan. Though L-Trp is expected to be the preferred substrate in vivo, TAA1 also acts as an aminotransferase using L-Phe, L-Tyr, L-Leu, L-Ala, L-Met, and L-Gln. 
AT1G70940AT1G70940.1A regulator of auxin efflux and involved in differential growth. PIN3 is expressed in gravity-sensing tissues, with PIN3 protein accumulating predominantly at the lateral cell surface. PIN3 localizes to the plasma membrane and to vesicles. In roots, PIN3 is expressed without pronounced polarity in tiers two and three of the columella cells, at the basal side of vascular cells, and to the lateral side of pericycle cells of the elongation zone. PIN3 overexpression inhibits root cell growth. Protein phosphorylation plays a role in PIN3 trafficking to the plasma membrane. 
AT1G71230AT1G71230.1Encodes a subunit of the COP9 complex, similar to JAB1, a specific mammalian coactivator of AP-1 transcription. Involved in protein deneddylation. Double mutants with CSN5A are constitutively photomorphogenic (de-etiolated) and have abnormal auxin responses. 
AT1G71270AT1G71270.1Encodes a homolog of the yeast Vps52p/SAC2. Involved in pollen tube germination and growth. Located in multiple endomembrane organelles including the golgi. The yeast protein has been shown to be located at the late Golgi and to function in a complex involved in retrograde trafficking of vesicles between the early endosomal compartment and the trans-Golgi network. 
AT1G71440AT1G71440.1Encodes tubulin-folding cofactor E. Mutant embryos consist of one or a few grossly enlarged cells, surrounded by an endosperm that fails to cellularize and contains a few big nuclei. 
AT1G71692AT1G71692.1Encodes a member of the MADS box family of transcription factors. Involved in root cell differentiation and flowering time. Loss of function mutations have abnormal cellular differentiation in the roots and are late flowering. AGL12 along with AGL14, and AGL17 is preferentially expressed in root tissues and represent the only characterized MADS box genes expressed in roots. 
AT1G71696AT1G71696.1Encodes a Putative Zn2+ carboxypeptidase, 4 splice variants have been identified but not characterized for different functions and/or expression patterns.SOL1 isolated as a suppressor of root- specific overexpression of CLE19, a clavata3 like gene. sol1 partially suppresses the short root phenotype caused by CLE19 overexpression. 
AT1G71696.2Encodes a Putative Zn2+ carboxypeptidase, 4 splice variants have been identified but not characterized for different functions and/or expression patterns.SOL1 isolated as a suppressor of root- specific overexpression of CLE19, a clavata3 like gene. sol1 partially suppresses the short root phenotype caused by CLE19 overexpression. 
AT1G71820AT1G71820.1SEC6; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: pollen germination, pollen tube growth; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane, exocyst; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Exocyst complex component Sec6 (InterPro:IPR010326); Has 404 Blast hits to 404 proteins in 118 species: Archae - 3; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 222; Fungi - 97; Plants - 34; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 44 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G71830AT1G71830.1Plasma membrane LRR receptor-like serine threonine kinase expressed during embryogenesis in locules until stage 6 anthers, with higher expression in the tapetal cell layer. SERK1 and SERK2 receptor kinases function redundantly as an important control point for sporophytic development controlling male gametophyte production. later 
AT1G71930AT1G71930.1Encodes a NAC-domain transcription factor with transcriptional activation activity that is involved in xylem formation. Induces transdifferentiation of various cells into protoxylem vessel elements. Located in the nucleus. Expression induced in the presence of auxin, cytokinin and brassinosteroids. 
AT1G72970AT1G72970.1Originally identified as a mutation that causes floral organs to fuse together. About 10-20% of mutants also have defects in ovules. Mutants have reduced fertility most likely as because of fusions that pistil emergence. The protein has similarity to the mandelonitrile lyase family of FAD containing oxidoreductases and is predicted to be secreted (SignalP).It is expressed in all tissue layers of roots, inflorescences, stems, leaves, and flowers and is also expressed in siliques. Expression is highest in inflorescence and flower tissue.Transmission of mutant alleles to the progeny shows non mendelian segregation- a percentage of mutant alleles revert back to a previous parental (e.g. grandparental) wild type allele. It has been suggested that an RNA template driven or other extra-DNA genomic mechanism may be responsible for the non-mendelian inheritance of HTH. Reversion events in alleles at other loci have also been observed to occur in plants with an hth mutant background indicating a genome wide effect. 
AT1G72970.2Originally identified as a mutation that causes floral organs to fuse together. About 10-20% of mutants also have defects in ovules. Mutants have reduced fertility most likely as because of fusions that pistil emergence. The protein has similarity to the mandelonitrile lyase family of FAD containing oxidoreductases and is predicted to be secreted (SignalP).It is expressed in all tissue layers of roots, inflorescences, stems, leaves, and flowers and is also expressed in siliques. Expression is highest in inflorescence and flower tissue.Transmission of mutant alleles to the progeny shows non mendelian segregation- a percentage of mutant alleles revert back to a previous parental (e.g. grandparental) wild type allele. It has been suggested that an RNA template driven or other extra-DNA genomic mechanism may be responsible for the non-mendelian inheritance of HTH. Reversion events in alleles at other loci have also been observed to occur in plants with an hth mutant background indicating a genome wide effect. 
AT1G73360AT1G73360.1Encodes a homeobox-leucine zipper family protein belonging to the HD-ZIP IV family. It is involved in trichome branching. 
AT1G73590AT1G73590.1Encodes an auxin efflux carrier involved in shoot and root development. It is involved in the maintenance of embryonic auxin gradients. Loss of function severely affects organ initiation, pin1 mutants are characterised by an inflorescence meristem that does not initiate any flowers, resulting in the formation of a naked inflorescence stem. PIN1 is involved in the determination of leaf shape by actively promoting development of leaf margin serrations. In roots, the protein mainly resides at the basal end of the vascular cells, but weak signals can be detected in the epidermis and the cortex. Expression levels and polarity of this auxin efflux carrier change during primordium development suggesting that cycles of auxin build-up and depletion accompany, and may direct, different stages of primordium development. PIN1 action on plant development does not strictly require function of PGP1 and PGP19 proteins. 
AT1G73690AT1G73690.1cyclin dependent kinase activator CDKD;1. Nuclear localization. Involved in cell cycle regulation and cell differentiation. 
AT1G74380AT1G74380.1XYLOGLUCAN XYLOSYLTRANSFERASE 5 (XXT5); FUNCTIONS IN: xyloglucan 6-xylosyltransferase activity, transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups, transferase activity; INVOLVED IN: N-terminal protein myristoylation, root hair elongation; LOCATED IN: Golgi apparatus, Golgi membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 26 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Galactosyl transferase (InterPro:IPR008630); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: galactosyl transferase GMA12/MNN10 family protein (TAIR:AT5G07720.1); Has 301 Blast hits to 301 proteins in 62 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 117; Plants - 172; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 12 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G74560AT1G74560.1Double nrp1-1 nrp2-1 mutants show arrest of cell cycle progression at G2/M and disordered cellular organization occurred in root tips. Localize in the nucleus and can form homomeric and heteromeric protein complexes with NRP2. Bind histones Histone2A and Histone2B and associate with chromatin in vivo. 
AT1G74560.2Double nrp1-1 nrp2-1 mutants show arrest of cell cycle progression at G2/M and disordered cellular organization occurred in root tips. Localize in the nucleus and can form homomeric and heteromeric protein complexes with NRP2. Bind histones Histone2A and Histone2B and associate with chromatin in vivo. 
AT1G74560.3Double nrp1-1 nrp2-1 mutants show arrest of cell cycle progression at G2/M and disordered cellular organization occurred in root tips. Localize in the nucleus and can form homomeric and heteromeric protein complexes with NRP2. Bind histones Histone2A and Histone2B and associate with chromatin in vivo. 
AT1G74660AT1G74660.1Constitutive overexpression of MIF1 caused dramatic developmental defects, seedlings were non-responsive to gibberellin (GA) for cell elongation, hypersensitive to the GA synthesis inhibitor paclobutrazol (PAC) and abscisic acid (ABA), and hyposensitive to auxin, brassinosteroid and cytokinin, but normally responsive to ethylene. 
AT1G75520AT1G75520.1A member of SHI gene family. Arabidopsis thaliana has ten members that encode proteins with a RING finger-like zinc finger motif. Despite being highly divergent in sequence, many of the SHI-related genes are partially redundant in function and synergistically promote gynoecium, stamen and leaf development in Arabidopsis. 
AT1G75820AT1G75820.1Putative receptor kinase with an extracellular leucine-rich domain. Controls shoot and floral meristem size, and contributes to establish and maintain floral meristem identity. Negatively regulated by KAPP (kinase-associated protein phosphatase). CLV3 peptide binds directly CLV1 ectodomain. 
AT1G75950AT1G75950.1SKP1 is core component of the SCF family of E3 ubiquitin ligases and serves to tether the rest of the complex to an F-box protein, which provides specificity in binding to ubiquitin ligase substrate proteins. Predominately expressed from leptotene to pachytene. Negatively regulates recombination. Interacts with P0, a silencing suppressor protein encoded by poleroviruses by means of a conserved minimal F-box motif. 
AT1G76420AT1G76420.1Identified in an enhancer trap line; member of the NAC family of proteins. Expressed at the boundary between the shoot meristem and lateral organs and the polar nuclei in the embryo sac. 
AT1G76500AT1G76500.1Encodes an AT hook domain containing protein. Identified in a screen of activation tagged lines that suppress the long-hypocotyl phenotype of a weak phyB allele. Affects cell elongation in the hypocotyl and leaves.Acts redundantly with ESC to modulate hypocotyl growth inhibition in response to light 
AT1G76850AT1G76850.1EXOCYST COMPLEX COMPONENT SEC5 (SEC5A); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: pollen germination, pollen tube growth; LOCATED IN: cytosol, plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: SEC5B (TAIR:AT1G21170.1); Has 394 Blast hits to 372 proteins in 114 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 2; Metazoa - 200; Fungi - 94; Plants - 52; Viruses - 4; Other Eukaryotes - 42 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G77300AT1G77300.1Encodes a protein with histone lysine N-methyltransferase activity required specifically for the trimethylation of H3-K4 in FLC chromatin (and not in H3-K36 dimethylation). Acts as an inhibitor of flowering specifically involved in the autonomous promotion pathway. EFS also regulates the expression of genes involved in carotenoid biosynthesis.Modification of histone methylation at the CRTISO locus reduces transcript levels 90%. The increased shoot branching seen in some EFS mutants is likely due to the carotenoid biosynthesis defect having an effect on stringolactones. 
AT1G77300.2Encodes a protein with histone lysine N-methyltransferase activity required specifically for the trimethylation of H3-K4 in FLC chromatin (and not in H3-K36 dimethylation). Acts as an inhibitor of flowering specifically involved in the autonomous promotion pathway. EFS also regulates the expression of genes involved in carotenoid biosynthesis.Modification of histone methylation at the CRTISO locus reduces transcript levels 90%. The increased shoot branching seen in some EFS mutants is likely due to the carotenoid biosynthesis defect having an effect on stringolactones. 
AT1G77690AT1G77690.1Encodes an auxin influx carrier LAX3 (Like Aux1) that promotes lateral root emergence. Auxin-induced expression of LAX3 in turn induces a selection of cell-wall-remodelling enzymes, which are likely to promote cell separation in advance of developing lateral root primordia. 
AT1G77850AT1G77850.1Posttranscriptionally regulated by miR160 and is essential for proper development.Regulates early auxin response genes. 
AT1G77980AT1G77980.1Encodes a member of the MIKC (MADS box, Keratin binding domain, and C terminal domain containing )family of transcriptional regulators. AGL66 is expressed in pollen.It forms heterodimers with other MICK family members (AGL104). Involved in late stages of pollen development and pollen tube growth. 
AT1G78580AT1G78580.1Encodes an enzyme putatively involved in trehalose biosynthesis. The protein has a trehalose synthase (TPS)-like domain but no trehalose phosphatase (TPP)-like domain. ATTPS1 is able to complement yeast tps1 mutants in vivo. The gene product modulates cell growth but not cell differentiation by determining cell wall deposition and cell division. 
AT1G78900AT1G78900.1Encodes catalytic subunit A of the vacuolar ATP synthase. Mutants are devoid of vacuolar ATPase activity as subunit A is encoded only by this gene and show strong defects in male gametophyte development and in Golgi stack morphology. 
AT1G78900.2Encodes catalytic subunit A of the vacuolar ATP synthase. Mutants are devoid of vacuolar ATPase activity as subunit A is encoded only by this gene and show strong defects in male gametophyte development and in Golgi stack morphology. 
AT1G79250AT1G79250.1AGC KINASE 1.7 (AGC1.7); FUNCTIONS IN: kinase activity; INVOLVED IN: pollen tube growth, unidimensional cell growth; EXPRESSED IN: leaf whorl, petal, male gametophyte, flower; EXPRESSED DURING: L mature pollen stage, M germinated pollen stage, 4 anthesis, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein kinase, core (InterPro:IPR000719), Serine/threonine protein kinase (InterPro:IPR002290), Serine/threonine protein kinase-related (InterPro:IPR017442), Protein kinase-like (InterPro:IPR011009), Serine/threonine protein kinase, active site (InterPro:IPR008271); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: kinase (TAIR:AT1G16440.1); Has 86717 Blast hits to 65351 proteins in 2342 species: Archae - 16; Bacteria - 7267; Metazoa - 39504; Fungi - 8788; Plants - 11570; Viruses - 377; Other Eukaryotes - 19195 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G79580AT1G79580.1NAC-domain protein. Involved in root cap development. Involved in a regulatory feedback loop with FEZ. FEZ activates SMB in hte root cap daughter cells soon after division, and SMB in turn represses FEZ expression in these cells, thereby preventing further stem cell divisions. 
AT1G79580.2NAC-domain protein. Involved in root cap development. Involved in a regulatory feedback loop with FEZ. FEZ activates SMB in hte root cap daughter cells soon after division, and SMB in turn represses FEZ expression in these cells, thereby preventing further stem cell divisions. 
AT1G79580.3NAC-domain protein. Involved in root cap development. Involved in a regulatory feedback loop with FEZ. FEZ activates SMB in hte root cap daughter cells soon after division, and SMB in turn represses FEZ expression in these cells, thereby preventing further stem cell divisions. 
AT1G79810AT1G79810.1Dominant suppressor of det1 phenotypes. Encodes a peroxisomal protein essential for Arabidopsis growth. Inserted directly from the cytosol into peroxisomes. 
AT1G79810.2Dominant suppressor of det1 phenotypes. Encodes a peroxisomal protein essential for Arabidopsis growth. Inserted directly from the cytosol into peroxisomes. 
AT1G79860AT1G79860.1Encodes a member of KPP-like gene family, homolog of KPP (kinase partner protein) gene in tomato. Also a member of the RopGEF (guanine nucleotide exchange factor) family, containing the novel PRONE domain (plant-specific Rop nucleotide exchanger), which is exclusively active towards members of the Rop subfamily. Coexpression of AtPRK2a with AtRopGEF12 resulted in isotropic pollen tube growth Growth. 
AT1G80350AT1G80350.1encodes a p60 katanin protein that is expressed throughout the plant. Required for the specification of cell fates from early in development (in the meristem) through differentiation and for normal postmitotic organization of cortical microtubules into transverse arrays in root epidermis cells. Mutants display cytoskeletal defects. 
AT1G80490AT1G80490.1TOPLESS-RELATED 1 (TPR1); INVOLVED IN: primary shoot apical meristem specification; LOCATED IN: cytosol; EXPRESSED IN: cultured cell; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: WD40 repeat-like (InterPro:IPR011046), WD40 repeat, region (InterPro:IPR017986), WD40/YVTN repeat-like (InterPro:IPR015943), WD40 repeat (InterPro:IPR001680), CTLH, C-terminal to LisH motif (InterPro:IPR006595), LisH dimerisation motif (InterPro:IPR006594); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TPL (TOPLESS); protein binding / protein homodimerization/ transcription repressor (TAIR:AT1G15750.4); Has 16566 Blast hits to 9728 proteins in 440 species: Archae - 36; Bacteria - 3282; Metazoa - 6558; Fungi - 3151; Plants - 1191; Viruses - 5; Other Eukaryotes - 2343 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G80490.2TOPLESS-RELATED 1 (TPR1); INVOLVED IN: primary shoot apical meristem specification; LOCATED IN: cytosol; EXPRESSED IN: cultured cell; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: WD40 repeat-like (InterPro:IPR011046), WD40 repeat, region (InterPro:IPR017986), WD40/YVTN repeat-like (InterPro:IPR015943), WD40 repeat (InterPro:IPR001680), CTLH, C-terminal to LisH motif (InterPro:IPR006595), LisH dimerisation motif (InterPro:IPR006594); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TPL (TOPLESS); protein binding / protein homodimerization/ transcription repressor (TAIR:AT1G15750.4); Has 16566 Blast hits to 9728 proteins in 440 species: Archae - 36; Bacteria - 3282; Metazoa - 6558; Fungi - 3151; Plants - 1191; Viruses - 5; Other Eukaryotes - 2343 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT1G80730AT1G80730.1Encodes a zinc finger protein and is expressed at high levels in the shoot apex, including the apical meristem, developing leaves and the developing vascular system. expression induced three days post germination. T-DNA insertion mutant has a dominant phenotype in leaf initiation. 
AT2G01200AT2G01200.1Belongs to auxin inducible gene family. 
AT2G01200.2Belongs to auxin inducible gene family. 
AT2G01420AT2G01420.1Encodes a putative auxin efflux carrier that is localized in developing and mature root meristems. It is involved in the maintenance of embryonic auxin gradients. A role for AtPIN4 in generating a sink for auxin below the quiescent center of the root meristem that is essential for auxin distribution and patterning is proposed. In the root, PIN4 is detected around the quiescent center and cells surrounding it, and localizes basally in provascular cells. PIN4 expression is upregulated in brassinosteroid-insensitive mutant (PMID 16141452). 
AT2G01420.2Encodes a putative auxin efflux carrier that is localized in developing and mature root meristems. It is involved in the maintenance of embryonic auxin gradients. A role for AtPIN4 in generating a sink for auxin below the quiescent center of the root meristem that is essential for auxin distribution and patterning is proposed. In the root, PIN4 is detected around the quiescent center and cells surrounding it, and localizes basally in provascular cells. PIN4 expression is upregulated in brassinosteroid-insensitive mutant (PMID 16141452). 
AT2G01500AT2G01500.1PFS2 encodes a homeodomain gene that is a member of the WUS clade of transcription factors. It delays differentiation and maturation of primordia and regulates ovule patterning. The pfs2 mutant exhibits developmental defects in the maternal integuments and gametophyte, specifically, the boundary between the chalaza and the nucellus shifted towards the distal end of pfs2 ovule primordia. In addition, leaves displayed curling and petals were wavy and crenulated. Overexpression of PFS2 affects floral organ and leaf development. Single- and double-mutant analyses reveal that PFS2 activity represses AGAMOUS expression in young floral primordia. Also involved in regulation of response to low temperature. 
AT2G01570AT2G01570.1Member of the VHIID/DELLA regulatory family. Contains homopolymeric serine and threonine residues, a putative nuclear localization signal, leucine heptad repeats, and an LXXLL motif. Putative transcriptional regulator repressing the gibberellin response and integration of phytohormone signalling. DELLAs repress cell proliferation and expansion that drives plant growth. The protein undergoes degradation in response to GA via the 26S proteasome. RGA1 binds to PIF3 and inhibits its DNA binding activity and thus affects the expression of PIF3 regulated genes. RGA may be involved in reducing ROS accumulation in response to stress by up-regulating the transcription of superoxide dismutases. Represses GA-induced vegetative growth and floral initiation. Rapidly degraded in response to GA. Involved in fruit and flower development. 
AT2G01620AT2G01620.1maternal effect embryo arrest 11 (MEE11); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: F-box family protein (TAIR:AT3G26000.1); Has 182 Blast hits to 178 proteins in 44 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 130; Fungi - 0; Plants - 42; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 10 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G01730AT2G01730.1a homolog of cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor that plays an essential role in the development of female gametophyte and embryo 
AT2G01820AT2G01820.1leucine-rich repeat protein kinase, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding, protein serine/threonine kinase activity, protein kinase activity, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: pollen development; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane, plant-type cell wall; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein kinase, ATP binding site (InterPro:IPR017441), Protein kinase, core (InterPro:IPR000719), Leucine-rich repeat, typical subtype (InterPro:IPR003591), Leucine-rich repeat, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR013210), Leucine-rich repeat (InterPro:IPR001611), Serine/threonine protein kinase-related (InterPro:IPR017442), Protein kinase-like (InterPro:IPR011009), Serine/threonine protein kinase, active site (InterPro:IPR008271); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TMK1 (TRANSMEMBRANE KINASE 1); transmembrane receptor protein serine/threonine kinase (TAIR:AT1G66150.1); Has 125468 Blast hits to 101823 proteins in 3539 species: Archae - 87; Bacteria - 10884; Metazoa - 49920; Fungi - 7788; Plants - 38228; Viruses - 404; Other Eukaryotes - 18157 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G01830AT2G01830.1Histidine kinase: cytokinin-binding receptor that transduces cytokinin signals across the plasma membrane 
AT2G01830.2Histidine kinase: cytokinin-binding receptor that transduces cytokinin signals across the plasma membrane 
AT2G01830.3Histidine kinase: cytokinin-binding receptor that transduces cytokinin signals across the plasma membrane 
AT2G01850AT2G01850.1EXGT-A3 has homology to xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases (XTHs). Mutants in this gene show a lesion mimic phenotype associated with leaf maturation and a reduction in the number of tertiary veins. Individual tracheary elements in the mutants are shorter, but phloem transport activity is not severely affected. EXGT-A3 plays a role in xyloglucan degradation in the differentiating tracheary elements of rosette leaves. 
AT2G01950AT2G01950.1Encodes a leucine rich repeat receptor kinase and associated with provascular/procambial cells. Similar to BRI, brassinosteroid receptor protein. 
AT2G02240AT2G02240.1maternal effect embryo arrest 66 (MEE66); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cyclin-like F-box (InterPro:IPR001810); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: AtPP2-B2 (Phloem protein 2-B2); carbohydrate binding (TAIR:AT2G02250.1); Has 336 Blast hits to 322 proteins in 32 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 336; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G02480AT2G02480.1STICHEL mutant shows trichomes with fewer than normal branches. 
AT2G02560AT2G02560.1Arabidopsis thaliana homolog of human CAND1 (cullin-associated and neddylation-dissociated). Putative similarity to TBP-interacting protein TIP120. Ubiquitously expressed in plant tissues throughout development. T-DNA insertion mutant plants were completely sterile and resistant to sirtinol and auxin, but not to gibberellins or brassinolide. Displayed developmental phenotypes similar to those of axr1, namely, short petioles, downwardly curling leaves, shorter inflorescence. Required for SCF function and appears to modulate SCF complex cycling. Physically interacts with CUL1. 
AT2G02560.2Arabidopsis thaliana homolog of human CAND1 (cullin-associated and neddylation-dissociated). Putative similarity to TBP-interacting protein TIP120. Ubiquitously expressed in plant tissues throughout development. T-DNA insertion mutant plants were completely sterile and resistant to sirtinol and auxin, but not to gibberellins or brassinolide. Displayed developmental phenotypes similar to those of axr1, namely, short petioles, downwardly curling leaves, shorter inflorescence. Required for SCF function and appears to modulate SCF complex cycling. Physically interacts with CUL1. 
AT2G02760AT2G02760.1ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UBC2. Homolog of the yeast RAD6 gene. 
AT2G02820AT2G02820.1Encodes a putative transcription factor (MYB88), involved in stomata development, double loss of MYB88 and FLP (MYB124) activity results in a failure of guard mother cells (GMCs) to adopt the guard cell fate, thus they continue to divide resulting in abnormal stomata consisting of clusters of numerous guard cell-like cells. This phenotype is enhanced in double mutants over the single mutant flp phenotype. 
AT2G02820.2Encodes a putative transcription factor (MYB88), involved in stomata development, double loss of MYB88 and FLP (MYB124) activity results in a failure of guard mother cells (GMCs) to adopt the guard cell fate, thus they continue to divide resulting in abnormal stomata consisting of clusters of numerous guard cell-like cells. This phenotype is enhanced in double mutants over the single mutant flp phenotype. 
AT2G02850AT2G02850.1Encodes plantacyanin one of blue copper proteins. Involved in anther development and pollination. Expressed in the transmitting tract of the pistil. 
AT2G03060AT2G03060.1Encodes a member of the MIKC (MADS box, Keratin binding domain, and C terminal domain containing )family of transcriptional regulators. AGL30 is expressed in pollen.It forms heterodimers with other MICK family members. 
AT2G03060.2Encodes a member of the MIKC (MADS box, Keratin binding domain, and C terminal domain containing )family of transcriptional regulators. AGL30 is expressed in pollen.It forms heterodimers with other MICK family members. 
AT2G03120AT2G03120.1homologous to Signal Peptide Peptidases (SPP), required for pollen development and pollen germination. No homozygotes could be recovered from a T-DNA insertion mutant. 
AT2G03710AT2G03710.1This gene belongs to the family of SEP genes. It is involved in the development of sepals, petals, stamens and carpels. Additionally, it plays a central role in the determination of flower meristem and organ identity. 
AT2G03710.2This gene belongs to the family of SEP genes. It is involved in the development of sepals, petals, stamens and carpels. Additionally, it plays a central role in the determination of flower meristem and organ identity. 
AT2G03710.3This gene belongs to the family of SEP genes. It is involved in the development of sepals, petals, stamens and carpels. Additionally, it plays a central role in the determination of flower meristem and organ identity. 
AT2G03720AT2G03720.1Involved in root hair development 
AT2G04030AT2G04030.1Encodes a chloroplast-targeted 90-kDa heat shock protein located in the stroma involved in red-light mediated deetiolation response. Mutants are resistant to chlorate, have elongated hypocotyls in light, and affect the expression of NR2, CAB, and RBCS but NOT NR1 and NiR. 
AT2G04030.2Encodes a chloroplast-targeted 90-kDa heat shock protein located in the stroma involved in red-light mediated deetiolation response. Mutants are resistant to chlorate, have elongated hypocotyls in light, and affect the expression of NR2, CAB, and RBCS but NOT NR1 and NiR. 
AT2G04160AT2G04160.1isolated from differential screening of a cDNA library from auxin-treated root culture. encodes a protein similar to subtilisin-like serine protease which is believed to be active outside the plant cell. 
AT2G04842AT2G04842.1Encodes a dual localized threonyl-tRNA synthetase found both in the mitochondrion and the chloroplast. Plants mutated in this gene terminate as embryos in the globular stage. 
AT2G06200AT2G06200.1Growth regulating factor encoding transcription activator. One of the nine members of a GRF gene family, containing nuclear targeting domain. Involved in leaf development and expressed in root, shoot and flower 
AT2G06510AT2G06510.1Encodes a homolog of Replication Protein A that is involved in meiosis I in pollen mother cells. rpa1a mutants have a reduced number of class I crossovers. The protein is located in chromatin-associated foci in early leptotene and can be detected in these foci until late pachytene of meiosis I. 
AT2G06510.2Encodes a homolog of Replication Protein A that is involved in meiosis I in pollen mother cells. rpa1a mutants have a reduced number of class I crossovers. The protein is located in chromatin-associated foci in early leptotene and can be detected in these foci until late pachytene of meiosis I. 
AT2G06990AT2G06990.1encodes a putative DExH-box RNA helicase that acts redundantly with HEN1, HUA1, and HUA2 in the specification of floral organ identity in the third whorl. 
AT2G07040AT2G07040.1Pollen receptor kinase. Coexpression of AtPRK2a with AtRopGEF12 resulted in isotropic pollen tube growth. 
AT2G07050AT2G07050.1Involved in the biosynthesis of brassinosteroids. Catalyzes the reaction from epoxysqualene to cycloartenol. 
AT2G13540AT2G13540.1Encodes a nuclear cap-binding protein that forms a heterodimeric complex with CBP20 and is involved in ABA signaling and flowering. Mutants are early flowering and exhibit hypersensitive response to ABA in germination inhibition.Loss of ABH1 function results in abnormal processing of mRNAs for several important floral regulators (FLC, CO, FLM). Analysis of loss of function mutations suggests a role in pri-miRNA processing and mRNA splicing. Note that two different mutant alleles were given the same name abh1-7 (Kuhn et al 2007; Kim et al 2008). To avoid confusion, abh1-7 described in Kim et al (2008) has been renamed abh1-107 (other names: ensalada-1, ens-1). 
AT2G13680AT2G13680.1Responsible for the synthesis of callose deposited at the primary cell wall of meiocytes, tetrads and microspores. Required for exine formation during microgametogenesis and for pollen viability. Highest expression in meiocytes, tetrads, microspores and mature pollen. 
AT2G14120AT2G14120.1Encodes a dynamin related protein. DRPs are self-assembling GTPasse involved in fission and fusion of membranes. DRP3B functions in mitochondrion and peroxisome fission in combination with DRP3A. 
AT2G14120.2Encodes a dynamin related protein. DRPs are self-assembling GTPasse involved in fission and fusion of membranes. DRP3B functions in mitochondrion and peroxisome fission in combination with DRP3A. 
AT2G14120.3Encodes a dynamin related protein. DRPs are self-assembling GTPasse involved in fission and fusion of membranes. DRP3B functions in mitochondrion and peroxisome fission in combination with DRP3A. 
AT2G14210AT2G14210.1MADS box gene, transcription factor 
AT2G14680AT2G14680.1maternal effect embryo arrest 13 (MEE13); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages. 
AT2G14680.2maternal effect embryo arrest 13 (MEE13); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages. 
AT2G15790AT2G15790.1SQN encodes the Arabidopsis homolog of cyclophilin 40 (CyP40). It is specifically required for the vegetative but not the reproductive maturation of the shoot. 
AT2G15890AT2G15890.1maternal effect embryo arrest 14 (MEE14); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; Has 30 Blast hits to 30 proteins in 10 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 28; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G15890.2maternal effect embryo arrest 14 (MEE14); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; Has 30 Blast hits to 30 proteins in 10 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 28; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G16910AT2G16910.1Sporophytic male sterile; MYC Transcription Factor 
AT2G16970AT2G16970.1maternal effect embryo arrest 15 (MEE15); FUNCTIONS IN: tetracycline transporter activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: integral to membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Tetracycline resistance protein, TetA (InterPro:IPR001958), Major facilitator superfamily MFS-1 (InterPro:IPR011701), Major facilitator superfamily, general substrate transporter (InterPro:IPR016196); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: tetracycline transporter (TAIR:AT2G16980.2); Has 1350 Blast hits to 1349 proteins in 580 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 833; Metazoa - 197; Fungi - 0; Plants - 46; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 274 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G17950AT2G17950.1Homeobox gene controlling the stem cell pool. Expressed in the stem cell organizing center of meristems. Required to keep the stem cells in an undifferentiated state. Regulation of WUS transcription is a central checkpoint in stem cell control. The size of the WUS expression domain controls the size of the stem cell population through WUS indirectly activating the expression of CLAVATA3 (CLV3) in the stem cells and CLV3 repressing WUS transcription through the CLV1 receptor kinase signaling pathway. Repression of WUS transcription through AGAMOUS (AG) activity controls stem cell activity in the determinate floral meristem. Binds to TAAT element core motif. 
AT2G18080AT2G18080.1embryo sac development arrest 2 (EDA2); FUNCTIONS IN: serine-type peptidase activity; INVOLVED IN: proteolysis, megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: male gametophyte, flower, pollen tube; EXPRESSED DURING: L mature pollen stage, M germinated pollen stage, 4 anthesis; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Peptidase S28 (InterPro:IPR008758); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: serine carboxypeptidase S28 family protein (TAIR:AT4G36195.1); Has 893 Blast hits to 862 proteins in 112 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 6; Metazoa - 511; Fungi - 137; Plants - 100; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 139 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G18390AT2G18390.1Encodes a member of ARF-like GTPase family. A thaliana has 21 members, in two subfamilies, ARF and ARF-like (ARL) GTPases. Mutant has abnormal mitosis and cell cycle control during seed development. 
AT2G18650AT2G18650.1maternal effect embryo arrest 16 (MEE16); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, RING/FYVE/PHD-type (InterPro:IPR013083); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: zinc finger (C3HC4-type RING finger) family protein (TAIR:AT4G30400.1); Has 6137 Blast hits to 6120 proteins in 224 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1876; Fungi - 515; Plants - 2656; Viruses - 44; Other Eukaryotes - 1046 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G18800AT2G18800.1XYLOGLUCAN ENDOTRANSGLUCOSYLASE/HYDROLASE 21 (XTH21); FUNCTIONS IN: hydrolase activity, acting on glycosyl bonds, xyloglucan endotransglucosylase activity; INVOLVED IN: primary root development, cell wall modification; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system, apoplast, cell wall; EXPRESSED IN: stem, flower, root, leaf; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase (InterPro:IPR016455), Xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR010713), Concanavalin A-like lectin/glucanase, subgroup (InterPro:IPR013320), Concanavalin A-like lectin/glucanase (InterPro:IPR008985), Glycoside hydrolase, family 16 (InterPro:IPR000757), Glycoside hydrolase, family 16, active site (InterPro:IPR008263); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TCH4 (Touch 4); hydrolase, acting on glycosyl bonds / xyloglucan:xyloglucosyl transferase (TAIR:AT5G57560.1); Has 1424 Blast hits to 1415 proteins in 222 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 205; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 298; Plants - 809; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 112 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G19070AT2G19070.1encodes a protein whose sequence is similar to anthranilate N-hydroxycinnamoyl/benzoyltransferase from Dianthus caryophyllus (gi:2239091) 
AT2G19450AT2G19450.1Encodes Acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the final step of the triacylglycerol synthesis pathway. An insertion mutation in the TAG1 gene results in altered lipid phenotype. Role in senescence and seed development. 
AT2G19520AT2G19520.1Controls flowering. 
AT2G19560AT2G19560.1encodes a protein with a PAM domain involved in ethylene signaling. eer5 mutants show ethylene hypersensitivity in relation to hypocotyl elongation. EER5 interacts with EIN2 and with COP9 in Y2H assays. EIN3 protein levels are the same in WT and eer5-1 mutants. EER5 may be involved in promoting a dampening of the ethylene response. 
AT2G20000AT2G20000.1Required for cell division and cell differentiation in meristems. Encodes a homolog of the CDC27 subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC). Unlike other CDC27 homologs in Arabidopsis, its transcription is cell cycle regulated. Strong hbt mutants give rise to seedlings that lack an anatomically recognizable quiescent center and differentiated columella root cap cells, the cell types derived from the wild-type hypophysis. Furthermore, they have no mitotically active root meristem and lack a differentiated lateral root cap. 
AT2G20300AT2G20300.1Encodes ABNORMAL LEAF SHAPE 2 (ALE2), a receptor-like protein kinase (RLK) with a cluster of basic amino acid residues followed by a cysteine-containing sequence in the putative extracellular domain. Function together with ACR4 (Arabidopsis homolog of the Crinkly4) and ALE1 in positively regulating protoderm-specific gene expression and for the formation of leafy organs. ale2 mutants have various epidermal defects, including disorganization of epidermis-related tissues, defects in the leaf cuticle and the fusion of organs. 
AT2G20430AT2G20430.1encodes a member of a novel protein family that contains contain a CRIB (for Cdc42/Rac-interactive binding) motif required for their specific interaction with GTP-bound Rop1 (plant-specific Rho GTPase). Most similar to RIC7 and RIC8 (subfamily group II). Gene is expressed predominantly in inflorescence and flower tissue. 
AT2G20490AT2G20490.1NOP10; FUNCTIONS IN: RNA binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: nucleolus, Cajal body; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Nucleolar RNA-binding protein Nop10p (InterPro:IPR007264); Has 254 Blast hits to 254 proteins in 128 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 100; Fungi - 74; Plants - 27; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 53 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G20490.2NOP10; FUNCTIONS IN: RNA binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: nucleolus, Cajal body; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Nucleolar RNA-binding protein Nop10p (InterPro:IPR007264); Has 254 Blast hits to 254 proteins in 128 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 100; Fungi - 74; Plants - 27; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 53 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G20610AT2G20610.1Confers auxin overproduction. Mutants have an over-proliferation of lateral roots. Encodes a C-S lyase involved in converting S-alkylthiohydroximate to thiohydroximate in glucosinolate biosynthesis. 
AT2G20610.2Confers auxin overproduction. Mutants have an over-proliferation of lateral roots. Encodes a C-S lyase involved in converting S-alkylthiohydroximate to thiohydroximate in glucosinolate biosynthesis. 
AT2G20825AT2G20825.1ULTRAPETALA 2 (ULT2); FUNCTIONS IN: DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: biological_process unknown; LOCATED IN: cytosol, nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 9 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 7 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: SAND (InterPro:IPR000770); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: ULT1 (ULTRAPETALA1); DNA binding (TAIR:AT4G28190.1); Has 21 Blast hits to 21 proteins in 5 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 21; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G20875AT2G20875.1EPIDERMAL PATTERNING FACTOR 1 (EPF1); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: stomatal complex patterning; EXPRESSED IN: 7 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: LP.04 four leaves visible, LP.02 two leaves visible, LP.12 twelve leaves visible; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT1G34245.1); Has 25 Blast hits to 25 proteins in 5 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 25; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G21470AT2G21470.1Encodes one of the two subunits of the SUMO activation enzyme required during sumolation. Sumolation is a post-translational protein modification process similar to ubiquitination during which a polypeptide (SUMO) is covalently attached to a target protein. 
AT2G21470.2Encodes one of the two subunits of the SUMO activation enzyme required during sumolation. Sumolation is a post-translational protein modification process similar to ubiquitination during which a polypeptide (SUMO) is covalently attached to a target protein. 
AT2G21540AT2G21540.1SEC14-LIKE 3 (SFH3); FUNCTIONS IN: phosphatidylinositol transporter activity; INVOLVED IN: flower development, transport; LOCATED IN: intracellular; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 17 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cellular retinaldehyde-binding/triple function, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR001251), Cellular retinaldehyde-binding/triple function, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR008273), Cellular retinaldehyde binding/alpha-tocopherol transport (InterPro:IPR001071), Phosphatidylinositol transfer protein-like, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR011074); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: SEC14; phosphatidylinositol transporter (TAIR:AT4G39180.1); Has 2080 Blast hits to 2076 proteins in 181 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 815; Fungi - 459; Plants - 466; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 340 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G21540.2SEC14-LIKE 3 (SFH3); FUNCTIONS IN: phosphatidylinositol transporter activity; INVOLVED IN: flower development, transport; LOCATED IN: intracellular; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 17 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cellular retinaldehyde-binding/triple function, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR001251), Cellular retinaldehyde-binding/triple function, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR008273), Cellular retinaldehyde binding/alpha-tocopherol transport (InterPro:IPR001071), Phosphatidylinositol transfer protein-like, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR011074); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: SEC14; phosphatidylinositol transporter (TAIR:AT4G39180.1); Has 2080 Blast hits to 2076 proteins in 181 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 815; Fungi - 459; Plants - 466; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 340 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G21650AT2G21650.1MATERNAL EFFECT EMBRYO ARREST 3 (MEE3); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 12 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: SANT, DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR001005), Molecular chaperone, heat shock protein, Hsp40, DnaJ (InterPro:IPR015609), Homeodomain-like (InterPro:IPR009057), MYB-like (InterPro:IPR017877); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: ATRL1 (ARABIDOPSIS RAD-LIKE 1); DNA binding / transcription factor (TAIR:AT4G39250.1); Has 351 Blast hits to 351 proteins in 41 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 82; Fungi - 0; Plants - 268; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G21660AT2G21660.1Encodes a small glycine-rich RNA binding protein that is part of a negative-feedback loop through which AtGRP7 regulates the circadian oscillations of its own transcript. Gene expression is induced by cold. GRP7 appears to promote stomatal opening and reduce tolerance under salt and dehydration stress conditions, but, promotes stomatal closing and thereby increases stress tolerance under conditions of cold tolerance. Loss of function mutations have increased susceptibility to pathogens suggesting a role in mediating innate immune response. Mutants are also late flowering in a non-photoperiodic manner and are responsive to vernalization suggesting an interaction with the autonomous flowering pathway. There is a reduction of mRNA export from the nucleus in grp7 mutants. GRP7:GFP fusion proteins can be found in the cytosol and nucleus. A substrate of the type III effector HopU1 (mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase). 
AT2G21660.2Encodes a small glycine-rich RNA binding protein that is part of a negative-feedback loop through which AtGRP7 regulates the circadian oscillations of its own transcript. Gene expression is induced by cold. GRP7 appears to promote stomatal opening and reduce tolerance under salt and dehydration stress conditions, but, promotes stomatal closing and thereby increases stress tolerance under conditions of cold tolerance. Loss of function mutations have increased susceptibility to pathogens suggesting a role in mediating innate immune response. Mutants are also late flowering in a non-photoperiodic manner and are responsive to vernalization suggesting an interaction with the autonomous flowering pathway. There is a reduction of mRNA export from the nucleus in grp7 mutants. GRP7:GFP fusion proteins can be found in the cytosol and nucleus. A substrate of the type III effector HopU1 (mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase). 
AT2G22250AT2G22250.1ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE (AAT); FUNCTIONS IN: L-aspartate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase activity, transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups, pyridoxal phosphate binding, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminotransferase, class I and II (InterPro:IPR004839), Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase, major region (InterPro:IPR015424), Aminotransferases, class-I, pyridoxal-phosphate-binding site (InterPro:IPR004838), Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase, major region, subdomain 1 (InterPro:IPR015421); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: aminotransferase class I and II family protein (TAIR:AT1G77670.1); Has 32033 Blast hits to 32031 proteins in 1793 species: Archae - 684; Bacteria - 17916; Metazoa - 676; Fungi - 572; Plants - 943; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 11242 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G22250.2ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE (AAT); FUNCTIONS IN: L-aspartate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase activity, transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups, pyridoxal phosphate binding, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminotransferase, class I and II (InterPro:IPR004839), Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase, major region (InterPro:IPR015424), Aminotransferases, class-I, pyridoxal-phosphate-binding site (InterPro:IPR004838), Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase, major region, subdomain 1 (InterPro:IPR015421); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: aminotransferase class I and II family protein (TAIR:AT1G77670.1); Has 32033 Blast hits to 32031 proteins in 1793 species: Archae - 684; Bacteria - 17916; Metazoa - 676; Fungi - 572; Plants - 943; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 11242 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G22250.3ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE (AAT); FUNCTIONS IN: L-aspartate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase activity, transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups, pyridoxal phosphate binding, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminotransferase, class I and II (InterPro:IPR004839), Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase, major region (InterPro:IPR015424), Aminotransferases, class-I, pyridoxal-phosphate-binding site (InterPro:IPR004838), Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase, major region, subdomain 1 (InterPro:IPR015421); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: aminotransferase class I and II family protein (TAIR:AT1G77670.1); Has 32033 Blast hits to 32031 proteins in 1793 species: Archae - 684; Bacteria - 17916; Metazoa - 676; Fungi - 572; Plants - 943; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 11242 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G22475AT2G22475.1Encodes GL2-expression modulator (GEM). Involved in the spatial control of cell division, patterning and differentiation of Arabidopsis root epidermal cells. GEM interacts with CDT1, a DNA replication protein and TTG1 (TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA1), a WD40-repeat protein involved in GL2-dependent cell fate decision. GEM seems to participate in the maintenance of a repressor histone H3 epigenetics status of the GL2 and CPC (CAPRICE) promoters. 
AT2G22475.2Encodes GL2-expression modulator (GEM). Involved in the spatial control of cell division, patterning and differentiation of Arabidopsis root epidermal cells. GEM interacts with CDT1, a DNA replication protein and TTG1 (TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA1), a WD40-repeat protein involved in GL2-dependent cell fate decision. GEM seems to participate in the maintenance of a repressor histone H3 epigenetics status of the GL2 and CPC (CAPRICE) promoters. 
AT2G22540AT2G22540.1Encodes a nuclear protein that acts as a floral repressor and that functions within the thermosensory pathway. SVP represses FT expression via direct binding to the vCArG III motif in the FT promoter. 
AT2G22540.2Encodes a nuclear protein that acts as a floral repressor and that functions within the thermosensory pathway. SVP represses FT expression via direct binding to the vCArG III motif in the FT promoter. 
AT2G22640AT2G22640.1Component of the WAVE protein complex which act as activators of ARP2/3 complex involved in actin nucleation. Required for trichome morphogenesis. Required for accumulation of SCAR1 protein in vivo. Selectively stabilizes SCAR2. 
AT2G22810AT2G22810.1key regulatory enzyme in the biosynthesis of the plant hormone ethylene. ACS4 is specifically induced by indoleacetic acid (IAA). 
AT2G22840AT2G22840.1Growth regulating factor encoding transcription activator. One of the nine members of a GRF gene family, containing nuclear targeting domain. Mutants result in smaller leaves indicating the role of the gene in leaf development. Expressed in root, shoot and flower 
AT2G22860AT2G22860.1Phytosulfokine 2 precursor, coding for a unique plant peptide growth factor. 
AT2G23380AT2G23380.1Similar to the product of the Polycomb-group gene Enhancer of zeste. Required for stable repression of AG and AP3. Putative role in cell fate determination. Involved in the control of leaf morphogenesis. mutants exhibit curled, involute leaves. AGAMOUS and APETALA3 are ectopically expressed in the mutant. 
AT2G23430AT2G23430.1Encodes a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor protein that functions as a negative regulator of cell division and promoter of endoreduplication. A member of seven KRP genes found in Arabidopsis thaliana. Differential expression patterns for distinct KRPs were revealed by in situ hybridization. Both SKP2b and RKP appear to be involved in the degradation of KRP1. 
AT2G24840AT2G24840.1Encodes a member of the Agamous-like family of transcription factors. Localized to the nucleus in the central cell and endosperm of the female gametophyte. Loss of function mutations show reduced female fertility. Fifty percent of ovules have defective central cells with abnormal morphology and patterns of gene expression. Upon fertilization 50% of seeds abort. Using yeast two hybrid assays AGL61 was shown to interact with AGL80, another MADS box gene with similar defects in ovule development. These data suggest that AGL61 and 80 together are required for proper differentiation of the central cell. 
AT2G25840AT2G25840.1ovule abortion 4 (OVA4); FUNCTIONS IN: tryptophan-tRNA ligase activity, aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, nucleotide binding, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: ovule development, tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold (InterPro:IPR014729), Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ib (InterPro:IPR002306), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ib (InterPro:IPR002305); Has 6388 Blast hits to 6380 proteins in 1519 species: Archae - 60; Bacteria - 2910; Metazoa - 123; Fungi - 83; Plants - 23; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3189 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G25840.2ovule abortion 4 (OVA4); FUNCTIONS IN: tryptophan-tRNA ligase activity, aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, nucleotide binding, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: ovule development, tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold (InterPro:IPR014729), Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ib (InterPro:IPR002306), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ib (InterPro:IPR002305); Has 6388 Blast hits to 6380 proteins in 1519 species: Archae - 60; Bacteria - 2910; Metazoa - 123; Fungi - 83; Plants - 23; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3189 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G25840.3ovule abortion 4 (OVA4); FUNCTIONS IN: tryptophan-tRNA ligase activity, aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, nucleotide binding, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: ovule development, tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold (InterPro:IPR014729), Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ib (InterPro:IPR002306), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ib (InterPro:IPR002305); Has 6388 Blast hits to 6380 proteins in 1519 species: Archae - 60; Bacteria - 2910; Metazoa - 123; Fungi - 83; Plants - 23; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3189 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G25930AT2G25930.1Encodes a novel nuclear protein that is expressed rhythmically and interacts with phytochrome B to control plant development and flowering through a signal transduction pathway Elf3 controls rhythmic circadian outputs under constant light conditions. 
AT2G26170AT2G26170.1Encodes a protein with similarity to thromboxane-A synthase, member of the CYP711A cytochrome P450 family. MAX1 is a specific repressor of vegetative axillary buds generated by the axillary meristem. Expressed in vascular traces in the rosette stem and axillary buds throughout plant development. Mutants have increased axillary branches. Along with MAX3,4 thought to mediate control of shoot branching via synthesis of a signal molecule which is transported over long distance mediated by MAX2. cDNA supports the existence of the longer transcript predicted for this locus, no cDNA isolated for shorter transcript. MAX1 downregulates 11 genes involved in flavonoid pathway (CHS, CHI, F3H, F3'H, FLS, DFR, ANS, UFGT, RT, AAC and GST). 
AT2G26170.2Encodes a protein with similarity to thromboxane-A synthase, member of the CYP711A cytochrome P450 family. MAX1 is a specific repressor of vegetative axillary buds generated by the axillary meristem. Expressed in vascular traces in the rosette stem and axillary buds throughout plant development. Mutants have increased axillary branches. Along with MAX3,4 thought to mediate control of shoot branching via synthesis of a signal molecule which is transported over long distance mediated by MAX2. cDNA supports the existence of the longer transcript predicted for this locus, no cDNA isolated for shorter transcript. MAX1 downregulates 11 genes involved in flavonoid pathway (CHS, CHI, F3H, F3'H, FLS, DFR, ANS, UFGT, RT, AAC and GST). 
AT2G26300AT2G26300.1Encodes an alpha subunit of a heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein. The active GTP-bound form of GPA1 binds to the GTG1 and GTG2 abscisic acid (ABA) receptors and appears to affect their GTPase and GTP-binding activity, and hence, ABA binding abilities. GPA1 is a positive regulator in ABA-mediated inhibition of stomatal opening. Plants with recessive mutant alleles have complex phenotypes including: reduced brassinolide response, reduced cell divisions, round leaves, short hypocotyls. It is likely to be involved in the signaling events that trigger unfolded protein response-associated cell death. GPA1 is also involved in sugar signaling. 
AT2G26330AT2G26330.1Homologous to receptor protein kinases. Involved in specification of organs originating from the shoot apical meristem. Contains a cytoplasmic protein kinase catalytic domain, a transmembrane region, and an extracellular leucine-rich repeat. ER has been identified as a quantitative trait locus for transpiration efficiency by influencing epidermal and mesophyll development, stomatal density and porosity of leaves. It has been implicated in resistance to the bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum and to the necrotrophic fungus Plectosphaerella cucumerina. Together with ERL1 and ERL2, ER governs the initial decision of protodermal cells to either divide proliferatively to produce pavement cells or divide asymmetrically to generate stomatal complexes. 
AT2G26350AT2G26350.1Zinc-binding peroxisomal integral membrane protein (PEX10). Inserted directly from the cytosol into peroxisomes and is involved in importing proteins into the peroxisome. Required for embryogenesis. 
AT2G26420AT2G26420.1Encodes a phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase. Exclusively expressed in roots. Essential for root hair growth. 
AT2G26650AT2G26650.1Shaker-like inward rectifying potassium channel predominantly expressed in predominantly in root hairs and root endodermis. 
AT2G26670AT2G26670.1Encodes a plastid heme oxygenase necessary for phytochrome chromophore biosynthesis and for coupling the expression of some nuclear genes to the functional state of the chloroplast. 
AT2G26670.2Encodes a plastid heme oxygenase necessary for phytochrome chromophore biosynthesis and for coupling the expression of some nuclear genes to the functional state of the chloroplast. 
AT2G26700AT2G26700.1Encodes PID2, a homolog of PID. Simultaneous disruption of PID(AT2G34650) and its 3 closest homologs (PID2/AT2G26700, WAG1/AT1G53700, and WAG2/AT3G14370) abolishes the formation of cotyledons. 
AT2G26890AT2G26890.1GRV2 has sequence similarity to the C. elegans protein RME-8 which is involved in endocytosis. grv2 mutants result in a reduction in gravitropic response in hypocotyls and shoots but do not affect root gravitropism. The mutants are defective in amyloplast sedimentation. 
AT2G26890.2GRV2 has sequence similarity to the C. elegans protein RME-8 which is involved in endocytosis. grv2 mutants result in a reduction in gravitropic response in hypocotyls and shoots but do not affect root gravitropism. The mutants are defective in amyloplast sedimentation. 
AT2G26990AT2G26990.1Represses photomorphogenesis and induces skotomorphogenesis in the dark. 
AT2G27100AT2G27100.1Identified as a leaf form mutant by Redei having serrated leaves. Further analysis of the single loss of function allele indicated pleiotropic effects extending to many aspects of shoot development such as taller meristems, alterations in phase transition, phyllotaxy and branching. Encodes a single zinc finger containing protein that is expressed in meristems and organ primordia. 
AT2G27230AT2G27230.1Encodes a nuclear-localized transcriptional activator with weak sequence similarity to basic helix-loop-helix(bHLH)-domain proteins. It promotes the production of stele cells in root meristems and is required to establish and maintain the normal vascular cell number and pattern in primary and lateral roots. 
AT2G27230.2Encodes a nuclear-localized transcriptional activator with weak sequence similarity to basic helix-loop-helix(bHLH)-domain proteins. It promotes the production of stele cells in root meristems and is required to establish and maintain the normal vascular cell number and pattern in primary and lateral roots. 
AT2G27250AT2G27250.1One of the three CLAVATA genes controlling the size of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) in Arabidopsis. Belongs to a large gene family called CLE for CLAVATA3/ESR-related. Encodes a stem cell-specific protein CLV3 presumed to be a precursor of a secreted peptide hormone. The deduced ORF encodes a 96-amino acid protein with an 18-amino acid N-terminal signal peptide. The functional form of CLV3 (MCLV3) is a posttranscriptionally modified 12-amino acid peptide, in which two of the three prolines were modified to hydroxyproline. CLV3 binds the ectodomain of the CLAVATA1 (CLV1) receptor-kinase. Regulates shoot and floral meristem development. Required for CLAVATA1 receptor-like kinase assembly into a signaling complex that includes KAPP and a Rho-related protein. It restricts its own domain of expression, the central zone (CZ) of the shoot apical meristem (SAM), by preventing differentiation of peripheral zone cells, which surround the CZ, into CZ cells and restricts overall SAM size by a separate, long-range effect on cell division rate. CLE domain of CLV3 is sufficient for function. 
AT2G27250.2One of the three CLAVATA genes controlling the size of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) in Arabidopsis. Belongs to a large gene family called CLE for CLAVATA3/ESR-related. Encodes a stem cell-specific protein CLV3 presumed to be a precursor of a secreted peptide hormone. The deduced ORF encodes a 96-amino acid protein with an 18-amino acid N-terminal signal peptide. The functional form of CLV3 (MCLV3) is a posttranscriptionally modified 12-amino acid peptide, in which two of the three prolines were modified to hydroxyproline. CLV3 binds the ectodomain of the CLAVATA1 (CLV1) receptor-kinase. Regulates shoot and floral meristem development. Required for CLAVATA1 receptor-like kinase assembly into a signaling complex that includes KAPP and a Rho-related protein. It restricts its own domain of expression, the central zone (CZ) of the shoot apical meristem (SAM), by preventing differentiation of peripheral zone cells, which surround the CZ, into CZ cells and restricts overall SAM size by a separate, long-range effect on cell division rate. CLE domain of CLV3 is sufficient for function. 
AT2G27250.3One of the three CLAVATA genes controlling the size of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) in Arabidopsis. Belongs to a large gene family called CLE for CLAVATA3/ESR-related. Encodes a stem cell-specific protein CLV3 presumed to be a precursor of a secreted peptide hormone. The deduced ORF encodes a 96-amino acid protein with an 18-amino acid N-terminal signal peptide. The functional form of CLV3 (MCLV3) is a posttranscriptionally modified 12-amino acid peptide, in which two of the three prolines were modified to hydroxyproline. CLV3 binds the ectodomain of the CLAVATA1 (CLV1) receptor-kinase. Regulates shoot and floral meristem development. Required for CLAVATA1 receptor-like kinase assembly into a signaling complex that includes KAPP and a Rho-related protein. It restricts its own domain of expression, the central zone (CZ) of the shoot apical meristem (SAM), by preventing differentiation of peripheral zone cells, which surround the CZ, into CZ cells and restricts overall SAM size by a separate, long-range effect on cell division rate. CLE domain of CLV3 is sufficient for function. 
AT2G27300AT2G27300.1NTM1-LIKE 8 (NTL8); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, response to salt stress, seed germination; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: stem, vascular tissue, cauline leaf, inflorescence, embryo proper; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: No apical meristem (NAM) protein (InterPro:IPR003441); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: anac060 (Arabidopsis NAC domain containing protein 60); transcription factor (TAIR:AT3G44290.1); Has 1493 Blast hits to 1490 proteins in 51 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 1493; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G27380AT2G27380.1Encodes an extensin like gene involved in seed germination. 
AT2G27530AT2G27530.1Encodes ribosomal protein L10aP. Identified in a screen for enhancers of as1. as1/pgy double mutants show defects in leaf vascular patterning and adaxial cell fate. Double mutant analysis indicates pgy genes function in the same pathway as REV, KAN1 and KAN2. 
AT2G27530.2Encodes ribosomal protein L10aP. Identified in a screen for enhancers of as1. as1/pgy double mutants show defects in leaf vascular patterning and adaxial cell fate. Double mutant analysis indicates pgy genes function in the same pathway as REV, KAN1 and KAN2. 
AT2G27840AT2G27840.1Belongs to the plant specific HD2 type proteins; similar to nucleolar Zea mays histone deacetylase; HD2-p39 
AT2G27840.2Belongs to the plant specific HD2 type proteins; similar to nucleolar Zea mays histone deacetylase; HD2-p39 
AT2G27990AT2G27990.1Encodes a BEL1-like homeobox gene that functions together with PNY in meristem maintenance by regulating the allocation process during vegetative and reproductive development. Both gene products are required for the competence of the SAM to respond properly to floral inductive signals. 
AT2G28000AT2G28000.1Encodes chaperonin-60 alpha, a molecular chaperone involved in Rubisco folding. Mutants display aberrant chloroplast and embryo development. 
AT2G28250AT2G28250.1NCRK; FUNCTIONS IN: kinase activity; INVOLVED IN: xylem histogenesis; LOCATED IN: endosome, endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: 9 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein kinase, ATP binding site (InterPro:IPR017441), Protein kinase, core (InterPro:IPR000719), Serine/threonine protein kinase-related (InterPro:IPR017442), Protein kinase-like (InterPro:IPR011009), Serine/threonine protein kinase, active site (InterPro:IPR008271); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: protein kinase family protein (TAIR:AT5G38560.1); Has 77327 Blast hits to 76507 proteins in 1963 species: Archae - 52; Bacteria - 7226; Metazoa - 33618; Fungi - 5968; Plants - 17636; Viruses - 314; Other Eukaryotes - 12513 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G28250.2NCRK; FUNCTIONS IN: kinase activity; INVOLVED IN: xylem histogenesis; LOCATED IN: endosome, endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: 9 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein kinase, ATP binding site (InterPro:IPR017441), Protein kinase, core (InterPro:IPR000719), Serine/threonine protein kinase-related (InterPro:IPR017442), Protein kinase-like (InterPro:IPR011009), Serine/threonine protein kinase, active site (InterPro:IPR008271); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: protein kinase family protein (TAIR:AT5G38560.1); Has 77327 Blast hits to 76507 proteins in 1963 species: Archae - 52; Bacteria - 7226; Metazoa - 33618; Fungi - 5968; Plants - 17636; Viruses - 314; Other Eukaryotes - 12513 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G28350AT2G28350.1Involved in root cap cell differentiation. 
AT2G28550AT2G28550.1RELATED TO AP2.7 (RAP2.7); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: organ morphogenesis, regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent, vegetative to reproductive phase transition; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 15 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 9 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: DNA-binding, integrase-type (InterPro:IPR016177), Pathogenesis-related transcriptional factor and ERF, DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR001471); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TOE2; DNA binding / transcription factor (TAIR:AT5G60120.1); Has 3106 Blast hits to 2890 proteins in 180 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 10; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 3041; Viruses - 7; Other Eukaryotes - 48 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G28550.2RELATED TO AP2.7 (RAP2.7); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: organ morphogenesis, regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent, vegetative to reproductive phase transition; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 15 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 9 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: DNA-binding, integrase-type (InterPro:IPR016177), Pathogenesis-related transcriptional factor and ERF, DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR001471); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TOE2; DNA binding / transcription factor (TAIR:AT5G60120.1); Has 3106 Blast hits to 2890 proteins in 180 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 10; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 3041; Viruses - 7; Other Eukaryotes - 48 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G28610AT2G28610.1Encodes a homeodomain containing protein that regulates lateral axis-dependent development of Arabidopsis flowers and is required for cell proliferation. It is expressed in a restricted number of L1 cells at the lateral regions of flower primordia, floral organ primordia, and young leaf primordia. 
AT2G28890AT2G28890.1Encodes a protein phosphatase 2C like gene, similar to POL. Involved in leaf development. Knockout mutants have abnormally shaped leaves. 
AT2G30130AT2G30130.1Overexpression/activation tagged allele has epinastic leaves, reduced apical dominance and is sterile. Gene is similar to asymmetric leaves (AS)/lateral organ boundary (LOB) genes which repress KNOX gene expression. 
AT2G30432AT2G30432.1Encodes TRICHOMELESS1 (TCL1), a single-repeat MYB-type transcription factor that negatively regulates trichome formation by suppressing GL1 (GLABRA1). In a tandem repeat with AT2g30424 and AT2g30420. 
AT2G30950AT2G30950.1Metalloprotease that functions in thylakoid membrane biogenesis. Involved in the repair of PSII following damaged incurred during photoinhibition. Forms a complex with VAR1. Mutants show a variegated phenotype, which decreases during development. Transcript and protein levels increase with light intensity. 
AT2G31070AT2G31070.1TCP family protein involved in heterchronic regulation of leaf differentiation. 
AT2G31081AT2G31081.1Member of a large family of putative ligands homologous to the Clavata3 gene. Consists of a single exon. 
AT2G31305AT2G31305.1Encodes inhibitor-3 (Inh3), a regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1). Inh3 inhibits the phosphatase activity of the PP1 catalytic subunit (PP1c). Biochemical analyses demonstrate that Inh3 binds to PP1c via the RVxF motif of Inh3, a consensus PP1c-binding sequence both in vitro and in vivo. 
AT2G31650AT2G31650.1Encodes a homolog of trithorax, a histone-lysine N-methyltransferase. Involved in trimethylating histone H3-lysine 4. Involved in the formation, placement, and identity of flower organs. Role in regulation of homeotic genes. Functions as a receptor of phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate. Localizes to cytoplasm, plasma membrane and nuclei, shifting to nuclei in the presence of PI5P. 
AT2G32410AT2G32410.1AXR1-LIKE (AXL); FUNCTIONS IN: binding, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: auxin homeostasis, post-embryonic development, auxin mediated signaling pathway, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: peroxisome; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 11 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: UBA/THIF-type NAD/FAD binding fold (InterPro:IPR000594), Molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis, MoeB (InterPro:IPR009036), NAD(P)-binding (InterPro:IPR016040); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: AXR1 (AUXIN RESISTANT 1); small protein activating enzyme (TAIR:AT1G05180.1); Has 4496 Blast hits to 4040 proteins in 812 species: Archae - 102; Bacteria - 1477; Metazoa - 1020; Fungi - 585; Plants - 267; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1045 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G32410.2AXR1-LIKE (AXL); FUNCTIONS IN: binding, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: auxin homeostasis, post-embryonic development, auxin mediated signaling pathway, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: peroxisome; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 11 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: UBA/THIF-type NAD/FAD binding fold (InterPro:IPR000594), Molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis, MoeB (InterPro:IPR009036), NAD(P)-binding (InterPro:IPR016040); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: AXR1 (AUXIN RESISTANT 1); small protein activating enzyme (TAIR:AT1G05180.1); Has 4496 Blast hits to 4040 proteins in 812 species: Archae - 102; Bacteria - 1477; Metazoa - 1020; Fungi - 585; Plants - 267; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1045 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G32700AT2G32700.1Encodes a WD40 repeat and LUFS domain containing protein that is similar to LUG. Interacts physically with SEUSS and likely functions as part of a repressor complex that represses AG. 
AT2G32700.2Encodes a WD40 repeat and LUFS domain containing protein that is similar to LUG. Interacts physically with SEUSS and likely functions as part of a repressor complex that represses AG. 
AT2G32700.3Encodes a WD40 repeat and LUFS domain containing protein that is similar to LUG. Interacts physically with SEUSS and likely functions as part of a repressor complex that represses AG. 
AT2G32700.4Encodes a WD40 repeat and LUFS domain containing protein that is similar to LUG. Interacts physically with SEUSS and likely functions as part of a repressor complex that represses AG. 
AT2G32700.5Encodes a WD40 repeat and LUFS domain containing protein that is similar to LUG. Interacts physically with SEUSS and likely functions as part of a repressor complex that represses AG. 
AT2G32700.6Encodes a WD40 repeat and LUFS domain containing protein that is similar to LUG. Interacts physically with SEUSS and likely functions as part of a repressor complex that represses AG. 
AT2G32950AT2G32950.1Represses photomorphogenesis and induces skotomorphogenesis in the dark. Contains a ring finger zinc-binding motif, a coiled-coil domain, and several WD-40 repeats, similar to G-beta proteins. The C-terminus has homology to TAFII80, a subunit of the TFIID component of the RNA polymerase II of Drosophila. Nuclear localization in the dark and cytoplasmic in the light. 
AT2G33460AT2G33460.1encodes a member of a novel protein family that contains contain a CRIB (for Cdc42/Rac-interactive binding) motif required for their specific interaction with GTP-bound Rop1 (plant-specific Rho GTPase). Interacts with Rop1 and is involved in pollen tube growth and function. Protein most similar to RIC3(family subgroup III). RIC1 is localized to the apical region of the plasma membrane in pollen tube and mutation analyses indicate that this localization is dependent on ROP1 binding. Gene is expressed in all tissues examined.Analysis of overexpression and loss of function mutants indicates a role in cortical microtubule organization during pavement cell morphogenesis. 
AT2G33610AT2G33610.1Homologous to yeast SWI3 & RSC8, components of the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes. Interacts with BSH, AtSWI3A, SWI3C and FCA. Expressed ubiquitously. 
AT2G33810AT2G33810.1Encodes a member of the SPL (squamosa-promoter binding protein-like)gene family, a novel gene family encoding DNA binding proteins and putative transcription factors. Contains the SBP-box, which encodes the SBP-domain, required and sufficient for interaction with DNA. It binds DNA, may directly regulate AP1, and is involved in regulation of flowering and vegetative phase change. Its temporal expression is regulated by the microRNA miR156. The target site for the microRNA is in the 3'UTR. 
AT2G33835AT2G33835.1Encodes a zinc finger domain containing protein that is expressed in the shoot/root apex and vasculature, and acts with FRI to repress flowering.FES1 mutants in a Col(FRI+) background will flower early under inductive conditions. 
AT2G33860AT2G33860.1ettin (ett) mutations have pleiotropic effects on Arabidopsis flower development, causing increases in perianth organ number, decreases in stamen number and anther formation, and apical-basal patterning defects in the gynoecium. The ETTIN gene encodes a protein with homology to DNA binding proteins which bind to auxin response elements. ETT transcript is expressed throughout stage 1 floral meristems and subsequently resolves to a complex pattern within petal, stamen and carpel primordia. ETT probably functions to impart regional identity in floral meristems that affects perianth organ number spacing, stamen formation, and regional differentiation in stamens and the gynoecium. During stage 5, ETT expression appears in a ring at the top of the floral meristem before morphological appearance of the gynoecium, consistent with the proposal that ETT is involved in prepatterning apical and basal boundaries in the gynoecium primordium. It is a target of the ta-siRNA tasiR-ARF. 
AT2G33880AT2G33880.1Encodes a protein with similarity to WUS type homeodomain protein. Required for meristem growth and development and acts through positive regulation of WUS. Loss of function phenotypes include embryo lethality, hyponastic cotyledons, reduced root development and smaller meristems. Phenotypes can be rescued by addition of sucrose in the growth media. 
AT2G34090AT2G34090.1maternal effect embryo arrest 18 (MEE18); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 19 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: LPPG:FO 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase CofD/UPF0052 (InterPro:IPR002882); Has 1116 Blast hits to 1025 proteins in 425 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 787; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 101; Plants - 21; Viruses - 1; Other Eukaryotes - 206 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34090.2maternal effect embryo arrest 18 (MEE18); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 19 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: LPPG:FO 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase CofD/UPF0052 (InterPro:IPR002882); Has 1116 Blast hits to 1025 proteins in 425 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 787; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 101; Plants - 21; Viruses - 1; Other Eukaryotes - 206 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34220AT2G34220.1maternal effect embryo arrest 20 (MEE20); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen development; LOCATED IN: nucleus; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein of unknown function DUF627 (InterPro:IPR006866), Protein of unknown function DUF629 (InterPro:IPR006865); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT2G34230.1); Has 44 Blast hits to 44 proteins in 4 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 44; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34570AT2G34570.1maternal effect embryo arrest 21 (MEE21); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; EXPRESSED IN: 20 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein of unknown function DUF652 (InterPro:IPR006984); Has 510 Blast hits to 510 proteins in 150 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 200; Fungi - 167; Plants - 56; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 87 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34590AT2G34590.1transketolase family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) activity, transketolase activity; INVOLVED IN: pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: chloroplast, chloroplast envelope; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transketolase, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR005476), Transketolase C-terminal-like (InterPro:IPR015941), Transketolase, C-terminal/Pyruvate-ferredoxin oxidoreductase, domain II (InterPro:IPR009014), Transketolase, central region (InterPro:IPR005475); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: PDH-E1 BETA (PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE E1 BETA); pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) (TAIR:AT1G30120.1); Has 9465 Blast hits to 9457 proteins in 1366 species: Archae - 92; Bacteria - 4722; Metazoa - 387; Fungi - 143; Plants - 155; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3966 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34650AT2G34650.1Encodes a protein serine/threonine kinase that may act as a positive regulator of cellular auxin efflux, as a a binary switch for PIN polarity, and as a negative regulator of auxin signaling. Recessive mutants exhibit similar phenotypes as pin-formed mutants in flowers and inflorescence but distinct phenotypes in cotyledons and leaves. Expressed in the vascular tissue proximal to root and shoot meristems, shoot apex, and embryos. Expression is induced by auxin. Overexpression of the gene results in phenotypes in the root and shoot similar to those found in auxin-insensitive mutants. The protein physically interacts with TCH3 (TOUCH3) and PID-BINDING PROTEIN 1 (PBP1), a previously uncharacterized protein containing putative EF-hand calcium-binding motifs. Acts together with ENP (ENHANCER OF PINOID) to instruct precursor cells to elaborate cotyledons in the transition stage embryo. Interacts with PDK1. PID autophosphorylation is required for the ability of PID to phosphorylate an exogenous substrate. PID activation loop is required for PDK1-dependent PID phosphorylation and requires the PIF domain. Negative regulator of root hair growth. PID kinase activity is critical for the inhibition of root hair growth and for maintaining the proper subcellular localization of PID. 
AT2G34710AT2G34710.1Dominant PHB mutations cause transformation of abaxial leaf fates into adaxial leaf fates. Encodes a member of HD-Zip family which contains homeodomain-leucine zipper domains and domain similar to a mammalian sterol binding domain. Has overlapping functions with PHAVOLUTA, REVOLUTA and CORONA. 
AT2G34790AT2G34790.1MATERNAL EFFECT EMBRYO ARREST 23 (MEE23); FUNCTIONS IN: electron carrier activity, oxidoreductase activity, FAD binding, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: cell wall; EXPRESSED IN: 12 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: FAD-binding, type 2 (InterPro:IPR016166), Berberine/berberine-like (InterPro:IPR012951), FAD linked oxidase, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR006094); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: FAD-binding domain-containing protein (TAIR:AT1G30760.1); Has 3008 Blast hits to 2897 proteins in 486 species: Archae - 39; Bacteria - 1379; Metazoa - 7; Fungi - 1076; Plants - 327; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 180 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34830AT2G34830.1member of WRKY Transcription Factor; Group II-e 
AT2G34850AT2G34850.1maternal effect embryo arrest 25 (MEE25); FUNCTIONS IN: coenzyme binding, UDP-glucose 4-epimerase activity, binding, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen tube development, nucleotide-sugar metabolic process; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: leaf whorl, embryo, flower, seed; EXPRESSED DURING: F mature embryo stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage, D bilateral stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: NAD-dependent epimerase/dehydratase (InterPro:IPR001509), NAD(P)-binding (InterPro:IPR016040), UDP-glucose 4-epimerase (InterPro:IPR005886); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: MUR4 (MURUS 4); UDP-arabinose 4-epimerase/ catalytic (TAIR:AT1G30620.3); Has 13676 Blast hits to 13676 proteins in 1524 species: Archae - 298; Bacteria - 7060; Metazoa - 352; Fungi - 149; Plants - 411; Viruses - 13; Other Eukaryotes - 5393 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34860AT2G34860.1embryo sac development arrest 3 (EDA3); FUNCTIONS IN: unfolded protein binding, heat shock protein binding; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: chloroplast thylakoid membrane, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Heat shock protein DnaJ, cysteine-rich region (InterPro:IPR001305); Has 481 Blast hits to 481 proteins in 149 species: Archae - 26; Bacteria - 225; Metazoa - 10; Fungi - 2; Plants - 96; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 122 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34860.2embryo sac development arrest 3 (EDA3); FUNCTIONS IN: unfolded protein binding, heat shock protein binding; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: chloroplast thylakoid membrane, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Heat shock protein DnaJ, cysteine-rich region (InterPro:IPR001305); Has 481 Blast hits to 481 proteins in 149 species: Archae - 26; Bacteria - 225; Metazoa - 10; Fungi - 2; Plants - 96; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 122 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34870AT2G34870.1maternal effect embryo arrest 26 (MEE26); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: 8 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, C globular stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: proline-rich family protein (TAIR:AT3G02670.1); Has 2269 Blast hits to 1369 proteins in 180 species: Archae - 4; Bacteria - 117; Metazoa - 953; Fungi - 132; Plants - 446; Viruses - 277; Other Eukaryotes - 340 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34880AT2G34880.1maternal effect embryo arrest 27 (MEE27); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen development, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: sperm cell; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcription factor jumonji/aspartyl beta-hydroxylase (InterPro:IPR003347), FY-rich, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR003889), FY-rich, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR003888), Transcription factor jumonji, JmjN (InterPro:IPR003349), Zinc finger, C5HC2-type (InterPro:IPR004198), FY-rich, C-terminal subgroup (InterPro:IPR018516), Transcription factor jumonji (InterPro:IPR013129), FY-rich, N-terminal subgroup (InterPro:IPR018518); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: transcription factor (TAIR:AT1G30810.1); Has 1517 Blast hits to 1108 proteins in 134 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 928; Fungi - 312; Plants - 155; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 122 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34920AT2G34920.1embryo sac development arrest 18 (EDA18); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: embryo sac development, pollen development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 17 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 8 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: protein binding / zinc ion binding (TAIR:AT1G30860.1); Has 1829 Blast hits to 1816 proteins in 174 species: Archae - 3; Bacteria - 22; Metazoa - 1291; Fungi - 36; Plants - 233; Viruses - 41; Other Eukaryotes - 203 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G34980AT2G34980.1Encodes a putative phosphatidylinositol-glycan synthase subunit C gene. It is involved in the first step of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) biosynthetic pathway. 
AT2G35060AT2G35060.1potassium transporter 
AT2G35060.2potassium transporter 
AT2G35110AT2G35110.1Component of the WAVE protein complex which act as activators of ARP2/3 complex involved in actin nucleation. Required for trichome morphogenesis. Mutant displays distorted trichomes, a phenotype that can be phenocopied by treatment of WT plants with actin-interacting drugs. 
AT2G35110.2Component of the WAVE protein complex which act as activators of ARP2/3 complex involved in actin nucleation. Required for trichome morphogenesis. Mutant displays distorted trichomes, a phenotype that can be phenocopied by treatment of WT plants with actin-interacting drugs. 
AT2G35210AT2G35210.1A member of ARF GAP domain (AGD), A thaliana has 15 members, grouped into four classes. 
AT2G35210.2A member of ARF GAP domain (AGD), A thaliana has 15 members, grouped into four classes. 
AT2G35300AT2G35300.1late embryogenesis abundant group 1 domain-containing protein / LEA group 1 domain-containing protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: flower, stamen; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) group 1 (InterPro:IPR005513); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: late embryogenesis abundant group 1 domain-containing protein / LEA group 1 domain-containing protein (TAIR:AT1G32560.1); Has 110 Blast hits to 110 proteins in 18 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 110; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G35320AT2G35320.1homologue of the animal Eyes Absent genes. encodes a tyrosine-specific phosphatase. the protein sequence lacks the cys-containing signature of the classical tyrosine phosphatases. belongs to the aspartate-based phosphatases. The enzyme activity is strictly metal-dependent. 
AT2G35340AT2G35340.1maternal effect embryo arrest 29 (MEE29); FUNCTIONS IN: helicase activity, ATP-dependent RNA helicase activity, ATP binding, ATP-dependent helicase activity, nucleic acid binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Helicase-associated region (InterPro:IPR007502), Region of unknown function DUF1605 (InterPro:IPR011709), DNA/RNA helicase, ATP-dependent, DEAH-box type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR002464), DEAD-like helicase, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR014001), DNA/RNA helicase, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR001650), Helicase, superfamily 1 and 2, ATP-binding (InterPro:IPR014021); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: ESP3 (ENHANCED SILENCING PHENOTYPE 3); ATP binding / ATP-dependent RNA helicase/ ATP-dependent helicase/ helicase/ nucleic acid binding (TAIR:AT1G32490.1); Has 23820 Blast hits to 17421 proteins in 1302 species: Archae - 30; Bacteria - 2786; Metazoa - 9098; Fungi - 2039; Plants - 827; Viruses - 1435; Other Eukaryotes - 7605 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G35350AT2G35350.1Encodes a protein most similar to the POLTERGEIST locus. Double mutant analysis of loss of function alleles indicate PLL1 functions redundantly with POL to regulate meristem size and pedicel length. Acts in a dose dependent manner with POL to suppress the clv1, clv2 and clv3 phenotypes. 
AT2G35670AT2G35670.1Encodes a negative regulator of seed development in the absence of pollination. In the ovule, the FIS2 transcripts are accumulated at their highest level before fertilization and gradually decrease after fertilization. 
AT2G35940AT2G35940.1Encodes a member of the BEL-like homeodomain protein family. Ecotopic expression in the embryo sac leads to defects in nuclear migration and cellularization and embryo sacs with multiple egg cells. Loss of function alleles have no female gametophyte defects. The ecotopic expression phenotype requires KNAT3 because it can be suppressed by loss of KNAT3 function alleles. Localized to the nucleus but interaction with OFP1 relocates it to the cytoplasm. 
AT2G35940.2Encodes a member of the BEL-like homeodomain protein family. Ecotopic expression in the embryo sac leads to defects in nuclear migration and cellularization and embryo sacs with multiple egg cells. Loss of function alleles have no female gametophyte defects. The ecotopic expression phenotype requires KNAT3 because it can be suppressed by loss of KNAT3 function alleles. Localized to the nucleus but interaction with OFP1 relocates it to the cytoplasm. 
AT2G35940.3Encodes a member of the BEL-like homeodomain protein family. Ecotopic expression in the embryo sac leads to defects in nuclear migration and cellularization and embryo sacs with multiple egg cells. Loss of function alleles have no female gametophyte defects. The ecotopic expression phenotype requires KNAT3 because it can be suppressed by loss of KNAT3 function alleles. Localized to the nucleus but interaction with OFP1 relocates it to the cytoplasm. 
AT2G35950AT2G35950.1embryo sac development arrest 12 (EDA12); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis; EXPRESSED IN: 8 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, LP.04 four leaves visible, petal differentiation and expansion stage, E expanded cotyledon stage, LP.08 eight leaves visible; Has 2 Blast hits to 2 proteins in 1 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 2; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G36270AT2G36270.1Encodes a member of the basic leucine zipper transcription factor family, involved in ABA signalling during seed maturation and germination. The Arabidopsis abscisic acid (ABA)-insensitive abi5 mutants have pleiotropic defects in ABA response, including decreased sensitivity to ABA inhibition of germination and altered expression of some ABA-regulated genes. Comparison of seed and ABA-inducible vegetative gene expression in wild-type and abi5-1 plants indicates that ABI5 regulates a subset of late embryogenesis-abundant genes during both developmental stages. 
AT2G36400AT2G36400.1Growth regulating factor encoding transcription activator. One of the nine members of a GRF gene family, containing nuclear targeting domain. Mutants result in smaller leaves indicating the role of the gene in leaf development. Expressed in root, shoot and flower. 
AT2G36890AT2G36890.1"Putative homolog of the Blind gene in tomato. Together with RAX1 and RAX3 belong to the class R2R3 MYB genes; encoded by the Myb-like transcription factor MYB38, regulates axillary meristem formation. " 
AT2G36910AT2G36910.1Belongs to the family of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Also known as AtMDR1.Possibly regulates auxin-dependent responses by influencing basipetal auxin transport in the root. Exerts nonredundant, partially overlapping functions with the ABC transporter encoded by AT3G28860. PGP1 mediates cellular efflux of IAA and interacts with PIN genes that may confer an accelerated vectoral component to PGP-mediated transport. The non-polar localization of PGP1 at root and shoot apices, where IAA gradient-driven transport is impaired, may be required to confer directionality to auxin transport in those tissues. 
AT2G37250AT2G37250.1encodes adenylate kinase that is located in the chloroplast involved in the coordination of metabolism and growth 
AT2G37630AT2G37630.1Encodes a MYB-domain protein involved in specification of the leaf proximodistal axis. Mutation results in lobed and dissected leaves with a characteristic asymmetry. Homologous to the Antirrhinum PHANTASTICA (PHAN) and maize ROUGH SHEATH2 (RS2) genes Asymmetric placement of auxin response at the distal leaf tip precedes visible asymmetric leaf growth. Acts alongside AXR1 to exclude BP expression in leaves and with PIN1 to repress BP and promote lateral organ growth. Interacts physically with AS2 to form a complex that binds to the BP promoter and silences BP. 
AT2G37690AT2G37690.1phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase, putative / AIR carboxylase, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase activity, catalytic activity, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: 'de novo' IMP biosynthetic process, pollen development; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase (InterPro:IPR016301), PreATP-grasp-like fold (InterPro:IPR016185), ATP-grasp fold, ATP-dependent carboxylate-amine ligase-type (InterPro:IPR003135), 1-(5-Phosphoribosyl)-5-amino-4-imidazole-carboxylate (AIR) carboxylase (InterPro:IPR000031), Phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase, ATPase subunit (InterPro:IPR005875), ATP-grasp fold (InterPro:IPR011761), ATP-grasp fold, subdomain 2 (InterPro:IPR013816), Rudiment single hybrid motif (InterPro:IPR011054), Pre-ATP-grasp fold (InterPro:IPR013817); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase family protein / AIR carboxylase family protein (TAIR:AT2G05140.1); Has 11552 Blast hits to 11539 proteins in 1440 species: Archae - 286; Bacteria - 6042; Metazoa - 132; Fungi - 152; Plants - 33; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 4907 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G38120AT2G38120.1Encodes an auxin influx transporter. AUX1 resides at the apical plasma membrane of protophloem cells and at highly dynamic subpopulations of Golgi apparatus and endosomes in all cell types. AUX1 action in the lateral root cap and/or epidermal cells influences lateral root initiation and positioning. 
AT2G38280AT2G38280.1Encodes a protein with in vitro AMP deaminase activity that is involved in embryogenesis. Homozygous mutant embryos fail to develop past the zygote stage. 
AT2G38280.2Encodes a protein with in vitro AMP deaminase activity that is involved in embryogenesis. Homozygous mutant embryos fail to develop past the zygote stage. 
AT2G38440AT2G38440.1Encodes a subunit of the WAVE complex. The WAVE complex is required for activation of ARP2/3 complex which functions in actin microfilament nucleation and branching. Mutations cause defects in both the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons that result in aberrant epidermal cell expansion. itb1 mutants showed irregularities in trichome branch positioning and expansion. The SHD domain of this protein binds to BRK1 and overexpression of the SHD domain results in a dominant negative phenotype. 
AT2G39800AT2G39800.1encodes a delta1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase that catalyzes the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of proline. Gene is expressed in reproductive organs and tissues under non-stress conditions but in the whole plant under water-limiting condition. Expression is also induced by abscisic acid and salt stress in a light-dependent manner. P5CS1 appears to be involved in salt stress responses related to proline accumulation, including protection from reactive oxidative species. P5CS1 appears to be present in different cells and/or different subcellular locations from P5CS2 in a tissue-dependent manner. 
AT2G39800.2encodes a delta1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase that catalyzes the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of proline. Gene is expressed in reproductive organs and tissues under non-stress conditions but in the whole plant under water-limiting condition. Expression is also induced by abscisic acid and salt stress in a light-dependent manner. P5CS1 appears to be involved in salt stress responses related to proline accumulation, including protection from reactive oxidative species. P5CS1 appears to be present in different cells and/or different subcellular locations from P5CS2 in a tissue-dependent manner. 
AT2G40080AT2G40080.1Encodes a novel nuclear 111 amino-acid phytochrome-regulated component of a negative feedback loop involving the circadian clock central oscillator components CCA1 and LHY. ELF4 is necessary for light-induced expression of both CCA1 and LHY, and conversely, CCA1 and LHY act negatively on light-induced ELF4 expression. ELF4 promotes clock accuracy and is required for sustained rhythms in the absence of daily light/dark cycles. It is involved in the phyB-mediated constant red light induced seedling de-etiolation process and may function to coregulate the expression of a subset of phyB-regulated genes. 
AT2G40300AT2G40300.1Encodes FERRITIN 4, AtFER4. Ferritins are a class of 24-mer multi-meric proteins found in all kingdoms of life. Function as the main iron store in mammals. Evidence suggests that Arabidopsis ferritins are essential to protect cells against oxidative damage, but they do not constitute the major iron pool. 
AT2G41210AT2G41210.1Encodes a protein with phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase activity that plays a role in pollen tip growth. The enzyme localizes to the apical plasma membrane and adjacent cytosolic region of pollen tubes. Overexpression of this gene leads to increased deposition of pectin in the cell wall at the tip of the pollen tube and causes altered pollen tube morphology. 
AT2G41260AT2G41260.1Late-embryogenesis-abundant gene. Involved in the acquisition of desiccation tolerance during late phase of embryogenesis. 
AT2G41260.2Late-embryogenesis-abundant gene. Involved in the acquisition of desiccation tolerance during late phase of embryogenesis. 
AT2G41370AT2G41370.1Encodes a cytoplasmic and nuclear-localized NPR1 like protein with BTB/POZ domain and ankyrin repeats. Interacts with BOP1 and appears to be genetically redundant with BOP1.bop1/bop2 double mutants have longer leaves, often with leaflets on the petiole, asymmetric flowers with extra organs and no nectaries. Also defective in floral organ abs cission. 
AT2G41500AT2G41500.1Encodes LACHESIS (LIS), a protein with seven WD40 repeats. LIS is homologous to the yeast splicing factor PRP4 which is associated with the U4/U6 complex of the spliceosome. LIS is involved in a mechanism that prevents accessory cells from adopting gametic cell fate: lis mutant forms supernumerary egg cells. 
AT2G41510AT2G41510.1It encodes a protein whose sequence is similar to cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the degradation of cytokinins. 
AT2G41850AT2G41850.1ADPG2. 
AT2G41940AT2G41940.1Encodes a zinc finger protein containing only a single zinc finger. 
AT2G41980AT2G41980.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162), TRAF-type (InterPro:IPR013322); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: SINAT2 (SEVEN IN ABSENTIA OF ARABIDOPSIS 2); protein binding / ubiquitin-protein ligase/ zinc ion binding (TAIR:AT3G58040.1); Has 1503 Blast hits to 1497 proteins in 636 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1140; Fungi - 11; Plants - 251; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 101 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G42200AT2G42200.1Encodes a putative transcriptional regulator that is involved in the vegetative to reproductive phase transition. Expresssion is regulated by MIR156b. 
AT2G42260AT2G42260.1Encodes a novel plant-specific protein of unknown function. The UVI4 gene is expressed mainly in actively dividing cells. The hypocotyl cells in mutant seedlings undergo one extra round of endoreduplication. The uvi4 mutation also promoted the progression of endo-reduplication during leaf development. 
AT2G42430AT2G42430.1LOB-domain protein gene LBD16. This gene contains one auxin-responsive element (AuxRE). 
AT2G42580AT2G42580.1Encodes a member of the TTL family and contains a thioredoxin like domain and three tandom TPRs. Interacts physically with BRL2/VH1 and appears to play a role in brassiosteroid and auxin signaling. 
AT2G42620AT2G42620.1The mutations at MAX2 cause increased hypocotyl and petiole elongation in light-grown seedlings. Positional cloning identifies MAX2 as a member of the F-box leucine-rich repeat family of proteins. MAX2 is identical to ORE9, a proposed regulator of leaf senescence. Involved in positive regulation of light responses. 
AT2G42830AT2G42830.1AGAMOUS [AG]-like MADS box protein (AGL5) involved in fruit development (valve margin and dehiscence zone differentiation). A putative direct target of AG. SHP2 has been shown to be a downstream gene of the complex formed by AG and SEP proteins (SEP4 alone does not form a functional complex with AG). 
AT2G42830.2AGAMOUS [AG]-like MADS box protein (AGL5) involved in fruit development (valve margin and dehiscence zone differentiation). A putative direct target of AG. SHP2 has been shown to be a downstream gene of the complex formed by AG and SEP proteins (SEP4 alone does not form a functional complex with AG). 
AT2G43010AT2G43010.1Isolated as a semidominant mutation defective in red -light responses. Encodes a nuclear localized bHLH protein that interacts with active PhyB protein. Negatively regulates phyB mediated red light responses. Involved in shade avoidance response. Protein abundance is negatively regulated by PhyB. 
AT2G43010.2Isolated as a semidominant mutation defective in red -light responses. Encodes a nuclear localized bHLH protein that interacts with active PhyB protein. Negatively regulates phyB mediated red light responses. Involved in shade avoidance response. Protein abundance is negatively regulated by PhyB. 
AT2G43790AT2G43790.1Encodes a MAP kinase induced by pathogens, ethylene biosynthesis, oxidative stress and osmotic stress.Also involved in ovule development. Homozygous mutants in a MPK3 heterozygous background are female sterile due to defects in integument development. 
AT2G44190AT2G44190.1Encodes a novel microtubule binding protein that preferentially associates with nuclear microtubules during mitosis and is essential during the mitotic and cytokinetic stages that generate the endosperm and embryo. 
AT2G44680AT2G44680.1Encodes casein kinase II beta chain, a CK2 regulatory subunit. Nuclear-localized CKB4 protein exists in vivo as different isoforms, resulting from phosphorylation on serine residues. The phosphorylated isoforms are the preferred substrate for ubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome pathway. Involved in regulation of circadian clock. 
AT2G44680.2Encodes casein kinase II beta chain, a CK2 regulatory subunit. Nuclear-localized CKB4 protein exists in vivo as different isoforms, resulting from phosphorylation on serine residues. The phosphorylated isoforms are the preferred substrate for ubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome pathway. Involved in regulation of circadian clock. 
AT2G44810AT2G44810.1Mutant has defects in anther dehiscence, pollen maturation, and flower opening. The DAD1 protein is a chloroplastic phospholipase A1 that catalyzes the initial step of jasmonic acid biosynthesis. 
AT2G44900AT2G44900.1ARABIDILLO-1 and its homolog, ARABIDILLO -2, are unique among Arabidopsis Arm-repeat proteins in having an F-box motif and fall into a phylogenetically distinct subgroup from other plant Arm-repeat proteins Similar to arm repeat protein in rice and armadillo/beta-catenin repeat family protein / F-box family protein in Dictyostelium. ARABIDILLO-1 promote lateral root development. Mutant plants form fewer lateral roots, while ARABIDILLO-1-overexpressing lines produce more lateral roots than wild-type seedlings. 
AT2G44950AT2G44950.1The gene encodes one of two orthologous E3 ubiquitin ligases in Arabidopsis that are involved in monoubiquitination of histone H2B. 
AT2G44990AT2G44990.1More Axillary Branching; carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases. 
AT2G45190AT2G45190.1Encodes a member of the YABBY family of transcriptional regulators that is involved in abaxial cell type specification in leaves and fruits. YAB1 acts in a non-cell autonomous fashion within the meristem to affect phyllotactic patterning. The non-autonomous effect on the central region of the meristem is mediated through the activity if Lateral Suppressor (LAS). 
AT2G45420AT2G45420.1LOB DOMAIN-CONTAINING PROTEIN 18 (LBD18); INVOLVED IN: xylem histogenesis; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: tracheary element, sperm cell; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Lateral organ boundaries, LOB (InterPro:IPR004883), Uncharacterised conserved protein UCP038127, LOB (InterPro:IPR017394); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: JLO (JAGGED LATERAL ORGANS) (TAIR:AT4G00220.1); Has 11512 Blast hits to 4742 proteins in 447 species: Archae - 12; Bacteria - 2005; Metazoa - 4652; Fungi - 465; Plants - 3012; Viruses - 142; Other Eukaryotes - 1224 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G45450AT2G45450.1ZPR1, a small leucine zipper-containing protein that interacts with REV HD-ZIPIII and is involved in the establishment of leaf polarity. 
AT2G45480AT2G45480.1Growth regulating factor encoding transcription activator. One of the nine members of a GRF gene family, containing nuclear targeting domain. Involved in leaf development. 
AT2G45650AT2G45650.1sequence suggests this encodes a MADS-box transcription factor 
AT2G45660AT2G45660.1Controls flowering and is required for CO to promote flowering. It acts downstream of FT. Overexpression of (SOC1) AGL20 suppresses not only the late flowering of plants that have functional FRI and FLC alleles but also the delayed phase transitions during the vegetative stages of development. AGL20/SOC1 acts with AGL24 to promote flowering and inflorescence meristem identity.AGL20 upregulates expression of AGL24 in response to GA. 
AT2G46020AT2G46020.1Encodes a SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling ATPase that upregulates transcription of all three CUC genes and is involved in the formation and/or maintenance of boundary cells during embryogenesis. Also mediates repression of expression of seed storage proteins in vegetative tissues. Interacts strongly with AtSWI3C, also with AtSWI3B, but not with AtSWI3A or AtSWI3D. 
AT2G46020.2Encodes a SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling ATPase that upregulates transcription of all three CUC genes and is involved in the formation and/or maintenance of boundary cells during embryogenesis. Also mediates repression of expression of seed storage proteins in vegetative tissues. Interacts strongly with AtSWI3C, also with AtSWI3B, but not with AtSWI3A or AtSWI3D. 
AT2G46240AT2G46240.1A member of Arabidopsis BAG (Bcl-2-associated athanogene) proteins, plant homologs of mammalian regulators of apoptosis. Expression of BAG6 in leaves was strongly induced by heat stress. Knockout mutants exhibited enhanced susceptibility to fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea. Plant BAG proteins are multi-functional and remarkably similar to their animal counterparts, as they regulate apoptotic-like processes ranging from pathogen attack, to abiotic stress, to plant development. 
AT2G46310AT2G46310.1CRF5 encodes one of the six cytokinin response factors. It is transcriptionally upregulated in response to cytokinin. CRF5 belongs to the AP2/ERF superfamily of the transcriptional factors. CRF proteins rapidly relocalize to the nucleus in response to cytokinin. Analysis of loos-of-function mutants revealed that the CRFs function redundantly to regulate the development of embryos, cotyledons and leaves. 
AT2G46340AT2G46340.1Encodes a member of the SPA (suppressor of phyA-105) protein family (SPA1-SPA4). SPA proteins contain an N-terminal serine/threonine kinase-like motif followed by a coiled-coil structure and a C-terminal WD-repeat domain. SPA1 is a PHYA signaling intermediate, putative regulator of PHYA signaling pathway. Light responsive repressor of photomorphogenesis. Involved in regulating circadian rhythms and flowering time in plants. Under constant light, the abundance of SPA1 protein exhibited circadian regulation, whereas under constant darkness, SPA1 protein levels remained unchanged. In addition, the spa1-3 mutation slightly shortened circadian period of CCA1, TOC1/PRR1 and SPA1 transcript accumulation under constant light. 
AT2G46370AT2G46370.1Encodes a jasmonate-amido synthetase that is a member of the GH3 family of proteins. JAR1 catalyzes the formation of a biologically active jasmonyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile) conjugate. JA-Ile promotes the interaction between JAZ1 and COI1 in the jasmonate signaling pathway. JAR1 localizes to the cytoplasm and is also a phytochrome A signaling component. JAR1 is an auxin-induced gene. Loss of function mutants are defective in a variety of responses to jasmonic acid. JAR1 has additional enzymatic activities in vitro, (e.g. the ability to synthesize adenosine 5'-tetraphosphate and other JA conjugates), but there are no data to show whether JAR1 catalyzes many of these reactions in vivo. JAR1 is involved in pathogen defense, sensitivity to ozone, and wound responses. 
AT2G46370.2Encodes a jasmonate-amido synthetase that is a member of the GH3 family of proteins. JAR1 catalyzes the formation of a biologically active jasmonyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile) conjugate. JA-Ile promotes the interaction between JAZ1 and COI1 in the jasmonate signaling pathway. JAR1 localizes to the cytoplasm and is also a phytochrome A signaling component. JAR1 is an auxin-induced gene. Loss of function mutants are defective in a variety of responses to jasmonic acid. JAR1 has additional enzymatic activities in vitro, (e.g. the ability to synthesize adenosine 5'-tetraphosphate and other JA conjugates), but there are no data to show whether JAR1 catalyzes many of these reactions in vivo. JAR1 is involved in pathogen defense, sensitivity to ozone, and wound responses. 
AT2G46370.3Encodes a jasmonate-amido synthetase that is a member of the GH3 family of proteins. JAR1 catalyzes the formation of a biologically active jasmonyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile) conjugate. JA-Ile promotes the interaction between JAZ1 and COI1 in the jasmonate signaling pathway. JAR1 localizes to the cytoplasm and is also a phytochrome A signaling component. JAR1 is an auxin-induced gene. Loss of function mutants are defective in a variety of responses to jasmonic acid. JAR1 has additional enzymatic activities in vitro, (e.g. the ability to synthesize adenosine 5'-tetraphosphate and other JA conjugates), but there are no data to show whether JAR1 catalyzes many of these reactions in vivo. JAR1 is involved in pathogen defense, sensitivity to ozone, and wound responses. 
AT2G46410AT2G46410.1Nuclear-localized R3-type MYB transcription factor. Positive regulator of hair-cell differentiation. Preferentially transcribed in hairless cells. Moves from atrichoblasts into trichoblast via plasmodesmata in a tissue-specific mode. N-terminus and part of the Myb domain are required for this movement, with W76 playing a crucial role. Capability to increase the size-exclusion limit of plasmodesmata. Regulated by WEREWOLF. 
AT2G46590AT2G46590.1encodes a protein containing Dof zinc finger motifs. expression is limited to vascular system of the mother plant. recessive mutation is inherited as maternal-effect and expression is not detected in the embryo. mutants are defective in seed germination. mutants are more dependent on light and cold treatment and less sensitive to gibberellin during seed germination. 
AT2G46590.2encodes a protein containing Dof zinc finger motifs. expression is limited to vascular system of the mother plant. recessive mutation is inherited as maternal-effect and expression is not detected in the embryo. mutants are defective in seed germination. mutants are more dependent on light and cold treatment and less sensitive to gibberellin during seed germination. 
AT2G46770AT2G46770.1NAC transcription factor NST1. NST1 and NST2 are redundant in regulating secondary wall thickening in anther walls and siliques. NST1 promoter was detected in various tissues in which lignified secondary walls develop. 
AT2G46830AT2G46830.1Encodes a transcriptional repressor that performs overlapping functions with LHY in a regulatory feedback loop that is closely associated with the circadian oscillator of Arabidopsis. Binds to the evening element in the promoter of TOC1 and represses TOC1 transcription. CCA1 and LHY colocalize in the nucleus and form heterodimers in vivo. CCA1 and LHY function synergistically in regulating circadian rhythms of Arabidopsis. 
AT2G46830.2Encodes a transcriptional repressor that performs overlapping functions with LHY in a regulatory feedback loop that is closely associated with the circadian oscillator of Arabidopsis. Binds to the evening element in the promoter of TOC1 and represses TOC1 transcription. CCA1 and LHY colocalize in the nucleus and form heterodimers in vivo. CCA1 and LHY function synergistically in regulating circadian rhythms of Arabidopsis. 
AT2G46870AT2G46870.1NGATHA1 (NGA1); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: flower development, leaf development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 14 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 7 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcriptional factor B3 (InterPro:IPR003340); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: NGA2 (NGATHA2); transcription factor (TAIR:AT3G61970.1); Has 734 Blast hits to 729 proteins in 47 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 734; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT2G46920AT2G46920.1Pol mutations are recessive, partial suppressors of meristem defects in strong clv1 and clv3 mutants, and nearly complete suppressors of weak clv1 mutants. Single mutants appear normal. Acts downstream of the CLV signaling pathway in meristem development and is required together with PLL1 for stem-cell maintenance through the regulation of WUS. 
AT2G46920.2Pol mutations are recessive, partial suppressors of meristem defects in strong clv1 and clv3 mutants, and nearly complete suppressors of weak clv1 mutants. Single mutants appear normal. Acts downstream of the CLV signaling pathway in meristem development and is required together with PLL1 for stem-cell maintenance through the regulation of WUS. 
AT2G46990AT2G46990.1Encodes a member of the Aux/IAA family of proteins implicated in auxin signaling. IAA20 lacks the conserved degron (domain II) found in many family members, and IAA20 fusion proteins are stable in Arabidopsis seedlings. IAA20 transcripts are induced by auxin treatment, and overexpression of IAA20 leads to defects in gravitropism, root development, root meristem maintenance, etiolation, and cotyledon vascular development. 
AT2G47000AT2G47000.1Multidrug resistance P-glycoprotein (MDR/PGP) subfamily of ABC transporters. Functions in the basipetal redirection of auxin from the root tip. Exhibits apolar plasma membrane localization in the root cap and polar localization in tissues above. 
AT2G47040AT2G47040.1Share high homologies with a group of pectin methylesterases (PME), pollen specific, and is required for enhancing the growth of pollen tube in style and transmitting tract tissues. 
AT2G47470AT2G47470.1Encodes a protein disulfide isomerase-like (PDIL) protein, a member of a multigene family within the thioredoxin (TRX) superfamily. Transcript levels for this gene are up-regulated in response to three different chemical inducers of ER stress (dithiothreitol, beta-mercaptoethanol, and tunicamycin). AtIRE1-2 does not appear to be required for this response, but the atbzip60 mutant has a diminished response. 
AT2G47470.2Encodes a protein disulfide isomerase-like (PDIL) protein, a member of a multigene family within the thioredoxin (TRX) superfamily. Transcript levels for this gene are up-regulated in response to three different chemical inducers of ER stress (dithiothreitol, beta-mercaptoethanol, and tunicamycin). AtIRE1-2 does not appear to be required for this response, but the atbzip60 mutant has a diminished response. 
AT2G47470.3Encodes a protein disulfide isomerase-like (PDIL) protein, a member of a multigene family within the thioredoxin (TRX) superfamily. Transcript levels for this gene are up-regulated in response to three different chemical inducers of ER stress (dithiothreitol, beta-mercaptoethanol, and tunicamycin). AtIRE1-2 does not appear to be required for this response, but the atbzip60 mutant has a diminished response. 
AT2G47470.4Encodes a protein disulfide isomerase-like (PDIL) protein, a member of a multigene family within the thioredoxin (TRX) superfamily. Transcript levels for this gene are up-regulated in response to three different chemical inducers of ER stress (dithiothreitol, beta-mercaptoethanol, and tunicamycin). AtIRE1-2 does not appear to be required for this response, but the atbzip60 mutant has a diminished response. 
AT2G47510AT2G47510.1fumarase (FUM1) 
AT2G47510.2fumarase (FUM1) 
AT2G47620AT2G47620.1Homologous to yeast SWI3 and a member of the Arabidopsis SWI3 gene family. Protein physically interacts with ATSWI3B and ATSWI3C, the other two members of the SWI3 family. 
AT2G47990AT2G47990.1Encodes a transducin family nucleolar protein with six WD40 repeats that is most likely involved in 18S rRNA biogenesis. The slow progression of the gametophytic division cycles in swa1 suggested that the SWA1 protein is required for the normal progression of mitotic division cycles through the regulation of cell metabolism. Ubiquitously expressed throughout the plant. 
AT2G48120AT2G48120.1The pale cress (pac) mutant affects chloroplast and leaf development; mutants are ABA-deficient and accumulate lower levels of carotenoids and chlorophyll compared to wild type. PAC is probably involved in chloroplast mRNA maturation. Three alternative transcripts of this gene exist. 
AT2G48120.2The pale cress (pac) mutant affects chloroplast and leaf development; mutants are ABA-deficient and accumulate lower levels of carotenoids and chlorophyll compared to wild type. PAC is probably involved in chloroplast mRNA maturation. Three alternative transcripts of this gene exist. 
AT2G48140AT2G48140.1embryo sac development arrest 4 (EDA4); FUNCTIONS IN: lipid binding; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis, lipid transport; LOCATED IN: anchored to membrane; EXPRESSED IN: embryo, hypocotyl, flower, root; EXPRESSED DURING: C globular stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Bifunctional inhibitor/plant lipid transfer protein/seed storage (InterPro:IPR016140), Plant lipid transfer protein/seed storage/trypsin-alpha amylase inhibitor (InterPro:IPR003612); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: protease inhibitor/seed storage/lipid transfer protein (LTP)-related (TAIR:AT1G05450.2); Has 338 Blast hits to 323 proteins in 48 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 34; Metazoa - 23; Fungi - 2; Plants - 261; Viruses - 2; Other Eukaryotes - 16 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G01140AT3G01140.1Encodes a putative transcription factor that is a member of the MYB family. Loss of function mutations show an increased number of branchpoints in leaf trichomes suggesting a role in negative regulation of trichome branching. 
AT3G01460AT3G01460.1Encodes a protein with a methyl-CpG-binding domain. Has sequence similarity to human MBD proteins. Involved in the modification of the FLC chromatin acetylation state to affect FLC expression. Mutants show an early flowering, and enhanced shoot branching phenotypes. 
AT3G01470AT3G01470.1Encodes a homeodomain leucine zipper class I (HD-Zip I) transcriptional activator involved in leaf development. 
AT3G01700AT3G01700.1Encodes an arabinogalactan protein that is expressed in pollen, pollen sac and pollen tube. Loss of AGP11 function results in decreased fertility due to defects in pollen tube growth. 
AT3G01780AT3G01780.1Encodes TPLATE, a cytokinesis protein targeted to the cell plate. Functions in vesicle-trafficking events required for site-specific cell wall modifications during pollen germination and for anchoring of the cell plate to the mother wall at the correct cortical position. 
AT3G02000AT3G02000.1Roxy1 encodes a glutaredoxin belonging to a subgroup specific to higher plants. It is required for proper petal initiation and organogenesis. It is likely to function in the temporal and spatial expression regulation of AGAMOUS in the first and second whorl. It's function is dependent on the Cysteine 49 residue and its nuclear localization. ROXY1 interacts in vitro and in vivo with members of the TGA family of transcription factors (e.g. TGA2, TGA3, TGA7 and PAN). 
AT3G02150AT3G02150.1a chloroplast trans-acting factor of the psbD light-responsive promoter.TCP gene involved in heterochronic control of leaf differentiation. 
AT3G02150.2a chloroplast trans-acting factor of the psbD light-responsive promoter.TCP gene involved in heterochronic control of leaf differentiation. 
AT3G02310AT3G02310.1MADS-box protein, binds K domain of AG in vivo 
AT3G02570AT3G02570.1Encodes a protein with phosphomannose isomerase activity. 
AT3G02660AT3G02660.1EMBRYO DEFECTIVE 2768 (emb2768); FUNCTIONS IN: RNA binding, tyrosine-tRNA ligase activity, aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, nucleotide binding, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold (InterPro:IPR014729), Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ib, bacterial/mitochondrial (InterPro:IPR002307), RNA-binding S4 (InterPro:IPR002942), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ib (InterPro:IPR002305); Has 6358 Blast hits to 6354 proteins in 1524 species: Archae - 11; Bacteria - 2982; Metazoa - 99; Fungi - 101; Plants - 19; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3146 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G02780AT3G02780.1Encodes a protein with isopentenyl diphosphate:dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase activity. There is genetic evidence that it functions in the mevalonate, but not the MEP biosynthetic pathway. 
AT3G03090AT3G03090.1Encodes a vacuolar membrane-localized glucose transporter that can also transport fructose. Mutations in these gene have effects on seed germination and time to flowering. 
AT3G03450AT3G03450.1Encodes a DELLA protein, a member of the GRAS superfamily of putative transcription factors. DELLA proteins restrain the cell proliferation and expansion that drives plant growth. Negative regulator of the response to GA in controlling seed germination. GA triggers the degradation of RGL2 protein in a process blocked by both proteasome inhibitors and serine/threonine phosphatase inhibitors. The protein undergoes degradation in response to GA via the 26S proteasome. RGL2 may be involved in reducing ROS accumulation in response to stress by up-regulating the transcription of superoxide dismutases. Rapidly degraded in response to GA. Regulates GA-promoted seed germination. Involved in flower and fruit development. 
AT3G03650AT3G03650.1embryo sac development arrest 5 (EDA5); FUNCTIONS IN: catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis, pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: membrane; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Exostosin-like (InterPro:IPR004263); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: exostosin family protein (TAIR:AT3G45400.1); Has 625 Blast hits to 623 proteins in 41 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 6; Metazoa - 31; Fungi - 0; Plants - 536; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 52 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G03660AT3G03660.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. 
AT3G03660.2Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. 
AT3G03690AT3G03690.1unfertilized embryo sac 7 (UNE7); FUNCTIONS IN: transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups, acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity; INVOLVED IN: carbohydrate biosynthetic process, double fertilization forming a zygote and endosperm, pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system, membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 19 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 9 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Glycosyl transferase, family 14 (InterPro:IPR003406); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: glycosyltransferase family 14 protein / core-2/I-branching enzyme family protein (TAIR:AT3G15350.2); Has 685 Blast hits to 682 proteins in 89 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 20; Metazoa - 450; Fungi - 0; Plants - 190; Viruses - 14; Other Eukaryotes - 11 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G03810AT3G03810.1embryo sac development arrest 30 (EDA30); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: N-terminal protein myristoylation, polar nucleus fusion, pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein of unknown function DUF246, plant (InterPro:IPR004348); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT3G30300.1); Has 433 Blast hits to 418 proteins in 20 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 433; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G04240AT3G04240.1Has O-linked N-acetyl glucosamine transferase activity. Similar to Arabidopsis SPY gene. 
AT3G04460AT3G04460.1RING finger protein involved in peroxisome biogenesis. 
AT3G04680AT3G04680.1Encodes a nuclear protein that functions in mRNA processing. Mutations in this gene cause embryo lethality and reduced transmission through the female gametophyte. Over-expression of a CLPS3:TAP protein changes the relative levels of two alternatively processed FCA transcripts. It also causes abnormal phyllotaxy and flower development, early flowering under long and short days, and increased levels of CUC1 and WUS expression. 
AT3G04680.2Encodes a nuclear protein that functions in mRNA processing. Mutations in this gene cause embryo lethality and reduced transmission through the female gametophyte. Over-expression of a CLPS3:TAP protein changes the relative levels of two alternatively processed FCA transcripts. It also causes abnormal phyllotaxy and flower development, early flowering under long and short days, and increased levels of CUC1 and WUS expression. 
AT3G05000AT3G05000.1transport protein particle (TRAPP) component Bet3 family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: transporter activity; INVOLVED IN: pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transport protein particle (TRAPP) component (InterPro:IPR007194); Has 331 Blast hits to 331 proteins in 128 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 161; Fungi - 94; Plants - 35; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 41 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G05040AT3G05040.1Encodes member of importin/exportin family. Involved in timing of shoot maturation. Involved in miRNA transport. Mutants flower early and have small, curled leaves and reduced abundance of certain miRNA species. 
AT3G05120AT3G05120.1Encodes a gibberellin (GA) receptor ortholog of the rice GA receptor gene (OsGID1). Has GA-binding activity, showing higher affinity to GA4. Interacts with DELLA proteins in vivo in the presence of GA4. The DELLA region alone can interact with GID1A in GA-dependent manner in a Y2H assay. 
AT3G05530AT3G05530.1Encodes RPT5a (Regulatory Particle 5a), one of the six AAA-ATPases of the proteasome regulatory particle. Essential for gametophyte development. In Arabidopsis, the RPT5 subunit is encoded by two highly homologous genes, RPT5a and RPT5b. RPT5a and RPT5b show accession-dependent functional redundancy. In Wassilewskija (Ws) accession: mutant alleles of RPT5a displayed 50% pollen lethality, indicating that RPT5a is essential for male gametophyte development. In the Columbia (Col) accession, a rpt5a mutant allele did not display such a phenotype because the RPT5b Col allele complements the rpt5a defect in the male gametophyte, whereas the RPT5b Ws allele does not. Double rpt5a rpt5b mutants in Col background showed a complete male and female gametophyte lethal phenotype. 
AT3G05630AT3G05630.1Encodes a member of the PXPH-PLD subfamily of phospholipase D proteins. Regulates vesicle trafficking. Required for auxin transport and distribution and hence auxin responses. This subfamily is novel structurally different from the majority of plant PLDs by having phox homology (PX) and pleckstrin homology (PH) domains. Involved regulating root development in response to nutrient limitation. Plays a major role in phosphatidic acid production during phosphate deprivation. Induced upon Pi starvation in both shoots and roots. Involved in hydrolyzing phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine to produce diacylglycerol for digalactosyldiacylglycerol synthesis and free Pi to sustain other Pi-requiring processes. Does not appear to be involved in root hair patterning. 
AT3G05770AT3G05770.1unknown protein; INVOLVED IN: pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: male gametophyte, pollen tube; EXPRESSED DURING: M germinated pollen stage; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT1G54300.1); Has 48 Blast hits to 48 proteins in 12 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1; Fungi - 0; Plants - 42; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 5 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G05840AT3G05840.1encodes a SHAGGY-like kinase involved in meristem organization. 
AT3G05840.2encodes a SHAGGY-like kinase involved in meristem organization. 
AT3G06120AT3G06120.1Encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein that controls meristemoid differentiation during stomatal development. In the absence of MUTE, meristemoids abort after excessive asymmetric divisions and fail to differentiate stomata. 
AT3G06350AT3G06350.1MATERNAL EFFECT EMBRYO ARREST 32 (MEE32); FUNCTIONS IN: NADP or NADPH binding, 3-dehydroquinate dehydratase activity, shikimate 5-dehydrogenase activity, binding, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast stroma, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Quinate/shikimate 5-dehydrogenase/glutamyl-tRNA reductase (InterPro:IPR006151), Aldolase-type TIM barrel (InterPro:IPR013785), 3-dehydroquinate dehydratase, active site (InterPro:IPR018508), Quinate/shikimate 5-dehydrogenase (InterPro:IPR011342), NAD(P)-binding (InterPro:IPR016040), Dehydroquinase class I (InterPro:IPR001381), Shikimate dehydrogenase substrate binding, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR013708); Has 9368 Blast hits to 9366 proteins in 1469 species: Archae - 354; Bacteria - 5836; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 292; Plants - 60; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2826 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G06400AT3G06400.1Encodes a SWI2/SNF2 chromatin remodeling protein belonging to the ISWI family. Involved in nuclear proliferation during megagametogenesis and cell expansion in the sporophyte. Constitutively expressed. RNAi induced loss of function in megagametogenesis results in female sterility.35S:RNAi plants have reduced stature. 
AT3G06430AT3G06430.1embryo defective 2750 (EMB2750); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen tube development; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT3G53170.1); Has 13889 Blast hits to 5167 proteins in 165 species: Archae - 3; Bacteria - 14; Metazoa - 269; Fungi - 227; Plants - 12750; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 626 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G06930AT3G06930.1Encodes an type I protein arginine methyltransferase. PRMT4b can catalyze the asymmetric dimethylation of arginines 2,17, and 26 on histone 3 and can also methylate myelin basic protein in vitro. Double mutants lacking PRMT4a and 4b have reduced levels of histone 3 methylated at R17. These double mutants flower late due to defects in the autonomous pathway and they have elevated levels of FLC transcripts. 
AT3G06930.2Encodes an type I protein arginine methyltransferase. PRMT4b can catalyze the asymmetric dimethylation of arginines 2,17, and 26 on histone 3 and can also methylate myelin basic protein in vitro. Double mutants lacking PRMT4a and 4b have reduced levels of histone 3 methylated at R17. These double mutants flower late due to defects in the autonomous pathway and they have elevated levels of FLC transcripts. 
AT3G07160AT3G07160.1Encodes GSL10, a member of the Glucan Synthase-Like (GSL) family believed to be involved in the synthesis of the cell wall component callose. GSL10 is required for male gametophyte development and plant growth. Has a role in entry of microspores into mitosis. GSL10 mutation leads to perturbation of microspore division symmetry, irregular callose deposition and failure of generative cell engulfment by the vegetative cell cytoplasm. Also refer to GSL8 (At2g36850). 
AT3G07330AT3G07330.1encodes a gene similar to cellulose synthase 
AT3G07390AT3G07390.1isolated from differential screening of a cDNA library from auxin-treated root culture. sequence does not show homology to any known proteins and is predicted to be extracellular. 
AT3G07610AT3G07610.1IBM1 likely encodes a protein with histone H3mK9 demethylation activity. It may preferentially demethylate H3mK9 at low-copy loci to protect them from silencing by nearby heterochromatin by preventing the spread of cytosine methylation. BONSAI (At1g73177) is hypermethylated in ibm1 mutants. ibm1 mutants have morphological defects that become apparent at the F3 generation, including small narrow leaves, arrested flower development, and faulty pollen development. These phenotypes cannot result solely from the BONSAI hypermethylation. Aberrant phenotypes in ibm1 mutants in both DNA methylation and plant development can be suppressed by mutations in the KYP H3K9 methyltransferase or he CMT3 non CG-cytosine methylase. 
AT3G07610.2IBM1 likely encodes a protein with histone H3mK9 demethylation activity. It may preferentially demethylate H3mK9 at low-copy loci to protect them from silencing by nearby heterochromatin by preventing the spread of cytosine methylation. BONSAI (At1g73177) is hypermethylated in ibm1 mutants. ibm1 mutants have morphological defects that become apparent at the F3 generation, including small narrow leaves, arrested flower development, and faulty pollen development. These phenotypes cannot result solely from the BONSAI hypermethylation. Aberrant phenotypes in ibm1 mutants in both DNA methylation and plant development can be suppressed by mutations in the KYP H3K9 methyltransferase or he CMT3 non CG-cytosine methylase. 
AT3G07780AT3G07780.1Encodes a nuclear PHD finger protein that is functionally redundant with OBE2 and plays an important role in the maintenance and/or establishment of the root and shoot apical meristems. 
AT3G07970AT3G07970.1Required for pollen separation during normal development. In qrt mutants, the outer walls of the four meiotic products of the pollen mother cell are fused, and pollen grains are released in tetrads.May be required for cell type-specific pectin degradation. 
AT3G07980AT3G07980.1MAP3K epsilon protein kinase 2 is functionally redundant with MAP3Ke1. Required for pollen development but not essential. 
AT3G08010AT3G08010.1Encodes a chloroplast-localized protein ATAB2. ATAB2 is involved in the biogenesis of Photosystem I and II. ATAB2 has A/U-rich RNA-binding activity and presumably functions as an activator of translation with targets at PS I and PS II. 
AT3G08850AT3G08850.1Encodes one of two Arabidopsis RAPTOR/KOG1 homologs. RAPTOR proteins are binding partners of the target of rapamycin kinase that is present in all eukaryotes and play a central role in the stimulation of cell growth and metabolism in response to nutrients. Mutants show embryo lethal phenotype which occurs at pre-globular stage. May interact with TOR kinase in a rapamycin like signaling pathway. Interacts with TOR and S6K1 in vivo. Overexpression of RAPTOR1 rendered the S6K1 osmotic stress insensitive. 
AT3G08970AT3G08970.1J domain protein localized in ER lumen. Can compensate for the growth defect in jem1 scj1 mutant yeast. Also shows similarity to HSP40 proteins and is induced by heat stress. At high temperatures, mutant alleles are not transmitted through the pollen due to defects in pollen tube growth. 
AT3G09840AT3G09840.1Encodes a cell division cycle protein, a member of AAA-type ATPases gene family. Expressed throughout the plant in regions of cell division. Within the cell, sub-cellular localization varies depending on the stage of the cell cycle.Mutants in which the expression of CDC48A is altered show defects in cytokinesis, cell expansion and cell differentiation. 
AT3G10000AT3G10000.1embryo sac development arrest 31 (EDA31); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion, regulation of transcription; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: SANT, DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR001005), MYB-like (InterPro:IPR017877); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: PTL (PETAL LOSS); transcription factor (TAIR:AT5G03680.1); Has 351 Blast hits to 272 proteins in 42 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 54; Fungi - 8; Plants - 254; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 35 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G10380AT3G10380.1Subunit of the Putative Arabidopsis Exocyst Complex 
AT3G10490AT3G10490.1Arabidopsis NAC domain containing protein 52 (anac052); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, pollen development; LOCATED IN: nucleolus; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: No apical meristem (NAM) protein (InterPro:IPR003441); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: no apical meristem (NAM) family protein (TAIR:AT3G10480.1); Has 1982 Blast hits to 1951 proteins in 99 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 13; Metazoa - 63; Fungi - 13; Plants - 1609; Viruses - 4; Other Eukaryotes - 280 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G10490.2Arabidopsis NAC domain containing protein 52 (anac052); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, pollen development; LOCATED IN: nucleolus; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: No apical meristem (NAM) protein (InterPro:IPR003441); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: no apical meristem (NAM) family protein (TAIR:AT3G10480.1); Has 1982 Blast hits to 1951 proteins in 99 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 13; Metazoa - 63; Fungi - 13; Plants - 1609; Viruses - 4; Other Eukaryotes - 280 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G10560AT3G10560.1member of CYP77A 
AT3G10670AT3G10670.1Plastidic SufC-like ATP-binding cassette/ATPase essential for Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Involved in the biogenesis and/or repair of oxidatively damaged Fe–S clusters. Expressed in embryos and meristems. 
AT3G10870AT3G10870.1Encodes a methyl IAA esterase. Methyl IAA is believed to be an inactive form of auxin that needs to be demethylated to exert a biological effect. MES17 does not act on methyl JA, MeSA, MeGA4, or MEGA9 in vitro. This gene is expressed in several tissues of seedlings and adult plants, with a higher relative level of expression in the seedling shoot apex and the adult stem. 
AT3G10920AT3G10920.1manganese superoxide dismutase (MSD1) 
AT3G10920.2manganese superoxide dismutase (MSD1) 
AT3G11260AT3G11260.1Arabidopsis thaliana WOX5 protein mRNA 
AT3G11270AT3G11270.1maternal effect embryo arrest 34 (MEE34); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, protein catabolic process, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus, proteasome regulatory particle, lid subcomplex; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Mov34/MPN/PAD-1 (InterPro:IPR000555); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: RPN8A (RP NON-ATPASE SUBUNIT 8A) (TAIR:AT5G05780.1); Has 981 Blast hits to 977 proteins in 171 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 446; Fungi - 210; Plants - 166; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 159 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G11440AT3G11440.1Member of the R2R3-MYB gene family. Similar to GA-induced Barley myb gene. May be induced during germination in response to GA. Double mutants with MYB33 are male sterile, showing defects in pollen development and anther development. Contains a binding site for miRNA159 and may be spatially regulated by this micro RNA. The male sterile phenotype of the MYB33/MYB65 double mutant is light and temperature sensitive. Fertility can be restored with increased light intensity and lower temperatures. 
AT3G11540AT3G11540.1Encodes a N-acetyl glucosamine transferase that may glycosylate other molecules involved in GA signaling. Contains a tetratricopeptide repeat region, and a novel carboxy-terminal region. SPY acts as both a repressor of GA responses and as a positive regulation of cytokinin signalling. SPY may be involved in reducing ROS accumulation in response to stress. 
AT3G11540.2Encodes a N-acetyl glucosamine transferase that may glycosylate other molecules involved in GA signaling. Contains a tetratricopeptide repeat region, and a novel carboxy-terminal region. SPY acts as both a repressor of GA responses and as a positive regulation of cytokinin signalling. SPY may be involved in reducing ROS accumulation in response to stress. 
AT3G12160AT3G12160.1Encodes RABA4D, a member of the Arabidopsis RabA4 subfamily of Rab GTPase proteins. It is transported in exocytic vesicles to the apical tip of pollen tubes where it appears to promote tip growth. Proper localization of RabA4d depends on ROP1, RIC3, and RIC4 activity. 
AT3G12280AT3G12280.1Encodes a retinoblastoma homologue RETINOBLASTOMA-RELATED protein (RBR or RBR1). RBR controls nuclear proliferation in the female gametophyte. Also required for correct differentiation of male gametophytic cell types. Regulates stem cell maintenance in Arabidopsis roots. Involved in the determination of cell cycle arrest in G1 phase after sucrose starvation. RBR1 is also involved in regulation of imprinted genes. Together with MSI1 it represses the expression of MET1. This in turn activates expression of the imprinted genes FIS2 and FWA. 
AT3G12400AT3G12400.1Mutants of this gene were initially identified because of the trichome morphogenesis phenotype. Those trichomes have multiple nuclei, a defect that turns out not to be restricted to the trichomes but also in all endoreduplicating cell types. This gene encodes a ubiquitin-binding protein with sequence similarities with yeast proteins that are components of the ESCRTI-III complexes. The Arabidopsis protein is found associated with the endosome. 
AT3G12680AT3G12680.1Member of the floral homeotic AGAMOUS pathway. 
AT3G12690AT3G12690.1Encodes a putative serine/threonine kinase It is expressed specifically in pollen and appears to function redundantly with AGC1.7 to regulate polarized growth of pollen tubes. 
AT3G12690.2Encodes a putative serine/threonine kinase It is expressed specifically in pollen and appears to function redundantly with AGC1.7 to regulate polarized growth of pollen tubes. 
AT3G12690.3Encodes a putative serine/threonine kinase It is expressed specifically in pollen and appears to function redundantly with AGC1.7 to regulate polarized growth of pollen tubes. 
AT3G12810AT3G12810.1Encodes a protein similar to ATP-dependent, chromatin-remodeling proteins of the ISWI and SWI2/SNF2 family. Genetic analyses suggest that this gene is involved in multiple flowering pathways. Mutations in PIE1 results in suppression of FLC-mediated delay of flowering and causes early flowering in noninductive photoperiods independently of FLC. PIE1 is required for expression of FLC in the shoot apex but not in the root.Along with ARP6 forms a complex to deposit modified histone H2A.Z at several loci within the genome. This modification alters the expression of the target genes (i.e. FLC, MAF4, MAF6). 
AT3G12980AT3G12980.1Encodes an enzyme with histone acetyltransferase activity that can use both H3 and H4 histones as substrates. No single prior lysine acetylation is sufficient to block HAC5 acetylation of the H3 or H4 peptides, suggesting that HAC5 can acetylate any of several lysines present in the peptides. Di-acetylation of both lysines 9 and 14 on the H3 peptide significantly reduces the level of incorporated radioactive acetylation catalyzed by HAC5, indicating that HAC5 may acetylate either lysine 9 or lysine 14. 
AT3G13300AT3G13300.1Encodes VCS (VARICOSE). Involved in mRNA decapping. VCS forms a mRNA decapping complex with DCP1 (At1g08370) and DCP2 (At5g13570). Unlike DCP2, VCS itself does not have mRNA decapping activity in vitro. DCP1, DCP2 and VCS colocalize in cytoplasmic loci, which are putative Arabidopsis mRNA processing bodies. Null mutants of DCP1, DCP2, and VCS accumulate capped mRNAs with a reduced degradation rate. These mutants also share a similar lethal phenotype at the seedling cotyledon stage, with disorganized veins, swollen root hairs, and altered epidermal cell morphology. VCS is also required for leaf development. 
AT3G13300.2Encodes VCS (VARICOSE). Involved in mRNA decapping. VCS forms a mRNA decapping complex with DCP1 (At1g08370) and DCP2 (At5g13570). Unlike DCP2, VCS itself does not have mRNA decapping activity in vitro. DCP1, DCP2 and VCS colocalize in cytoplasmic loci, which are putative Arabidopsis mRNA processing bodies. Null mutants of DCP1, DCP2, and VCS accumulate capped mRNAs with a reduced degradation rate. These mutants also share a similar lethal phenotype at the seedling cotyledon stage, with disorganized veins, swollen root hairs, and altered epidermal cell morphology. VCS is also required for leaf development. 
AT3G13490AT3G13490.1Encodes a dual targeted lysyl-tRNA ligase that is found both in the mitochondrion and the chloroplast. Plants mutated in this gene exhibit an ovule abortion phenotype. 
AT3G13530AT3G13530.1MAP3K epsilon protein kinase 1 is functionally redundant with MAP3Ke2. Required for pollen development but not essential. map3ke1;map3ke2 double-mutant pollen grains develop plasma membrane irregularities following pollen mitosis I. Localized primarily in the plasma membrane. Expressed in leaf trichomes, root columella cells and developing ovules. 
AT3G13540AT3G13540.1Encodes a member of the MYB family of transcriptional regulators. MYB5 act as a negative regulator of trichome branching and play a role in the correct formation of the seed coat and possibly the formation the underlying endosperm layers. Loss of function mutations have defects in seed coat mucilage and columella cells as well as trichome defects (smaller and reduced number of branches). 
AT3G13672AT3G13672.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 11 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: LP.06 six leaves visible, 4 anthesis, LP.04 four leaves visible, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162), TRAF-type (InterPro:IPR013322); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: SINAT2 (SEVEN IN ABSENTIA OF ARABIDOPSIS 2); protein binding / ubiquitin-protein ligase/ zinc ion binding (TAIR:AT3G58040.1); Has 352 Blast hits to 352 proteins in 64 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 218; Fungi - 0; Plants - 128; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 6 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G13672.2seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 11 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: LP.06 six leaves visible, 4 anthesis, LP.04 four leaves visible, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162), TRAF-type (InterPro:IPR013322); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: SINAT2 (SEVEN IN ABSENTIA OF ARABIDOPSIS 2); protein binding / ubiquitin-protein ligase/ zinc ion binding (TAIR:AT3G58040.1); Has 352 Blast hits to 352 proteins in 64 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 218; Fungi - 0; Plants - 128; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 6 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G13730AT3G13730.1Encodes a cytochrome P-450 gene that is involved in brassinosteroid biosynthesis, most likely in the conversion step of teasterone (TE) to 3-dehydroteasterone (3DT), and/or 6-deoxoteasterone (6-deoxoTE) to 6-deoxo-3-dehydroteasterone (6-deoxo3DT); or the conversion of cathasterone (CT) to TE, and/or 6-deoxocathasterone (6-deoxoCT) to 6-deoxoTE. Recently, CYP90D1 was shown to catalyse the C-23 hydroxylation of several brassinosteroids (the enzyme has a broad specificity for 22-hydroxylated substrates). Member of the CYP90C CYP450 family. Similar to Cytochrome P450 90C1 (ROT3). 
AT3G13870AT3G13870.1required for regulated cell expansion and normal root hair development. Encodes an evolutionarily conserved protein with putative GTP-binding motifs that is implicated in the control of vesicle trafficking between the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi compartments. 
AT3G13870.2required for regulated cell expansion and normal root hair development. Encodes an evolutionarily conserved protein with putative GTP-binding motifs that is implicated in the control of vesicle trafficking between the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi compartments. 
AT3G13960AT3G13960.1Growth regulating factor encoding transcription activator. One of the nine members of a GRF gene family, containing nuclear targeting domain. Involved in leaf development and expressed in root, shoot and flower. 
AT3G14370AT3G14370.1The WAG2 and its homolog, WAG1 each encodes protein-serine/threonine kinase that are nearly 70% identical to PsPK3 protein. All three together with CsPK3 belong to PsPK3-type kinases. At the N-terminus, all four possess a serine/threonine-rich domain. They are closely related to Arabidopsis kinases PINOID. wag1/wag2 double mutants exhibit a pronounced wavy root phenotype when grown vertically on agar plates (while wild-type plants develop wavy roots only on plates inclined to angles less than 90 degrees), indicating an overlapping role for WAG1 and WAG2 as suppressors of root waving. Simultaneous disruption of PID(AT2G34650) and its 3 closest homologs (PID2/AT2G26700, WAG1/AT1G53700, and WAG2/AT3G14370) abolishes the formation of cotyledons. 
AT3G15030AT3G15030.1Arabidopsis thaliana TCP family transcription factor. Regulated by miR319. Involved in heterchronic regulation of leaf differentiation. 
AT3G15030.2Arabidopsis thaliana TCP family transcription factor. Regulated by miR319. Involved in heterchronic regulation of leaf differentiation. 
AT3G15170AT3G15170.1Encodes a transcription factor involved in shoot apical meristem formation and auxin-mediated lateral root formation. The gene is thought not to be involved in stress responses (NaCl, auxins, ethylene). <i>Cuc</i> mutant was first recognized at the heart stage, where embryos lacking two distinct bulges of cotyledonary primordia were observed. 
AT3G15730AT3G15730.1Encodes phospholipase D alpha 1 (PLD alpha 1). Positive regulator of abscisic acid (ABA) mediated stomatal movements. PLD alpha 1 plays an important role in seed deterioration and aging in Arabidopsis. 
AT3G15880AT3G15880.1WUS-INTERACTING PROTEIN 2 (WSIP2); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding; INVOLVED IN: primary shoot apical meristem specification; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: WD40 repeat-like (InterPro:IPR011046), WD40 repeat, region (InterPro:IPR017986), WD40/YVTN repeat-like (InterPro:IPR015943), WD40 repeat (InterPro:IPR001680), CTLH, C-terminal to LisH motif (InterPro:IPR006595), LisH dimerisation motif (InterPro:IPR006594); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TPL (TOPLESS); protein binding / protein homodimerization/ transcription repressor (TAIR:AT1G15750.4); Has 17038 Blast hits to 10327 proteins in 464 species: Archae - 20; Bacteria - 3139; Metazoa - 6620; Fungi - 3321; Plants - 1253; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2685 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G15880.2WUS-INTERACTING PROTEIN 2 (WSIP2); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding; INVOLVED IN: primary shoot apical meristem specification; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: WD40 repeat-like (InterPro:IPR011046), WD40 repeat, region (InterPro:IPR017986), WD40/YVTN repeat-like (InterPro:IPR015943), WD40 repeat (InterPro:IPR001680), CTLH, C-terminal to LisH motif (InterPro:IPR006595), LisH dimerisation motif (InterPro:IPR006594); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TPL (TOPLESS); protein binding / protein homodimerization/ transcription repressor (TAIR:AT1G15750.4); Has 17038 Blast hits to 10327 proteins in 464 species: Archae - 20; Bacteria - 3139; Metazoa - 6620; Fungi - 3321; Plants - 1253; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2685 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G16440AT3G16440.1myrosinase-binding protein-like protein (AtMLP-300B) mRNA, 
AT3G16630AT3G16630.1Kinesin-13A localized to entire Golgi stacks. Involved in trichome development. 
AT3G16630.2Kinesin-13A localized to entire Golgi stacks. Involved in trichome development. 
AT3G16640AT3G16640.1Encodes a protein homologous to translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) from Drosophila. In flies, TCTP functions guanine nucleotide exchange factor in the TOR signaling pathway. TCTP is expressed throughout the plant with highest levels seen in meristematic regions of the shoot and root. Loss of function alleles are not transmitted through the male gametophyte due to defects in pollen tube growth. Hypomorphs, generated through RNAi, are dwarf and have smaller cells. These plants also have defects in lateral and primary root growth as well as root hair growth. The phenotypes are similar to TOR mutants suggesting that TCTP functions in the is pathway in Arabidopsis as well. 
AT3G16785AT3G16785.1Encodes a member of the PXPH-PLD subfamily of phospholipase D proteins. This subfamily is novel structurally different from the majority of plant PLDs by having phox homology (PX) and pleckstrin homology (PH) domains. Involved regulating root development in response to nutrient limitation. Does not appear to be involved in root hair patterning. Not induced upon Pi starvation. 
AT3G16857AT3G16857.1Encodes an Arabidopsis response regulator (ARR) protein that acts in concert with other type-B ARRs in the cytokinin signaling pathway. 
AT3G16857.2Encodes an Arabidopsis response regulator (ARR) protein that acts in concert with other type-B ARRs in the cytokinin signaling pathway. 
AT3G17220AT3G17220.1Pectin methylesterase inhibitor AtPMEI2. Inactivates AtPPME1 in vitro. Localized to Brefeldin A-induced compartments, and was found in FYVE-induced endosomal aggregates. 
AT3G17600AT3G17600.1Encodes a member of the Aux/IAA family of proteins implicated in auxin signaling. IAA31 shares several residues with the conserved domain II region, believed to act as a degron in many of the rapidly degraded Aux/IAA family members. An IAA31 fusion protein is quite long-lived, but can be degraded more rapidly in the presence of auxin. Unlike many other family members, IAA31 transcript levels do not rise in response to auxin. Nevertheless, overexpression of IAA31 leads to defects in auxin-related processes such as gravitropism, root development, shoot development, and cotyledon vascular development. 
AT3G18000AT3G18000.1Arabidopsis thaliana N-methyltransferase-like protein mRNA. 
AT3G18010AT3G18010.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. Its mRNA is expressed in the initiating vascular primordium of the cotyledons during heart and torpedo stages. 
AT3G18110AT3G18110.1embryo defective 1270 (EMB1270); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 21 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: PGR3 (PROTON GRADIENT REGULATION 3) (TAIR:AT4G31850.1); Has 35732 Blast hits to 6202 proteins in 197 species: Archae - 10; Bacteria - 34; Metazoa - 1105; Fungi - 778; Plants - 32150; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1655 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G18130AT3G18130.1Encodes a protein with similarity to mammalian RACKs. RACKs function to shuttle activated protein kinase C to different subcellular sites and may also function as a scaffold through physical interactions with other proteins. RACK1C has no phenotype on its own and probably acts redundantly with RACK1A and RACK1B. 
AT3G18485AT3G18485.1Encodes a novel protein with no predicted membrane-spanning domains that is polymorphic among Arabidopsis accessions. The protein may modulate a metal transporter. Mutants are resistant to IAA-Leu, IAA-Phe, and the divalent metals cobalt and manganese but remain sensitive to free IAA; they are defective in lateral root formation and primary root elongation. 
AT3G18550AT3G18550.1Encodes a TCP transcription factor, closely related to teosinte branched1, arrests axillary bud development and prevents axillary bud outgrowth. 
AT3G18550.2Encodes a TCP transcription factor, closely related to teosinte branched1, arrests axillary bud development and prevents axillary bud outgrowth. 
AT3G18730AT3G18730.1Encodes a protein with an important role in cell division control and plant morphogenesis and may also play a role in genome maintenance. May be involved in mitosis through interaction with TSA1. In cells synchronized for cell division, TSA1 and TSK relocalize to ends of spindle microtubules that are ahead of separating chromatids during metaphase and anaphase of mitosis. 
AT3G18780AT3G18780.1Encodes an actin that is constitutively expressed in vegetative structures but not pollen. ACT2 is involved in tip growth of root hairs. 
AT3G18780.2Encodes an actin that is constitutively expressed in vegetative structures but not pollen. ACT2 is involved in tip growth of root hairs. 
AT3G19580AT3G19580.1Encodes zinc finger protein. mRNA levels are upregulated in response to ABA, high salt, and mild dessication. The protein is localized to the nucleus and acts as a transcriptional repressor. 
AT3G19580.2Encodes zinc finger protein. mRNA levels are upregulated in response to ABA, high salt, and mild dessication. The protein is localized to the nucleus and acts as a transcriptional repressor. 
AT3G19700AT3G19700.1Encodes leucine rich repeat (LRR) kinase. Iku2-3 identified in a screen for mutants with abnormal endosperm. Sporophytic recessive mutants have reduced embryo and endosperm size. Seed size is also reduced and the shape is abnormal suggesting an interaction between the endosperm and cell elongation in the integuments. 
AT3G19770AT3G19770.1Guanine nucleotide exchange factor VPS9a. Can ctivate all Rab5 members to GTP-bound forms in vitro. Required for embryogenesis. Regulates the localization of ARA7 and ARA6. Involved in postembryonic root development. 
AT3G19770.2Guanine nucleotide exchange factor VPS9a. Can ctivate all Rab5 members to GTP-bound forms in vitro. Required for embryogenesis. Regulates the localization of ARA7 and ARA6. Involved in postembryonic root development. 
AT3G20070AT3G20070.1Encodes a plant-specific protein of unknown function. Mutant embryos contain at most four small cells. The endosperm nucleoli are enlarged. Gene is expressed in siliques based on EST information. 
AT3G20070.2Encodes a plant-specific protein of unknown function. Mutant embryos contain at most four small cells. The endosperm nucleoli are enlarged. Gene is expressed in siliques based on EST information. 
AT3G20630AT3G20630.1Encodes a ubiquitin-specific protease. Identical to TTN6. Loss of function mutations are embryo lethals, having development arrested at the preglobular/globular stage. 
AT3G20740AT3G20740.1Encodes a protein similar to the transcriptional regular of the animal Polycomb group and is involved in regulation of establishment of anterior-posterior polar axis in the endosperm and repression of flowering during vegetative phase. Mutation leads endosperm to develop in the absence of fertilization and flowers to form in seedlings and non-reproductive organs. Also exhibits maternal effect gametophytic lethal phenotype, which is suppressed by hypomethylation. Forms part of a large protein complex that can include VRN2 (VERNALIZATION 2), VIN3 (VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3) and polycomb group proteins FERTILIZATION INDEPENDENT ENDOSPERM (FIE), CURLY LEAF (CLF) and SWINGER (SWN or EZA1). The complex has a role in establishing FLC (FLOWERING LOCUS C) repression during vernalization. In the ovule, the FIE transcript levels increase transiently just after fertilization. 
AT3G20780AT3G20780.1Encodes putative eukaryotic homolog of archaebacterial topoisomerase VI subunit B, TOP6B. Is essential for endoreduplication and is involved in cell expansion and cell proliferation. 
AT3G20840AT3G20840.1Encodes a member of the AINTEGUMENTA-like (AIL) subclass of the AP2/EREBP family of transcription factors and is essential for quiescent center (QC) specification and stem cell activity. It is a key effector for establishment of the stem cell niche during embryonic pattern formation. It is transcribed in response to auxin accumulation and is dependent on auxin response transcription factors. 
AT3G21180AT3G21180.1one of the type IIB calcium pump isoforms. encodes an autoinhibited Ca(2+)-ATPase that contains an N-terminal calmodulin binding autoinhibitory domain. 
AT3G21220AT3G21220.1Encodes a mitogen-activated kinase kinase, dual specific protein kinase that is expressed in vegetative tissues and floral buds. Involved in innate immunity. This protein activates MPK3/MPK6 and early-defense genes redundantly with MKK4.In plants with both MKK5 and MKK6 levels reduced by RNAi plants, floral organs do not abscise suggestion a role for both proteins in mediating floral organ abscission. 
AT3G21640AT3G21640.1encodes a 42 kDa FK506-binding protein (AtFKBP42) that possesses similarity to multidomain peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases, EC 5.2.1.8), which are known to be components of mammalian steroid hormone receptor complexes. The protein appears to be localized to the plasma membrane by electron microscopy and binds to HSP90.1 and calmodulin in vitro. It also aggregates citrate synthase in vitro but does NOT show PPIase activity in vivo. Mutants are reduced in size and exhibit disoriented growth in all organs. 
AT3G22200AT3G22200.1Genetically redundant with POP3;mediates pollen tube guidance. Double mutants are self sterile; gamma-aminobutyrate transaminase subunit precursor; nuclear gene for mitochondrial product. Encodes gamma-aminobutyrate transaminase that uses pyruvate instead of alpha-ketoglutarate as cosubstrate. Mutations in POP2/HER1 render roots resistant to the inhibitory growth effects of the volatile organic compound E-2-hexenal implicated in plant defense. 
AT3G22400AT3G22400.1LOX5; FUNCTIONS IN: electron carrier activity, oxidoreductase activity, acting on single donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen, incorporation of two atoms of oxygen, lipoxygenase activity, iron ion binding, metal ion binding; INVOLVED IN: root development; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Lipoxygenase, LH2 (InterPro:IPR001024), Lipase/lipooxygenase, PLAT/LH2 (InterPro:IPR008976), Lipoxygenase, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR013819), Lipoxygenase (InterPro:IPR000907), Lipoxygenase, plant (InterPro:IPR001246); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: LOX1; lipoxygenase (TAIR:AT1G55020.1); Has 1114 Blast hits to 1104 proteins in 146 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 73; Metazoa - 482; Fungi - 35; Plants - 508; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 16 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G22420AT3G22420.1Encodes a member of the WNK family (9 members in all) of protein kinases, the structural design of which is clearly distinct from those of other known protein kinases, such as receptor-like kinases and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Its transcription is under the control of circadian rhythms. 
AT3G22420.2Encodes a member of the WNK family (9 members in all) of protein kinases, the structural design of which is clearly distinct from those of other known protein kinases, such as receptor-like kinases and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Its transcription is under the control of circadian rhythms. 
AT3G22650AT3G22650.1CEGENDUO (CEG); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: response to auxin stimulus, lateral root formation; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 13 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: L mature pollen stage, M germinated pollen stage, 4 anthesis, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cyclin-like F-box (InterPro:IPR001810), F-box associated (InterPro:IPR006527), F-box associated type 1 (InterPro:IPR017451); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: F-box family protein (FBX15) (TAIR:AT4G04690.1); Has 759 Blast hits to 738 proteins in 31 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 757; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G22942AT3G22942.1heterotrimeric G-protein gamma subunit 2(AGG2) 
AT3G22990AT3G22990.1Armadillo-repeat containing protein. Involved in leaf and flower development. Located in nucleus. Broadly expressed throughout vegetative and floral tissues. 
AT3G23130AT3G23130.1Flower-specific gene controlling the boundary of the stamen and carpel whorls. Similar to zinc finger transcription factors. 
AT3G23440AT3G23440.1EMBRYO SAC DEVELOPMENT ARREST 6 (EDA6); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT5G44060.1); Has 34 Blast hits to 34 proteins in 5 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 34; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G23580AT3G23580.1Encodes one of the 3 ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) small subunit genes (RNR2A). Functionally redundant with the ribonucleotide reductase TSO2. mRNA was shown to specifically accumulate during the S-phase of the cell cycle in synchronized tobacco BY2 cells. Critical for cell cycle progression, DNA damage repair and plant development. 
AT3G23670AT3G23670.1Microtubule motor kinesin PAKRP1L/Kinesin-12B. Together with PAKRP1/Kinesin-12A, serve as linkers of the plus ends of antiparallel microtubules in the phragmoplast. 
AT3G23670.2Microtubule motor kinesin PAKRP1L/Kinesin-12B. Together with PAKRP1/Kinesin-12A, serve as linkers of the plus ends of antiparallel microtubules in the phragmoplast. 
AT3G24140AT3G24140.1Encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor whose activity is required to promote differentiation of stomatal guard cells and to halt proliferative divisions in their immediate precursors. Both transcript and protein are expressed in and are required for halting divisions at the end of the stomatal lineage. It also has a role in the promotion of guard cell fate and in controlling the transition from guard mother cell to guard cell. 
AT3G24225AT3G24225.1Member of a large family of putative ligands homologous to the Clavata3 gene. Consists of a single exon. Can partially replace CLV3 function in vivo. Regulates root meristem size in a SCR and SHR-independent pathway. 
AT3G24650AT3G24650.1Homologous to the maize transcription factor Viviparous-1. Full length ABI3 protein binds to the highly conserved RY motif [DNA motif CATGCA(TG)], present in many seed-specific promoters, and the B3 domains of this transcription factor is necessary for the specific interaction with the RY element. Transcriptional activity of ABI3 requires the B3 DNA-binding domain and an activation domain. In addition to the known N-terminal-located activation domain, a second transcription activation domain was found in the B1 region of ABI3. ABI3 is essential for seed maturation. Regulator of the transition between embryo maturation and early seedling development. Putative seed-specific transcriptional activator. Mutants exhibit decreased responsiveness to ABA suggesting that ABI3 protein participates in the ABA perception/transduction cascade. Based on double mutant analyses, ABI3 interacts genetically with both FUS3 and LEC1 and is involved in controlling accumulation of chlorophyll and anthocyanins, sensitivity to abscisic acid, and expression of the members of the 12S storage protein gene family. In addition, both FUS3 and LEC1 regulate positively the abundance of the ABI3 protein in the seed. 
AT3G24770AT3G24770.1Belongs to a large gene family, called CLE for CLAVATA3/ESR-related, encoding small peptides with conserved carboxyl termini. The C-terminal 12 amino acid sequence of CLE41 is identical to that of a dodeca peptide (TDIF, tracheary element differentiation inhibitory factor) isolated from Arabidopsis and functions as a suppressor of plant stem cell differentiation. TDIF sequence is also identical to the C-terminal 12 amino acids of CLE44 (At4g13195). 
AT3G25050AT3G25050.1encodes a xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase. Higher expression in flowers and in response to IAA treatment. 
AT3G25100AT3G25100.1Required for normal meiosis, may act in the last round of DNA replication prior to meiosis, sequence similar to yeast CDC45 
AT3G25520AT3G25520.1Encodes ribosomal protein L5 that binds to 5S ribosomal RNA and in involved in its export from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Identified in a screen for enhancers of as1. as1/pgy double mutants show defects in leaf vascular patterning and adaxial cell fate. Double mutant analysis indicates pgy genes function in the same pathway as REV, KAN1 and KAN2. 
AT3G26640AT3G26640.1LIGHT-REGULATED WD 2 (LWD2); FUNCTIONS IN: nucleotide binding; INVOLVED IN: photoperiodism, flowering, entrainment of circadian clock by photoperiod; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: WD40 repeat-like (InterPro:IPR011046), WD40 repeat, region (InterPro:IPR017986), WD40/YVTN repeat-like (InterPro:IPR015943), WD40 repeat (InterPro:IPR001680); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: ATAN11 (ANTHOCYANIN11); nucleotide binding (TAIR:AT1G12910.1); Has 4143 Blast hits to 3818 proteins in 277 species: Archae - 6; Bacteria - 183; Metazoa - 2008; Fungi - 914; Plants - 518; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 514 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G26744AT3G26744.1Encodes a MYC-like bHLH transcriptional activator that binds specifically to the MYC recognition sequences in the CBF3 promoter. Mutants are defective in cold-regulated gene expression. Cold stress triggers protein degradation of nuclear GFPICE1 protein, and the RING finger protein HOS1 is required. Sumoylation of ICE1 controls CBF3/DREB1A expression and freezing tolerance. 
AT3G26744.2Encodes a MYC-like bHLH transcriptional activator that binds specifically to the MYC recognition sequences in the CBF3 promoter. Mutants are defective in cold-regulated gene expression. Cold stress triggers protein degradation of nuclear GFPICE1 protein, and the RING finger protein HOS1 is required. Sumoylation of ICE1 controls CBF3/DREB1A expression and freezing tolerance. 
AT3G26744.4Encodes a MYC-like bHLH transcriptional activator that binds specifically to the MYC recognition sequences in the CBF3 promoter. Mutants are defective in cold-regulated gene expression. Cold stress triggers protein degradation of nuclear GFPICE1 protein, and the RING finger protein HOS1 is required. Sumoylation of ICE1 controls CBF3/DREB1A expression and freezing tolerance. 
AT3G26810AT3G26810.1AUXIN SIGNALING F-BOX 2 (AFB2); FUNCTIONS IN: auxin binding, ubiquitin-protein ligase activity; INVOLVED IN: stamen development, pollen maturation, response to molecule of bacterial origin; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 26 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cyclin-like F-box (InterPro:IPR001810); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: AFB3 (AUXIN SIGNALING F-BOX 3); auxin binding / ubiquitin-protein ligase (TAIR:AT1G12820.1); Has 2003 Blast hits to 1306 proteins in 118 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 2; Metazoa - 844; Fungi - 94; Plants - 935; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 128 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G27000AT3G27000.1encodes a protein whose sequence is similar to actin-related proteins (ARPs) in other organisms. its transcript level is down regulated by light and is expressed in very low levels in all organs examined. 
AT3G27060AT3G27060.1Encodes one of the 3 ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) small subunit genes. TSO2 transcription occurs predominantly at the S-phase of the cell cycle and its expression pattern is consistent with its role in dNDP biosynthesis during DNA replication in actively dividing cells. Critical for cell cycle progression, DNA damage repair and plant development. 
AT3G27660AT3G27660.1Encodes oleosin4 (Plant Cell, 2006, 18:1961), a protein found in oil bodies, involved in seed lipid accumulation. Functions in freezing tolerance of seeds. Note: also referred to as OLE3 in Plant Journal 2008, 55:798. 
AT3G27810AT3G27810.1Encodes a member of the R2R3-MYB transcription factor gene family. Induced by jasmonate. Involved in jasmonate response during stamen development. 
AT3G27920AT3G27920.1Encodes a Myb-like protein that is required for induction of trichome development. 
AT3G28470AT3G28470.1Member of the R2R3 factor gene family. 
AT3G28860AT3G28860.1Belongs to the family of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Also known as AtMDR11 and PGP19. Possibly regulates auxin-dependent responses by influencing basipetal auxin transport in the root. Acts upstream of phyA in regulating hypocotyl elongation and gravitropic response. Exerts nonredundant, partially overlapping functions with the ABC transporter encoded by AtPGP1. 
AT3G33520AT3G33520.1Encodes ACTIN-RELATED PROTEIN6 (ARP6), a putative component of a chromatin-remodeling complex. Required for both histone acetylation and methylation of the FLC chromatin in Arabidopsis. Along with PIE1 forms a complex to deposit modified histone H2A.Z at several loci within the genome. This modification alters the expression of the target genes (i.e. FLC, MAF4, MAF6. Located at specific regions of the nuclear periphery. Expression throughout plants shown by in-situ and immunolocalization methods. Mutants show defects in fertility, leaf, flower and inflorescence development and shorter flowering times. 
AT3G43160AT3G43160.1maternal effect embryo arrest 38 (MEE38); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 6 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: LP.04 four leaves visible, petal differentiation and expansion stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; Has 18 Blast hits to 17 proteins in 6 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 1; Plants - 2; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 15 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G44200AT3G44200.1Encodes AtNek5, a member of the NIMA-related serine/threonine kinases (Neks) that have been linked to cell-cycle regulation in fungi and mammals. Plant Neks might be involved in plant development processes.Interacts physically with plant kinesins ARK1 and ARK2. Mutants show defects in root epidermal cell morphology, trichome branching and other epidermal cell abnormalities suggesting a rol e in epidermal cell differentiation. NEK6 co-localizes with cortical microtubules. 
AT3G44600AT3G44600.1Cyclophilin71 is a WD40 domain cyclophilin, which functions in gene repression, organogenesis and meristem development. CYP71 physically interacts with histone H3. 
AT3G44735AT3G44735.1Phytosulfokine 3 precursor, coding for a unique plant peptide growth factor. 
AT3G44750AT3G44750.1Encodes a histone deacetylase. Controls the development of adaxial/abaxial leaf polarity. Two lines with RNAi-directed against this gene show reduced Agrobacterium-mediated DNA transformation of the roots. 
AT3G44880AT3G44880.1Encodes a pheide a oxygenase (PAO). Accelerated cell death (acd1) mutants show rapid, spreading necrotic responses to both virulent and avirulent Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola or pv. tomato pathogens and to ethylene. 
AT3G45150AT3G45150.1TCP domain protein 16 (TCP16); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: biological_process unknown; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcription factor, TCP (InterPro:IPR005333), Transcription factor TCP subgroup (InterPro:IPR017887); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TCP family transcription factor, putative (TAIR:AT5G41030.1); Has 897 Blast hits to 897 proteins in 126 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 897; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G45640AT3G45640.1Encodes a mitogen-activated kinase whose mRNA levels increase in response to touch, cold, salinity stress and chitin oligomers.Also functions in ovule development. Heterozygous MPK3 mutants in a homozygous MPK6 background are female sterile due to defects in integument development. MPK3 can be dephosphorylated by MKP2 in vitro. 
AT3G46330AT3G46330.1maternal effect embryo arrest 39 (MEE39); FUNCTIONS IN: kinase activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein kinase, ATP binding site (InterPro:IPR017441), Serine/threonine protein kinase (InterPro:IPR002290), Leucine-rich repeat (InterPro:IPR001611), Tyrosine protein kinase (InterPro:IPR001245), Serine/threonine protein kinase-related (InterPro:IPR017442), Serine/threonine protein kinase, active site (InterPro:IPR008271), Protein kinase-like (InterPro:IPR011009), Protein kinase, core (InterPro:IPR000719); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: leucine-rich repeat protein kinase, putative (TAIR:AT5G59650.1); Has 108299 Blast hits to 88100 proteins in 3309 species: Archae - 44; Bacteria - 7735; Metazoa - 38475; Fungi - 6613; Plants - 39874; Viruses - 363; Other Eukaryotes - 15195 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G46740AT3G46740.1Component of the translocon outer membrane (TOC) complex. Forms the outer envelope translocation channel (beta-barrel). Plays a role in preprotein conductance. Imported into chloroplast. Expressed in young dividing photosynthetic tissues. Knockout mutants are embryo lethal with arrested development at the two-cell stage. Knockout mutants have abnormal etioplasts. 
AT3G47450AT3G47450.1Encodes a protein with similarity to the bacterial YqeH GTPase required for proper ribosome assembly. In Arabidopsis, mutant analyses show that this protein regulates growth and hormonal signaling in plants. It also attenuates oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species (ROS). It also seems to be involved in regulating leaf senescence and cell death. This gene product is also involved in nitric oxide biosynthesis in response to ABA but not exogenous H2O2. This protein also appears to be required for proper plastid biogenesis. Levels of several plastid-localized proteins, including RBCL, ClpP1, and the MEP biosynthesis enzymes DXS and DXR are altered in rif1-1 mutants. This protein was originally characterized as a mitrochondrial-localized nitric oxide synthase, but, the synthase activity was later disproven. In addition, new studies with GFP fusion proteins and chloroplast import assays suggest that this protein is found in chloroplasts. 
AT3G47450.2Encodes a protein with similarity to the bacterial YqeH GTPase required for proper ribosome assembly. In Arabidopsis, mutant analyses show that this protein regulates growth and hormonal signaling in plants. It also attenuates oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species (ROS). It also seems to be involved in regulating leaf senescence and cell death. This gene product is also involved in nitric oxide biosynthesis in response to ABA but not exogenous H2O2. This protein also appears to be required for proper plastid biogenesis. Levels of several plastid-localized proteins, including RBCL, ClpP1, and the MEP biosynthesis enzymes DXS and DXR are altered in rif1-1 mutants. This protein was originally characterized as a mitrochondrial-localized nitric oxide synthase, but, the synthase activity was later disproven. In addition, new studies with GFP fusion proteins and chloroplast import assays suggest that this protein is found in chloroplasts. 
AT3G48110AT3G48110.1glycine-tRNA ligase 
AT3G48360AT3G48360.1encodes a protein (BT2) that is an essential component of the TAC1-mediated telomerase activation pathway. Acts redundantly with BT3 and BT1 during female gametophyte development and with BT3 during male gametophyte development. 
AT3G48750AT3G48750.1A-type cyclin-dependent kinase. Together with its specific inhibitor, the Kip-related protein, KRP2 they regulate the mitosis-to-endocycle transition during leaf development. Dominant negative mutations abolish cell division. Loss of function phenotype has reduced fertility with failure to transmit via pollen. Pollen development is arrested at the second mitotic division. Expression is regulated by environmental and chemical signals. Part of the promoter is responsible for expression in trichomes. Functions as a positive regulator of cell proliferation during development of the male gametophyte, embryo and endosperm. Phosphorylation of threonine 161 is required for activation of its associated kinase. 
AT3G48780AT3G48780.1Encodes one of the two LCB2 subunits (LCB2a and LCB2b) of serine palmitoyltransferase, an enzyme involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis. LCB2a and LCB2b are functional redundant. Double mutants are gametophytic lethal. 
AT3G49170AT3G49170.1embryo defective 2261 (EMB2261); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: pentatricopeptide (PPR) repeat-containing protein (TAIR:AT3G57430.1); Has 18066 Blast hits to 5364 proteins in 182 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 10; Metazoa - 201; Fungi - 92; Plants - 17317; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 446 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G49240AT3G49240.1embryo defective 1796 (emb1796); FUNCTIONS IN: ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 21 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 11 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885), Tetratricopeptide-like helical (InterPro:IPR011990); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: GRP23 (GLUTAMINE-RICH PROTEIN23); binding (TAIR:AT1G10270.1); Has 15556 Blast hits to 5876 proteins in 216 species: Archae - 25; Bacteria - 95; Metazoa - 311; Fungi - 220; Plants - 14033; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 872 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G49500AT3G49500.1Encodes RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Involved in trans-acting siRNA and other siRNA biogenesis. Required for post-transcriptional gene silencing and natural virus resistance. 
AT3G49670AT3G49670.1Encodes a CLAVATA1-related receptor kinase-like protein required for both shoot and flower meristem function. Very similar to BAM1,with more than 85% a.a. identity. It has a broad expression pattern and is involved in vascular strand development in the leaf, control of leaf shape, size and symmetry, male gametophyte development and ovule specification and function. Anthers of double mutants (bam1bam2) appeared abnormal at a very early stage and lack the endothecium, middle, and tapetum layers. Further analyses revealed that cells interior to the epidermis (in anther tissue) acquire some characteristics of pollen mother cells (PMCs), suggesting defects in cell fate specification. The pollen mother-like cells degenerate before the completion of meiosis, suggesting that these cells are defective. In addition, the BAM2 expression pattern supports both an early role in promoting somatic cell fates and a subsequent function in the PMCs. 
AT3G49690AT3G49690.1"Putative homolog of the Blind gene in tomato. Together with RAX1 and RAX3 belong to the class R2R3 MYB genes; encoded by the Myb-like transcription factor MYB84, regulates axillary meristem formation. " 
AT3G49700AT3G49700.1encodes a a member of the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (S-adenosyl-L-methionine methylthioadenosine-lyase, EC 4.4.1.14) gene family. Mutants produce elevated levels of ethylene as etiolated seedlings. 
AT3G49780AT3G49780.1Phytosulfokine 3 precursor, coding for a unique plant peptide growth factor. Plants overexpressing this gene (under a 35S promoter), develop normal cotyledons and hypocotyls but their growth, in particular that of their roots, was faster than that of wildtype. 
AT3G50060AT3G50060.1Encodes a member of the R2R3 transcription factor gene family. Expressed in response to potassium deprivation and auxin. Involved in lateral root development. Interacts with ARF7 and regulates the expression of some auxin responsive genes. 
AT3G50330AT3G50330.1HECATE 2 (HEC2); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: ovary septum development, transmitting tissue development, carpel formation, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 6 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: gynoecium developmental stages, flower development stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: HEC1 (HECATE 1); transcription factor (TAIR:AT5G67060.1); Has 1605 Blast hits to 1605 proteins in 76 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 1605; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G50660AT3G50660.1Encodes a 22&#945; hydroxylase whose reaction is a rate-limiting step in brassinosteroid biosynthetic pathway. The protein is a member of CYP90B gene family. CLM is an epi-allele with small, compressed rosette, reduced internode length, and reduced fertility, appears in selfed ddm mutant plants possibly due to loss of cytosine methylation. Transcripts accumulate in actively growing tissues, and GUS expression is negatively regulated by brassinosteroids. Localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. The in vitro expressed protein can perform the C-22 hydroxylation of a variety of C27-, C28- and C29-sterols. Cholesterol was the best substrate, followed by campesterol. Sitosterol was a poor substrate. 
AT3G51060AT3G51060.1A member of SHI gene family. Arabidopsis thaliana has ten members that encode proteins with a RING finger-like zinc finger motif. Despite being highly divergent in sequence, many of the SHI-related genes are partially redundant in function and synergistically promote gynoecium, stamen and leaf development in Arabidopsis. STY1/STY2 double mutants showed defective style, stigma as well as serrated leaves. 
AT3G51300AT3G51300.1Encodes a pollen-specific Rop GTPase, member of the Rho family of small GTP binding proteins that interacts with RIC3 and RIC4 to control tip growth in pollen tubes. These three proteins promote the proper targeting of exocytic vesicles in the pollen tube tip. ROP1 activity is regulated by the REN1 GTPase activator protein. 
AT3G51460AT3G51460.1Encodes RHD4 (ROOT HAIR DEFECTIVE4), a phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate phosphatase required for root hair development. 
AT3G51550AT3G51550.1Encodes a synergid-expressed, plasma-membrane localized receptor-like kinase that accumulates asymetrically in the synergid membrnane at the filiform apparatus and mediates male-female gametophyte interactions during pollen tube reception. 
AT3G51840AT3G51840.1Encodes a short-chain acyl-CoA oxidase, which catalyzes the first step of peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation during early, post-germinative growth in oilseed species. Null mutants virtually lack short-chain acyl-CoA and are resistant to 2,4-dichlorophenoxybutyric acid, which is converted to the herbicide and auxin analogue 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid by beta-oxidation. Despite the almost complete loss of short-chain activity, lipid catabolism and seedling growth and establishment was unaltered in the acx4 mutant. However, double mutants in acx3acx4 (acx3 encodes medium chain acyl CoA oxidase) were not viable and arrested during embryogenesis. 
AT3G52280AT3G52280.1Bromodomain containing nuclear-localized protein involved in leaf development. GTE6 binds to the promoter and intron of AS1 and regulates its expression via histone acetylation. 
AT3G52770AT3G52770.1ZPR3 is a small-leucine zipper containing protein that is involved in the establishment of leaf polarity. 
AT3G53020AT3G53020.1RPL24B encodes ribosomal protein L24, homolog of cytosolic RPL24, found in archaea and higher eukaryotes. Arabidopsis has two RPL24 homologs, RPL24A (AT2G36620) and RPL24B. Mutants showed defects in apical-basal gynoecium patterning similar to previously described ett and mp mutants. Transformation of stv1-1 mutant with a uORF-eliminated ETT construct partially suppressed the stv1 gynoecium phenotype, implying that STV1 could influence ETT translation through its uORFs. Regulated by TCP20. 
AT3G53700AT3G53700.1maternal effect embryo arrest 40 (MEE40); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 21 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: pentatricopeptide (PPR) repeat-containing protein (TAIR:AT5G64320.1); Has 24904 Blast hits to 6278 proteins in 203 species: Archae - 6; Bacteria - 40; Metazoa - 903; Fungi - 880; Plants - 21695; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1380 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G53750AT3G53750.1Member of the Actin gene family. Expressed in mature pollen. 
AT3G54010AT3G54010.1Immunophilin-like protein similar to the p59 FK506-binding protein (FKBP52). Shows rotamase activity and contains an FKBP-like domain and three tetratricopeptide repeat units. Members of this class of mutation show ectopic cell proliferation in cotyledons. Gene may be alternatively spliced. 
AT3G54010.2Immunophilin-like protein similar to the p59 FK506-binding protein (FKBP52). Shows rotamase activity and contains an FKBP-like domain and three tetratricopeptide repeat units. Members of this class of mutation show ectopic cell proliferation in cotyledons. Gene may be alternatively spliced. 
AT3G54180AT3G54180.1Arabidopsis homolog of yeast cdc2, a protein kinase (cyclin-dependent kinase) that plays a central role in control of the mitotic cell cycle. 
AT3G54220AT3G54220.1Encodes a member of a novel family having similarity to DNA binding proteins containing basic-leucine zipper regions; scr is expressed in cortex/endodermal initial cells and in the endodermal cell lineage. Regulates the radial organization of the root. Is required cell-autonomously for distal specification of the quiescent center, which in turn regulates stem cell fate of immediately surrounding cells. SCR appears to be a direct target of SHR. 
AT3G54340AT3G54340.1Floral homeotic gene encoding a MADS domain protein homologous to SRF transcription factors. Specifies petal and stamen identities. Associates with PISTILLATA. 
AT3G54420AT3G54420.1encodes an EP3 chitinase that is expressed during somatic embryogenesis in 'nursing' cells surrounding the embryos but not in embryos themselves. The gene is also expressed in mature pollen and growing pollen tubes until they enter the receptive synergid, but not in endosperm and integuments as in carrot. Post-embryonically, expression is found in hydathodes, stipules, root epidermis and emerging root hairs. 
AT3G54560AT3G54560.1Encodes HTA11, a histone H2A protein. 
AT3G54610AT3G54610.1Encodes a histone acetyltransferase that is plays a role in the determination of the embryonic root-shoot axis. It is also required to regulate the floral meristem activity by modulating the extent of expression of WUS and AG. In other eukaryotes, this protein is recruited to specific promoters by DNA binding transcription factors and is thought to promote transcription by acetylating the N-terminal tail of histone H3. The enzyme has indeed been shown to catalyse primarily the acetylation of H3 histone with only traces of H4 and H2A/B being acetylated. Non-acetylated H3 peptide or an H3 peptide that had been previously acetylated on K9 both serve as excellent substrates for HAG1-catalyzed acetylation. However, prior acetylation of H3 lysine 14 blocks radioactive acetylation of the peptide by HAG1. HAG1 is specific for histone H3 lysine 14. 
AT3G54650AT3G54650.1FBL17; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development, generative cell mitosis, seed development, pollen development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 21 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 12 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cyclin-like F-box (InterPro:IPR001810); Has 1265 Blast hits to 887 proteins in 101 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 21; Metazoa - 649; Fungi - 49; Plants - 355; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 191 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G54720AT3G54720.1Encodes glutamate carboxypeptidase. Various alleles show-increased cotyledon number and rate of leaf initiation, show transformation of leaves to cotyledons, altered flowering time and photomorphogenesis and an increased level of cytokinin biosynthesis. Involved in ethylene enhanced hypocotyl elongation in the light. Strong genetic interaction between TGH and AMP1. 
AT3G54810AT3G54810.1Encodes a protein containing a GATA type zinc finger domain that is expressed in the embryo axis and involved in germination. Mutants have a reduced rate of germination even when stratified. 
AT3G54810.2Encodes a protein containing a GATA type zinc finger domain that is expressed in the embryo axis and involved in germination. Mutants have a reduced rate of germination even when stratified. 
AT3G54870AT3G54870.1Armadillo-repeat containing kinesin-related protein. Plays a role during transition to root-hair tip growth.Mutants have short, branched root hairs and an excess of endoplasmic microtubles. Phenotype suggests ARK1 plays a role in modulating microtubule depolymerization during root hair tip growth. 
AT3G55370AT3G55370.1Encodes a nuclear localized Dof domain containing transcription factor expressed primarily in roots. Responsive to salicylic acid. Transgenic overexpressors have yellow leaves and short, defective roots. 
AT3G55370.2Encodes a nuclear localized Dof domain containing transcription factor expressed primarily in roots. Responsive to salicylic acid. Transgenic overexpressors have yellow leaves and short, defective roots. 
AT3G55610AT3G55610.1encodes delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase B. Gene expression is induced by dehydration, high salt and ABA. Knock-out mutations in P5CS2 are embryo-lethal. P5CS2 appears to be present in different cells and/or different subcellular locations from P5CS1 in a tissue-dependent manner. 
AT3G55610.2encodes delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase B. Gene expression is induced by dehydration, high salt and ABA. Knock-out mutations in P5CS2 are embryo-lethal. P5CS2 appears to be present in different cells and/or different subcellular locations from P5CS1 in a tissue-dependent manner. 
AT3G55830AT3G55830.1A member of the Glycosyltransferase Family 64, homologous to Poplar cambium-expressed GT64 gene. The EPC1 protein plays a critical role during plant development in maintaining the integrity of organs via cell-cell adhesion, thereby providing mechanical strength and facilitating the movement of metabolites throughout the plant. 
AT3G56090AT3G56090.1Encodes FERRITIN 3, AtFER3. Ferritins are a class of 24-mer multi-meric proteins found in all kingdoms of life. Function as the main iron store in mammals. Evidence suggests that Arabidopsis ferritins are essential to protect cells against oxidative damage, but they do not constitute the major iron pool. 
AT3G56640AT3G56640.1exocyst complex subunit Sec15-like family protein; INVOLVED IN: pollen germination, pollen tube growth; LOCATED IN: exocyst; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Exocyst complex subunit Sec15-like (InterPro:IPR007225); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: exocyst complex subunit Sec15-like family protein (TAIR:AT4G02350.1); Has 315 Blast hits to 311 proteins in 129 species: Archae - 3; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 150; Fungi - 86; Plants - 46; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 30 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G56960AT3G56960.1Encodes a protein with phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase activity that plays a role in pollen tip growth. The enzyme localizes to the apical plasma membrane and adjacent cytosolic region of pollen tubes. Overexpression of this gene leads to increased deposition of pectin in the cell wall at the tip of the pollen tube and causes altered pollen tube morphology. 
AT3G57130AT3G57130.1ankyrin repeat family protein / BTB/POZ domain-containing protein, contains Pfam domain, PF00023: Ankyrin repeat and Pfam domain, PF00651: BTB/POZ domain. Lines carrying recessive mutations exhibit a number of visible defects, most pronounced being ectopic outgrowths of in leaf petioles of rosette leaves.Along with bop2, bop1 is required for nectary development and formation of normal abscission zones. 
AT3G57290AT3G57290.1Encodes a protein that is found in not only the eif3 complex but also in association with subunits of the COP9 signalosome. eIF3e appears to be subjected to proteasome-dependent degradation that requires the PCI domain of eIF3e. The level of eIF3e present in cells appears to affect the rate of translation. 
AT3G57510AT3G57510.1Encodes ADPG1, a polygalacturonase protein involved in silique and anther dihiscence. Loss of function mutations have reduced seed set, indehiscent fruit and reduced pollen shedding. 
AT3G57650AT3G57650.1Encodes an endoplasmic reticulum localized protein with lysophosphatidyl acyltransferase activity. 
AT3G57670AT3G57670.1NO TRANSMITTING TRACT (NTT); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, zinc ion binding, nucleic acid binding; INVOLVED IN: pollen tube growth, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: intracellular, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 12 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, C globular stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, C2H2-like (InterPro:IPR015880), Zinc finger, C2H2-type (InterPro:IPR007087); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: zinc finger (C2H2 type) protein (WIP5) (TAIR:AT1G51220.1); Has 13992 Blast hits to 9473 proteins in 198 species: Archae - 2; Bacteria - 30; Metazoa - 12726; Fungi - 173; Plants - 540; Viruses - 59; Other Eukaryotes - 462 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G57870AT3G57870.1Encodes a SUMO liagse that directs the attachment of the small protein SUMO to target proteins via an isopeptide bond. This enzyme is localized to the nucleus and plants with reduced levels of this protein show higher sensitivity to ABA in root growth inhibition assays. It has high similarity to the yeast UBC9 SUMO ligase and is sometimes referred to by that name. 
AT3G57920AT3G57920.1Encodes a putative transcriptional regulator that is involved in the vegetative to reproductive phase transition. Expression is regulated by MIR156b. 
AT3G58040AT3G58040.1Encodes a RING finger domain containing protein that interacts with AtRAP2.2. 
AT3G58070AT3G58070.1Putative transcription factor, contains C2H2 domain, regulates aspects of shoot maturation in Arabidopsis thaliana. GIS loss-of-function mutations affect the epidermal differentiation of inflorescence organs, causing a premature decrease in trichome production on successive leaves, stem internodes, and branches. Overexpression has the opposite effect on trichome initiation and causes other heterochronic phenotypes, affecting flowering and juvenile–adult leaf transition and inducing the formation of rosette leaves on inflorescence stems. 
AT3G58190AT3G58190.1This gene contains two auxin-responsive element (AuxRE). 
AT3G58780AT3G58780.1One of two genes (SHP1 and SHP2) that are required for fruit dehiscence. The two genes control dehiscence zone differentiation and promote the lignification of adjacent cells. 
AT3G58780.2One of two genes (SHP1 and SHP2) that are required for fruit dehiscence. The two genes control dehiscence zone differentiation and promote the lignification of adjacent cells. 
AT3G59420AT3G59420.1Encodes a membrane localized protein with similarity to receptor kinases which is involved in epidermal cell differentiation. Flowers of mutants have disorganized ovule integument growth and abnormal sepal margins. In the roots, mutants initiate more lateral roots but fewer laterals actually emerge due to defects in lateral root formation. Mutants also display disorganized columella. The root phenotypes can be traced to abnormalities in asymmetric divisions in the pericycle and root apex. Conflicting data regarding the role of the kinase domain- which may or may not be required for function. Complementation studies indicate that the C-terminal domain is also not required for signaling function. May be regulated by protein turnover which is mediated by endocytic processes. 
AT3G59550AT3G59550.1Encodes an alpha-kleisin protein that is localized primarily in the nucleolus and is essential for megagametogenesis and plays an important role in pollen development. alpha-kleisins are core components of meiotic and mitotic cohesin complexes. 
AT3G59760AT3G59760.1Arabidopsis thaliana O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase (OAS-TL) isoform oasC 
AT3G59760.2Arabidopsis thaliana O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase (OAS-TL) isoform oasC 
AT3G59760.3Arabidopsis thaliana O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase (OAS-TL) isoform oasC 
AT3G60360AT3G60360.1EMBRYO SAC DEVELOPMENT ARREST 14 (EDA14); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: small-subunit processome; EXPRESSED IN: 21 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Small-subunit processome, Utp11 (InterPro:IPR007144); Has 322 Blast hits to 316 proteins in 149 species: Archae - 1; Bacteria - 1; Metazoa - 110; Fungi - 92; Plants - 33; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 85 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G60460AT3G60460.1Encodes an R2R3 myb transcription factor that is required for male gamete formation, specifically for entry of the generative cell into mitosis. Specifically expressed in the male germline. 
AT3G60830AT3G60830.1Encodes an actin-related protein required for normal embryogenesis, plant architecture and floral organ abscission. 
AT3G61140AT3G61140.1Represses photomorphogenesis and induces skotomorphogenesis in the dark. Component of the nuclear-localized COP9 complex. Mutants display striking purple coloration due to anthocyanin accumulation in their cotyledons, first become defective during embryogenesis and exhibit limited seedling development. 
AT3G61590AT3G61590.1HAWAIIAN SKIRT (HWS); FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity; INVOLVED IN: organ development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cyclin-like F-box (InterPro:IPR001810), Galactose oxidase/kelch, beta-propeller (InterPro:IPR011043), Kelch repeat type 2 (InterPro:IPR011498); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: F-box family protein (TAIR:AT5G15710.1); Has 481 Blast hits to 481 proteins in 47 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 481; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G61630AT3G61630.1CRF6 encodes one of the six cytokinin response factors. CRF5 belongs to the AP2/ERF superfamily of the transcriptional factors. CRF proteins rapidly relocalize to the nucleus in response to cytokinin. Analysis of loos-of-function mutants revealed that the CRFs function redundantly to regulate the development of embryos, cotyledons and leaves. 
AT3G61650AT3G61650.1Required for centrosomal and noncentrosomal microtubule nucleation. Involved in specification of cell identity, such as stomatal patterning. Constitutively expressed throughout plant. 
AT3G61790AT3G61790.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162), TRAF-type (InterPro:IPR013322); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) family protein (TAIR:AT4G27880.1); Has 1422 Blast hits to 1414 proteins in 637 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1099; Fungi - 9; Plants - 250; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 64 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G61890AT3G61890.1Encodes a homeodomain leucine zipper class I (HD-Zip I) protein. Loss of function mutant has abnormally shaped leaves and stems. 
AT3G61910AT3G61910.1NAC transcription factor NST2. NST1 and NST2 are redundant in regulating secondary wall thickening in anther walls. NST2 promoter was particularly strong in anther tissue. 
AT3G61970AT3G61970.1NGATHA2 (NGA2); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: flower development, leaf development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 19 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcriptional factor B3 (InterPro:IPR003340); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: NGA1 (NGATHA1); transcription factor (TAIR:AT2G46870.1); Has 732 Blast hits to 730 proteins in 47 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 732; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G62100AT3G62100.1Encodes a member of the Aux/IAA family of proteins implicated in auxin signaling. IAA30 lacks the conserved degron (domain II) found in many family members. IAA30 transcripts are induced by auxin treatment and accumulate preferentially in the quiescent center cells of the root meristem. Overexpression of IAA30 leads to defects in gravitropism, root development, root meristem maintenance, and cotyledon vascular development. 
AT3G62210AT3G62210.1embryo sac development arrest 32 (EDA32); INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein of unknown function DUF537 (InterPro:IPR007491); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT3G62200.1); Has 207 Blast hits to 203 proteins in 38 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 7; Metazoa - 54; Fungi - 16; Plants - 128; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G62670AT3G62670.1member of Response Regulator: B- Type 
AT3G62680AT3G62680.1Proline-rich protein 
AT3G62720AT3G62720.1Encodes a protein with xylosyltransferase activity, which is specific for UDP-xylose as donor substrate and for oligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization >4. Although the enzyme utilizes either cellopentaose or cellohexaose, its activity is four-fold higher with cellohexaose as an acceptor compared to cellopentaose. The enzyme is able to add several xylosyl residues to the acceptor forming mono-, di- and trixylosylated polysaccharides. 
AT3G62720.2Encodes a protein with xylosyltransferase activity, which is specific for UDP-xylose as donor substrate and for oligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization >4. Although the enzyme utilizes either cellopentaose or cellohexaose, its activity is four-fold higher with cellohexaose as an acceptor compared to cellopentaose. The enzyme is able to add several xylosyl residues to the acceptor forming mono-, di- and trixylosylated polysaccharides. 
AT3G62980AT3G62980.1Encodes an auxin receptor that mediates auxin-regulated transcription. It contains leucine-rich repeats and an F-box and interacts with ASK1, ASK2 and AtCUL1 to form SCF-TIR1, an SCF ubiquitin ligase complex. Related to yeast Grr1p and human SKP2 proteins, involved in ubiquitin-mediated processes. Required for normal response to auxin and repressed in response to flagellin. As part of the SCF complex and in the presence of auxin, TIR1 interacts with Aux/IAA transcriptional repressor proteins and mediates their degradation. 
AT3G63010AT3G63010.1Encodes a gibberellin (GA) receptor ortholog of the rice GA receptor gene (OsGID1). Has GA-binding activity, showing higher affinity to GA4. Interacts with DELLA proteins in vivo in the presence of GA4. 
AT3G63080AT3G63080.1Encodes glutathione peroxidase. 
AT3G63290AT3G63290.1unknown protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: pollen development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT4G13400.1); Has 92 Blast hits to 92 proteins in 36 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 34; Plants - 34; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 20 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G63290.2unknown protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: pollen development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT4G13400.1); Has 92 Blast hits to 92 proteins in 36 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 34; Plants - 34; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 20 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT3G63420AT3G63420.1heterotrimeric G protein gamma-subunit (AGG1) mRNA, 
AT3G63420.2heterotrimeric G protein gamma-subunit (AGG1) mRNA, 
AT3G63440AT3G63440.1This gene used to be called AtCKX7. It encodes a protein whose sequence is similar to cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the degradation of cytokinins. 
AT3G63530AT3G63530.1Encodes a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase that acts as a central negative regulator of Arabidopsis floral organ size. Organ size is limited by restricting the period of proliferative growth, rather than the rate of growth and appears to act in a novel pathway, independent of ANT and JAG. Both mRNA and protein are expressed in all actively growing regions of the plant and the vasculature and the protein is rapidly turned over by proteasome-mediated degradation. 
AT3G63530.2Encodes a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase that acts as a central negative regulator of Arabidopsis floral organ size. Organ size is limited by restricting the period of proliferative growth, rather than the rate of growth and appears to act in a novel pathway, independent of ANT and JAG. Both mRNA and protein are expressed in all actively growing regions of the plant and the vasculature and the protein is rapidly turned over by proteasome-mediated degradation. 
AT4G00060AT4G00060.1maternal effect embryo arrest 44 (MEE44); FUNCTIONS IN: nucleotidyltransferase activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Nucleotidyltransferase (InterPro:IPR002934), PAP/25A-associated (InterPro:IPR002058); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: nucleotidyltransferase family protein (TAIR:AT5G53770.1); Has 551 Blast hits to 516 proteins in 147 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 217; Fungi - 139; Plants - 50; Viruses - 2; Other Eukaryotes - 143 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G00100AT4G00100.1Encodes a cytoplasmic ribosomal protein S13 homologue involved in early leaf development 
AT4G00120AT4G00120.1INDEHISCENT (IND); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: HEC3 (HECATE 3); DNA binding / transcription factor (TAIR:AT5G09750.1); Has 1277 Blast hits to 1277 proteins in 67 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 1277; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G00140AT4G00140.1embryo sac development arrest 34 (EDA34); INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: calmodulin-related (TAIR:AT1G73440.1); Has 44 Blast hits to 31 proteins in 9 species: Archae - 1; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 4; Fungi - 0; Plants - 38; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G00180AT4G00180.1YABBY gene family member, likely has transcription factor activity, involved in specifying abaxial cell fate. Along with FIL, involved in patterning of the fruit. GUS reporter gene expression in seedlings is observed in the young leaves and as the leaf matures, expression is restricted to the abaxial tissues of leaves, expression is also observed on either side of the leaf margin in the younger tissues of leaf blades. 
AT4G00180.2YABBY gene family member, likely has transcription factor activity, involved in specifying abaxial cell fate. Along with FIL, involved in patterning of the fruit. GUS reporter gene expression in seedlings is observed in the young leaves and as the leaf matures, expression is restricted to the abaxial tissues of leaves, expression is also observed on either side of the leaf margin in the younger tissues of leaf blades. 
AT4G00220AT4G00220.1Encodes a protein containing a LOB domain that is expressed in embryos, flower primordium and lateral floral organ boundaries. Overexpression is correlated with activation of STM and KNAT1 and down regulation of PIN1 and reduced auxin transport levels. Ectopic expression in plants results in premature termination of the shoot apical meristem and small, lobed leaves. 
AT4G00231AT4G00231.1maternal effect embryo arrest 50 (MEE50); FUNCTIONS IN: binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Armadillo-like helical (InterPro:IPR011989), Armadillo-type fold (InterPro:IPR016024); Has 208 Blast hits to 206 proteins in 94 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 100; Fungi - 73; Plants - 18; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 17 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G00260AT4G00260.1maternal effect embryo arrest 45 (MEE45); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcriptional factor B3 (InterPro:IPR003340); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: DNA binding / transcription factor (TAIR:AT2G24650.2); Has 218 Blast hits to 96 proteins in 8 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 218; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G00310AT4G00310.1EMBRYO SAC DEVELOPMENT ARREST 8 (EDA8); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: seed; EXPRESSED DURING: E expanded cotyledon stage; Has 29 Blast hits to 29 proteins in 10 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 3; Fungi - 7; Plants - 17; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G00310.2EMBRYO SAC DEVELOPMENT ARREST 8 (EDA8); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: seed; EXPRESSED DURING: E expanded cotyledon stage; Has 29 Blast hits to 29 proteins in 10 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 3; Fungi - 7; Plants - 17; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G00330AT4G00330.1high overall homology to CRCK1 
AT4G00650AT4G00650.1Encodes a major determinant of natural variation in Arabidopsis flowering time. Dominant alleles of FRI confer a vernalization requirement causing plants to overwinter vegetatively. Many early flowering accessions carry loss-of-function fri alleles .Twenty distinct haplotypes that contain non-functional FRI alleles have been identified and the distribution analyzed in over 190 accessions. The common lab strains- Col and Ler each carry loss of function mutations in FRI. 
AT4G00730AT4G00730.1Encodes a homeodomain protein of the HD-GLABRA2 group. Involved in the accumulation of anthocyanin and in root development 
AT4G00730.2Encodes a homeodomain protein of the HD-GLABRA2 group. Involved in the accumulation of anthocyanin and in root development 
AT4G00950AT4G00950.1maternal effect embryo arrest 47 (MEE47); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 20 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 12 growth stages; Has 80 Blast hits to 68 proteins in 21 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 30; Fungi - 7; Plants - 39; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 4 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G01060AT4G01060.1Encodes a Myb-related protein similar to CPC. Involved in epidermal cell differentiation. Mutants have reduced numbers of root hairs and increased trichome branching. Involved in endoreduplication. Loss of function mutants are hypertrophic and early flowering. 
AT4G01060.2Encodes a Myb-related protein similar to CPC. Involved in epidermal cell differentiation. Mutants have reduced numbers of root hairs and increased trichome branching. Involved in endoreduplication. Loss of function mutants are hypertrophic and early flowering. 
AT4G01060.3Encodes a Myb-related protein similar to CPC. Involved in epidermal cell differentiation. Mutants have reduced numbers of root hairs and increased trichome branching. Involved in endoreduplication. Loss of function mutants are hypertrophic and early flowering. 
AT4G01500AT4G01500.1NGATHA4 (NGA4); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: flower development, leaf development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 11 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, F mature embryo stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage, D bilateral stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcriptional factor B3 (InterPro:IPR003340); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: NGA3 (NGATHA3); transcription factor (TAIR:AT1G01030.1); Has 729 Blast hits to 728 proteins in 48 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 2; Plants - 727; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G01560AT4G01560.1maternal effect embryo arrest 49 (MEE49); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Brix domain (InterPro:IPR007109); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: IMP4 (TAIR:AT1G63780.1); Has 636 Blast hits to 628 proteins in 164 species: Archae - 2; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 218; Fungi - 225; Plants - 59; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 132 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G01710AT4G01710.1belongs to the DIS(distorted) gene family. Encodes a actin polymerization factor. Involved in cell expansion of trichome. 
AT4G02020AT4G02020.1Encodes a polycomb group protein. Forms part of a large protein complex that can include VRN2 (VERNALIZATION 2), VIN3 (VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3) and polycomb group proteins FERTILIZATION INDEPENDENT ENDOSPERM (FIE) and CURLY LEAF (CLF). The complex has a role in establishing FLC (FLOWERING LOCUS C) repression during vernalization. Performs a partially redundant role to MEA in controlling seed initiation by helping to suppress central cell nucleus endosperm proliferation within the FG. 
AT4G02350AT4G02350.1exocyst complex subunit Sec15-like family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: pollen germination, pollen tube growth; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane, membrane, exocyst; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Exocyst complex subunit Sec15-like (InterPro:IPR007225), Vps51/Vps67 (InterPro:IPR014812); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: exocyst complex subunit Sec15-like family protein (TAIR:AT3G56640.1); Has 306 Blast hits to 302 proteins in 121 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 146; Fungi - 90; Plants - 46; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 24 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G02440AT4G02440.1EID1 is an F-box protein that functions as a negative regulator in phytochrome A (phyA)-specific light signalling. Expressed at all stages of plant development independently of light conditions, localizes to the nucleus, and forms nuclear speckles under continuous far-red light. Forms stable dimeric and trimeric complexes with several ASK proteins and Cullin1 in yeast and in planta. 
AT4G02460AT4G02460.1Encodes a protein similar to PMS1 in yeast, a member of the family of eukaryotic MutL homologs. The protein appears to play a role in DNA mismatch repair and in the suppression of somatic homeologous recombination. 
AT4G02500AT4G02500.1Encodes a protein with xylosyltransferase activity, which is specific for UDP-xylose as donor substrate and for oligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization >4. Although the enzyme utilizes either cellopentaose or cellohexaose, its activity is four-fold higher with cellohexaose as an acceptor compared to cellopentaose. The enzyme is able to add several xylosyl residues to the acceptor forming mono-, di- and trixylosylated polysaccharides. 
AT4G02560AT4G02560.1Encodes a nuclear localized protein with similarity to transcriptional regulators. Recessive mutants are late flowering. Expression of LFY is reduced in LD mutants. 
AT4G02570AT4G02570.1Encodes a cullin that is a component of SCF ubiquitin ligase complexes involved in mediating responses to auxin and jasmonic acid. Homozygous auxin-resistant mutants arrest growth soon after germination, lacking a root and hypocotyl. Heterozygotes display a variety of phenotypes consistent with impaired auxin response. 
AT4G02570.2Encodes a cullin that is a component of SCF ubiquitin ligase complexes involved in mediating responses to auxin and jasmonic acid. Homozygous auxin-resistant mutants arrest growth soon after germination, lacking a root and hypocotyl. Heterozygotes display a variety of phenotypes consistent with impaired auxin response. 
AT4G02570.3Encodes a cullin that is a component of SCF ubiquitin ligase complexes involved in mediating responses to auxin and jasmonic acid. Homozygous auxin-resistant mutants arrest growth soon after germination, lacking a root and hypocotyl. Heterozygotes display a variety of phenotypes consistent with impaired auxin response. 
AT4G02590AT4G02590.1unfertilized embryo sac 12 (UNE12); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: double fertilization forming a zygote and endosperm, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family protein (TAIR:AT1G03040.1); Has 1644 Blast hits to 1644 proteins in 79 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 26; Fungi - 3; Plants - 1615; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G02590.2unfertilized embryo sac 12 (UNE12); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: double fertilization forming a zygote and endosperm, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family protein (TAIR:AT1G03040.1); Has 1644 Blast hits to 1644 proteins in 79 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 26; Fungi - 3; Plants - 1615; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G02590.3unfertilized embryo sac 12 (UNE12); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: double fertilization forming a zygote and endosperm, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family protein (TAIR:AT1G03040.1); Has 1644 Blast hits to 1644 proteins in 79 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 26; Fungi - 3; Plants - 1615; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G03190AT4G03190.1Encodes an F box protein belonging to the TIR1 subfamily. This protein forms SCF complexes with ASK1 and CUL1 and interacts with Aux/IAA proteins in an auxin-dependent manner. It also has sequence similarity to the yeast protein GRR1, which is involved in glucose repression. 
AT4G03550AT4G03550.1Encodes a callose synthase that is required for wound and papillary callose formation in response to fungal pathogens Erysiphe and Blumeria. Mutants are resistant to P. parasitica and exhibit an exaggerated PR1 response.Contributes to PAMP-induced basal defense. 
AT4G03560AT4G03560.1Encodes a depolarization-activated Ca(2+) channel. Anti-sense experiments with this gene as well as Sucrose-H(+) symporters and complementation of yeast sucrose uptake mutant cch1 suggest that this protein mediates a voltage-activated Ca(2+ )influx. Mutants lack detectable SV channel activity suggesting TPC1 is essential component of the SV channel. Patch clamp analysis of loss of function mutation indicates TPC1 does not affect Ca2+ signaling in response to abiotic and biotic stress. 
AT4G04350AT4G04350.1EMBRYO DEFECTIVE 2369 (EMB2369); FUNCTIONS IN: aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, nucleotide binding, leucine-tRNA ligase activity, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold (InterPro:IPR014729), Leucyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia, bacterial/mitochondrial (InterPro:IPR002302), Valyl/Leucyl/Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, anticodon-binding (InterPro:IPR013155), Valyl/Leucyl/Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia, editing (InterPro:IPR009008), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia (InterPro:IPR002300), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class 1a, anticodon-binding (InterPro:IPR009080); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: OVA2 (ovule abortion 2); ATP binding / aminoacyl-tRNA ligase/ isoleucine-tRNA ligase/ nucleotide binding (TAIR:AT5G49030.2); Has 28364 Blast hits to 26241 proteins in 1865 species: Archae - 900; Bacteria - 12390; Metazoa - 742; Fungi - 524; Plants - 168; Viruses - 3; Other Eukaryotes - 13637 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G04890AT4G04890.1Encodes a homeodomain protein that is expressed in the LI layer of the vegetative, floral and inflorescence meristems. Binds to the L1 box promoter element which is required in some proteins for L1 specific expression. 
AT4G04900AT4G04900.1encodes a member of a novel protein family that contains contain a CRIB (for Cdc42/Rac-interactive binding) motif required for their specific interaction with GTP-bound Rop1 (plant-specific Rho GTPase). Most similar to RIC9 and RIC11 (subfamily group I). Gene is expressed predominantly in roots, leaves, and seedlings. 
AT4G05440AT4G05440.1embryo sac development arrest 35 (EDA35); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cell division cycle, Cdc123 (InterPro:IPR016525), D123 (InterPro:IPR009772); Has 268 Blast hits to 266 proteins in 125 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 95; Fungi - 107; Plants - 17; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 45 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G05440.2embryo sac development arrest 35 (EDA35); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 25 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cell division cycle, Cdc123 (InterPro:IPR016525), D123 (InterPro:IPR009772); Has 268 Blast hits to 266 proteins in 125 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 95; Fungi - 107; Plants - 17; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 45 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G05450AT4G05450.1adrenodoxin-like ferredoxin 2; FUNCTIONS IN: electron carrier activity, iron-sulfur cluster binding, 2 iron, 2 sulfur cluster binding; INVOLVED IN: pollen tube development; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Ferredoxin (InterPro:IPR001041), Adrenodoxin (InterPro:IPR001055), Beta-grasp fold, ferredoxin-type (InterPro:IPR012675), Adrenodoxin, iron-sulphur binding site (InterPro:IPR018298); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: adrenodoxin-like ferredoxin 1 (TAIR:AT4G21090.3); Has 3455 Blast hits to 3455 proteins in 760 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 1368; Metazoa - 220; Fungi - 90; Plants - 51; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1726 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G08040AT4G08040.1encodes an aminotransferase that belongs to ACC synthase gene family structurally 
AT4G08150AT4G08150.1A member of class I knotted1-like homeobox gene family (together with KNAT2). Similar to the knotted1 (kn1) homeobox gene of maize. Normally expressed in the peripheral and rib zone of shoot apical meristem but not in the leaf primordia. It is also expressed in the fourth floral whorl, in the region that would become style, particularly in the cell surrounding the transmitting tissue. No expression was detected in the first three floral whorls. Expression is repressed by auxin and AS1 which results in the promotion of leaf fate. 
AT4G08920AT4G08920.1Encodes CRY1, a flavin-type blue-light photoreceptor with ATP binding and autophosphorylation activity. The photoreceptor may be involved in electron transport. Mutant phenotype displays a blue light-dependent inhibition of hypocotyl elongation. Photoreceptor activity requires light-induced homodimerisation of the N-terminal CNT1 domains of CRY1. Involved in blue-light induced stomatal opening. The C-terminal domain of the protein undergoes a light dependent conformational change. Also involved in response to circadian rhythm. Mutants exhibit long hypocotyl under blue light and are out of phase in their response to circadian rhythm. CRY1 is present in the nucleus and cytoplasm. Different subcellular pools of CRY1 have different functions during photomorphogenesis of Arabidopsis seedlings. 
AT4G09140AT4G09140.1Encodes a protein with similarity to Mut1 DNA mismatch repair protein, from E.coli. The protein is expressed during prophase I of meiosis, colocalizes with MLH3 throughout pachytene and is dependent on MLH3 for proper localization. 
AT4G09820AT4G09820.1TT8 is a regulation factor that acts in a concerted action with TT1, PAP1 and TTG1 on the regulation of flavonoid pathways, namely proanthocyanidin and anthocyanin biosynthesis. Affects dihydroflavonol 4-reductase gene expression. It is thought that a ternary complex composed of TT2, TT8 and TTG1 is necessary for correct expression of BAN in seed endothelium. Also important for important for marginal trichome development. 
AT4G09960AT4G09960.1a MADS box transcription factor expressed in the carpel and ovules 
AT4G09960.2a MADS box transcription factor expressed in the carpel and ovules 
AT4G09960.3a MADS box transcription factor expressed in the carpel and ovules 
AT4G10560AT4G10560.1maternal effect embryo arrest 53 (MEE53); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), DC1 (InterPro:IPR004146), C1-like (InterPro:IPR011424); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: DC1 domain-containing protein (TAIR:AT5G48320.1); Has 1080 Blast hits to 457 proteins in 10 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 1080; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G11140AT4G11140.1encodes a member of the ERF (ethylene response factor) subfamily B-5 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family. The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are 7 members in this subfamily. Also named as CRF1 (cytokinin response factor 1). 
AT4G11150AT4G11150.1Encodes a vacuolar H+-ATPase subunit E isoform 1 which is required for Golgi organization and vacuole function in embryogenesis. 
AT4G11280AT4G11280.1encodes a a member of the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (S-adenosyl-L-methionine methylthioadenosine-lyase, EC 4.4.1.14) gene family 
AT4G11850AT4G11850.1phospholipase D (gamma) 
AT4G12550AT4G12550.1isolated from differential screening of a cDNA library from auxin-treated root culture. encodes a protein that is related to a large family of proteins that consist of a proline-rich or glycine-rich N-terminus and a hydrophobic, possibly membrane spanning C-terminus. 
AT4G13195AT4G13195.1Belongs to a large gene family, called CLE for CLAVATA3/ESR-related, encoding small peptides with conserved carboxyl termini. The C-terminal 12 amino acid sequence of CLE44 is identical to that of a dodeca peptide (TDIF, tracheary element differentiation inhibitory factor) isolated from Arabidopsis and functions as a suppressor of plant stem cell differentiation. TDIF sequence is also identical to the C-terminal 12 amino acids of CLE41 (At3g24770). 
AT4G13345AT4G13345.1maternal effect embryo arrest 55 (MEE55); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 14 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 7 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TMS membrane protein/tumour differentially expressed protein (InterPro:IPR005016); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TMS membrane family protein / tumour differentially expressed (TDE) family protein (TAIR:AT3G24460.1); Has 643 Blast hits to 596 proteins in 137 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 392; Fungi - 121; Plants - 78; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 52 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G13345.2maternal effect embryo arrest 55 (MEE55); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 14 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 7 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TMS membrane protein/tumour differentially expressed protein (InterPro:IPR005016); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TMS membrane family protein / tumour differentially expressed (TDE) family protein (TAIR:AT3G24460.1); Has 643 Blast hits to 596 proteins in 137 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 392; Fungi - 121; Plants - 78; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 52 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G13380AT4G13380.1maternal effect embryo arrest 56 (MEE56); FUNCTIONS IN: metal ion binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Heavy metal transport/detoxification protein (InterPro:IPR006121); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: heavy-metal-associated domain-containing protein (TAIR:AT1G57780.1); Has 1747 Blast hits to 1206 proteins in 158 species: Archae - 11; Bacteria - 127; Metazoa - 292; Fungi - 89; Plants - 169; Viruses - 6; Other Eukaryotes - 1053 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G13610AT4G13610.1maternal effect embryo arrest 57 (MEE57); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding, DNA binding, DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, DNA methylation; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 17 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 12 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 1 (InterPro:IPR017198), C-5 cytosine-specific DNA methylase (InterPro:IPR001525), Bromo adjacent region (InterPro:IPR001025), C-5 cytosine-specific DNA methylase, active site (InterPro:IPR018117); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: DMT2 (DNA METHYLTRANSFERASE 2); DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase/ DNA binding / protein binding (TAIR:AT4G14140.1); Has 4029 Blast hits to 3598 proteins in 774 species: Archae - 122; Bacteria - 2061; Metazoa - 256; Fungi - 106; Plants - 219; Viruses - 66; Other Eukaryotes - 1199 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G13850AT4G13850.1Encodes a glycine-rich RNA-binding protein. Gene expression is induced by cold. 
AT4G13850.2Encodes a glycine-rich RNA-binding protein. Gene expression is induced by cold. 
AT4G13850.3Encodes a glycine-rich RNA-binding protein. Gene expression is induced by cold. 
AT4G13850.4Encodes a glycine-rich RNA-binding protein. Gene expression is induced by cold. 
AT4G13890AT4G13890.1EMBRYO SAC DEVELOPMENT ARREST 37 (EDA36); FUNCTIONS IN: pyridoxal phosphate binding, glycine hydroxymethyltransferase activity, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: glycine metabolic process, polar nucleus fusion, L-serine metabolic process, pollen development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: male gametophyte, pollen tube; EXPRESSED DURING: L mature pollen stage, M germinated pollen stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase, major region (InterPro:IPR015424), Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase, major region, subdomain 1 (InterPro:IPR015421), Glycine hydroxymethyltransferase (InterPro:IPR001085); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: SHM4 (serine hydroxymethyltransferase 4); catalytic/ glycine hydroxymethyltransferase/ pyridoxal phosphate binding (TAIR:AT4G13930.1); Has 8265 Blast hits to 8247 proteins in 1620 species: Archae - 141; Bacteria - 3462; Metazoa - 296; Fungi - 187; Plants - 240; Viruses - 6; Other Eukaryotes - 3933 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G13940AT4G13940.1Encodes a S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase required for DNA methylation-dependent gene silencing. 
AT4G13940.2Encodes a S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase required for DNA methylation-dependent gene silencing. 
AT4G13940.3Encodes a S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase required for DNA methylation-dependent gene silencing. 
AT4G13940.4Encodes a S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase required for DNA methylation-dependent gene silencing. 
AT4G14040AT4G14040.1SELENIUM-BINDING PROTEIN 2 (SBP2); FUNCTIONS IN: selenium binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: guard cell; EXPRESSED DURING: seedling growth; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Cytochrome cd1-nitrite reductase-like, C-terminal haem d1 (InterPro:IPR011048), Selenium-binding protein (InterPro:IPR008826); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: SBP1 (selenium-binding protein 1); selenium binding (TAIR:AT4G14030.1); Has 764 Blast hits to 757 proteins in 154 species: Archae - 15; Bacteria - 128; Metazoa - 187; Fungi - 0; Plants - 55; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 379 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G14080AT4G14080.1maternal effect embryo arrest 48 (MEE48); FUNCTIONS IN: cation binding, hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, pollen exine formation; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: leaf whorl, sepal, flower, seed; EXPRESSED DURING: petal differentiation and expansion stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: X8 (InterPro:IPR012946), Glycoside hydrolase, catalytic core (InterPro:IPR017853), Glycoside hydrolase, family 17 (InterPro:IPR000490), Glycoside hydrolase, subgroup, catalytic core (InterPro:IPR013781); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: glycosyl hydrolase family 17 protein (TAIR:AT3G23770.1); Has 1735 Blast hits to 1681 proteins in 109 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 1732; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G14110AT4G14110.1Represses photomorphogenesis and induces skotomorphogenesis in the dark. A component of the COP9 signalosome complex. 
AT4G14150AT4G14150.1Microtubule motor kinesin PAKRP1/Kinesin-12A. Together with PAKRP1L/Kinesin-12B, serve as linkers of the plus ends of antiparallel microtubules in the phragmoplast. 
AT4G14220AT4G14220.1encodes a RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase implicated in gametogenesis. RHF1a can interact with the cell cycle inhibitor ICK4/KRP6 in vitro. It apppears to target ICK4KRP6 for degradation following meiosis in order to allow the mitoses associated with megagametogenesis and microgametogenesis to occur. RHF1a is expressed in the carpels throughout floral development. It is expressed in various tissues of the anthers during the early stages of anther development but not in stage 12 flowers and beyond. 
AT4G14550AT4G14550.1IAA14 is a member of the Aux/IAA protein family. Involved in lateral root development. Gain of function mutation decreases auxin-inducible gene expression. Protein is localized to the nucleus. Expressed in stele and root tip epidermis. Functions as a negative regulator of ARF7/19. 
AT4G14713AT4G14713.1PPD1 (and its paralog, PPD2) encode plant-specific putative DNA-binding proteins. PPD1 and PPD2 are not found in grasses. Overexpression of PPD reduces lamina size by promoting the early arrest of dispersed meristematic cells DMC proliferation during leaf and silique development. Deletion of the PPD locus increases leaf lamina size and results in dome-shaped rather than flat leaves. Siliques are also altered in shape because of extra lamina growth. The curvature of a deltappd leaf reflects the difference between excess growth of the lamina and a limitation to the extension capacity of its perimeter. 
AT4G14713.2PPD1 (and its paralog, PPD2) encode plant-specific putative DNA-binding proteins. PPD1 and PPD2 are not found in grasses. Overexpression of PPD reduces lamina size by promoting the early arrest of dispersed meristematic cells DMC proliferation during leaf and silique development. Deletion of the PPD locus increases leaf lamina size and results in dome-shaped rather than flat leaves. Siliques are also altered in shape because of extra lamina growth. The curvature of a deltappd leaf reflects the difference between excess growth of the lamina and a limitation to the extension capacity of its perimeter. 
AT4G14720AT4G14720.1PPD2 (and its paralog, PPD1) encode plant-specific putative DNA-binding proteins. Deletion of the PPD locus increases leaf lamina size and results in dome-shaped rather than flat leaves. Siliques are also altered in shape because of extra lamina growth. 
AT4G14790AT4G14790.1encodes a nuclear-encoded DExH box RNA helicase, which is localized to mitochondria and whose in vitro ATPase activity is stimulated with mitochondrial RNA. 
AT4G14850AT4G14850.1Encodes a pentatricopeptide (PPR) protein that binds single-stranded RNA. The N-terminal portion of the protein can localize to the mitochondria. Mutations in this gene make plants less sensitive to inhibitors of the MEP and MVA pathways of isoprenoid biosynthesis and increase the activity of HMG CoA reductase. 
AT4G15900AT4G15900.1Mutations confer hypersensitivity to glucose and sucrose and augments sensitivity to cytokinin, ethylene, ABA and auxin. Encodes a nuclear WD40 protein that is imported into the nucleus. Essential for plant innate immunity. Interacts with MOS4 and AtCDC5. It is also predicted to have two DWD motifs. It can bind to DDB1a in Y2H assays, and DDB1b in co-IP assays, and may be involved in the formation of a CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligase, and may affect the stability of AKIN10. 
AT4G16280AT4G16280.1Involved in the promotion of the transition of the vegetative meristem to reproductive development. Four forms of the protein (alpha, beta, delta and gamma) are produced by alternative splicing. Involved in RNA-mediated chromatin silencing. 
AT4G16280.2Involved in the promotion of the transition of the vegetative meristem to reproductive development. Four forms of the protein (alpha, beta, delta and gamma) are produced by alternative splicing. Involved in RNA-mediated chromatin silencing. 
AT4G16280.3Involved in the promotion of the transition of the vegetative meristem to reproductive development. Four forms of the protein (alpha, beta, delta and gamma) are produced by alternative splicing. Involved in RNA-mediated chromatin silencing. 
AT4G16370AT4G16370.1Encodes an oligopeptide transporter involved in metal homeostasis. 
AT4G16780AT4G16780.1Encodes a homeodomain-leucine zipper protein that is rapidly and strongly induced by changes in the ratio of red to far-red light. It is also involved in cell expansion and cell proliferation and in the response to auxin. 
AT4G17300AT4G17300.1Asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase protein involved in amino acid activation/protein synthesis. 
AT4G18010AT4G18010.1Encodes an inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase that appears to have Type I activity. It can dephosphorylate IP3(inositol(1,4,5)P3) and IP4 (inositol(1,3,4,5)P4), but it does not appear to be active against phosphatidylinositol 4,5 bisphosphate. Overexpression of this gene renders plants insensitive to ABA in germination and growth assays. 
AT4G18010.2Encodes an inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase that appears to have Type I activity. It can dephosphorylate IP3(inositol(1,4,5)P3) and IP4 (inositol(1,3,4,5)P4), but it does not appear to be active against phosphatidylinositol 4,5 bisphosphate. Overexpression of this gene renders plants insensitive to ABA in germination and growth assays. 
AT4G18390AT4G18390.1TCP family transcription factor, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 20 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcription factor, TCP (InterPro:IPR005333), CYC/TB1, R domain (InterPro:IPR017888), Transcription factor TCP subgroup (InterPro:IPR017887); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TCP24 (TEOSINTE BRANCHED1, CYCLOIDEA, AND PCF FAMILY 24); transcription factor (TAIR:AT1G30210.2); Has 1950 Blast hits to 1632 proteins in 341 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 6; Metazoa - 171; Fungi - 12; Plants - 1425; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 336 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G18390.2TCP family transcription factor, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 20 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcription factor, TCP (InterPro:IPR005333), CYC/TB1, R domain (InterPro:IPR017888), Transcription factor TCP subgroup (InterPro:IPR017887); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TCP24 (TEOSINTE BRANCHED1, CYCLOIDEA, AND PCF FAMILY 24); transcription factor (TAIR:AT1G30210.2); Has 1950 Blast hits to 1632 proteins in 341 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 6; Metazoa - 171; Fungi - 12; Plants - 1425; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 336 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G18640AT4G18640.1Required for root hair elongation during tip growth. 
AT4G18710AT4G18710.1ATSK (shaggy-like kinase) family member that encodes an AtSK protein involved in the cross-talk between auxin and brassinosteroid signaling pathways. BR-INSENSITIVE 2 mutant indicated that the BR-insensitive dwarf phenotype was due to a semidominant mutation in the BIN2. BIN2 is not allelic to BRI1. BIN2-mediated phosphorylation appears to promote BZR1 export from the nucleus. 
AT4G18750AT4G18750.1Encodes a pentatricopeptide (PPR) protein involved in leaf and root development. dot4 mutants have an aberrant midgap venation pattern in juvenile leaves and cotyledons. 
AT4G18770AT4G18770.1MYB98 is a member of the R2R3-MYB gene family, the members of which likely encode transcription factors. Within an ovule, MYB98 is expressed exclusively in the synergid cells, and mutations in this gene affect the female gametophyte specifically. myb98 female gametophytes are affected in two unique features of the synergid cell, pollen tube guidance and the filiform apparatus, but are otherwise normal. This suggests that MYB98 controls the development of specific features within the synergid cell during female gametophyte development. MYB98 also is expressed in trichomes and endosperm. Homozygous myb98 mutants exhibit no sporophytic defects, including trichome and endosperm defects. 
AT4G18830AT4G18830.1Member of the ovate protein family.Interacts with BLH1 and KNAT3. Regulates the subcellular localization of BLH1. 
AT4G18960AT4G18960.1Floral homeotic gene encoding a MADS domain transcription factor. Specifies floral meristem and carpel and stamen identity. Binds CArG box sequences. It is the only C function gene. It interacts genetically with the other homeotic genes to specify the floral organs. 
AT4G19600AT4G19600.1Encodes a cyclin T partner CYCT1;4. Plays important roles in infection with Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV). 
AT4G20050AT4G20050.1Encodes a polygalacturonase that plays a direct role in degrading the pollen mother cell wall during microspore development. 
AT4G20050.2Encodes a polygalacturonase that plays a direct role in degrading the pollen mother cell wall during microspore development. 
AT4G20090AT4G20090.1embryo defective 1025 (EMB1025); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: pentatricopeptide (PPR) repeat-containing protein (TAIR:AT5G64320.1); Has 21882 Blast hits to 5919 proteins in 183 species: Archae - 2; Bacteria - 22; Metazoa - 670; Fungi - 517; Plants - 19658; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1013 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G20270AT4G20270.1Encodes a CLAVATA1-related receptor kinase-like protein required for both shoot and flower meristem function. It has a broad expression pattern and is involved in vascular strand development in the leaf, control of leaf shape, size and symmetry, male gametophyte development and ovule specification and function. 
AT4G20900AT4G20900.1ms5 mutants are male sterile, pollen tetrads undergo an extra round of division after meiosis II without chromosome replication, resulting in chromosome abnormalities. Gene product has some similarity to SCP1, a rat synaptonemal complex protein. 
AT4G20910AT4G20910.1Encodes an enhancer of hua1 and hua2 tha acts to specify reproductive organ identities and to repress A gene function. HEN1 also shares AG's non-homeotic function in controlling floral determinacy. Mutants display corymb-like inflorescences. HEN1 is a methyltransferase that methylates miRNAs and siRNAs on the ribose of the last nucleotide. The 3'-end methylation probably protects the 3' ends of the small RNAs from uridylation. 
AT4G21100AT4G21100.1One of two closely related genes similar to a damaged DNA binding protein originally described in mammals. May form a complex with DET1 to regulate photomorphogenesis. Loss of function mutations are lethal. The DDB1b protein binds with a number of DWD-containing proteins and may form part of a CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligase. 
AT4G21330AT4G21330.1Encodes a bHLH transcription factor strongly expressed in the tapetum from late anther stage 5 to early stage 6, and at a lower level in meiocytes. dyt1 mutant exhibits abnormal anther morphology beginning at anther stage 4. DYT1 acts downstream of SPL/NZZ and EMS1/EXS , and is required for normal expression of AMS, MS1 and other tapetum preferential genes. 
AT4G21540AT4G21540.1Encodes a sphingosine kinase, also has enzyme activity towards other plant long-chain sphingoid bases. Involved in guard cell ABA signalling and seed germination. 
AT4G21540.2Encodes a sphingosine kinase, also has enzyme activity towards other plant long-chain sphingoid bases. Involved in guard cell ABA signalling and seed germination. 
AT4G21540.3Encodes a sphingosine kinase, also has enzyme activity towards other plant long-chain sphingoid bases. Involved in guard cell ABA signalling and seed germination. 
AT4G21540.4Encodes a sphingosine kinase, also has enzyme activity towards other plant long-chain sphingoid bases. Involved in guard cell ABA signalling and seed germination. 
AT4G21550AT4G21550.1VP1/ABI3-LIKE 3 (VAL3); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: 9 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 6 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Transcriptional factor B3 (InterPro:IPR003340); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: HSI2 (HIGH-LEVEL EXPRESSION OF SUGAR-INDUCIBLE GENE 2); transcription factor/ transcription repressor (TAIR:AT2G30470.1); Has 503 Blast hits to 485 proteins in 45 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 4; Fungi - 0; Plants - 497; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G21750AT4G21750.1Encodes a homeobox protein similar to GL2. It is expressed in both the apical and basal daughter cells of the zygote as well as their progeny. Expression is detected starting the two-celled stage of embryo development and is later restricted to the outermost, epidermal cell layer from its inception. Its promoter is highly modular with each region contributing to specific aspects of the gene's spatial and temporal expression. Double mutant analysis with PDF2, another L1-specific gene, suggests that their functions are partially redundant and the absence of both of the genes result in abnormal shoot development. 
AT4G21750.2Encodes a homeobox protein similar to GL2. It is expressed in both the apical and basal daughter cells of the zygote as well as their progeny. Expression is detected starting the two-celled stage of embryo development and is later restricted to the outermost, epidermal cell layer from its inception. Its promoter is highly modular with each region contributing to specific aspects of the gene's spatial and temporal expression. Double mutant analysis with PDF2, another L1-specific gene, suggests that their functions are partially redundant and the absence of both of the genes result in abnormal shoot development. 
AT4G21800AT4G21800.1Encodes QQT2. Required for early embryo development. qqt1 mutant lines are embryo-defective. Participates in the organization of microtubules during cell division. Interacts with QQT1 (encoded by AT5G22370). 
AT4G21800.2Encodes QQT2. Required for early embryo development. qqt1 mutant lines are embryo-defective. Participates in the organization of microtubules during cell division. Interacts with QQT1 (encoded by AT5G22370). 
AT4G22910AT4G22910.1FIZZY-RELATED 2 (FZR2); FUNCTIONS IN: signal transducer activity; INVOLVED IN: trichome branching, signal transduction, DNA endoreduplication, cell growth; LOCATED IN: chloroplast, heterotrimeric G-protein complex; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: WD40 repeat-like (InterPro:IPR011046), WD40 repeat, region (InterPro:IPR017986), WD40/YVTN repeat-like (InterPro:IPR015943), WD40 repeat (InterPro:IPR001680); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: CCS52A2; signal transducer (TAIR:AT4G11920.1); Has 32185 Blast hits to 17091 proteins in 521 species: Archae - 40; Bacteria - 4571; Metazoa - 14163; Fungi - 6386; Plants - 2781; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 4244 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G23100AT4G23100.1Encodes the enzyme glutamate-cysteine ligase catalyzing the first, and rate-limiting, step of glutathione biosynthesis. Required for cell proliferation at the root tip. Involved in susceptibility to the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Mutants are phytoalexin defective. 
AT4G23100.2Encodes the enzyme glutamate-cysteine ligase catalyzing the first, and rate-limiting, step of glutathione biosynthesis. Required for cell proliferation at the root tip. Involved in susceptibility to the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Mutants are phytoalexin defective. 
AT4G23660AT4G23660.1Encodes para-hydroxy benzoate polyprenyl diphosphate transferase. The enzyme was shown to be able to use a wide range of prenyl substrates : from GPP (C10) to decaprenyl diphosphate (C50). 
AT4G23660.2Encodes para-hydroxy benzoate polyprenyl diphosphate transferase. The enzyme was shown to be able to use a wide range of prenyl substrates : from GPP (C10) to decaprenyl diphosphate (C50). 
AT4G23750AT4G23750.1encodes a member of the ERF (ethylene response factor) subfamily B-5 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family. The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are 7 members in this subfamily. 
AT4G23750.2encodes a member of the ERF (ethylene response factor) subfamily B-5 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family. The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are 7 members in this subfamily. 
AT4G24150AT4G24150.1Growth regulating factor encoding transcription activator. One of the nine members of a GRF gene family, containing nuclear targeting domain. Involved in leaf development and expressed in shoot and flower. 
AT4G24190AT4G24190.1encodes an ortholog of GRP94, an ER-resident HSP90-like protein and is involved in regulation of meristem size and organization. Single and double mutant analyses suggest that SHD may be required for the correct folding and/or complex formation of CLV proteins. Lines carrying recessive mutations in this locus exhibits expanded shoot meristems, disorganized root meristems, and defective pollen tube elongation. Transcript is detected in all tissues examined and is not induced by heat. Endoplasmin supports the protein secretory pathway and has a role in proliferating tissues. 
AT4G24190.2encodes an ortholog of GRP94, an ER-resident HSP90-like protein and is involved in regulation of meristem size and organization. Single and double mutant analyses suggest that SHD may be required for the correct folding and/or complex formation of CLV proteins. Lines carrying recessive mutations in this locus exhibits expanded shoot meristems, disorganized root meristems, and defective pollen tube elongation. Transcript is detected in all tissues examined and is not induced by heat. Endoplasmin supports the protein secretory pathway and has a role in proliferating tissues. 
AT4G24210AT4G24210.1F-box protein that is involved in GA signaling. Regulates seed germination. Component of E3 ubiquitin complex. Interacts with DELLA proteins. 
AT4G24220AT4G24220.1encodes a novel protein containing mammalian death domain involved in programmed cell death. Gene is expressed in vascular system and mutants carrying dominant mutation in the gene have defective vascular patterning. Gene expression is induced specifically by wounding. 
AT4G24220.2encodes a novel protein containing mammalian death domain involved in programmed cell death. Gene is expressed in vascular system and mutants carrying dominant mutation in the gene have defective vascular patterning. Gene expression is induced specifically by wounding. 
AT4G24540AT4G24540.1Encodes a MADS-box protein involved in flowering. Regulates the expression of SOC1 and is also upregulated by SOC1. Binds with IMK3 kinase domain. Phosphorylated by IMK3; likely to be a target for IMK3 kinase domain. 
AT4G24560AT4G24560.1Encodes a ubiquitin-specific protease. There is no evidence for a phenotype in ubp16-1 mutants, however, double mutant analysis with ubp15 mutants reveals a role for UBP16 in plant development and cell proliferation. 
AT4G24630AT4G24630.1receptor/ zinc ion binding; FUNCTIONS IN: receptor activity, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 12 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 8 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, DHHC-type (InterPro:IPR001594), Plexin-like fold (InterPro:IPR016201); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: zinc finger (DHHC type) family protein (TAIR:AT5G50020.1); Has 3990 Blast hits to 3983 proteins in 185 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1956; Fungi - 539; Plants - 407; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1088 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G24660AT4G24660.1HOMEOBOX PROTEIN 22 (ATHB22); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Homeobox (InterPro:IPR001356), Homeobox, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017970), Homeobox domain, ZF-HD class (InterPro:IPR006455), ZF-HD homeobox protein Cys/His-rich dimerisation region (InterPro:IPR006456), Homeodomain-related (InterPro:IPR012287); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: HB25 (HOMEOBOX PROTEIN 25); DNA binding / sequence-specific DNA binding / transcription factor/ transcription regulator (TAIR:AT5G65410.1); Has 263 Blast hits to 255 proteins in 28 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 3; Fungi - 0; Plants - 260; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G24670AT4G24670.1Encodes a protein with similarity to the TAA1 trytophan aminotransferase involved in IAA biosynthesis. Double mutant analyses suggest that this protein is involved in regulating many aspects of plant growth and development from embryogenesis to flower formation and plays a role in ethylene-mediated signaling. 
AT4G24670.2Encodes a protein with similarity to the TAA1 trytophan aminotransferase involved in IAA biosynthesis. Double mutant analyses suggest that this protein is involved in regulating many aspects of plant growth and development from embryogenesis to flower formation and plays a role in ethylene-mediated signaling. 
AT4G24960AT4G24960.1Homologous to a eukaryote specific ABA- and stress-inducible gene first isolated from barley. Groups in one subfamily with ATHVA22E. Along with other members of the ATHVA22 family, it may be involved in regulation of autophagy during development. 
AT4G24960.2Homologous to a eukaryote specific ABA- and stress-inducible gene first isolated from barley. Groups in one subfamily with ATHVA22E. Along with other members of the ATHVA22 family, it may be involved in regulation of autophagy during development. 
AT4G24973AT4G24973.1LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Plant self-incompatibility S1 (InterPro:IPR010264); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: self-incompatibility protein-related (TAIR:AT4G24975.1); Has 77 Blast hits to 74 proteins in 7 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 77; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G25140AT4G25140.1Encodes oleosin1, a protein found in oil bodies, involved in seed lipid accumulation. Suppression of OLEO1 (and OLEO2) resulted in an aberrant phenotype of embryo cells that contain unusually large oilbodies that are not normally observed in seeds. Changes in the size of oilbodies caused disruption of storage organelles, altering accumulation of lipids and proteins and causing delay in germination. Functions in freezing tolerance of seeds. 
AT4G25350AT4G25350.1SHB1 encodes a nuclear and cytosolic protein that has motifs homologous with SYG1 protein family members. Acts in cryptochrome signaling. Overexpression of SHB1 enhanced the expression of PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTOR4 (PIF4) under red light and promoted proteasome-mediated degradation of phytochrome A and hypocotyl elongation under far-red light. A knockout allele suppressed LONG HYPOCOTYL IN FAR-RED LIGHT1 (HFR1) expression and showed several deetiolation phenotypes. Acts upstream of HFR1. Regulates seed development. 
AT4G25420AT4G25420.1Encodes gibberellin 20-oxidase that is involved in the later steps of the gibberellin biosynthetic pathway. Regulated by a circadian clock. Weak expression response to far red light. 
AT4G25530AT4G25530.1Encodes a homeodomain-containing transcription factor that controls flowering. FWA is silenced in wild type plants and reverse of the imprinted silencing causes a late flowering phenotype. FWA gene contains two tandem repeats around the transcription start site that are necessary and sufficient for silencing via DNA methylation. 
AT4G26000AT4G26000.1Encodes a novel Arabidopsis gene encoding a polypeptide with K-homology (KH) RNA-binding modules, which acts on vegetative growth and pistil development. Genetic studies suggest that PEP interacts with element(s) of the CLAVATA signaling pathway. 
AT4G26200AT4G26200.1Member of a family of proteins in Arabidopsis that encode 1-Amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase, an enzyme involved in ethylene biosynthesis. Not expressed in response to IAA. 
AT4G26300AT4G26300.1embryo defective 1027 (emb1027); FUNCTIONS IN: nucleotide binding, aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, arginine-tRNA ligase activity, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, arginyl-tRNA aminoacylation; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), DALR anticodon binding (InterPro:IPR008909), Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold (InterPro:IPR014729), Arginyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ic, core (InterPro:IPR015945), Arginyl tRNA synthetase, class Ic, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR005148), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class 1a, anticodon-binding (InterPro:IPR009080), Arginyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ic (InterPro:IPR001278); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: arginyl-tRNA synthetase, putative / arginine--tRNA ligase, putative (TAIR:AT1G66530.1); Has 6567 Blast hits to 6509 proteins in 1604 species: Archae - 158; Bacteria - 2984; Metazoa - 245; Fungi - 116; Plants - 37; Viruses - 3; Other Eukaryotes - 3024 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G26430AT4G26430.1one of two genes encoding subunit 6 of COP9 signalosome complex 
AT4G26690AT4G26690.1Glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterase-like protein involved in cell wall cellulose accumulation and pectin linking. Impacts root hair, trichome and epidermal cell development. 
AT4G26740AT4G26740.1Gene is expressed preferentially in the embryo, has similarity to a rice ABA-responsive gene, EFA27. 
AT4G27060AT4G27060.1Encodes a novel, plant-specific microtubule-associated protein that regulates the orientation of cortical microtubules and the direction of organ growth. The protein plays a role in control of microtubule dependent anisotropic cell elongation. spr2 mutant rosette leaves, cauline leaves, roots, petioles and petals curl in an anticlockwise direction. 
AT4G27880AT4G27880.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, protein ubiquitination, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162), TRAF-type (InterPro:IPR013322); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) family protein (TAIR:AT3G61790.1); Has 1369 Blast hits to 1361 proteins in 631 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1068; Fungi - 9; Plants - 249; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 43 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G27950AT4G27950.1encodes a member of the ERF (ethylene response factor) subfamily B-5 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family. The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are 7 members in this subfamily. 
AT4G28110AT4G28110.1Member of the R2R3 factor gene family. Expression is induced in response to dessication, ABA and salt treatment. Overexpression of Myb41 results in abnormal cuticle development and decreased cell expansion. 
AT4G28190AT4G28190.1Encodes a novel Cys-rich protein with a B-box like domain that acts as a negative regulator of meristem cell accumulation in inflorescence and floral meristems as loss-of-function ult1 mutations cause inflorescence meristem enlargement, the production of extra flowers and floral organs, and a decrease in floral meristem determinacy. 
AT4G28560AT4G28560.1encodes a member of a novel protein family that contains contain a CRIB (for Cdc42/Rac-interactive binding) motif required for their specific interaction with GTP-bound Rop1 (plant-specific Rho GTPase). Most similar to RIC6 and RIC8 (subfamily group II). Gene is expressed in all tissues examined. 
AT4G28980AT4G28980.1Encodes a CDK-activating kinase that regulates root initial cell differentiation. Phosphorylates CDKD2 and CDKD3, but not CDKD1. Controls CDK activities and basal transcription. 
AT4G28980.2Encodes a CDK-activating kinase that regulates root initial cell differentiation. Phosphorylates CDKD2 and CDKD3, but not CDKD1. Controls CDK activities and basal transcription. 
AT4G29010AT4G29010.1Functions in beta-oxidation of fatty acids, similar to CuMFP with L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA hydrolyase , L-3-hydroxyacyl-dehydrogenase, D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA epimerase, and 3, 2-enoyl-CoA isomerase activities 
AT4G29040AT4G29040.126S proteasome AAA-ATPase subunit RPT2a (RPT2a) mRNA, 
AT4G29170AT4G29170.1A homolog of yeast, mouse and human mnd1delta protein. Null mutants exhibit normal vegetative and flower development; however, during prophase I, chromosomes become fragmented resulting in random distribution of the fragments between polyads. Both male and female meiosis are defective and strong accumulation of AtRAD51 was observed in the inflorescence nuclei of mutant plants. Similarly to its yeast and animal homologues, AtMnd1 might play a role in DSB repair during meiosis. 
AT4G29170.2A homolog of yeast, mouse and human mnd1delta protein. Null mutants exhibit normal vegetative and flower development; however, during prophase I, chromosomes become fragmented resulting in random distribution of the fragments between polyads. Both male and female meiosis are defective and strong accumulation of AtRAD51 was observed in the inflorescence nuclei of mutant plants. Similarly to its yeast and animal homologues, AtMnd1 might play a role in DSB repair during meiosis. 
AT4G29900AT4G29900.1one of the type IIB calcium pump isoforms. encodes an autoinhibited Ca(2+)-ATPase that contains an N-terminal calmodulin binding autoinhibitory domain. 
AT4G30080AT4G30080.1Involved in root cap cell differentiation. Gene expression is regulated by mir160.Located in the nucleus. 
AT4G30200AT4G30200.1Encodes a protein with similarity to VRN5 and VIN3.Contains both a fibronectin III and PHD finger domain. VEL1 is a part of a polycomb repressive complex (PRC2) that is involved in epigenetic silencing of the FLC flowering locus. 
AT4G30200.2Encodes a protein with similarity to VRN5 and VIN3.Contains both a fibronectin III and PHD finger domain. VEL1 is a part of a polycomb repressive complex (PRC2) that is involved in epigenetic silencing of the FLC flowering locus. 
AT4G30200.3Encodes a protein with similarity to VRN5 and VIN3.Contains both a fibronectin III and PHD finger domain. VEL1 is a part of a polycomb repressive complex (PRC2) that is involved in epigenetic silencing of the FLC flowering locus. 
AT4G30340AT4G30340.1encodes a diacylglycerol kinase. Applying a specific diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor to the growth media resulted in reduced root elongation and plant growth. Gene is expressed throughout the plant but is strongest in flowers and young seedlings. 
AT4G30580AT4G30580.1Encodes a plastidic lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase (LPAAT). Is critical for chloroplasts phosphatidic acid biosynthesis. The null allele is embryo lethal. 
AT4G30860AT4G30860.1Encodes a member of the trxG protein family. Contains a SET domain which is known to be involved in modification of histone tails by methylation. Interacts physically with AMS, but the implications of this interaction are unknown.Overexpression results in plieotrophic developmental defects. 
AT4G30930AT4G30930.1Encodes a ribosomal RPL21M protein that is localized to the mitochondrion and is involved in karyogamy during female gametophyte development and fertilization. Mutants display defects in both male and female gametophyte development (i.e.collapsed pollen and female gametophytes with unfused central cells). 
AT4G30960AT4G30960.1Encodes CBL-interacting protein kinase 6 (CIPK6). Required for development and salt tolerance. 
AT4G31160AT4G31160.1Encodes a DCAF/DWD protein capable of interacting with DDB1 and associating with CUL4, likely as part of a nuclear ubiquitin ligase complex. DCAF1 appears to be required for plant embryogenesis and to affect several other developmental processes including leaf, shoot, and flower development. 
AT4G31500AT4G31500.1Encodes an oxime-metabolizing enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of glucosinolates. Is required for phytochrome signal transduction in red light. Mutation confers auxin overproduction. 
AT4G31610AT4G31610.1Expressed specifically in reproductive meristems, member of a moderately sized gene family distantly related to known plant DNA binding proteins 
AT4G31770AT4G31770.1calcineurin-like phosphoesterase family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: hydrolase activity, hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds, protein serine/threonine phosphatase activity; INVOLVED IN: mRNA processing; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Lariat debranching enzyme, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR007708), Metallophosphoesterase (InterPro:IPR004843); Has 452 Blast hits to 397 proteins in 153 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 12; Metazoa - 181; Fungi - 155; Plants - 28; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 76 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G31780AT4G31780.1Encodes an A-type monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) synthase. It represents the isoform responsible for the bulk of MGDG synthesis in Arabidopsis. 
AT4G31780.2Encodes an A-type monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) synthase. It represents the isoform responsible for the bulk of MGDG synthesis in Arabidopsis. 
AT4G31820AT4G31820.1A member of the NPY family genes (NPY1/AT4G31820, NPY2/AT2G14820, NPY3/AT5G67440, NPY4/AT2G23050, NPY5/AT4G37590). Encodes a protein with similarity to NHP3. Contains BTB/POZ domain. Promoter region has canonical auxin response element binding site and Wus binding site. Co-localizes to the late endosome with PID. Regulates cotyledon development through control of PIN1 polarity in concert with PID. Also involved in sepal and gynoecia development. 
AT4G31920AT4G31920.1Encodes an Arabidopsis response regulator (ARR) protein that acts in concert with other type-B ARRs in the cytokinin signaling pathway. 
AT4G32540AT4G32540.1Mutant has elevated levels of free IAA in dominant mutant allele; Flavin Monooxygenase-Like Enzyme; Auxin Biosynthesis 
AT4G32551AT4G32551.1LEUNIG regulates floral organ identity,gynoecium and ovule development. Negatively regulates AGAMOUS . Encodes a glutamine-rich protein with seven WD repeats similar to transcriptional corepressors. 
AT4G32810AT4G32810.1Encodes a protein with similarity to carotenoid cleaving deoxygenases, the enzymes that cleave beta-carotene. Involved in the production of a graft transmissable signal to suppress axillary branching. Protein is localized to chloroplast stroma and expressed primarily in root tip. Mutants in the gene exhibit increased shoot branching, and light-dependent defects in hook opening and hypocotyl/root elongation. Only upregulated by auxin in the root and hypocotyl, and this is not required for the inhibition of shoot branching. 
AT4G32880AT4G32880.1member of homeodomain-leucine zipper family, acting as a differentiation-promoting transcription factor of the vascular meristems. 
AT4G32980AT4G32980.1Encodes transcription factor involved in photomorphogenesis. Regulates gibberellin biosynthesis. Activated by AGAMOUS in a cal-1, ap1-1 background. Expressed at low levels in developing stamens. Increased levels of ATH1 severely delay flowering in the C24 accession. Most remarkably, ectopically expressed ATH1 hardly had an effect on flowering time in the Col-0 and Ler accessions. ATH1 physically interacts with STM, BP and KNAT6 and enhances the shoot apical meristem defect of some of these genes suggesting a role in SAM maintenance. Nuclear localization is dependent upon interaction with STM. 
AT4G33050AT4G33050.1embryo sac development arrest 39 (EDA39); FUNCTIONS IN: calmodulin binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion, response to chitin; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: IQ calmodulin-binding region (InterPro:IPR000048); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: calmodulin-binding family protein (TAIR:AT2G26190.1); Has 224 Blast hits to 148 proteins in 38 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 83; Plants - 134; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G33050.2embryo sac development arrest 39 (EDA39); FUNCTIONS IN: calmodulin binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion, response to chitin; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: IQ calmodulin-binding region (InterPro:IPR000048); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: calmodulin-binding family protein (TAIR:AT2G26190.1); Has 224 Blast hits to 148 proteins in 38 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 83; Plants - 134; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G33050.3embryo sac development arrest 39 (EDA39); FUNCTIONS IN: calmodulin binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion, response to chitin; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: IQ calmodulin-binding region (InterPro:IPR000048); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: calmodulin-binding family protein (TAIR:AT2G26190.1); Has 224 Blast hits to 148 proteins in 38 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 83; Plants - 134; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G33050.4embryo sac development arrest 39 (EDA39); FUNCTIONS IN: calmodulin binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion, response to chitin; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: IQ calmodulin-binding region (InterPro:IPR000048); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: calmodulin-binding family protein (TAIR:AT2G26190.1); Has 224 Blast hits to 148 proteins in 38 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 83; Plants - 134; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G33650AT4G33650.1Encodes a protein with high sequence similarity to the dynamin superfamily. Among those members ADL2 was most closely related to Dnm1p of yeast and likely a member of the Vps1p subfamily. Widely expressed in various tissues with highest expression in flower tissues. Localizes to the chloroplast, mitochondrion and peroxisome. Involved in peroxisome and mitochondria fission in combination with DRP3B. 
AT4G34200AT4G34200.1embryo sac development arrest 9 (EDA9); FUNCTIONS IN: ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: megagametogenesis; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast, membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 26 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (InterPro:IPR006236), D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, catalytic region (InterPro:IPR006139), D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, NAD-binding (InterPro:IPR006140), D-3-phosphogylcerate Dehydrogenase (InterPro:IPR015508), Amino acid-binding ACT (InterPro:IPR002912), NAD(P)-binding (InterPro:IPR016040); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase, putative / 3-PGDH, putative (TAIR:AT3G19480.1); Has 20829 Blast hits to 20828 proteins in 1560 species: Archae - 296; Bacteria - 9792; Metazoa - 668; Fungi - 756; Plants - 318; Viruses - 5; Other Eukaryotes - 8994 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G34430AT4G34430.1Member of a small family of SWI3-like genes in Arabidopsis. Referred to as CHB4 in Zhou et al. (2002). 
AT4G34430.2Member of a small family of SWI3-like genes in Arabidopsis. Referred to as CHB4 in Zhou et al. (2002). 
AT4G34430.3Member of a small family of SWI3-like genes in Arabidopsis. Referred to as CHB4 in Zhou et al. (2002). 
AT4G34430.4Member of a small family of SWI3-like genes in Arabidopsis. Referred to as CHB4 in Zhou et al. (2002). 
AT4G34460AT4G34460.1Encodes the heterotrimeric G-protein beta subunit and is involved in organ shape. A significant fraction of the protein is found in the ER. Mutants carrying null alleles express similar fruit phenotypes, as seen in er plants, but differ from er in that the stem is only slightly shorter than that in the wild type, the pedicel is slightly longer than that in the wild type, and the leaves are rounder than those in er mutants. Gene is expressed in all tissues examined, with highest expression level found in siliques. It is involved in resistance to Plectosphaerella cucumerina. The predicted protein has two DWD motifs. It can bind to DDB1a in Y2H assays and may be involved in the formation of a CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligase 
AT4G34460.2Encodes the heterotrimeric G-protein beta subunit and is involved in organ shape. A significant fraction of the protein is found in the ER. Mutants carrying null alleles express similar fruit phenotypes, as seen in er plants, but differ from er in that the stem is only slightly shorter than that in the wild type, the pedicel is slightly longer than that in the wild type, and the leaves are rounder than those in er mutants. Gene is expressed in all tissues examined, with highest expression level found in siliques. It is involved in resistance to Plectosphaerella cucumerina. The predicted protein has two DWD motifs. It can bind to DDB1a in Y2H assays and may be involved in the formation of a CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligase 
AT4G34460.3Encodes the heterotrimeric G-protein beta subunit and is involved in organ shape. A significant fraction of the protein is found in the ER. Mutants carrying null alleles express similar fruit phenotypes, as seen in er plants, but differ from er in that the stem is only slightly shorter than that in the wild type, the pedicel is slightly longer than that in the wild type, and the leaves are rounder than those in er mutants. Gene is expressed in all tissues examined, with highest expression level found in siliques. It is involved in resistance to Plectosphaerella cucumerina. The predicted protein has two DWD motifs. It can bind to DDB1a in Y2H assays and may be involved in the formation of a CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligase 
AT4G34460.4Encodes the heterotrimeric G-protein beta subunit and is involved in organ shape. A significant fraction of the protein is found in the ER. Mutants carrying null alleles express similar fruit phenotypes, as seen in er plants, but differ from er in that the stem is only slightly shorter than that in the wild type, the pedicel is slightly longer than that in the wild type, and the leaves are rounder than those in er mutants. Gene is expressed in all tissues examined, with highest expression level found in siliques. It is involved in resistance to Plectosphaerella cucumerina. The predicted protein has two DWD motifs. It can bind to DDB1a in Y2H assays and may be involved in the formation of a CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligase 
AT4G34620AT4G34620.1Encodes ribosomal protein S16, has embryo-defective lethal mutant phenotype 
AT4G34940AT4G34940.1Armadillo repeat protein. One of a family of four in Arabidopsis. Located in the nucleus and cytoplasm of pollen vegetative cells, and in the cytoplasm of egg cells. Involved in the signaling network controlling tip growth and actin organization in the pollen tube. 
AT4G35350AT4G35350.1tracheary element vacuolar protein 
AT4G35350.2tracheary element vacuolar protein 
AT4G35550AT4G35550.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. WOX13 is the only family member that does not contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. 
AT4G36260AT4G36260.1A member of SHI gene family. Arabidopsis thaliana has ten members that encode proteins with a RING finger-like zinc finger motif. Despite being highly divergent in sequence, many of the SHI-related genes are partially redundant in function and synergistically promote gynoecium, stamen and leaf development in Arabidopsis. Encodes protein with a single zinc finger motif and a members of a small gene family of putative transcription factors in which the SHORT INTERNODES (SHI) gene is found. STY2/STY1 double mutants showed defective style, stigma as well as serrated leaves. 
AT4G36380AT4G36380.1Encodes a cytochrome P-450 gene that is involved in leaf blade expansion by controlling polar cell expansion in the leaf length direction. Member of the CYP90C CYP450 family. ROT3 was shown to be involved in brassinosteroid biosynthesis, most likely in the conversion step of typhasterol (TY) to castasterone (CS). As 6-deoxo-CS was unable to restore the phenotype of rot3-1, it has been postulated that ROT3 might be specifically involved in the conversion of TY to CS in the C6-oxidation pathway of brassinolide. Recently, CYP90C1 was shown to catalyse the C-23 hydroxylation of several brassinosteroids (the enzyme has a broad specificity for 22-hydroxylated substrates). 
AT4G36800AT4G36800.1RUB1 conjugating enzyme that conjugates CUL1 and is involved in auxin response and embryogenesis. RCE1 protein physically interacts with RBX1, which may be the E3 for CUL1. 
AT4G36800.2RUB1 conjugating enzyme that conjugates CUL1 and is involved in auxin response and embryogenesis. RCE1 protein physically interacts with RBX1, which may be the E3 for CUL1. 
AT4G36890AT4G36890.1The IRX14 gene encodes a putative family 43 glycosyl transferase that contributes to xylan biosynthesis. It was identified based on its gene expression co-variance with the IRX3 gene involved in secondary cell wall synthesis. A biochemical assay using the irx14 mutant indicates that IRX14 might function in xylose chain elongation. 
AT4G36920AT4G36920.1Encodes a floral homeotic gene, a member of the AP2/EREBP (ethylene responsive element binding protein) class of transcription factors and is involved in the specification of floral organ identity, establishment of floral meristem identity, suppression of floral meristem indeterminancy, and development of the ovule and seed coat. AP2 also has a role in controlling seed mass. Dominant negative allele I28, revealed a function in meristem maintenance-mutant meristems are smaller than normal siblings. AP2 appears to act on the WUS-CLV pathway in an AG independent manner. 
AT4G36930AT4G36930.1Encodes a transcription factor of the bHLH protein family. Mutants have abnormal, unfused carpels and reduced seed dormancy. 
AT4G37140AT4G37140.1Encodes a protein with similarity to SABP2, a methyl salicylate esterase from tobacco. However, this protein is truncated and lacks two of the residues of the predicted catalytic triad, suggesting that it does not have this enzymatic activity. 
AT4G37300AT4G37300.1maternal effect embryo arrest 59 (MEE59); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; Has 37 Blast hits to 37 proteins in 7 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 37; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G37580AT4G37580.1involved in apical hook development. putative N-acetyltransferase 
AT4G37590AT4G37590.1A member of the NPY gene family (NPY1/AT4G31820, NPY2/AT2G14820, NPY3/AT5G67440, NPY4/AT2G23050, NPY5/AT4G37590). Involved in auxin-mediated organogenesis. 
AT4G37650AT4G37650.1Involved in radial organization of the root and shoot axial organs. Essential for normal shoot gravitropism. The protein moves in a highly specific manner from the cells of the stele in which it is synthesized outward. Movement requires sequences within the GRAS and VHIID domains. 
AT4G37720AT4G37720.1Probable phytosulfokines 6 precursor, coding for a unique plant peptide growth factor. 
AT4G37740AT4G37740.1Growth regulating factor encoding transcription activator. One of the nine members of a GRF gene family, containing nuclear targeting domain. Mutants result in smaller leaves indicating the role of the gene in leaf development. Expressed in root, shoot and flower 
AT4G37750AT4G37750.1ANT is required for control of cell proliferation and encodes a putative transcriptional regulator similar to AP2. Loss of function alleles have reduced fertility, abnormal ovules and abnormal lateral organs. Expressed specifically in the chalaza and in floral organ primordia. 
AT4G37770AT4G37770.1Encodes an auxin inducible ACC synthase. 
AT4G37890AT4G37890.1embryo sac development arrest 40 (EDA40); FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), von Willebrand factor, type A (InterPro:IPR002035); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: zinc finger (C3HC4-type RING finger) family protein (TAIR:AT2G22680.1); Has 665 Blast hits to 590 proteins in 144 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 200; Metazoa - 44; Fungi - 83; Plants - 207; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 131 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G37890.2embryo sac development arrest 40 (EDA40); FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: polar nucleus fusion; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), von Willebrand factor, type A (InterPro:IPR002035); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: zinc finger (C3HC4-type RING finger) family protein (TAIR:AT2G22680.1); Has 665 Blast hits to 590 proteins in 144 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 200; Metazoa - 44; Fungi - 83; Plants - 207; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 131 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G38430AT4G38430.1Member of the RopGEF (guanine nucleotide exchange factor) family, containing the novel PRONE domain (plant-specific Rop nucleotide exchanger), which is exclusively active towards members of the Rop subfamily, also known as DUF315). Interacts with ROP1 but the whole protein lacks Rho guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity in vitro. The DUF315/PRONE domain is sufficient to confer RopGEF catalytic activity. 
AT4G38600AT4G38600.1encodes a member of HECT ubiquitin protein ligase family that is involved in trichome cell morphogenesis. Mutants in this gene exhibit supernumerary trichome branches and increased DNA content. 
AT4G38600.2encodes a member of HECT ubiquitin protein ligase family that is involved in trichome cell morphogenesis. Mutants in this gene exhibit supernumerary trichome branches and increased DNA content. 
AT4G38630AT4G38630.1Regulatory particle non-ATPase subunit of the 26S proteasome with multiubiquitin-chain-binding capabilities 
AT4G38680AT4G38680.1Encodes a glycine-rich protein that binds nucleic acids and promotes DNA melting. Its transcript and protein levels are up-regulated in response to cold treatment with protein levels peaking earlier in shoots (~10-14 days) than in roots (~21 days). It is normally expressed in meristematic regions and developing tissues where cell division occurs. RNAi and antisense lines with lower levels of CSP2/GRP2 transcripts flower earlier than wild type plants and have some defects in anther and seed development. 
AT4G39100AT4G39100.1Putative transcription factor containing a PHD finger and BAH motif, required for normal development 
AT4G39620AT4G39620.1embryo defective 2453 (EMB2453); INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Pentatricopeptide repeat (InterPro:IPR002885); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: EMB2750 (embryo defective 2750) (TAIR:AT3G06430.1); Has 17008 Blast hits to 5501 proteins in 173 species: Archae - 3; Bacteria - 16; Metazoa - 296; Fungi - 289; Plants - 15708; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 696 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT4G40060AT4G40060.1Encodes a homeodomain leucine zipper class I (HD-Zip I) protein. 
AT5G01040AT5G01040.1putative laccase, knockout mutant showed early flowering 
AT5G01180AT5G01180.1Encodes a dipeptide transporter expressed in pollen and ovules during early seed development. GFP-tagged PTR5 localizes to the plasma membrane. 
AT5G01540AT5G01540.1Encodes LecRKA4.1, a member of the lectin receptor kinase subfamily A4 (LecRKA4.1 At5g01540; LecRKA4.2 At5g01550; LecRKA4.3 At5g01560). Together with other members of the subfamily, functions redundantly in the negative regulation of ABA response in seed germination. 
AT5G01550AT5G01550.1Encodes LecRKA4.2, a member of the lectin receptor kinase subfamily A4 (LecRKA4.1 At5g01540; LecRKA4.2 At5g01550; LecRKA4.3 At5g01560). Together with other members of the subfamily, functions redundantly in the negative regulation of ABA response in seed germination. 
AT5G01560AT5G01560.1Encodes LecRKA4.3, a member of the lectin receptor kinase subfamily A4 (LecRKA4.1 At5g01540; LecRKA4.2 At5g01550; LecRKA4.3 At5g01560). Together with other members of the subfamily, functions redundantly in the negative regulation of ABA response in seed germination. 
AT5G01600AT5G01600.1Encodes a ferretin protein that is targeted to the chloroplast. Member of a Ferritin gene family. Gene expression is induced in response to iron overload and by nitric oxide. Expression of the gene is downregulated in the presence of paraquat, an inducer of photoxidative stress. 
AT5G02030AT5G02030.1Mutant has additional lateral organs and phyllotaxy defect. Encodes a homeodomain transcription factor. Has sequence similarity to the Arabidopsis ovule development regulator Bell1. Binds directly to the AGAMOUS cis-regulatory element. Its localization to the nucleus is dependent on the coexpression of either STM or BP. 
AT5G02820AT5G02820.1Involved in the patterning and shape of leaf trichomes. Encodes the DNA topoisomerase VI SPO11-3, involved in endoreduplication 
AT5G03150AT5G03150.1JKD is a nuclear-localized putative transcription factor with three zinc finger domains. jkd mutants show a number of root patterning defects including ectopic periclinal divisions in the cortex, increased cell numbers in the cortical and epidermal layers, a disrupted QC marker expression pattern, and disorganized QC and columella cells. jkd mutants also have a reduced number of meristematic cells in their roots. JKD can interact with the SCR and SHR proteins implicated in root patterning, as well as another zinc finger transcription factor, MAGPIE. All of these interactions require the first zinc finger in JKD according to a Y2H assay. There are also transcriptional interactions among these proteins. The initiation of JKD transcription does not appear to depend on SCR and SHR, but later expression in the post-embryonic QC cells and ground tissue initials is reduced in scr and shr mutants. JKD also appears to be required for SCR transcription beginning in the embryo. There is also some evidence that JKD plays a role in promoting the movement of SHR into the nucleus, particularly in QC cells, but this may be indirect. 
AT5G03280AT5G03280.1Involved in ethylene signal transduction. Acts downstream of CTR1. Positively regulates ORE1 and negatively regulates mir164A,B,C to regulate leaf senescence. 
AT5G03540AT5G03540.1AtEXO70A1 is a member of EXO70 gene family, putative exocyst subunits, conserved in land plants. Arabidopsis thaliana contains 23 putative EXO70 genes, which can be classified into nine clusters on the phylogenetic tree 
AT5G03540.2AtEXO70A1 is a member of EXO70 gene family, putative exocyst subunits, conserved in land plants. Arabidopsis thaliana contains 23 putative EXO70 genes, which can be classified into nine clusters on the phylogenetic tree 
AT5G03680AT5G03680.1Recessive mutations are defective in organ initiation and orientation in the second whorl. This gene encodes a trihelix transcription factor whose expression is limited to margins of floral and vegetative organs. Overexpression and double mutant analyses suggest that this gene is involved in limiting lateral growth of organs. 
AT5G03740AT5G03740.1HD2-type histone deacetylase HDAC. Involved in the ABA and stress responses. Mediates transcriptional repression 
AT5G03790AT5G03790.1Encodes a homeodomain leucine zipper class I (HD-Zip I) meristem identity regulator that acts together with LFY to induce CAL expression. It binds to the CAL promoter proximal CAATNATTG element. LMI1 acts primarily downstream of LFY in meristem identity regulation. The interaction between LFY, LMI1 and CAL resembles a feed-forward loop transcriptional network motif. The gene also had additional LFY-independent roles in leaf morphogenesis and bract formation. 
AT5G03800AT5G03800.1Encodes a protein with a large central domain of 14 internal pentatricopeptide motifs (some degenerate) arranged in tandem. Mutations in this locus result in embryo lethality. 
AT5G03840AT5G03840.1Controls inflorescence meristem identity. Involved in the floral initiation process. Ortholog of the Antirrhinum gene CENTRORADIALIS (CEN). Involved in protein trafficking to the protein storage vacuole. 
AT5G04470AT5G04470.1Encodes a novel nuclear 14-kD protein containing a cyclin binding motif and a motif found in ICK/KRP cell cycle inhibitor proteins. It is required for coordinating cell division and cell differentiation during the development of Arabidopsis trichomes, playing a key role in the mitosis-to-endoreduplication transition. It interacts with D-type cyclins in vivo. 
AT5G04560AT5G04560.1Encodes a DNA glycosylase DEMETER (DME). Responsible for endosperm maternal-allele-specific hypomethylation at the MEDEA (MEA) gene. DME can excise 5-methylcytosine in vitro and when expressed in E. coli. DME establishes MEA imprinting by removing 5-methylcytosine to activate the maternal allele. 
AT5G04560.2Encodes a DNA glycosylase DEMETER (DME). Responsible for endosperm maternal-allele-specific hypomethylation at the MEDEA (MEA) gene. DME can excise 5-methylcytosine in vitro and when expressed in E. coli. DME establishes MEA imprinting by removing 5-methylcytosine to activate the maternal allele. 
AT5G05620AT5G05620.1Paralog of TUBG1, required for centrosomal and noncentrosomal microtubule nucleation. Involved in specification of cell identity, such as stomatal patterning. Constitutively expressed throughout plant. 
AT5G05730AT5G05730.1ASA1 encodes the alpha subunit of anthranilate synthase, which catalyzes the rate-limiting step of tryptophan synthesis. ASA1 is induced by ethylene, and forms a link between ethylene signalling and auxin synthesis in roots. 
AT5G05770AT5G05770.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. 
AT5G05780AT5G05780.1Encodes a putative 26S proteasome subunit RPN8a. The function of RPN8a and other 26S subunits may be required for specifying leaf adaxial identity. 
AT5G05920AT5G05920.1Encodes a deoxyhypusine synthase. 
AT5G05920.2Encodes a deoxyhypusine synthase. 
AT5G05950AT5G05950.1maternal effect embryo arrest 60 (MEE60); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: unknown protein (TAIR:AT3G46890.1); Has 64 Blast hits to 64 proteins in 8 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 64; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G06070AT5G06070.1Isolated as a mutation defective in petal development with specific effects on adaxial petals which are filamentous or absent. Encodes a Superman (SUP) like protein with zinc finger motifs. Transcript is detected in petal primordia and protein is localized to the nucleus. 
AT5G06100AT5G06100.1Encodes a member of the myb family of transcription factors (MYB33), contains Pfam profile: PF00249 myb DNA-binding domain. Double mutants with MYB65 are male sterile- anthers are small, pollen development is defective. Spatial expression appears to be under the control of miR159, contains a target site for this micro RNA. When the target site is mutated , expression is detected in leaves, roots, anther filament, pistil. The expression of a translational fusion is specific to anther locules in contrast to constructs lacking the miR159 target site. Phenotype is conditional and can be restored by lower temperature or higher light intensity. 
AT5G06100.2Encodes a member of the myb family of transcription factors (MYB33), contains Pfam profile: PF00249 myb DNA-binding domain. Double mutants with MYB65 are male sterile- anthers are small, pollen development is defective. Spatial expression appears to be under the control of miR159, contains a target site for this micro RNA. When the target site is mutated , expression is detected in leaves, roots, anther filament, pistil. The expression of a translational fusion is specific to anther locules in contrast to constructs lacking the miR159 target site. Phenotype is conditional and can be restored by lower temperature or higher light intensity. 
AT5G06100.3Encodes a member of the myb family of transcription factors (MYB33), contains Pfam profile: PF00249 myb DNA-binding domain. Double mutants with MYB65 are male sterile- anthers are small, pollen development is defective. Spatial expression appears to be under the control of miR159, contains a target site for this micro RNA. When the target site is mutated , expression is detected in leaves, roots, anther filament, pistil. The expression of a translational fusion is specific to anther locules in contrast to constructs lacking the miR159 target site. Phenotype is conditional and can be restored by lower temperature or higher light intensity. 
AT5G06140AT5G06140.1Homolog of yeast retromer subunit VPS5. Part of a retromer-like protein complex involved in endosome to lysosome protein transport. In roots it co-localizes with the PIN2 auxin efflux carrier. Involved in endocytic sorting of membrane proteins including PIN2, BOR1 and BRI1. 
AT5G06170AT5G06170.1sucrose symporter with hight affinity for sucrose (K0.5=0.066 +/- 0.025mM), that can also transport a wide range of glucosides. 
AT5G06650AT5G06650.1GLABROUS INFLORESCENCE STEMS 2 (GIS2); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, zinc ion binding, nucleic acid binding; INVOLVED IN: trichome differentiation, response to gibberellin stimulus, response to cytokinin stimulus, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: intracellular; EXPRESSED IN: 6 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: F mature embryo stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage, D bilateral stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, C2H2-like (InterPro:IPR015880), Zinc finger, C2H2-type (InterPro:IPR007087); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: GIS (GLABROUS INFLORESCENCE STEMS); nucleic acid binding / transcription factor/ zinc ion binding (TAIR:AT3G58070.1); Has 313 Blast hits to 311 proteins in 16 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1; Fungi - 0; Plants - 310; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G06760AT5G06760.1late embryogenesis abundant group 1 domain-containing protein / LEA group 1 domain-containing protein; FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, embryonic development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 8 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: dry seed stage, 4 anthesis, LP.04 four leaves visible, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) group 1 (InterPro:IPR005513); Has 477 Blast hits to 328 proteins in 98 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 70; Metazoa - 102; Fungi - 37; Plants - 214; Viruses - 1; Other Eukaryotes - 53 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G07190AT5G07190.1Gene is expressed preferentially in the embryo and encodes a unique protein of unknown function. 
AT5G07190.2Gene is expressed preferentially in the embryo and encodes a unique protein of unknown function. 
AT5G07280AT5G07280.1Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor. Nuclear localization. Involved in light-regulated transcriptional activation of G-box-containing promoters. Negatively regulated by Cop1. Although cytokinins do not appear to affect the gene's promoter activity, they appear to stabilize the protein. HY5 plays a role in anthocyanin accumulation in far-red light and blue light, but not in red light or in the dark. Mutant studies showed that the gene product is involved in the positive regulation of the PHYA-mediated inhibition of hypocotyl elongation. Binds to G- and Z-boxes, and other ACEs, but not to E-box. Loss of function mutation shows ABA resistant seedling phenotypes suggesting involvement for HY5 in mediating ABA responses. Binds to the promoter of ABI5 and regulates its expression. ems1 mutants lack the tapetum. Acts as regulator of anther cell differentiation 
AT5G07290AT5G07290.1AML4 A member of mei2-like gene family, predominantly plant-based family of genes encoding RNA binding proteins with characteristic presence of a highly conserved RNA binding motif first described in the mei2 gene of the fission yeast S. pombe. In silico analyses reveal nine mei2 -like genes in A. thaliana. They were grouped into four distinct clades, based on overall sequence similarity and subfamily-specific sequence elements. AML4 is a member of two sister clades of mei2-like gene family, AML1 through AML5, and belongs to the clade named ALM14. AML4 is expressed during embryo development (heart and torpedo stage) and in vegetative and floral apices. 
AT5G07370AT5G07370.1Encodes inositol polyphosphate kinase, which phosphorylates inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate to generate inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate 
AT5G07370.2Encodes inositol polyphosphate kinase, which phosphorylates inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate to generate inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate 
AT5G07370.3Encodes inositol polyphosphate kinase, which phosphorylates inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate to generate inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate 
AT5G07370.4Encodes inositol polyphosphate kinase, which phosphorylates inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate to generate inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate 
AT5G07500AT5G07500.1Encodes an embryo-specific zinc finger transcription factor required for heart-stage embryo formation. 
AT5G08070AT5G08070.1TCP gene involved in heterochronic control of leaf differentiation. 
AT5G08120AT5G08120.1Microtubule-associated and viral movement protein binding protein. Negatively regulates KN1 association to plasmodesmata and, consequently, cell-to-cell transport. Involved in the alignment of cortical microtubules, the patterning of stomata and in restricting tobamoviral infections. 
AT5G08335AT5G08335.1Encodes an isoprenyl cysteine methylatransferase (ICMT) involved in the post-translational processing of proteins that have a C-terminal CaaX box. This protein appears to have higher catalytic activity and a higher transcript expression level than the other ICMT present in Arabidopsis (At5g23320). Analysis of ICMT RNAi lines suggests that this protein is involved in flower and stem development. 
AT5G08370AT5G08370.1Arabidopsis thaliana ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE 2 (AtAGAL2); FUNCTIONS IN: alpha-galactosidase activity, hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: positive regulation of flower development, leaf morphogenesis; LOCATED IN: plant-type cell wall; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aldolase-type TIM barrel (InterPro:IPR013785), Glycoside hydrolase, family 27 (InterPro:IPR002241), Glycoside hydrolase, clan GH-D (InterPro:IPR000111), Glycoside hydrolase, catalytic core (InterPro:IPR017853); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: AtAGAL1 (Arabidopsis thaliana ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE 1); alpha-galactosidase/ catalytic/ hydrolase, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds (TAIR:AT5G08380.1); Has 886 Blast hits to 883 proteins in 193 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 201; Metazoa - 241; Fungi - 191; Plants - 105; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 148 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G08370.2Arabidopsis thaliana ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE 2 (AtAGAL2); FUNCTIONS IN: alpha-galactosidase activity, hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds, catalytic activity; INVOLVED IN: positive regulation of flower development, leaf morphogenesis; LOCATED IN: plant-type cell wall; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aldolase-type TIM barrel (InterPro:IPR013785), Glycoside hydrolase, family 27 (InterPro:IPR002241), Glycoside hydrolase, clan GH-D (InterPro:IPR000111), Glycoside hydrolase, catalytic core (InterPro:IPR017853); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: AtAGAL1 (Arabidopsis thaliana ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE 1); alpha-galactosidase/ catalytic/ hydrolase, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds (TAIR:AT5G08380.1); Has 886 Blast hits to 883 proteins in 193 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 201; Metazoa - 241; Fungi - 191; Plants - 105; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 148 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G09350AT5G09350.1Encodes a phosphatidylinositol 4-OH kinase, PI-4Kbeta2. Arabidopsis contains 12 PI-4Ks in three separate families: PI-4Kalphs, PI-4kbeta, and PI-4Kgamma. PI-4Kbeta2 is 83% identical to PI-4kbeta1 encoded by At5g64070. Important for polarized root hair growth as the loss of this gene and its close relative PI-4kbeta1, leads to the formation of abnormal root hairs. 
AT5G09750AT5G09750.1HECATE 3 (HEC3); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: transmitting tissue development, carpel formation, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: transmitting tissue, stigma, funicle, vascular system, septum; EXPRESSED DURING: gynoecium developmental stages, flower development stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: IND (INDEHISCENT); DNA binding / transcription factor (TAIR:AT4G00120.1); Has 1622 Blast hits to 1622 proteins in 82 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 3; Plants - 1577; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 42 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G09790AT5G09790.1Encodes a SET-domain protein. Contains a PCNA-binding domain. ATXR5 accumulates preferentially during the late G1 or S phase, suggesting that it plays a role in cell-cycle regulation or progression. A plant line expressing an RNAi construct directed against this gene has reduced agrobacterium-mediated tumor formation. 
AT5G09790.2Encodes a SET-domain protein. Contains a PCNA-binding domain. ATXR5 accumulates preferentially during the late G1 or S phase, suggesting that it plays a role in cell-cycle regulation or progression. A plant line expressing an RNAi construct directed against this gene has reduced agrobacterium-mediated tumor formation. 
AT5G09810AT5G09810.1Member of Actin gene family.Mutants are defective in germination and root growth. 
AT5G10140AT5G10140.1MADS-box protein encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS C - transcription factor that functions as a repressor of floral transition and contributes to temperature compensation of the circadian clock. Expression is downregulated during cold treatment. Vernalization, FRI and the autonomous pathway all influence the state of FLC chromatin. Both maternal and paternal alleles are reset by vernalization, but their earliest activation differs in timing and location. Histone H3 trimethylation at lysine 4 and histone acetylation are associated with active FLC expression, whereas histone deacetylation and histone H3 dimethylation at lysines 9 and 27 are involved in FLC repression. Expression is also repressed by two small RNAs (30- and 24-nt) complementary to the FLC sense strand 3’ to the polyA site. The small RNAs are most likely derived from an antisense transcript of FLC. Interacts with SOC1 and FT chromatin in vivo. Member of a protein complex. 
AT5G10140.2MADS-box protein encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS C - transcription factor that functions as a repressor of floral transition and contributes to temperature compensation of the circadian clock. Expression is downregulated during cold treatment. Vernalization, FRI and the autonomous pathway all influence the state of FLC chromatin. Both maternal and paternal alleles are reset by vernalization, but their earliest activation differs in timing and location. Histone H3 trimethylation at lysine 4 and histone acetylation are associated with active FLC expression, whereas histone deacetylation and histone H3 dimethylation at lysines 9 and 27 are involved in FLC repression. Expression is also repressed by two small RNAs (30- and 24-nt) complementary to the FLC sense strand 3’ to the polyA site. The small RNAs are most likely derived from an antisense transcript of FLC. Interacts with SOC1 and FT chromatin in vivo. Member of a protein complex. 
AT5G10140.3MADS-box protein encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS C - transcription factor that functions as a repressor of floral transition and contributes to temperature compensation of the circadian clock. Expression is downregulated during cold treatment. Vernalization, FRI and the autonomous pathway all influence the state of FLC chromatin. Both maternal and paternal alleles are reset by vernalization, but their earliest activation differs in timing and location. Histone H3 trimethylation at lysine 4 and histone acetylation are associated with active FLC expression, whereas histone deacetylation and histone H3 dimethylation at lysines 9 and 27 are involved in FLC repression. Expression is also repressed by two small RNAs (30- and 24-nt) complementary to the FLC sense strand 3’ to the polyA site. The small RNAs are most likely derived from an antisense transcript of FLC. Interacts with SOC1 and FT chromatin in vivo. Member of a protein complex. 
AT5G10250AT5G10250.1Encodes a protein with an N-terminal BTB/POZ domain and a C-terminal NPH3 family domain. dot3 mutants have defects in shoot and primary root growth and produce an aberrant parallel venation pattern in juvenile leaves. 
AT5G10270AT5G10270.1Encodes CDKC;1, part of a CDKC kinase complex that is targeted by Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) for transcriptional activation of viral genes. Also regulates plant growth and development. 
AT5G10440AT5G10440.1Encodes a cyclin involved in cell proliferation during stomatal cell lineage development. 
AT5G10480AT5G10480.1Protein tyrosine phosphatase-like involved in cell division and differentiation. Interacts with CDKA;1 only in its phosphorylated form, preventing dephosphorylation. Overexpression slowed down cell division in suspension cell cultures at the G2-to-M transition and early mitosis and inhibited Arabidopsis seedling growth. Localized in the cytoplasm of dividing cells but moved into the nucleus upon cell differentiation. Based on complementation of yeast mutant PAS2 has acyl-CoA dehydratase activity. It interacts with CER10, a component of the microsomal fatty acid elongase complex, suggesting a role in synthesis of VLCFAs (very long chain fatty acids). 
AT5G10480.2Protein tyrosine phosphatase-like involved in cell division and differentiation. Interacts with CDKA;1 only in its phosphorylated form, preventing dephosphorylation. Overexpression slowed down cell division in suspension cell cultures at the G2-to-M transition and early mitosis and inhibited Arabidopsis seedling growth. Localized in the cytoplasm of dividing cells but moved into the nucleus upon cell differentiation. Based on complementation of yeast mutant PAS2 has acyl-CoA dehydratase activity. It interacts with CER10, a component of the microsomal fatty acid elongase complex, suggesting a role in synthesis of VLCFAs (very long chain fatty acids). 
AT5G11030AT5G11030.1alf4-1 prevents initiation of lateral roots. Cannot be rescued by IAA. Protein belongs to a plant-specific gene family and is localized to the nucleus. 
AT5G11030.2alf4-1 prevents initiation of lateral roots. Cannot be rescued by IAA. Protein belongs to a plant-specific gene family and is localized to the nucleus. 
AT5G11030.3alf4-1 prevents initiation of lateral roots. Cannot be rescued by IAA. Protein belongs to a plant-specific gene family and is localized to the nucleus. 
AT5G11320AT5G11320.1Belongs to the YUC gene family. Encodes a predicted flavin monooxygenase YUC4 involved in auxin biosynthesis and plant development. 
AT5G11320.2Belongs to the YUC gene family. Encodes a predicted flavin monooxygenase YUC4 involved in auxin biosynthesis and plant development. 
AT5G11530AT5G11530.1Involved in regulating reproductive development 
AT5G12330AT5G12330.1A member of SHI gene family. Arabidopsis thaliana has ten members that encode proteins with a RING finger-like zinc finger motif. Despite being highly divergent in sequence, many of the SHI-related genes are partially redundant in function and synergistically promote gynoecium, stamen and leaf development in Arabidopsis. Expressed in lateral root primordia and induced by auxin. SWP1 is involved in the repression of LRP1 via histone deacetylation. 
AT5G12330.2A member of SHI gene family. Arabidopsis thaliana has ten members that encode proteins with a RING finger-like zinc finger motif. Despite being highly divergent in sequence, many of the SHI-related genes are partially redundant in function and synergistically promote gynoecium, stamen and leaf development in Arabidopsis. Expressed in lateral root primordia and induced by auxin. SWP1 is involved in the repression of LRP1 via histone deacetylation. 
AT5G12330.3A member of SHI gene family. Arabidopsis thaliana has ten members that encode proteins with a RING finger-like zinc finger motif. Despite being highly divergent in sequence, many of the SHI-related genes are partially redundant in function and synergistically promote gynoecium, stamen and leaf development in Arabidopsis. Expressed in lateral root primordia and induced by auxin. SWP1 is involved in the repression of LRP1 via histone deacetylation. 
AT5G12990AT5G12990.1Member of a large family of putative ligands homologous to the Clavata3 gene. Consists of a single exon. 
AT5G13080AT5G13080.1WRKY75 is one of several transcription factors induced during Pi deprivation. It is nuclear localized and regulated differentially during Pi starvation. RNAi mediated suppression of WRKY75 made the plants more susceptible to Pi stress as indicated by the higher accumulation of anthocyanin during Pi starvation. 
AT5G13300AT5G13300.1Belongs to 15-member small GTPase gene family, ARF-GAP domain proteins (AGD); corresponds to AGD3, and is one of four proteins belonging to class 1, together with AGD1, AGD2 and AGD4. The protein contains four domains: BAR domain, PH domain, an ARF-GAP domain, and two Ankyrin repeats. In sfc mutants, the secondary and tertiary veins of cotyledons, leaves, sepals and petals are largely replaced by small segments of discontinuous veins. sfc mutants have exaggerated responses to auxin. 
AT5G13710AT5G13710.1SMT1 controls the level of cholesterol in plants 
AT5G13710.2SMT1 controls the level of cholesterol in plants 
AT5G14010AT5G14010.1zinc finger (C2H2 type) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, zinc ion binding, nucleic acid binding; INVOLVED IN: regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: intracellular, chloroplast; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, C2H2-type (InterPro:IPR007087); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: transcription factor (TAIR:AT5G48890.1); Has 343 Blast hits to 341 proteins in 15 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 343; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G14070AT5G14070.1Encodes glutaredoxin ROXY2. ROXY2, together with ROXY1 (AT3G02000), controls anther development. roxy1 roxy2 double mutants are sterile and do not produce pollen. 
AT5G14170AT5G14170.1CHC1 is predicted to encode a protein that belongs to the chromodomain remodeling complex. Two RNAi knock-down lines have a dwarf phenotype and reduced rates of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The low rate of root-mediated transformation rate may result from altered root morphology or reduced root growth rates. 
AT5G14220AT5G14220.1Encodes PPO2, a putative protoporphyrinogen oxidase based on sequence homology. Also known as MEE61 (maternal effect embryo arrest 61). mee61 mutant shows arrested endosperm development. 
AT5G14250AT5G14250.1Encodes subunit 3 of the COP9 signalosome. 
AT5G14250.2Encodes subunit 3 of the COP9 signalosome. 
AT5G14380AT5G14380.1Encodes an arabinogalactan protein that is expressed in pollen, pollen sac and pollen tube. Loss of AGP6 function results in decreased fertility due to defects in pollen tube growth. 
AT5G14750AT5G14750.1Encodes a MyB-related protein containing R2 and R3 repeats, involved in root and hypocotyl epidermal cell fate determination. Loss of function mutations make extra root hairs. Nuclear localized protein is a positive regulator for expression of CAPRICE (CPC). 
AT5G14870AT5G14870.1Encodes a member of the cyclic nucleotide gated channel family that is asymmetrically localized to the plasma membrane at the growing tip of the pollen tube and is involved in pollen tube growth. It likely directly transduces a cNMP signal into an ion flux that can produce a localized signal capable of regulating the pollen tip-growth machinery. 
AT5G15800AT5G15800.1Encodes a MADS box transcription factor involved flower and ovule development. Functionally redundant with SEP2 and SEP3. 
AT5G15800.2Encodes a MADS box transcription factor involved flower and ovule development. Functionally redundant with SEP2 and SEP3. 
AT5G15840AT5G15840.1Encodes a protein showing similarities to zinc finger transcription factors, involved in regulation of flowering under long days. Acts upstream of FT and SOC1. 
AT5G15840.2Encodes a protein showing similarities to zinc finger transcription factors, involved in regulation of flowering under long days. Acts upstream of FT and SOC1. 
AT5G16310AT5G16310.1UCH1; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin thiolesterase activity; INVOLVED IN: shoot development, shoot morphogenesis, leaf development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus, intracellular, cytoplasm; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Peptidase C12, ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1 (InterPro:IPR001578), Ubiquitinyl hydrolase, UCH37 type (InterPro:IPR017390); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: UCH2; ubiquitin thiolesterase/ ubiquitin-specific protease (TAIR:AT1G65650.1); Has 931 Blast hits to 925 proteins in 172 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 2; Metazoa - 511; Fungi - 225; Plants - 76; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 117 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G16490AT5G16490.1encodes a member of a novel protein family that contains contain a CRIB (for Cdc42/Rac-interactive binding) motif required for their specific interaction with GTP-bound Rop1 (plant-specific Rho GTPase). It interacts with Rop1 and is involved in pollen tube growth and function, and exocytosis in the pollen tube tip. Protein most similar to RIC2 (family subgroup V). Gene is expressed in all tissues examined.Interacts with ROP2 during pavement cell morphogenesis and with ROP1 to promote apical F-actin assembly. 
AT5G16560AT5G16560.1Encodes a KANADI protein (KAN) that regulates organ polarity in Arabidopsis. KAN is required for abaxial identity in both leaves and carpels, and encodes a nuclear-localized protein in the GARP family of putative transcription factors. Together with KAN2, this gene appears to be involved in the development of the carpel and the outer integument of the ovule.Along with KAN2 and KAN4, KAN1 appears to be required for proper regulation of PIN1 in early embryogenesis. 
AT5G16750AT5G16750.1Encodes a nucleolar localized WD-40 repeat protein that is preferentially expressed in dividing cells and is required for regulated division planes and embryo development. 
AT5G16780AT5G16780.1Encodes a protein belonging to SART-1 family. The gene is expressed in the basal region of the developing embryo during heart stage. Phenotypic analyses of dot2 mutants suggest that this protein plays a role in root, shoot, and flower development. dot2 mutants are dwarved plants that display an aberrant spurred leaf venation pattern and fail to flower. In the roots DOT2 appears to be require for normal meristem organization and maintenance and the proper expression of PIN and PLT genes. 
AT5G16910AT5G16910.1encodes a gene similar to cellulose synthase. Located in golgi membranes. 
AT5G17020AT5G17020.1Encodes a member of the exportin protein family (XPO1A) which functions as receptors for nuclear export. Binds to a variety of proteins having leucine rich export signals.Along with XPO1B involved with development of the male and female gametophytes. 
AT5G17430AT5G17430.1Encodes an AP2-domain containing protein similar to ANT. Expressed in embryos and lateral root primordium. 
AT5G17490AT5G17490.1DELLA subfamily member involved in GA signal transduction 
AT5G17690AT5G17690.1Regulates the meristem response to light signals and the maintenance of inflorescence meristem identity. Influences developmental processes controlled by APETALA1. TFL2 silences specific genes within euchromatin but not genes positioned in heterochromatin. TFL2 protein localized preferentially to euchromatic regions and not to heterochromatic chromocenters. Involved in euchromatin organization. Required for epigenetic maintenance of the vernalized state. 
AT5G17810AT5G17810.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. 
AT5G18560AT5G18560.1encodes PUCHI, a member of the ERF (ethylene response factor) subfamily B-1 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family. The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are 15 members in this subfamily including ATERF-3, ATERF-4, ATERF-7, and leafy petiole. PUCHI is required for morphogenesis in the early lateral root primordium of Arabidopsis. 
AT5G19530AT5G19530.1Encodes a spermine synthase. Required for internode elongation and vascular development, specifically in the mechanism that defines the boundaries between veins and nonvein regions. This mechanism may be mediated by polar auxin transport. Though ACL5 has been shown to function as a spermine synthase in E. coli, an ACL5 knockout has no effect on the endogenous levels of free and conjugated polyamines in Arabidopsis, suggesting that ACL5 may have a very specific or altogether different in vivo function. 
AT5G19530.2Encodes a spermine synthase. Required for internode elongation and vascular development, specifically in the mechanism that defines the boundaries between veins and nonvein regions. This mechanism may be mediated by polar auxin transport. Though ACL5 has been shown to function as a spermine synthase in E. coli, an ACL5 knockout has no effect on the endogenous levels of free and conjugated polyamines in Arabidopsis, suggesting that ACL5 may have a very specific or altogether different in vivo function. 
AT5G20240AT5G20240.1Floral homeotic gene encoding a MADS domain transcription factor. Required for the specification of petal and stamen identities. 
AT5G20320AT5G20320.1Encodes an RNase III-like enzyme that catalyzes processing of trans-acting small interfering RNA precursors in a distinct small RNA biogenesis pathway. The protein is also involved in the production of 21-nt primary siRNAs from both inverted-repeat constructs and endogenous sequences, as well as the RDR6-dependent 21-nt secondary siRNAs involved in long-range cell-to-cell signaling. It binds DRB4, a ds-RNA binding protein. 
AT5G20490AT5G20490.1Encodes a member of the type XI myosin protein family involved in root hair growth, trichome development, and organelle trafficking. This gene appears to be expressed at low levels throughout the plant. 
AT5G20490.2Encodes a member of the type XI myosin protein family involved in root hair growth, trichome development, and organelle trafficking. This gene appears to be expressed at low levels throughout the plant. 
AT5G20520AT5G20520.1Encodes a Bem46-like protein. WAV2 negatively regulates root bending when roots alter their growth direction. It's not involved in sensing environmental stimuli (e.g. gravity, light, water, touch). 
AT5G20730AT5G20730.1Encodes an auxin-regulated transcriptional activator. Activates expression of IAA1 and IAA9 in the presence of auxin. Mutants affect blue light and gravitropic and auxin mediated growth responses. Together with AUX19, it is involved in the response to ethylene. In the arf7 arf19 double mutant, several auxin-responsive genes (e.g. IAA5, LBD16, LBD29 and LBD33) are no longer upregulated by auxin. 
AT5G20730.2Encodes an auxin-regulated transcriptional activator. Activates expression of IAA1 and IAA9 in the presence of auxin. Mutants affect blue light and gravitropic and auxin mediated growth responses. Together with AUX19, it is involved in the response to ethylene. In the arf7 arf19 double mutant, several auxin-responsive genes (e.g. IAA5, LBD16, LBD29 and LBD33) are no longer upregulated by auxin. 
AT5G20730.3Encodes an auxin-regulated transcriptional activator. Activates expression of IAA1 and IAA9 in the presence of auxin. Mutants affect blue light and gravitropic and auxin mediated growth responses. Together with AUX19, it is involved in the response to ethylene. In the arf7 arf19 double mutant, several auxin-responsive genes (e.g. IAA5, LBD16, LBD29 and LBD33) are no longer upregulated by auxin. 
AT5G22000AT5G22000.1encodes a RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase implicated in gametogenesis. Double mutant analyses with RHF1a suggests that RHF2a may be involved in targetting ICK4KRP6 for degradation following meiosis in order to allow the mitoses associated with megagametogenesis and microgametogenesis to occur. RHF2a is expressed in all four floral whorls and is present at ~8-fold higher levels than RHF1a in inflorescences by RT-PCR analyses. 
AT5G22000.2encodes a RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase implicated in gametogenesis. Double mutant analyses with RHF1a suggests that RHF2a may be involved in targetting ICK4KRP6 for degradation following meiosis in order to allow the mitoses associated with megagametogenesis and microgametogenesis to occur. RHF2a is expressed in all four floral whorls and is present at ~8-fold higher levels than RHF1a in inflorescences by RT-PCR analyses. 
AT5G22000.3encodes a RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase implicated in gametogenesis. Double mutant analyses with RHF1a suggests that RHF2a may be involved in targetting ICK4KRP6 for degradation following meiosis in order to allow the mitoses associated with megagametogenesis and microgametogenesis to occur. RHF2a is expressed in all four floral whorls and is present at ~8-fold higher levels than RHF1a in inflorescences by RT-PCR analyses. 
AT5G22130AT5G22130.1member of Glycosyltransferase Family- 50 
AT5G22220AT5G22220.2Member of the E2F transcription factors, (cell cycle genes), key components of the cyclin D/retinoblastoma/E2F pathway. Binds DPA and RBR1 proteins. Expressed throughout the cell cycle. Abundance increased by auxin through stabilization of the protein. Elevates CDK levels and activity, even under hormone-free conditions. Promotes cell division and shortens cell doubling time, inhibits cell growth. Transgenic plants overexpressing AtE2Fa contained an increased level of AtE2Fb transcripts that is paralleled by an increase in the amount of the AtE2Fb protein, suggesting that AtE2Fb expression might actually be up-regulated by the AtE2Fa transcription factor. 
AT5G22220.3Member of the E2F transcription factors, (cell cycle genes), key components of the cyclin D/retinoblastoma/E2F pathway. Binds DPA and RBR1 proteins. Expressed throughout the cell cycle. Abundance increased by auxin through stabilization of the protein. Elevates CDK levels and activity, even under hormone-free conditions. Promotes cell division and shortens cell doubling time, inhibits cell growth. Transgenic plants overexpressing AtE2Fa contained an increased level of AtE2Fb transcripts that is paralleled by an increase in the amount of the AtE2Fb protein, suggesting that AtE2Fb expression might actually be up-regulated by the AtE2Fa transcription factor. 
AT5G22260AT5G22260.1Sporophytic factor controlling anther and pollen development. Mutants fail to make functional pollen;pollen degeneration occurs after microspore release and the tapetum also appears abnormally vacuolated. Similar to PHD-finger motif transcription factors. 
AT5G22330AT5G22330.1RESISTANCE TO PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE PV MACULICOLA INTERACTOR 1 (RIN1); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding; INVOLVED IN: defense response to fungus, incompatible interaction, meristem development; LOCATED IN: nucleolus, nucleus, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TIP49, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR010339), ATPase, AAA-type, core (InterPro:IPR003959), ATPase, AAA+ type, core (InterPro:IPR003593); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: DNA helicase, putative (TAIR:AT5G67630.1); Has 2675 Blast hits to 2634 proteins in 789 species: Archae - 254; Bacteria - 1222; Metazoa - 326; Fungi - 290; Plants - 78; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 505 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G22370AT5G22370.1Encodes QQT1. Required for early embryo development. qqt1 mutant lines are embryo-defective. Participates in the organization of microtubules during cell division. Interacts with QQT2 (encoded by AT4G21800). 
AT5G22370.2Encodes QQT1. Required for early embryo development. qqt1 mutant lines are embryo-defective. Participates in the organization of microtubules during cell division. Interacts with QQT2 (encoded by AT4G21800). 
AT5G22640AT5G22640.1embryo defective 1211 (emb1211); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy; LOCATED IN: chloroplast thylakoid membrane, chloroplast, chloroplast envelope; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: MORN motif (InterPro:IPR003409); Has 20090 Blast hits to 11448 proteins in 643 species: Archae - 30; Bacteria - 1497; Metazoa - 7184; Fungi - 2271; Plants - 998; Viruses - 319; Other Eukaryotes - 7791 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G22650AT5G22650.1Encodes a member of a plant-specific class of histone deacetylases. Controls the development of adaxial/abaxial leaf polarity. Its mRNA is widely expressed in stems, leaves, flowers and young siliques. Plant lines expressing RNAi constructs directed against this gene showed a marked reduction in agrobacterium-mediated root transformation. 
AT5G22650.2Encodes a member of a plant-specific class of histone deacetylases. Controls the development of adaxial/abaxial leaf polarity. Its mRNA is widely expressed in stems, leaves, flowers and young siliques. Plant lines expressing RNAi constructs directed against this gene showed a marked reduction in agrobacterium-mediated root transformation. 
AT5G23000AT5G23000.1"Putative homolog of the Blind gene in tomato. Together with RAX2 and RAX3 belong to the class R2R3 MYB genes; encoded by the Myb-like transcription factor MYB37, regulates axillary meristem formation. RAX1 is expressed in a small central domain within the boundary zone separating SAM and leaf primordia during early leaf primordium development and is currently the earliest spatial marker for future axillary meristems. Member of the R2R3 factor gene family." 
AT5G23080AT5G23080.1Interacts with TATA-box binding protein 2. Contains domains with strong similarity to G-patch and SWAP domains, characteristic of RNA binding and processing proteins. Colocalizes with the splicing regulator SRp34 to subnuclear particles. Role in RNA binding or processing. Mutants display developmental defects, including reduced plant height, polycotyly, and reduced vascularization. Strong genetic interaction between TGH and AMP1. 
AT5G23080.2Interacts with TATA-box binding protein 2. Contains domains with strong similarity to G-patch and SWAP domains, characteristic of RNA binding and processing proteins. Colocalizes with the splicing regulator SRp34 to subnuclear particles. Role in RNA binding or processing. Mutants display developmental defects, including reduced plant height, polycotyly, and reduced vascularization. Strong genetic interaction between TGH and AMP1. 
AT5G23150AT5G23150.1Putative transcription factor. Member of the floral homeotic AGAMOUS pathway.Mutations in HUA enhance the phenotype of mild ag-4 allele. Single hua mutants are early flowering and have reduced levels of FLC mRNA. Other MADS box flowering time genes such as FLM and MAF2 also appear to be regulated by HUA2. HUA2 normally activates FLC expression and enhances AG function. 
AT5G23260AT5G23260.1Encodes a MADS box protein. Regulates proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in the inner-most cell layer of the seed coat. Also controls cell shape of the inner-most cell layer of the seed coat. Also shown to be necessary for determining the identity of the endothelial layer within the ovule. 
AT5G23260.2Encodes a MADS box protein. Regulates proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in the inner-most cell layer of the seed coat. Also controls cell shape of the inner-most cell layer of the seed coat. Also shown to be necessary for determining the identity of the endothelial layer within the ovule. 
AT5G23260.3Encodes a MADS box protein. Regulates proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in the inner-most cell layer of the seed coat. Also controls cell shape of the inner-most cell layer of the seed coat. Also shown to be necessary for determining the identity of the endothelial layer within the ovule. 
AT5G23320AT5G23320.1Encodes a prenylcysteine alpha-carboxyl methyltransferase involved in methylation of isoprenylated proteins. This protein appears to have lower catalytic activity and a lower transcript expression level than the other ICMT present in Arabidopsis (At5g08335). Analysis of ICMT RNAi lines suggests that this protein may be involved in flower and stem development. 
AT5G23570AT5G23570.1Required for posttranscriptional gene silencing and natural virus resistance.SGS3 is a member of an 'unknown' protein family. Members of this family have predicted coiled coiled domains suggesting oligomerization and a potential zinc finger domain. Involved in the production of trans-acting siRNAs, through direct or indirect stabilization of cleavage fragments of the primary ta-siRNA transcript. Acts before RDR6 in this pathway. 
AT5G23630AT5G23630.1A novel member of the eukaryotic type V subfamily (P5) of P-type ATPase cation pumps; MIA is most similar to the human P5 ATPase ATY2(44% identity) and to Spf1p from S. cerevisiae (41% identity). Highly abundant in the endoplasmic reticulum and small vesicles of developing pollen grains and tapetum cells. T-DNA insertional mutants of MIA suffer from imbalances in cation homeostasis and exhibit a severe reduction in fertility. Mutant microspores fail to separate from tetrads and pollen grains are fragile with an abnormal morphology and altered cell wall structure. 
AT5G23670AT5G23670.1Encodes the LCB2 subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase, an enzyme involved in sphingosine biosynthesis. The protein is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum. 
AT5G23670.2Encodes the LCB2 subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase, an enzyme involved in sphingosine biosynthesis. The protein is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum. 
AT5G24330AT5G24330.1Encodes a SET-domain protein. Contains a PCNA-binding domain. ATXR6 accumulates preferentially during the late G1 or S phase, suggesting that it plays a role in cell-cycle regulation or progression. 
AT5G24470AT5G24470.1Encodes a pseudo-response regulator whose mutation affects various circadian-associated biological events such as flowering time in the long-day photoperiod conditions, red light sensitivity of seedlings during early photomorphogenesis, and the period of free-running rhythms of certain clock-controlled genes including CCA1 and APRR1/TOC1 in constant white light. 
AT5G24520AT5G24520.1Required for the accumulation of purple anthocyanins in leaves and stems. Involved in trichome and root hair development. Controls epidermal cell fate specification. Affects dihydroflavonol 4-reductase gene expression. It is thought that a ternary complex composed of TT2, TT8 and TTG1 is necessary for correct expression of BAN in seed endothelium. Based on clonal analysis and other methonds TTG1 has been shown to act non-cell autonomously and to move via plasmodesmata between cells.Localization and levels of TTG1 affect patterning of leaf trichomes. 
AT5G24520.2Required for the accumulation of purple anthocyanins in leaves and stems. Involved in trichome and root hair development. Controls epidermal cell fate specification. Affects dihydroflavonol 4-reductase gene expression. It is thought that a ternary complex composed of TT2, TT8 and TTG1 is necessary for correct expression of BAN in seed endothelium. Based on clonal analysis and other methonds TTG1 has been shown to act non-cell autonomously and to move via plasmodesmata between cells.Localization and levels of TTG1 affect patterning of leaf trichomes. 
AT5G24520.3Required for the accumulation of purple anthocyanins in leaves and stems. Involved in trichome and root hair development. Controls epidermal cell fate specification. Affects dihydroflavonol 4-reductase gene expression. It is thought that a ternary complex composed of TT2, TT8 and TTG1 is necessary for correct expression of BAN in seed endothelium. Based on clonal analysis and other methonds TTG1 has been shown to act non-cell autonomously and to move via plasmodesmata between cells.Localization and levels of TTG1 affect patterning of leaf trichomes. 
AT5G24630AT5G24630.1This gene is predicted to encode a protein that forms part of the topoisomerase VI complex. BIN4 is a nuclear-localized protein that can bind DNA. bin4 mutants are brassinolide-insensitive dwarves with severely reduced cell size in leaves, roots, and hypocotyls. Proper development of root hairs and trichomes is also disrupted in bin4 mutants and they have elevated levels of double strand breaks in their cotyledon cells. 
AT5G24630.2This gene is predicted to encode a protein that forms part of the topoisomerase VI complex. BIN4 is a nuclear-localized protein that can bind DNA. bin4 mutants are brassinolide-insensitive dwarves with severely reduced cell size in leaves, roots, and hypocotyls. Proper development of root hairs and trichomes is also disrupted in bin4 mutants and they have elevated levels of double strand breaks in their cotyledon cells. 
AT5G24630.3This gene is predicted to encode a protein that forms part of the topoisomerase VI complex. BIN4 is a nuclear-localized protein that can bind DNA. bin4 mutants are brassinolide-insensitive dwarves with severely reduced cell size in leaves, roots, and hypocotyls. Proper development of root hairs and trichomes is also disrupted in bin4 mutants and they have elevated levels of double strand breaks in their cotyledon cells. 
AT5G24630.4This gene is predicted to encode a protein that forms part of the topoisomerase VI complex. BIN4 is a nuclear-localized protein that can bind DNA. bin4 mutants are brassinolide-insensitive dwarves with severely reduced cell size in leaves, roots, and hypocotyls. Proper development of root hairs and trichomes is also disrupted in bin4 mutants and they have elevated levels of double strand breaks in their cotyledon cells. 
AT5G24630.5This gene is predicted to encode a protein that forms part of the topoisomerase VI complex. BIN4 is a nuclear-localized protein that can bind DNA. bin4 mutants are brassinolide-insensitive dwarves with severely reduced cell size in leaves, roots, and hypocotyls. Proper development of root hairs and trichomes is also disrupted in bin4 mutants and they have elevated levels of double strand breaks in their cotyledon cells. 
AT5G24630.6This gene is predicted to encode a protein that forms part of the topoisomerase VI complex. BIN4 is a nuclear-localized protein that can bind DNA. bin4 mutants are brassinolide-insensitive dwarves with severely reduced cell size in leaves, roots, and hypocotyls. Proper development of root hairs and trichomes is also disrupted in bin4 mutants and they have elevated levels of double strand breaks in their cotyledon cells. 
AT5G25890AT5G25890.1encodes a protein that may be a negative regulator of lateral root formation in response to auxin. It is a member of IAA/ARF gene family and is plant-specific. Gain of function mutations in this gene suppresses lateral root formation and is resistant to inhibition of root elongation by auxin, cytokinin, and ethylene. 
AT5G26751AT5G26751.1encodes a SHAGGY-related kinase involved in meristem organization. 
AT5G27030AT5G27030.1TOPLESS-RELATED 3 (TPR3); INVOLVED IN: primary shoot apical meristem specification; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: WD40 repeat-like (InterPro:IPR011046), WD40 repeat, region (InterPro:IPR017986), WD40/YVTN repeat-like (InterPro:IPR015943), WD40 repeat (InterPro:IPR001680), CTLH, C-terminal to LisH motif (InterPro:IPR006595), LisH dimerisation motif (InterPro:IPR006594); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: TPR2 (TOPLESS-RELATED 2) (TAIR:AT3G16830.1); Has 10032 Blast hits to 6372 proteins in 376 species: Archae - 24; Bacteria - 2655; Metazoa - 3380; Fungi - 1755; Plants - 716; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1502 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G27150AT5G27150.1Encodes a vacuolar sodium/proton antiporter involved in salt tolerance, ion homeostasis, and leaf development. 
AT5G27320AT5G27320.1Encodes a gibberellin (GA) receptor ortholog of the rice GA receptor gene (OsGID1). Has GA-binding activity, showing higher affinity to GA4. Interacts with DELLA proteins in vivo in the presence of GA4. 
AT5G27540AT5G27540.1Encodes a protein with similarity to GTPases that is localized to the mitochondrion. Involved in embryogenesis, pollen tube growth and required for mitochondrial development. 
AT5G27540.2Encodes a protein with similarity to GTPases that is localized to the mitochondrion. Involved in embryogenesis, pollen tube growth and required for mitochondrial development. 
AT5G28640AT5G28640.1Encodes a protein with similarity to mammalian transcriptional coactivator that is involved in cell proliferation during leaf and flower development. Loss of function mutations have narrow, pointed leaves and narrow floral organs. AN3 interacts with members of the growth regulating factor (GRF) family of transcription factors. 
AT5G35770AT5G35770.1A recessive mutation in the Arabidopsis STERILE APETALA (SAP) causes severe aberrations in inflorescence and flower and ovule development. 
AT5G37020AT5G37020.1Encodes a member of the auxin response factor family. Mediates auxin response via expression of auxin regulated genes. Acts redundantly with ARF6 to control stamen elongation and flower maturation. Expression of ARF8 is controlled by miR167. 
AT5G37020.2Encodes a member of the auxin response factor family. Mediates auxin response via expression of auxin regulated genes. Acts redundantly with ARF6 to control stamen elongation and flower maturation. Expression of ARF8 is controlled by miR167. 
AT5G37260AT5G37260.1Encodes a MYB family transcription factor Circadian 1 (CIR1). Involved in circadian regulation in Arabidopsis. 
AT5G37770AT5G37770.1Encodes a protein with 40% similarity to calmodulin. Binds Ca(2+) and, as a consequence, undergoes conformational changes. CML24 expression occurs in all major organs, and transcript levels are increased from 2- to 15-fold in plants subjected to touch, darkness, heat, cold, hydrogen peroxide, abscisic acid (ABA), and indole-3-acetic acid. However, CML24 protein accumulation changes were not detectable. The putative CML24 regulatory region confers reporter expression at sites of predicted mechanical stress; in regions undergoing growth; in vascular tissues and various floral organs; and in stomata, trichomes, and hydathodes. CML24-underexpressing transgenics are resistant to ABA inhibition of germination and seedling growth, are defective in long-day induction of flowering, and have enhanced tolerance to CoCl(2), molybdic acid, ZnSO(4), and MgCl(2). 
AT5G37850AT5G37850.1Encodes a pyridoxal kinase required for root hair development. Mutants are hypersensitive to Na+, K+ and Li+. 
AT5G37850.2Encodes a pyridoxal kinase required for root hair development. Mutants are hypersensitive to Na+, K+ and Li+. 
AT5G37870AT5G37870.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: nucleus, intracellular; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, C2H2-like (InterPro:IPR015880), Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) family protein (TAIR:AT5G37910.1); Has 1413 Blast hits to 1403 proteins in 637 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1101; Fungi - 15; Plants - 243; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 54 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G37890AT5G37890.1seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, protein ubiquitination, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus, intracellular; EXPRESSED IN: 21 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, C2H2-like (InterPro:IPR015880), Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) family protein (TAIR:AT5G37910.1); Has 1375 Blast hits to 1367 proteins in 643 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1029; Fungi - 25; Plants - 243; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 78 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G37900AT5G37900.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, protein ubiquitination, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus, plasma membrane; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) family protein (TAIR:AT5G37910.1); Has 944 Blast hits to 939 proteins in 590 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 794; Fungi - 0; Plants - 138; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 12 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G37910AT5G37910.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: nucleus; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative (TAIR:AT5G37890.1); Has 1404 Blast hits to 1395 proteins in 639 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1087; Fungi - 20; Plants - 242; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 55 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G37930AT5G37930.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, protein ubiquitination; LOCATED IN: intracellular, nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 24 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 15 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, C2H2-like (InterPro:IPR015880), Zinc finger, RING-type, conserved site (InterPro:IPR017907), TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, RING-type (InterPro:IPR001841), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative (TAIR:AT1G66650.1); Has 1343 Blast hits to 1335 proteins in 643 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1013; Fungi - 15; Plants - 244; Viruses - 4; Other Eukaryotes - 67 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G39400AT5G39400.1PTEN1; FUNCTIONS IN: phosphatase activity; INVOLVED IN: N-terminal protein myristoylation, pollen development; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 9 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: L mature pollen stage, M germinated pollen stage, 4 anthesis, C globular stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein-tyrosine phosphatase, active site (InterPro:IPR016130), Phosphatase tensin type (InterPro:IPR014019), Protein-tyrosine phosphatase, dual specificity (InterPro:IPR000340), C2 calcium/lipid-binding region, CaLB (InterPro:IPR008973), Tensin phosphatase, C2 domain (InterPro:IPR014020); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: ATPEN2 (ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA PTEN 2); phosphatase/ protein tyrosine phosphatase (TAIR:AT3G19420.1); Has 1145 Blast hits to 1141 proteins in 148 species: Archae - 6; Bacteria - 19; Metazoa - 735; Fungi - 150; Plants - 35; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 200 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G39550AT5G39550.1Encodes the VIM3/ORTH1 protein that is similar to VIM1. This protein has an N-terminal PHD domain and two RING domains surrounding an SRA domain. The protein has been shown to bind to methylated cytosines of CG, CNG and CNN motifs via its SRA domain but has a preference for the former. This protein functions as an E3 ubiquitin ligase in vitro with members of the UBC8 family E2s. Either of the two RING domains present in the protein can promote ubiquitylation in vitro, but, not the PHD domain. Over-expression of ORTH1/VIM3 leads to decreased levels of FWA methylation, increased levels of FWA transcripts, and delayed flowering. Cen180 repeats are also hypomethylated in plants overexpressing this protein. 
AT5G40260AT5G40260.1nodulin MtN3 family protein; INVOLVED IN: pollen wall assembly; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane, membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 12 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, C globular stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage, D bilateral stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: MtN3 and saliva related transmembrane protein, conserved region (InterPro:IPR018169), RAG1-activating protein 1 homologue (InterPro:IPR018179), MtN3 and saliva related transmembrane protein (InterPro:IPR004316); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: nodulin MtN3 family protein (TAIR:AT4G10850.1); Has 543 Blast hits to 522 proteins in 90 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 182; Fungi - 0; Plants - 309; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 48 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G40260.2nodulin MtN3 family protein; INVOLVED IN: pollen wall assembly; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane, membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 12 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, C globular stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage, D bilateral stage, E expanded cotyledon stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: MtN3 and saliva related transmembrane protein, conserved region (InterPro:IPR018169), RAG1-activating protein 1 homologue (InterPro:IPR018179), MtN3 and saliva related transmembrane protein (InterPro:IPR004316); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: nodulin MtN3 family protein (TAIR:AT4G10850.1); Has 543 Blast hits to 522 proteins in 90 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 4; Metazoa - 182; Fungi - 0; Plants - 309; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 48 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G40330AT5G40330.1Encodes a MYB gene that, when overexpressed ectopically, can induce ectopic trichome formation. It is a member of subgroup 15, together with WER and GL1. Members of this subgroup share a conserved motif of 19 amino acids in the putative transcription activation domain at the C-terminal end. The gene is expressed in leaves, stems, flowers, seeds and roots and quite strongly in trichomes. There is partial functional redundancy between ATMYB23 and GL1. The two proteins are functionally equivalent with respect to the regulation of trichome initiation but not with respect to trichome branching - which is controlled by MYB23 and not GL1. 
AT5G40350AT5G40350.1Myb24 transcription factor. Member of the R2R3 factor gene family. Induced by jasmonate. Involved in jasmonate response during stamen development.  
AT5G40420AT5G40420.1Encodes oleosin2, a protein found in oil bodies, involved in seed lipid accumulation. Suppression of OLEO1 (and OLEO2) resulted in an aberrant phenotype of embryo cells that contain unusually large oilbodies that are not normally observed in seeds. Changes in the size of oilbodies caused disruption of storage organelles, altering accumulation of lipids and proteins and causing delay in germination. Functions in freezing tolerance of seeds. 
AT5G41060AT5G41060.1zinc finger (DHHC type) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: zinc ion binding; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, DHHC-type (InterPro:IPR001594); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: zinc finger (DHHC type) family protein (TAIR:AT3G26935.1); Has 3985 Blast hits to 3975 proteins in 185 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1952; Fungi - 533; Plants - 408; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1092 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G41060.2zinc finger (DHHC type) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: zinc ion binding; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Zinc finger, DHHC-type (InterPro:IPR001594); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: zinc finger (DHHC type) family protein (TAIR:AT3G26935.1); Has 3985 Blast hits to 3975 proteins in 185 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1952; Fungi - 533; Plants - 408; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1092 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G41315AT5G41315.1encodes a basic helix loop helix domain protein that interacts with GL1 in trichome development. 
AT5G41990AT5G41990.1Encodes a member of the WNK family (9 members in all) of protein kinases, the structural design of which is clearly distinct from those of other known protein kinases, such as receptor-like kinases and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Interacts specifically with and phosphorylates AtVHA-C, subunit C of the vacuolar H+-ATPase. 
AT5G42080AT5G42080.1Encodes a dynamin-like protein related to phragmoplastin. Mutations in this gene, in combination with mutation in ADL1E, result in defects in embryogenesis, cell plate formation and trichome branching. Also controls vascular patterning in combination with VAN3 and GNOM. 
AT5G42080.2Encodes a dynamin-like protein related to phragmoplastin. Mutations in this gene, in combination with mutation in ADL1E, result in defects in embryogenesis, cell plate formation and trichome branching. Also controls vascular patterning in combination with VAN3 and GNOM. 
AT5G42190AT5G42190.1Similar to SKP1 in yeast and humans which are involved in mitotic cell cycle control and ubiquitin mediated proteolysis. 
AT5G42270AT5G42270.1VAR1 contains a conserved motif for ATPase and a metalloprotease characteristic to FtsH proteins, and is targeted into chloroplasts. A VAR1-fusion protein synthesized in vitro exhibited ATPase activity and partial metalloprotease activity. This protein is located to the thylakoid membrane and forms a complex with VAR2. FtsH1 (VAR1) and FtsH5 are interchangeable in thylakoid membranes. 
AT5G42630AT5G42630.1Encodes a member of the KANADI family of putative transcription factors. Involved in integument formation during ovule development and expressed at the boundary between the inner and outer integuments. It is essential for directing laminar growth of the inner integument.Along with KAN1 and KAN2, KAN4 is involved in proper localization of PIN1 in early embryogenesis. 
AT5G42630.2Encodes a member of the KANADI family of putative transcription factors. Involved in integument formation during ovule development and expressed at the boundary between the inner and outer integuments. It is essential for directing laminar growth of the inner integument.Along with KAN1 and KAN2, KAN4 is involved in proper localization of PIN1 in early embryogenesis. 
AT5G42820AT5G42820.1U2 auxiliary factor small subunit. The atU2AF35b protein and its homolog, atU2AF35a, contain most of the conserved domains of hsU2AF35, including the psiRRM, one RS domain, two zinc fingers, and the two regions for interacting with U2AF large subunit. Both proteins lack the stretch of glycines present in human U2AF35. The sequences are overall 83% identical, and each Arabidopsis homolog shows approximately 70% similarity to hsU2AF35. U2AF(35) homologs were also identified from maize, rice and other plants with large-scale EST projects. Both genes are expressed in all major tissues, with atU2AF(35)a expressed at a higher level than atU2AF(35)b in most tissues. The expression patterns were different in roots: atU2AF(35)b expressed strongly in whole young roots and root tips and atU2AF(35)a limited to root vascular regions. 
AT5G42820.2U2 auxiliary factor small subunit. The atU2AF35b protein and its homolog, atU2AF35a, contain most of the conserved domains of hsU2AF35, including the psiRRM, one RS domain, two zinc fingers, and the two regions for interacting with U2AF large subunit. Both proteins lack the stretch of glycines present in human U2AF35. The sequences are overall 83% identical, and each Arabidopsis homolog shows approximately 70% similarity to hsU2AF35. U2AF(35) homologs were also identified from maize, rice and other plants with large-scale EST projects. Both genes are expressed in all major tissues, with atU2AF(35)a expressed at a higher level than atU2AF(35)b in most tissues. The expression patterns were different in roots: atU2AF(35)b expressed strongly in whole young roots and root tips and atU2AF(35)a limited to root vascular regions. 
AT5G42890AT5G42890.1STEROL CARRIER PROTEIN 2 (SCP2); FUNCTIONS IN: sterol carrier activity, oxidoreductase activity; INVOLVED IN: glyoxylate metabolic process, intracellular lipid transport, fatty acid beta-oxidation, seed germination; LOCATED IN: peroxisome; EXPRESSED IN: 32 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 16 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Sterol-binding-like (InterPro:IPR016083), Sterol-binding (InterPro:IPR003033), Short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase SDR (InterPro:IPR002198); Has 584 Blast hits to 578 proteins in 125 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 23; Metazoa - 411; Fungi - 75; Plants - 33; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 42 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G42970AT5G42970.1encodes subunit 4 of COP9 signalosome complex. sequence is similar to a subunit of the 19S regulatory particle of the 26S proteasome. recessive mutation causes derepression of photomorphogenesis. 
AT5G43070AT5G43070.1WPP family members contains an NE targeting domain. This domain, called the WPP domain after a highly conserved Trp-Pro-Pro motif, is necessary and sufficient for NE targeting of WPP1. RNAi suppression of WPP1 resulted in reduced mitotic activity. 
AT5G43810AT5G43810.1Encodes a member of the EIF2C (elongation initiation factor 2c)/ Argonaute class of proteins. Required to establish the central-peripheral organization of the embryo apex. Along with WUS and CLV genes, controls the relative organization of central zone and peripheral zone cells in meristems. Acts in embryonic provascular tissue potentiating WUSCHEL function during meristem development in the embryo. 
AT5G43900AT5G43900.1Encodes a member of the type XI myosin protein family that binds F-actin and co-localizes with actin filaments and peroxisomes. Homozygous mutants are reported to have pleiotropic effects in growth and fertility and may also be lethal. This protein is also involved in root hair growth and organelle trafficking. This protein interacts with RabC2a and RabD1 in a GTP-dependent manner. 
AT5G45190AT5G45190.1Encodes a cyclin T partner CYCT1;5. Plays important roles in infection with Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV). 
AT5G45190.2Encodes a cyclin T partner CYCT1;5. Plays important roles in infection with Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV). 
AT5G45710AT5G45710.1member of Heat Stress Transcription Factor (Hsf) family 
AT5G45710.2member of Heat Stress Transcription Factor (Hsf) family 
AT5G45800AT5G45800.1maternal effect embryo arrest 62 (MEE62); FUNCTIONS IN: protein binding, protein serine/threonine kinase activity, protein tyrosine kinase activity, protein kinase activity, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: embryonic development ending in seed dormancy, transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathway, protein amino acid phosphorylation; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein kinase, core (InterPro:IPR000719), Leucine-rich repeat (InterPro:IPR001611), Tyrosine protein kinase (InterPro:IPR001245), Protein kinase-like (InterPro:IPR011009); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: leucine-rich repeat transmembrane protein kinase, putative (TAIR:AT2G24230.1); Has 55296 Blast hits to 36416 proteins in 1147 species: Archae - 36; Bacteria - 3164; Metazoa - 17246; Fungi - 1111; Plants - 30254; Viruses - 106; Other Eukaryotes - 3379 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G45980AT5G45980.1Arabidopsis thaliana WOX8 protein. Contains similarity to homeodomain transcription factor. Positively regulates early embryonic growth. 
AT5G46690AT5G46690.1beta HLH protein 71 (bHLH071); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 16 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family protein (bHLH096) (TAIR:AT1G72210.1); Has 759 Blast hits to 756 proteins in 82 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 1; Fungi - 19; Plants - 737; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 2 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G46700AT5G46700.1Encodes a transmembrane protein of the tetraspanin (TET) family, one of 17 members found in Arabidopsis. Double mutant analysis showed that TRN1 and TRN2 act in the same pathway. Required for the maintenance of both the radial pattern of tissue differentiation in the root and for the subsequent circumferential pattern within the epidermis. 
AT5G46795AT5G46795.1microspore-specific promoter 2 (MSP2); FUNCTIONS IN: molecular_function unknown; INVOLVED IN: pollen development; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: leaf whorl, petal, flower; EXPRESSED DURING: J bicellular pollen stage, 4 anthesis, F microspore release stage, petal differentiation and expansion stage; Has 75 Blast hits to 48 proteins in 14 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 56; Fungi - 0; Plants - 14; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 5 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G47990AT5G47990.1encodes a member of the CYP705A family of cytochrome P450 enzymes. It appears to catalyze the addition of a double bond to thalian-diol at carbon 15. Reduced levels of THAD expression lead to a build up of thalian-diol in root extracts. thad1-1 mutants also have longer roots than wild type seedlings. 
AT5G48010AT5G48010.1Encodes an oxidosqualene cyclase involved in the biosynthesis of thalianol, a tricyclic triterpenoid of unknown function. Overexpression of THAS leads to dwarfing in the aerial tissues of Arabidopsis plants, but increases their root length. THAS is part of a small operon-like cluster of genes (with At5g48000 (THAH) and At5g47990 (THAD)) involved in thalianol metabolism. 
AT5G48010.2Encodes an oxidosqualene cyclase involved in the biosynthesis of thalianol, a tricyclic triterpenoid of unknown function. Overexpression of THAS leads to dwarfing in the aerial tissues of Arabidopsis plants, but increases their root length. THAS is part of a small operon-like cluster of genes (with At5g48000 (THAH) and At5g47990 (THAD)) involved in thalianol metabolism. 
AT5G48030AT5G48030.1encodes a mitochondrially targeted DNAJ protein involved in female gametophyte development. 
AT5G48150AT5G48150.1Member of GRAS gene family. Semi-dominant mutant has a reduced response to far-red light and appears to act early in the phytochrome A signaling pathway. 
AT5G48150.2Member of GRAS gene family. Semi-dominant mutant has a reduced response to far-red light and appears to act early in the phytochrome A signaling pathway. 
AT5G48160AT5G48160.1Encodes a nuclear PHD finger protein that is functionally redundant with OBE1 and plays an important role in the maintenance and/or establishment of the root and shoot apical meristems. 
AT5G48160.2Encodes a nuclear PHD finger protein that is functionally redundant with OBE1 and plays an important role in the maintenance and/or establishment of the root and shoot apical meristems. 
AT5G48300AT5G48300.1Encodes the small subunit of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase. The small subunit is the catalytic isoform responsible for ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase activity. The presence of the small subunit is required for large subunit stability. Two isoforms of the small subunit (ApS1 and ApS2) have been described. ApS1 is the major small subunit isoform present in all plant tissues tested. 
AT5G48720AT5G48720.1Encodes XRI1 (X-ray induced 1). Required for post-meiotic stages of pollen development and male and female meiosis. Maybe required for meiotic DNA repair. Inducible by X-ray. Homozygous xri1 mutants are sterile due to extensive chromosome fragmentation. 
AT5G48720.2Encodes XRI1 (X-ray induced 1). Required for post-meiotic stages of pollen development and male and female meiosis. Maybe required for meiotic DNA repair. Inducible by X-ray. Homozygous xri1 mutants are sterile due to extensive chromosome fragmentation. 
AT5G48840AT5G48840.1Encodes a pantothenate synthetase that appears to be located in the cytosol. This protein is expected to play a role in pantothenate (vitamin B5) biosynthesis. Analysis of the catalytic properties of this enzyme indicate that it might be able to synthesize adequate amounts of pantothenate even in the presence of low levels of pantoate. 
AT5G49020AT5G49020.1Encodes a type I protein arginine methyltransferase. PRMT4a can catalyze the asymmetric dimethylation of arginines 2,17, and 26 on histone 3 and can also methylate myelin basic protein in vitro. Double mutants lacking PRMT4a and 4b have reduced levels of histone 3 methylated at R17. These double mutants flower late due to defects in the autonomous pathway and they have elevated levels of FLC transcripts. 
AT5G49020.2Encodes a type I protein arginine methyltransferase. PRMT4a can catalyze the asymmetric dimethylation of arginines 2,17, and 26 on histone 3 and can also methylate myelin basic protein in vitro. Double mutants lacking PRMT4a and 4b have reduced levels of histone 3 methylated at R17. These double mutants flower late due to defects in the autonomous pathway and they have elevated levels of FLC transcripts. 
AT5G49030AT5G49030.1ovule abortion 2 (OVA2); FUNCTIONS IN: nucleotide binding, isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity, aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, catalytic activity, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: ovule development, tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (InterPro:IPR018353), Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia (InterPro:IPR002301), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class 1a, anticodon-binding (InterPro:IPR009080), Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR015905), Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold (InterPro:IPR014729), DNA glycosylase/AP lyase and isoleucyl tRNA synthetase, zinc finger domain (InterPro:IPR010663), Valyl/Leucyl/Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia, editing (InterPro:IPR009008), Valyl/Leucyl/Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, anticodon-binding (InterPro:IPR013155), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia (InterPro:IPR002300); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, putative / isoleucine--tRNA ligase, putative (TAIR:AT4G10320.1); Has 31085 Blast hits to 27559 proteins in 1864 species: Archae - 744; Bacteria - 13242; Metazoa - 788; Fungi - 464; Plants - 176; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 15671 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G49030.2ovule abortion 2 (OVA2); FUNCTIONS IN: nucleotide binding, isoleucine-tRNA ligase activity, aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, catalytic activity, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: ovule development, tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation; LOCATED IN: chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, conserved site (InterPro:IPR001412), Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (InterPro:IPR018353), Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia (InterPro:IPR002301), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class 1a, anticodon-binding (InterPro:IPR009080), Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia, N-terminal (InterPro:IPR015905), Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold (InterPro:IPR014729), DNA glycosylase/AP lyase and isoleucyl tRNA synthetase, zinc finger domain (InterPro:IPR010663), Valyl/Leucyl/Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia, editing (InterPro:IPR009008), Valyl/Leucyl/Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, class I, anticodon-binding (InterPro:IPR013155), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class Ia (InterPro:IPR002300); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, putative / isoleucine--tRNA ligase, putative (TAIR:AT4G10320.1); Has 31085 Blast hits to 27559 proteins in 1864 species: Archae - 744; Bacteria - 13242; Metazoa - 788; Fungi - 464; Plants - 176; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 15671 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G49160AT5G49160.1Encodes a cytosine methyltransferase MET1. Required for silencing of FWA paternal allele in endosperm. Two lines with RNAi constructs directed against DMT1 have reduced agrobacterium-mediated tumor formation. 
AT5G49270AT5G49270.1Involved in successfully establishing tip growth in root hairs. 
AT5G49450AT5G49450.1Arabidopsis thaliana basic leucine-zipper 1 (AtbZIP1); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, protein heterodimerization activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: anther dehiscence, regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; LOCATED IN: nucleus, chloroplast; EXPRESSED IN: male gametophyte, anther, pollen tube; EXPRESSED DURING: L mature pollen stage, M germinated pollen stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic-leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor (InterPro:IPR004827), Basic leucine zipper (InterPro:IPR011700); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: GBF6 (G-BOX BINDING FACTOR 6); DNA binding / protein heterodimerization/ transcription factor (TAIR:AT4G34590.1); Has 451 Blast hits to 451 proteins in 56 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 21; Fungi - 0; Plants - 425; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 5 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G51230AT5G51230.1Polycomb group protein with zinc finger domain involved in negative regulation of reproductive development. Forms a complex with FIE, CLF, and MSI1. This complex modulates the expression of target genes including AG, PI and AP3. 
AT5G51230.2Polycomb group protein with zinc finger domain involved in negative regulation of reproductive development. Forms a complex with FIE, CLF, and MSI1. This complex modulates the expression of target genes including AG, PI and AP3. 
AT5G51230.3Polycomb group protein with zinc finger domain involved in negative regulation of reproductive development. Forms a complex with FIE, CLF, and MSI1. This complex modulates the expression of target genes including AG, PI and AP3. 
AT5G51330AT5G51330.1Encodes novel protein involved in sister chromatid cohesion and meiotic chromosome organization during both male and female meiosis. Gene has two alternate transcripts which produce two similar proteins, one 57 aa shorter than the other. 
AT5G51430AT5G51430.1Encodes a protein that is homologous to Cog7, a subunit of the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex, which is required for the normal morphology and function of the Golgi apparatus. It is likely to be involved in transport or retention of Golgi-localized proteins and in maintenance of Golgi morphology. 
AT5G51810AT5G51810.1Encodes gibberellin 20-oxidase. Involved in gibberellin biosynthesis. Up-regulated by far red light in elongating petioles. Not regulated by a circadian clock. 
AT5G52520AT5G52520.1OVULE ABORTION 6 (OVA6); FUNCTIONS IN: proline-tRNA ligase activity, aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity, nucleotide binding, ATP binding; INVOLVED IN: regulation of photosynthesis, seed development, embryo sac development, ovule development, tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation; LOCATED IN: mitochondrion, chloroplast, chloroplast stroma; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class II (G, H, P and S), conserved region (InterPro:IPR002314), Prolyl-tRNA synthetase, class IIa, prokaryotic-type (InterPro:IPR004499), Prolyl-tRNA synthetase, class II, C-terminal (InterPro:IPR016061), Anticodon-binding (InterPro:IPR004154), Prolyl-tRNA synthetase, class II (InterPro:IPR017449), Prolyl-tRNA synthetase, class IIa, conserved region (InterPro:IPR002316), Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class II, conserved region (InterPro:IPR006195); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: tRNA synthetase class II (G, H, P and S) family protein (TAIR:AT3G62120.2); Has 9496 Blast hits to 8754 proteins in 1670 species: Archae - 232; Bacteria - 5782; Metazoa - 217; Fungi - 103; Plants - 54; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3108 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G52600AT5G52600.1Member of the R2R3 factor gene family. 
AT5G53200AT5G53200.1TRIPTYCHON (TRY); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: trichome branching, regulation of transcription; EXPRESSED IN: 20 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 10 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: SANT, DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR001005), Homeodomain-like (InterPro:IPR009057), Myb, DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR014778), Homeodomain-related (InterPro:IPR012287), MYB-like (InterPro:IPR017877), Myb transcription factor (InterPro:IPR015495); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: ETC2; DNA binding / transcription factor (TAIR:AT2G30420.1); Has 1413 Blast hits to 1413 proteins in 121 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 5; Fungi - 0; Plants - 1396; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 12 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G53210AT5G53210.1Encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor that is necessary and sufficient for the asymmetric divisions that establish the stomatal lineage in Arabidopsis thaliana. Expression of SPCH in young epidermal cells allows these cells to make asymmetric divisions. SPCH is a substrate of a kinase MPK3 and MPK6. 
AT5G53290AT5G53290.1encodes a member of the ERF (ethylene response factor) subfamily B-5 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family. The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are 7 members in this subfamily. 
AT5G53360AT5G53360.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, protein ubiquitination, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system, nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 23 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 14 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162), TRAF-type (InterPro:IPR013322); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) family protein (TAIR:AT4G27880.1); Has 1039 Blast hits to 1036 proteins in 614 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 854; Fungi - 0; Plants - 179; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 6 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G53660AT5G53660.1Growth regulating factor encoding transcription activator. One of the nine members of a GRF gene family, containing nuclear targeting domain. Involved in leaf development and expressed in shoot and flower. 
AT5G53950AT5G53950.1Transcriptional activator of the NAC gene family, with CUC1 redundantly required for embryonic apical meristem formation, cotyledon separation and expression of STM. Proper timing of CUC2 expression is required to maintain the phyllotactic pattern initiated in the meristem. CUC2 expression in leaf sinus region is required for serration and the extent of serration is modulated by mir164A mediated repression of CUC2. 
AT5G54380AT5G54380.1THESEUS1 (THE1); FUNCTIONS IN: protein kinase activity, kinase activity; INVOLVED IN: protein amino acid autophosphorylation; LOCATED IN: plasma membrane; EXPRESSED IN: 26 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Protein kinase, ATP binding site (InterPro:IPR017441), Protein kinase, core (InterPro:IPR000719), Serine/threonine protein kinase-related (InterPro:IPR017442), Protein kinase-like (InterPro:IPR011009), Serine/threonine protein kinase, active site (InterPro:IPR008271); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: protein kinase, putative (TAIR:AT3G46290.1); Has 83452 Blast hits to 82490 proteins in 3283 species: Archae - 46; Bacteria - 7218; Metazoa - 37262; Fungi - 6478; Plants - 18497; Viruses - 351; Other Eukaryotes - 13600 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G54740AT5G54740.1protease inhibitor/seed storage/lipid transfer protein (LTP) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: lipid binding, nutrient reservoir activity; INVOLVED IN: lipid transport, pollen development; LOCATED IN: endomembrane system; EXPRESSED IN: shoot apex; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Bifunctional trypsin/alpha-amylase inhibitor (InterPro:IPR013771), Bifunctional inhibitor/plant lipid transfer protein/seed storage (InterPro:IPR016140), Napin/ Bra allergen (InterPro:IPR000617), Plant lipid transfer protein/seed storage/trypsin-alpha amylase inhibitor (InterPro:IPR003612); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: 2S seed storage protein 1 / 2S albumin storage protein / NWMU1-2S albumin 1 (TAIR:AT4G27140.1); Has 188 Blast hits to 181 proteins in 38 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 187; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 1 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G55250AT5G55250.1Encodes an enzyme which specifically converts IAA to its methyl ester form MelIAA. This gene belongs to the family of carboxyl methyltransferases whose members catalyze the transfer of the methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to carboxylic acid-containing substrates to form small molecule methyl esters. Expression of TCP genes is downregulated in mutant iamt1-D. 
AT5G55250.2Encodes an enzyme which specifically converts IAA to its methyl ester form MelIAA. This gene belongs to the family of carboxyl methyltransferases whose members catalyze the transfer of the methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to carboxylic acid-containing substrates to form small molecule methyl esters. Expression of TCP genes is downregulated in mutant iamt1-D. 
AT5G55300AT5G55300.1Encodes a type-I DNA topoisomerase I. Disruptions in this gene affect phyllotaxis and plant architecture suggesting that the gene plays a critical role in the maintenance of a regular pattern of organ initiation. Isolated as a protein oxidized during seed germination; proteomics approach revealed differences in de novo synthesis levels of this protein in condition with vs. without salicylic acid in the period from 0 to 40 hrs. following seed imbibition. 
AT5G55480AT5G55480.1Glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterase-like protein involved in cell wall cellulose accumulation and pectin linking. Impacts root hair, trichome and epidermal cell development. 
AT5G55540AT5G55540.1Encodes a large plant-specific protein of unknown function, with conserved domains also found in a variety of signaling proteins, In trn mutants, the leaf venation network had a severely reduced complexity: incomplete loops, no tertiary or quaternary veins, and vascular islands. The leaf laminas were asymmetric and narrow because of a severely reduced cell number. TRN1 is required for the maintenance of both the radial pattern of tissue differentiation in the root and for the subsequent circumferential pattern within the epidermis. Double mutant analysis showed that TRN1 and TRN2 act in the same pathway. 
AT5G55810AT5G55810.1encodes a bi-functional enzyme that expresses both nicotinamide-nucleotide adenylyltransferase (2.7.7.1) and nicotinate-nucleotide adenylyltransferase (2.7.7.18)activity. 
AT5G56030AT5G56030.1a member of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) gene family. Expressed in all tissues and abundant in root apical meristem, pollen and tapetum. Expression is NOT heat-induced but induced by IAA and NaCl. 
AT5G56110AT5G56110.1Encodes a member of the R2R3 MYB transcription factor gene family that is required for anther development by regulation tapetum development, callose dissolution and exine formation. It acts upstream of MS2. 
AT5G56280AT5G56280.1one of two genes encoding subunit 6 of COP9 signalosome complex. Protein contains a MPR1p and PAD1p N-terminal (MPN) domain at the N-terminal region and belongs to the Mov34 superfamily. Mutant and antisense expression result in a number of developmental defects and in ubiquitin/proteasome-mediated protein degradation. 
AT5G56680AT5G56680.1Encodes a putative cytosolic asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase. 
AT5G57020AT5G57020.1Arabidopsis thaliana myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase. 
AT5G57360AT5G57360.1Encodes clock-associated PAS protein ZTL; Also known as FKF1-like protein 2 or ADAGIO1(ADO1). A protein containing a PAS domain ZTL contributes to the plant fitness (carbon fixation, biomass) by influencing the circadian clock period. ZTL is the F-box component of an SCF complex implicated in the degradation of TOC1. 
AT5G57360.2Encodes clock-associated PAS protein ZTL; Also known as FKF1-like protein 2 or ADAGIO1(ADO1). A protein containing a PAS domain ZTL contributes to the plant fitness (carbon fixation, biomass) by influencing the circadian clock period. ZTL is the F-box component of an SCF complex implicated in the degradation of TOC1. 
AT5G57390AT5G57390.1Encodes a member of the AP2 family of transcriptional regulators.May be involved in germination and seedling growth. Mutants are resistant to ABA analogs and are resistant to high nitrogen concentrations. 
AT5G57800AT5G57800.1encodes a transmembrane protein with similarity to the sterol desaturase family at the N-terminus and to the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family at the C-terminus. Mutant analyses indicate this protein is involved in cuticle membrane and wax biosynthesis. 
AT5G58230AT5G58230.1Encodes a WD-40 repeat containing protein that functions in chromatin assembly as part of the CAF1 and FIE complex. Mutants exhibit parthenogenetic development that includes proliferation of unfertilized endosperm and embryos. In heterozygous plants 50% of embryos abort. Of the aborted embryos the early aborted class are homozygous and the later aborting lass are heterozygotes in which the defective allele is maternally transmitted. Other phenotypes include defects in ovule morphogenesis and organ initiation,as well as increased levels of heterochromatic DNA. MSI1 is needed for the transition to flowering. In Arabidopsis, the three CAF-1 subunits are encoded by FAS1, FAS2 and, most likely, MSI1, respectively. Mutations in FAS1 or FAS2 lead to increased frequency of homologous recombination and T-DNA integration in Arabidopsis. In the ovule, the MSI1 transcripts are accumulated at their highest level before fertilization and gradually decrease after fertilization. MSI is biallelically expressed, the paternall allele is expressed in the endosperm and embryo and is not imprinted. MSI1 forms a complex with RBR1 that is required for activation of the imprinted genes FIS2 and FWA. This activation is mediated by MSI1/RBR1 mediated repression of MET1. 
AT5G59030AT5G59030.1encodes a putative copper transport protein that contains copper-binding motif and functionally complements in copper-transport defective yeast strains 
AT5G59340AT5G59340.1Encodes a WUSCHEL-related homeobox gene family member with 65 amino acids in its homeodomain. Proteins in this family contain a sequence of eight residues (TLPLFPMH) downstream of the homeodomain called the WUS box. WOX2 has a putative Zinc finger domain downstream of the homeodomain. Transcripts are expressed in the egg cell, the zygote and the apical cell lineage and are reduced in met3-1 early embryos. This gene is necessary for cell divisions that form the apical embryo domain. 
AT5G60440AT5G60440.1AGL62 encodes a Type I MADS domain protein that likely functions as a transcription factor. It is expressed AGL62 is expressed exclusively in the endosperm. AGL62 supresses suppresses cellularization during the syncytial phase of endosperm development. 
AT5G60450AT5G60450.1Encodes a member of the ARF family of transcription factors which mediate auxin responses. ARF4 appears to have redundant function with ETT(ARF3) in specifying abaxial cell identity. 
AT5G60690AT5G60690.1REVOLUTA regulates meristem initiation at lateral positions. a member of a small homeodomain-leucine zipper family. Has overlapping functions with PHAVOLUTA and PHABULOSA. 
AT5G60910AT5G60910.1MADS box gene negatively regulated by APETALA1 
AT5G60910.2MADS box gene negatively regulated by APETALA1 
AT5G60970AT5G60970.1TCP gene involved in heterochronic control of leaf differentiation. 
AT5G61850AT5G61850.1Encodes transcriptional regulator that promotes the transition to flowering.Involved in floral meristem development. LFY is involved in the regulation of AP3 expression, and appears to bring the F-box protein UFO to the AP3 promoter. 
AT5G61960AT5G61960.1A member of mei2-like gene family, predominantly plant-based family of genes encoding RNA binding proteins with characteristic presence of a highly conserved RNA binding motif first described in the mei2 gene of the fission yeast S. pombe. In silico analyses reveal nine mei2 -like genes in A. thaliana. They were grouped into four distinct clades, based on overall sequence similarity and subfamily-specific sequence elements. AML1 is a member of two sister clades of mei2-like gene family, AML1 through AML5 and belongs to the clade named ALM14. AML1 is expressed during early embryo development, particularly along embryonic axis at torpedo stage, in shoot apex (weaker expression) and in the organogenic regions of floral apices. 
AT5G61960.2A member of mei2-like gene family, predominantly plant-based family of genes encoding RNA binding proteins with characteristic presence of a highly conserved RNA binding motif first described in the mei2 gene of the fission yeast S. pombe. In silico analyses reveal nine mei2 -like genes in A. thaliana. They were grouped into four distinct clades, based on overall sequence similarity and subfamily-specific sequence elements. AML1 is a member of two sister clades of mei2-like gene family, AML1 through AML5 and belongs to the clade named ALM14. AML1 is expressed during early embryo development, particularly along embryonic axis at torpedo stage, in shoot apex (weaker expression) and in the organogenic regions of floral apices. 
AT5G62000AT5G62000.1Encodes an auxin response factor. Mutants have many defects including enlarged rosette leaves, reduced fertility, later senescence, hypocotyl elongation defects, enlarged seeds and enlarged cotyledons. May not mediate auxin effects. Increase in seed size due to increased cell proliferation. 
AT5G62000.2Encodes an auxin response factor. Mutants have many defects including enlarged rosette leaves, reduced fertility, later senescence, hypocotyl elongation defects, enlarged seeds and enlarged cotyledons. May not mediate auxin effects. Increase in seed size due to increased cell proliferation. 
AT5G62000.3Encodes an auxin response factor. Mutants have many defects including enlarged rosette leaves, reduced fertility, later senescence, hypocotyl elongation defects, enlarged seeds and enlarged cotyledons. May not mediate auxin effects. Increase in seed size due to increased cell proliferation. 
AT5G62380AT5G62380.1Encodes a NAC-domain transcription factor involved in xylem formation. Induces transdifferentiation of various cells into metaxylem vessel elements. Located in the nucleus. Expression induced in the presence of auxin, cytokinin and brassinosteroids. 
AT5G62640AT5G62640.1nuclear targeted protein involved in flowering time regulation that affects flowering time independent of FLC 
AT5G62640.2nuclear targeted protein involved in flowering time regulation that affects flowering time independent of FLC 
AT5G62640.3nuclear targeted protein involved in flowering time regulation that affects flowering time independent of FLC 
AT5G62800AT5G62800.1seven in absentia (SINA) family protein; FUNCTIONS IN: ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, protein binding, zinc ion binding; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, protein ubiquitination, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: stem; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: TRAF-like (InterPro:IPR008974), Zinc finger, SIAH-type (InterPro:IPR013010), Seven in absentia protein, TRAF-like domain (InterPro:IPR018121), Seven In Absentia Homolog-type (InterPro:IPR013323), Seven in absentia protein (InterPro:IPR004162); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: seven in absentia (SINA) protein, putative (TAIR:AT5G37890.1); Has 1256 Blast hits to 1249 proteins in 630 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 953; Fungi - 9; Plants - 248; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 46 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G63090AT5G63090.1Involved in lateral organ development 
AT5G63090.2Involved in lateral organ development 
AT5G63090.3Involved in lateral organ development 
AT5G63090.4Involved in lateral organ development 
AT5G63160AT5G63160.1BTB and TAZ domain protein. Short-lived nuclear-cytoplasmic protein targeted for degradation by the 26S proteosome pathway. Acts redundantly with BT2 and BT3 during female gametophyte development. 
AT5G63770AT5G63770.1a member of the diacylglycerol kinase gene family. Encodes a functional diacylglycerol kinase. Involved in root elongation and plant development. Gene expression is induced by wounding or cold. 
AT5G63770.2a member of the diacylglycerol kinase gene family. Encodes a functional diacylglycerol kinase. Involved in root elongation and plant development. Gene expression is induced by wounding or cold. 
AT5G63780AT5G63780.1Encodes SHA1 (shoot apical meristem arrest), a putative E3 ligase (a RING finger protein) required for post-embryonic SAM maintenance. The mutant sha1-1 shows a primary SAM-deficient phenotype at the adult stage. 
AT5G63890AT5G63890.1Encodes histidinol dehydrogenase. Up-regulated in response to UV-B. 
AT5G63890.2Encodes histidinol dehydrogenase. Up-regulated in response to UV-B. 
AT5G63980AT5G63980.1Encodes a bifunctional protein that has 3'(2'),5'-bisphosphate nucleotidase and inositol polyphosphate 1-phosphatase activities and rescues sulfur assimilation mutants in yeast. It is involved in the response to cold, drought (negative regulator of drought tolerance), and ABA. Mutants in this gene exhibit enhanced induction of stress genes in response to cold, ABA, salt and dehydration due to higher accumulation of the second messenger, inositol (1,4,5)- triphosphate (IP(3)). Involved in degradation of small mRNAs. Mutants also affect the accumulation of miRNA target cleavage products. Regulates light-dependent repression of hypocotyl elongation and flowering time via its 3'(2'),5'-bisphosphate nucleotidase activity. 
AT5G64050AT5G64050.1Glutamate-tRNA ligase. Targeted to mitochondria and chloroplast. Its inactivation causes developmental arrest of chloroplasts and mitochondria in Nicotiana benthamiana. 
AT5G64070AT5G64070.1Encodes a phosphatidylinositol 4-OH kinase, PI-4Kbeta1. Arabidopsis contains 12 PI-4Ks in three separate families: PI-4Kalphs, PI-4kbeta, and PI-4Kgamma. PI-4Kbeta1 is 83% identical to PI-4kbeta2 encoded by At5g09350. Interacts with the RabA4b GTPase. Important for polarized root hair growth as the loss of this gene and its close relative PI-4kbeta2, leads to the formation of abnormal root hairs. 
AT5G64530AT5G64530.1XND1; FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: multicellular organismal development, shoot development, xylem histogenesis, programmed cell death; LOCATED IN: cellular_component unknown; EXPRESSED IN: 9 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 4 anthesis, petal differentiation and expansion stage; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: No apical meristem (NAM) protein (InterPro:IPR003441); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: ATNAC2 (ARABIDOPSIS NAC DOMAIN CONTAINING PROTEIN 2); transcription factor (TAIR:AT3G15510.1); Has 1476 Blast hits to 1474 proteins in 54 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 0; Fungi - 0; Plants - 1476; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 0 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G64630AT5G64630.1Chromatin Assembly Factor-1 (CAF-1) p60 subunit. Involved in organization of the shoot and root apical meristems. In Arabidopsis, the three CAF-1 subunits are encoded by FAS1, FAS2 and, most likely, MSI1, respectively. Mutations in FAS1 or FAS2 lead to increased frequency of homologous recombination and T-DNA integration in Arabidopsis. 
AT5G64630.2Chromatin Assembly Factor-1 (CAF-1) p60 subunit. Involved in organization of the shoot and root apical meristems. In Arabidopsis, the three CAF-1 subunits are encoded by FAS1, FAS2 and, most likely, MSI1, respectively. Mutations in FAS1 or FAS2 lead to increased frequency of homologous recombination and T-DNA integration in Arabidopsis. 
AT5G64630.3Chromatin Assembly Factor-1 (CAF-1) p60 subunit. Involved in organization of the shoot and root apical meristems. In Arabidopsis, the three CAF-1 subunits are encoded by FAS1, FAS2 and, most likely, MSI1, respectively. Mutations in FAS1 or FAS2 lead to increased frequency of homologous recombination and T-DNA integration in Arabidopsis. 
AT5G64760AT5G64760.1Encodes one of two isoforms for the 26S proteasome regulatory protein (RN) subunit RPN5. For many functions it acts redundantly with the paralogous genes RPN5a. 
AT5G64760.2Encodes one of two isoforms for the 26S proteasome regulatory protein (RN) subunit RPN5. For many functions it acts redundantly with the paralogous genes RPN5a. 
AT5G64813AT5G64813.1The LIP1 gene encodes a small GTPase that influences the light input pathway of the plant circadian network. An MBP:LIP1 fusion protein has GTP hydrolyzing abilities in vitro. In plants, LIP1 seems to play a negative role in regulating circadian period that can be suppressed by light. LIP1 also seems to negatively affect light-pulse-dependent resetting of the clock, especially during the first portion of the subjective evening. LIP1 expression levels are not significantly affected by the circadian clock in seedlings grown under LL conditions. The levels of the YFP:LIP1 protein expressed under the control of the 35S promoter, shows a low amplitude variation, with protein levels peaking near the beginning of subjective night under LL conditions. In hypocotyl epidermal cells of dark and light-grown seedlings, a YFP:LIP1 fusion protein can be seen in the cytoplasm and the nucleus, and does not cluster in nuclear speckles. LIP1 may also be involved in photomorphogenesis. 
AT5G64930AT5G64930.1Regulator of expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes. Participates in signal transduction pathways involved in plant defense (systemic acquired resistance -SAR). 
AT5G64960AT5G64960.1Encodes CDKC;2, part of a CDKC kinase complex that is targeted by Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) for transcriptional activation of viral genes. Also regulates plant growth and development. Co-localizes with spliceosomal components in a manner dependent on the transcriptional status of the cells and on CDKC2-kinase activity. Expression of CDKC2 modifies the location of spliceosomal components. 
AT5G64960.2Encodes CDKC;2, part of a CDKC kinase complex that is targeted by Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) for transcriptional activation of viral genes. Also regulates plant growth and development. Co-localizes with spliceosomal components in a manner dependent on the transcriptional status of the cells and on CDKC2-kinase activity. Expression of CDKC2 modifies the location of spliceosomal components. 
AT5G65050AT5G65050.1Originally published as Agamous like MADS-box protein AGL31. One of a group of MADS box genes involved in control of flowering time. Four variant sequences have been identified for this locus but have not been characterized for differences in expression pattern and/or function. 
AT5G65050.2Originally published as Agamous like MADS-box protein AGL31. One of a group of MADS box genes involved in control of flowering time. Four variant sequences have been identified for this locus but have not been characterized for differences in expression pattern and/or function. 
AT5G65050.3Originally published as Agamous like MADS-box protein AGL31. One of a group of MADS box genes involved in control of flowering time. Four variant sequences have been identified for this locus but have not been characterized for differences in expression pattern and/or function. 
AT5G65090AT5G65090.1Encodes a protein involved in root hair morphogenesis and tip growth. Required for restricting both the size of the root-hair initiation site and the width of the root hairs during the transition to tip growth, but, apparently, is not required for normal subsequent tip growth. 
AT5G65090.2Encodes a protein involved in root hair morphogenesis and tip growth. Required for restricting both the size of the root-hair initiation site and the width of the root hairs during the transition to tip growth, but, apparently, is not required for normal subsequent tip growth. 
AT5G65420AT5G65420.1Encodes a D-type cyclin CYCD4;1 that physically interacts with CDC2A and is expressed during vascular tissue development, embryogenesis, and formation of lateral root primordia. Its expression is upregulated early during germination.Involved in stomatal cell lineage proliferation in the hypocotyl. 
AT5G65640AT5G65640.1beta HLH protein 93 (bHLH093); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family protein (TAIR:AT5G10570.1); Has 1575 Blast hits to 1575 proteins in 121 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 74; Fungi - 13; Plants - 1485; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G65640.2beta HLH protein 93 (bHLH093); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity, DNA binding; INVOLVED IN: regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 22 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 13 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family protein (TAIR:AT5G10570.1); Has 1575 Blast hits to 1575 proteins in 121 species: Archae - 0; Bacteria - 0; Metazoa - 74; Fungi - 13; Plants - 1485; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 3 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G65700AT5G65700.1Encodes a CLAVATA1-related receptor kinase-like protein required for both shoot and flower meristem function. Very similar to BAM2,with more than 85% a.a. identity. It has a broad expression pattern and is involved in vascular strand development in the leaf, control of leaf shape, size and symmetry, male gametophyte development and ovule specification and function. Anthers of double mutants (bam1bam2) appeared abnormal at a very early stage and lack the endothecium, middle, and tapetum layers. Further analyses revealed that cells interior to the epidermis (in anther tissue) acquire some characteristics of pollen mother cells (PMCs), suggesting defects in cell fate specification. The pollen mother-like cells degenerate before the completion of meiosis, suggesting that these cells are defective. In addition, the BAM1 expression pattern supports both an early role in promoting somatic cell fates and a subsequent function in the PMCs. 
AT5G65800AT5G65800.11-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase (ACS) is encoded by a multigene family consisting of at least five members whose expression is induced by hormones, developmental signals, and protein synthesis inhibition. 
AT5G65870AT5G65870.1Probable phytosulfokines 5 precursor, coding for a unique plant peptide growth factor. 
AT5G65930AT5G65930.1encodes a novel member of the kinesin superfamily of motor proteins. recessive mutations have reduced number of trichome branches. 
AT5G65930.2encodes a novel member of the kinesin superfamily of motor proteins. recessive mutations have reduced number of trichome branches. 
AT5G66700AT5G66700.1Encodes a homeodomain protein. Member of HD-ZIP 1 family, most closely related to HB5. AtHB53 is auxin-inducible and its induction is inhibited by cytokinin, especially in roots therefore may be involved in root development. 
AT5G66870AT5G66870.1Encodes LOB domain protein whose overexpression results in KNOX gene repression. Overexpression also results in plants with hyponastic leaves, downward pointing flowers and reduced apical dominance. May be involved in the transcriptional regulation of the homeobox gene BP (brevipedicellus) during lateral organ differentiation. Acts together with AS2 in proximal-distal symmetry determination. 
AT5G67060AT5G67060.1HECATE 1 (HEC1); FUNCTIONS IN: transcription factor activity; INVOLVED IN: transmitting tissue development, carpel formation, regulation of transcription; LOCATED IN: nucleus; EXPRESSED IN: 9 plant structures; EXPRESSED DURING: 6 growth stages; CONTAINS InterPro DOMAIN/s: Basic helix-loop-helix dimerisation region bHLH (InterPro:IPR001092), Helix-loop-helix DNA-binding (InterPro:IPR011598); BEST Arabidopsis thaliana protein match is: HEC2 (HECATE 2); DNA binding / transcription factor (TAIR:AT3G50330.1); Has 2134 Blast hits to 2010 proteins in 139 species: Archae - 2; Bacteria - 175; Metazoa - 184; Fungi - 22; Plants - 1708; Viruses - 0; Other Eukaryotes - 43 (source: NCBI BLink). 
AT5G67100AT5G67100.1Encodes the putative catalytic subunit of the DNA polymerase alpha. Interacts with genes involved in chromatin-mediated cellular memory. ICU2 genetically interacts with TERMINAL FLOWER2, the ortholog of HETEROCHROMATIN PROTEIN1 of animals and yeasts, and with the Polycomb group (PcG) gene CURLY LEAF. A number of regulatory genes were derepressed in the icu2-1 mutant, including genes associated with flowering time, floral meristem, and floral organ identity. Mutant has curled, involute leaves and causes early flowering. 
AT5G67360AT5G67360.1Encodes a subtilisin-like serine protease essential for mucilage release from seed coats. 
AT5G67440AT5G67440.1A member of the NPY gene family (NPY1/AT4G31820, NPY2/AT2G14820, NPY3/AT5G67440, NPY4/AT2G23050, NPY5/AT4G37590). Involved in auxin-mediated organogenesis. 
AT5G67440.2A member of the NPY gene family (NPY1/AT4G31820, NPY2/AT2G14820, NPY3/AT5G67440, NPY4/AT2G23050, NPY5/AT4G37590). Involved in auxin-mediated organogenesis. 


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