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Summary of GO:0009986 (All List)

Organism Arabidopsis thaliana
GO ID GO:0009986
Namespace Component
Name cell surface
Description The external part of the cell wall and/or cell membrane.

Entry Genes (9 entries)

LocusGene modelDescription
AT1G04110AT1G04110.1Initially identified as a mutation affecting stomatal development and distribution. Encodes a protein similar to serine proteases. 
AT1G16150AT1G16150.1Encodes a cell-wall associated kinase like protein of the receptor-like kinase (RLK) superfamily. Likely involved in Arabidopsis root mineral responses to Zn2+, Cu2+, K+, Na+ and Ni+. 
AT1G17840AT1G17840.1Encodes a plasma membrane-localized ATP-binding cassette transporter, that is required for cutin transport to the extracellular matrix. 
AT1G70940AT1G70940.1A regulator of auxin efflux and involved in differential growth. PIN3 is expressed in gravity-sensing tissues, with PIN3 protein accumulating predominantly at the lateral cell surface. PIN3 localizes to the plasma membrane and to vesicles. In roots, PIN3 is expressed without pronounced polarity in tiers two and three of the columella cells, at the basal side of vascular cells, and to the lateral side of pericycle cells of the elongation zone. PIN3 overexpression inhibits root cell growth. Protein phosphorylation plays a role in PIN3 trafficking to the plasma membrane. 
AT2G34650AT2G34650.1Encodes a protein serine/threonine kinase that may act as a positive regulator of cellular auxin efflux, as a a binary switch for PIN polarity, and as a negative regulator of auxin signaling. Recessive mutants exhibit similar phenotypes as pin-formed mutants in flowers and inflorescence but distinct phenotypes in cotyledons and leaves. Expressed in the vascular tissue proximal to root and shoot meristems, shoot apex, and embryos. Expression is induced by auxin. Overexpression of the gene results in phenotypes in the root and shoot similar to those found in auxin-insensitive mutants. The protein physically interacts with TCH3 (TOUCH3) and PID-BINDING PROTEIN 1 (PBP1), a previously uncharacterized protein containing putative EF-hand calcium-binding motifs. Acts together with ENP (ENHANCER OF PINOID) to instruct precursor cells to elaborate cotyledons in the transition stage embryo. Interacts with PDK1. PID autophosphorylation is required for the ability of PID to phosphorylate an exogenous substrate. PID activation loop is required for PDK1-dependent PID phosphorylation and requires the PIF domain. Negative regulator of root hair growth. PID kinase activity is critical for the inhibition of root hair growth and for maintaining the proper subcellular localization of PID. 
AT2G38120AT2G38120.1Encodes an auxin influx transporter. AUX1 resides at the apical plasma membrane of protophloem cells and at highly dynamic subpopulations of Golgi apparatus and endosomes in all cell types. AUX1 action in the lateral root cap and/or epidermal cells influences lateral root initiation and positioning. 
AT3G46550AT3G46550.1Isolated in a screen for salt hypersensitive mutants. Mutants have thinner cell walls, abnormal siliques and root growth is inhibited under salt stress. The gene has similarity to arabinogalactan proteins and domains associated with cell adhesion. 
AT3G59420AT3G59420.1Encodes a membrane localized protein with similarity to receptor kinases which is involved in epidermal cell differentiation. Flowers of mutants have disorganized ovule integument growth and abnormal sepal margins. In the roots, mutants initiate more lateral roots but fewer laterals actually emerge due to defects in lateral root formation. Mutants also display disorganized columella. The root phenotypes can be traced to abnormalities in asymmetric divisions in the pericycle and root apex. Conflicting data regarding the role of the kinase domain- which may or may not be required for function. Complementation studies indicate that the C-terminal domain is also not required for signaling function. May be regulated by protein turnover which is mediated by endocytic processes. 
AT5G60920AT5G60920.1Encodes a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein localized primarily in the plasma membrane of the longitudinal sides of root cells. Necessary for oriented cell expansion in Arabidopsis. Cob mutants have abnormal roots that expand radially rather than longitudinally under certain growth conditions. 


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